George Chichester, 5th Marquess of Donegall

George Augustus Hamilton Chichester, 5th Marquess of Donegall (27 June 1822 – 13 May 1904) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and company promoter who became an Irish and British peer, with a seat in the House of Lords.

Coat of Arms of the Marquess of Donegall

In his youth he was an officer of the 6th Regiment of Foot by purchase and a director of railway companies. He was made bankrupt in 1866 and died in reduced circumstances, after inheriting his peerages in 1889. After being widowed in 1901 he advertised that he was willing to marry again for £25,000 to be paid to himself and in the last year of his life finally succeeded in gaining a son and heir.

Early life[]

Chichester was the oldest of the three sons of Lord Edward Chichester, a Church of Ireland clergyman who was Dean of Raphoe and a younger son of George Chichester, 2nd Marquess of Donegall. His mother was the former Amelia Spread Deane O'Grady, daughter of the barrister Henry Deane O'Grady.[1]

Chichester trained for a military career and was commissioned into the British Army.[1] On 27 October 1843, he progressed from Ensign to Lieutenant in the 6th Regiment of Foot by purchase.[2] In 1846, he was also a director of the London and Exeter Direct railway company and a member of the Provisional Committee of the Birmingham and Aberystwith Direct Railway.[3]

Chichester's sister Annabella Augusta was the wife of Washington Shirley, 9th Earl Ferrers, and mother of Sewallis, the 10th Earl. Chichester also had two brothers, Henry Fitzwarine Chichester (born 1834) and Adolphus John Spencer Churchill Chichester (1836), and another sister, Dorcas.[1] Lord Adolphus, who married Mary, only child of Robert Peel Dawson,[4] was the grandfather of James Chichester-Clark, Baron Moyola, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.[5]

Co-respondent and first marriage[]

After the Matrimonial Causes Act 1857 came into force, Chichester appeared at least three times in the new Divorce Court. He was co-respondent for adultery in the case of Lloyd v. Lloyd and Chichester, and again in Mure v. Mure and Chichester. On 1 July 1859 the court granted a decree to dissolve the marriage of the Mures, and on 9 August Chichester married Mrs Mure,[6][7] but in 1863 he successfully applied to the court for this marriage to be declared void, bringing an action against "Virginia Elizabeth Mure, falsely called Virginia Elizabeth Chichester", on the grounds that no divorcee could remarry within three months of the decree.[8] The Spectator drily called this "a fact which Mr. Chichester, with his large experience in such cases, would, one would think, have known", and added that "the case is just one of those which create the vulgar belief that the class to which Mr. Chichester belongs is exceptionally immoral."[6]

Bankruptcy[]

In July 1866 Chichester, then living at 55, Sloane Street, Knightsbridge, responded to an action in bankruptcy by entering into an arrangement with his crors to pay them 2s 6d in the pound (12.5%) in three instalments.[9]

Peerages[]

In 1853, Chichester's father, Lord Edward, became heir presumptive of his elder brother George Hamilton Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall, when the marquess' only surviving son died unmarried in Naples.[1] On 20 October 1883, at the age of 84, Lord Edward finally succeeded his brother as Marquess of Donegall, together with several subsidiary titles, and George Chichester gained the courtesy title of Earl of Belfast. As a large part of the Donegall estates were not entailed, they were inherited by Chichester's cousin Harriet Augusta Anna Seymourina, wife of Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 8th Earl of Shaftesbury.[10]

On his father's death in 1889, Chichester became the 5th Marquess of Donegall and also the 5th Baron Fisherwick, in the Peerage of Great Britain, giving him a seat in the House of Lords. He is not recorded as ever having spoken there.[11]

Later marriages[]

On 31 August 1865 Chichester married secondly Mary Anne Williams Cobb, the youngest daughter of Edward Cobb, of Arnold, Kent, and Kensington. The marriage was childless, and his wife died in November 1901,[7] her final address being 7, Upper Rock Gardens, Brighton. Probate of her will was granted to Alice Cobb, widow, and all of her property was valued at £43.[12]

In February 1902, weeks after the death of his second (or perhaps first)[clarification needed] wife, Donegall advertised in The Daily Telegraph for a lady "willing to purchase the rank of a peeress... for twenty-five thousand pounds sterling, paid in cash to her future husband, she must be a widow or a spinster—not a divorcee." Country Life later commented that this "scarcely suggests a fairytale romance" and described Donegall as "an old roué", continuing "May one speculate on the appropriateness of the Donegall coat-of-arms? The supporters are two red wolves held in chains of gold."[13] On 23 December 1902, by now aged eighty, Lord Donegall married thirdly Violet Gertrude Twining (1880–1952) only daughter of Henry St George Twining, a banker of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Coombe Oak, Kingston Hill, Surrey,[14] and they had one child, Edward Arthur Donald St George Hamilton Chichester, born on 7 October 1903, who became Marquess of Donegall when his father died on 13 May 1904.[7][15] Donegall, whose address at death was 117, Cromwell Road, Kensington, died at 42, Norfolk Road, Brighton, leaving an estate valued at only £27.[16]

His widow died on 8 October 1952,[7] at the age of 72.[15] His infant son Edward grew up to become a journalist and war correspondent.[17]

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b c d Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, Volume 30 (1868), p. 342
  2. ^ The London Gazette, issue 20273 dated 27 October 1843, p. 3471.
  3. ^ Bradshaw's Railway Gazette, Volume 2 (Adams, 1846), p. 482
  4. ^ "Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes" (1903).
  5. ^ The Troubles and a PM's act of despair dated 25 May 2002 at smh.com.au. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  6. ^ a b "The Hon. George Augustus Hamilton Chichester" in The Spectator dated 11 July 1863, p. 2
  7. ^ a b c d Donegall, Marquess of (I, 1791) at cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2018
  8. ^ Divorce Court File: C116. Appellant: George Augustus Hamilton Chichester at nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2018
  9. ^ The London Gazette dated 3 July 1866, p. 3849
  10. ^ The Illustrated London News, Volume 89 (1886), p. 95
  11. ^ George Chichester at hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 22 February 2018
  12. ^ Donegall the most honourable Mary Ann Williams Chichester marchioness of, of 7 Upper Rock-gardens Brighton (wife of the most honourable George Augustus Hamilton marquess of Donegall) died 11 November 1901 Probate London 9 December to Alice Cobb widow Effects £43 1s 3d" in Probate Index for 1901 online
  13. ^ Country Life, Volume 178 (1985), p. 1275
  14. ^ Bernard Burke, Ashworth Peter Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, the Privy Council, Knightage and Companionage (Harrison, 1910), p. 594
  15. ^ a b "DONEGALL, Violet G (Marchioness), 72" in Register of Deaths for Wandsworth Registration District, vol. 5d (1952), p. 984
  16. ^ "Donegall the most honourable George Augustus Hamilton marquess of, of 117 Cromwell-road Middlesex died 13 May 1904 at 42 Norfolk-road Brighton Probate London 29 November to the most honourable Violet Gertrude marchioness of Donegall widow Effects £27" in Probate Index for 1904 online: on this probatesearch.gov.uk page, select 1858—1996, enter Donegall and 1904, and click search.
  17. ^ "The Marquess of Donegall" (obituary) in The Times dated Monday, 26 May 1975


Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Edward Chichester
Marquess of Donegall
1889–1904
Succeeded by
Edward Chichester