The beginning of Frankokratia: the division of the Byzantine Empire after the Fourth Crusade
Greek and Latin states in southern Greece, c. 1210
The Eastern Merranean c. 1450 AD, showing the Ottoman Empire, the surviving Byzantine empire (purple) and the various Latin possessions in Greece
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This map of the island Crete before the coast of Greece was published after 1681 by Nicolaes Visscher II (1649-1702). Visscher based this map on a map by the Danish cartographer Johann Lauremberg (1590-1658)
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The Frankokratia (Greek: Φραγκοκρατία, sometimes anglicized as Francocracy, lit. "rule of the Franks"), also known as Latinokratia (Greek: Λατινοκρατία, "rule of the Latins") and, for the Venetian domains, Venetokratia or Enetokratia (Greek: Βενετοκρατία or Ενετοκρατία, "rule of the Venetians"), was the period in Greek history after the Fourth Crusade (1204), when a number of primarily French and Italian Crusader states were established on the territory of the dissolved Byzantine Empire (see Partitio terrarum imperii Romaniae).

The term derives from the name given by the Orthodox Greeks to the Western European Latin Church Catholics: "Latins". Most Latins had French (Frankish), Norman, or Venetian origins. The span of the Frankokratia period differs by region: the political situation proved highly volatile, as the Frankish states fragmented and changed hands, and the Greek successor states re-conquered many areas.

With the exception of the Ionian Islands and some isolated forts which remained in Venetian hands until the turn of the 19th century, the final end of the Frankokratia in the Greek lands came with the Ottoman conquest, chiefly in the 14th to 16th centuries, which ushered in the period known as "Tourkokratia" ("rule of the Turks"; see Ottoman Greece).

Frankish and Latin Crusader states[]


Venetian possessions (till 1797):

See also[]


  1. ^ Maltezou, Crete during the Period of Venetian Rule, p. 105
  2. ^ Maltezou, Crete during the Period of Venetian Rule, p. 157
  3. ^ Setton 1978, pp. 98, 290, 522–523.
  4. ^ a b Miller 1908, p. 365.
  5. ^ Bon 1969, p. 66.
  6. ^ Setton 1978, pp. 515–522.
  7. ^ a b Topping 1975, pp. 153–155.
  8. ^ a b Fine 1994, p. 568.
  9. ^ Fine 1994, p. 567.
  10. ^ Miller 1908, pp. 354–362.
  11. ^ Fine 1994, pp. 356, 544.
  12. ^ Miller 1908, p. 363.
  13. ^ Topping 1975, pp. 161–163.
  14. ^ Miller 1908, pp. 353–364.
  15. ^ Fine 1994, pp. 567–568.


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