Foreign relations of Samoa

Coat of arms of Samoa.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Samoa
Constitution
Flag of Samoa.svg Samoa portal

The Samoan Government is generally conservative and pro-Western, with a strong interest in regional political and economic issues. Samoa participated in a first round of negotiations with its Pacific Island neighbors for a regional trade agreement in August 2000. In January 2009, Samoa opened embassies in China and Japan.[1]

Diplomatic relations[]

Countries having diplomatic relations with Samoa[2]:

Countries having diplomatic relations with Samoa
# Diplomatic relations of Samoa Date
1  New Zealand 1 January 1962
2  India June 1970
3  United Kingdom September 1970
4  Australia 31 March 1971
5  Canada 11 June 1971
6  United States 1971
7  Germany 18 May 1972
8  Israel 30 May 1972
9  South Korea 15 September 1972
10  Japan 27 March 1973
11  Belgium May 1973
12  France September 1974
13  Fiji 10 November 1974
14  China 6 November 1975
15  Thailand 15 November 1975
16  Netherlands 13 April 1976
17  Russia 2 July 1976
18  Sweden 1977
19  Solomon Islands 17 July 1978[3]
20  Chile 24 August 1978
21  Egypt 8 September 1978
22  Turkey 12 April 1979
23  Papua New Guinea 27 August 1979
24  Indonesia 17 March 1980
25  Vanuatu 30 June 1980
26  Spain 5 November 1980
27  Greece 3 April 1981
28  Philippines 1981
29   Switzerland 1 August 1981
30  Malaysia August 1982
31  Pakistan 7 March 1983
32  Bangladesh 21 December 1893
33  Sri Lanka 1 January 1984
34  Peru 23 January 1984
35  Italy 25 May 1987
36  Colombia 1 December 1987
37  Federated States of Micronesia 19 April 1990
38  Singapore 3 September 1990
39  Marshall Islands 22 October 1990
40  Austria 18 December 1992
41  Argentina 18 May 1993
42  Maldives 2 August 1993
43  Croatia 8 March 1994
44  Vietnam 29 March 1994
 Holy See 10 June 1994
45  South Africa 22 March 1995
46  Portugal 9 June 1995
47  Czech Republic 12 December 1995
48  Slovenia 25 November 1996
49  Finland 11 August 1999
50  Norway 1999
51  Slovakia 16 March 2000
52  Cyprus 24 March 2000
53  Republic of Ireland 26 June 2000
54  Seychelles 29 August 2000
55  Malta 22 July 2004
56  Timor-Leste 27 July 2004
57  Iceland 15 October 2004
58  Brazil 1 February 2005
59  North Macedonia 18 August 2005
60  Brunei 8 February 2006
61  Romania 2 March 2006
62  Guatemala 20 September 2007
63  Cuba 11 October 2007
64  Albania 1 August 2008
65  Mexico 21 October 2008
66  Estonia 23 January 2009
67  Lithuania 19 February 2009
68  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13 March 2009
69  Luxembourg 2 June 2009
70  Georgia 12 March 2010
71  Botswana 18 March 2010
72  Monaco 4 May 2010
73  United Arab Emirates 11 May 2010
74  Cambodia 18 May 2010
75  Montenegro 28 January 2011
76  Morocco 28 January 2011
77  Paraguay 28 January 2011
78  Qatar 9 March 2011
79  Hungary 7 September 2011
80  Ecuador 20 December 2011
81  Mongolia 21 December 2011
82  Ukraine 7 May 2012
83  Moldova 14 June 2012
84  Latvia 28 June 2012
85  Suriname 2012
86  Kazakhstan 7 February 2013
87  Poland 8 March 2013[4]
88    Nepal 28 March 2013
89  Uruguay 21 May 2013[5]
90  Kosovo 10 March 2017[6]
91  Tajikistan 22 December 2017[7]
92  Azerbaijan 19 January 2018[8]
93  Nauru Established, date unknown[9]
94  Saint Kitts and Nevis Established, date unknown[10]
95  Tonga Established, date unknown[11]

Bilateral relations[]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 18 May 1993
  • Argentina is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Samoa has an honorary consulate in Buenos Aires.[12]
 Australia 31 March 1971
 Belgium May 1973
  • Belgium is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • Samoa has an embassy in Brussels.
 Brazil 1 February 2005
  • Brazil is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Brazil.
 Canada 11 June 1971
  • Canada is accred to Samoa from its high commission in Wellington, New Zealand.[15]
  • Samoa is accred to Canada from its mission in New York City.[16]
 Chile 28 August 1978
  • Chile is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Chile.
 China 6 November 1975 See China–Samoa relations

The Independent State of Samoa and the People's Republic of China (PRC) established official diplomatic relations in 1976. The two countries currently maintain cordial relations; China provides economic aid to Samoa.

  • China has an embassy in Apia.
  • Samoa has an embassy in Beijing and has an honorary consulate in Hong Kong.[12]
 Cuba 11 October 2007

Samoa participated in the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana in September 2008, aimed at "strengthening cooperation" between Cuba and Samoa, notably in coping with the impact of climate change.[17][18]

  • Cuba is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Suva, Fiji.
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Cuba.
 France September 1974

The Samoan Government was an outspoken critic of the French decision to resume nuclear weapons testing in the South Pacific Ocean in 1995. An indefinite ban was placed on visits to Samoa by French warships and aircraft. Large-scale street demonstrations were held in Apia. The French tests concluded in early 1996.

  • France is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.
  • Samoa is accred to France from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Germany 18 May 1972
  • Germany is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.
  • Samoa is accred to Germany from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium and maintains an honorary consulate in Berlin.[12]
 India June 1970 See India–Samoa relations
  • India is accred to Samoa from its high commission in Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Samoa does not have an accration to India.
 Japan 1973

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Samoa were established in 1973. Ministerial level visits are frequent between the two countries. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko made a state visit to Samoa in 2003 when the Emperor was still Crown Prince.[19] Japan opened an embassy in Apia on 1 January 2013.[20]

  • Japan has an embassy in Apia.
  • Samoa has an embassy in Tokyo.
 Kosovo 10 March 2017

In September 2008, Samoa became the 46th country to officially recognise the independence of Kosovo.[21]

 Mexico 22 October 2008
  • Mexico is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.[22][23]
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Mexico.
 New Zealand 1 January 1962 See New Zealand–Samoa relations

At independence in 1962, Samoa signed a Treaty of Friendship with New Zealand. This treaty confirms the special relationship between the two countries and provides a framework for their interaction. Under the terms of the treaty, Samoa can request that New Zealand act as a channel of communication to governments and international organizations outside the immediate area of the Pacific islands. Samoa can also request defense assistance which New Zealand is required to consider, as Samoa does not maintain a formal military. Overall, Samoa has strong links with New Zealand, where many Samoans now live and many others were educated. New Zealand is the closest stopping ground for travel to Samoa.

  • New Zealand has a high commission in Apia.[24]
  • Samoa has a high commission in Wellington and a consulate-general in Auckland.[25]
 Tonga See Samoa–Tonga relations

Both nations are Pacific Islands countries and members of the Commonwealth of Nations and Pacific Islands Forum.

 United States 1971 See Samoa–United States relations

The two countries share cordial relations. Since 1967, the United States has supported a substantial Peace Corps program in Samoa. Over 1,700 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Samoa over that time, with 51 Volunteers currently in-country. Peace Corps programs emphasize village-based development and capacity building. Other forms of U.S. assistance to Samoa are limited. The U.S. Embassy, staffed by a single officer, is the smallest Embassy in Samoa and one of the few one-officer U.S. Embassies in the world.

Samoa and the Commonwealth of Nations[]

Western Samoa became independent on 1 January 1962, but did not formally join the Commonwealth of Nations until 1970. Between 1962 and 1970, Western Samoa was treated as though it was a Commonwealth member state. Since 2007, Samoa has been classed as a Commonwealth republic.

International organization participation[]

ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, SOPAC, SPREP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO.

Regional integration[]

Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi has pushed through a variety of legislation to increase links between Samoa and the Pacific regional powers of Australia and New Zealand. Under his leadership the country switched to driving on the left, decided to shift westwards across the international date line and adopted daylight saving time, and proposed the introduction of a common Pacific currency.[28]

In late 2011, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi initiated a meeting of Polynesian leaders which led, in November, to the formal launching of the Polynesian Leaders Group, a regional grouping intended to cooperate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment. The Group was in part a response to the Melanesian Spearhead Group.[29][30][31]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Samoa adds two diplomatic missions in Asia". Radio New Zealand International. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Countries with Established Diplomatic Relations with Samoa". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade - Samoa. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  3. ^ Report for the Year ... 1981. p. 21. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Celebration of the Signing of Diplomatic Relations between Poland and Samoa, Auckland 17th November 2013" (PDF). Foreign Affairs & Trade Bulletin. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Samoa. p. 3. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Samoa and Uruguay as of 21 May 2013". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  6. ^ Kosovo and Samoa establish diplomatic relations, KosovaPress, 2017-03-10
  7. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Between Samoa and Tajikistan as of 22 Dec. 2017". Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Samoa as of 19 January 2018". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  9. ^ "List of Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between the Republic of Nauru and Other Countries". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Diplomatic relations of Saint Kitts and Nevis" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  11. ^ "His Majesty's Government reaches out to neighbouring Samoas". 7 October 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Honorary consulates of Samoa
  13. ^ High Commission of Australia in Samoa
  14. ^ Consulate-General of Samoa in Sydney
  15. ^ High Commission of Canada in New Zealand
  16. ^ a b Samoan Permanent Mission to the United Nations
  17. ^ "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting", Cuban News Agency, 16 September 2008
  18. ^ "Pacific and Cuba meet to discuss co-operation". Radio New Zealand International. 17 September 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  19. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Japan
  20. ^ Embassy of Japan in New Zealand web site
  21. ^ "Samoa recognises Kosovo independence: Pristina", Agence France-Presse, 16 September 2008
  22. ^ Embassy of Mexico in New Zealand (in English and Spanish)
  23. ^ Overseas Honorary Consuls in Samoa
  24. ^ New Zealand High Commission in Samoa
  25. ^ Samoan High Commission in New Zealand
  26. ^ Samoan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  27. ^ US Embassy in Samoa
  28. ^ McLean, Tamara (29 June 2011). "Samoa's dateline jump passes into law". Herald Sun. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  29. ^ "NZ may be invited to join proposed ‘Polynesian Triangle’ ginger group", Pacific Scoop, 19 September 2011
  30. ^ "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa", Radio New Zealand International, 18 November 2011
  31. ^ "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed"[permanent dead link], Savali, 19 November 2011