Foreign relations of Samoa

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politics and government of
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The Samoan Government is generally conservative and pro-Western, with a strong interest in regional political and economic issues. Samoa participated in a first round of negotiations with its Pacific Island neighbors for a regional trade agreement in August 2000. In January 2009, Samoa opened embassies in China and Japan.[1]

Diplomatic relations[]

Countries having diplomatic relations with Samoa[2]:

Countries having diplomatic relations with Samoa
# Diplomatic relations of Samoa Date
1  New Zealand 1 January 1962
2  India June 1970
3  United Kingdom September 1970
4  Australia 31 March 1971
5  Canada 11 June 1971
6  United States 1971
7  Germany 18 May 1972
8  Israel 30 May 1972
9  South Korea 15 September 1972
10  Japan 27 March 1973
11  Belgium May 1973
12  France September 1974
13  Fiji 10 November 1974
14  China 6 November 1975
15  Thailand 15 November 1975
16  Netherlands 13 April 1976
17  Russia 2 July 1976
18  Sweden 1977
19  Chile 24 August 1978
20  Egypt 8 September 1978
21  Turkey 12 April 1979
22  Papua New Guinea 27 August 1979
23  Indonesia 17 March 1980
24  Vanuatu 30 June 1980
25  Spain 5 November 1980
26  Greece 3 April 1981
27  Philippines 1981
28   Switzerland 1 August 1981
29  Malaysia August 1982
30  Pakistan 7 March 1983
31  Bangladesh 21 December 1893
32  Sri Lanka 1 January 1984
33  Peru 23 January 1984
34  Italy 25 May 1987
35  Colombia 1 December 1987
36  Federated States of Micronesia 19 April 1990
37  Singapore 3 September 1990
38  Marshall Islands 22 October 1990
39  Austria 18 December 1992
40  Argentina 18 May 1993
41  Maldives 2 August 1993
42  Croatia 8 March 1994
43  Vietnam 29 March 1994
 Holy See 10 June 1994
44  South Africa 22 March 1995
45  Portugal 9 June 1995
46  Czech Republic 12 December 1995
47  Slovenia 25 November 1996
48  Finland 11 August 1999
49  Norway 1999
50  Slovakia 16 March 2000
51  Cyprus 24 March 2000
52  Republic of Ireland 26 June 2000
53  Seychelles 29 August 2000
54  Malta 22 July 2004
55  Timor-Leste 27 July 2004
56  Iceland 15 October 2004
57  Brazil 1 February 2005
58  Republic of Macedonia 18 August 2005
59  Brunei 8 February 2006
60  Romania 2 March 2006
61  Guatemala 20 September 2007
62  Cuba 11 October 2007
63  Albania 1 August 2008
64  Mexico 21 October 2008
65  Estonia 23 January 2009
66  Lithuania 19 February 2009
67  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13 March 2009
68  Luxembourg 2 June 2009
69  Georgia 12 March 2010
70  Botswana 18 March 2010
71  Monaco 4 May 2010
72  United Arab Emirates 11 May 2010
73  Cambodia 18 May 2010
74  Montenegro 28 January 2011
75  Morocco 28 January 2011
76  Paraguay 28 January 2011
77  Qatar 9 March 2011
78  Hungary 7 September 2011
79  Ecuador 20 December 2011
80  Mongolia 21 December 2011
81  Ukraine 7 May 2012
82  Moldova 14 June 2012
83  Latvia 28 June 2012
84  Suriname 2012
85  Kazakhstan 7 February 2013
86  Poland 8 March 2013[3]
87    Nepal 28 March 2013
88  Uruguay 21 May 2013[4]
89  Kosovo 10 March 2017[5]
90  Azerbaijan 19 January 2018[6]
91  Nauru Established, date unknown[7]
92  Tonga Established, date unknown[8]

Bilateral relations[]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 31 March 1971
 Canada 11 June 1971
  • Canada is accred to Samoa from its high commission in Wellington, New Zealand.[11]
  • Samoa is accred to Canada from its mission in New York City.[12]
 China 6 November 1975 See China–Samoa relations

The Independent State of Samoa and the People's Republic of China (PRC) established official diplomatic relations in 1976. The two countries currently maintain cordial relations; China provides economic aid to Samoa.

The current Ambassador of China in Samoa is Ma Chongren.[13] Samoa has not yet appointed resident diplomatic personnel in China, but has announced its intention to do so.[14]

 Cuba 11 October 2007

Samoa participated in the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana in September 2008, aimed at "strengthening cooperation" between Cuba and Samoa, notably in coping with the impact of climate change.[15][16]

 France September 1974

The Samoan Government was an outspoken critic of the French decision to resume nuclear weapons testing in the South Pacific Ocean in 1995. An indefinite ban was placed on visits to Samoa by French warships and aircraft. Large-scale street demonstrations were held in Apia. The French tests concluded in early 1996.

 Japan 1973

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Samoa were established in 1973. Ministerial level visits are frequent between the two countries. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko made a state visit to Samoa in 2003 when the Emperor was still Crown Prince.[17] Japan opened an embassy in Apia on 1 January 2013.[18]

 Kosovo

In September 2008, Samoa became the 46th country to officially recognise the independence of Kosovo.[19]

 Mexico 22 October 2008
  • Mexico is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.[20][21]
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Mexico.
 New Zealand 1 January 1962 See New Zealand–Samoa relations

At independence in 1962, Samoa signed a Treaty of Friendship with New Zealand. This treaty confirms the special relationship between the two countries and provides a framework for their interaction. Under the terms of the treaty, Samoa can request that New Zealand act as a channel of communication to governments and international organizations outside the immediate area of the Pacific islands. Samoa can also request defense assistance which New Zealand is required to consider, as Samoa does not maintain a formal military. Overall, Samoa has strong links with New Zealand, where many Samoans now live and many others were educated. New Zealand is the closest stopping ground for travel to Samoa.

  • New Zealand has a high commission in Apia.[22]
  • Samoa has a high commission in Wellington and a consulate-general in Auckland.[23]
 Tonga See Samoa–Tonga relations

Both nations are Pacific Islands countries and members of the Commonwealth of Nations and Pacific Islands Forum.

 United States 1971 See Samoa–United States relations

The two countries share cordial relations. Since 1967, the United States has supported a substantial Peace Corps program in Samoa. Over 1,700 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Samoa over that time, with 51 Volunteers currently in-country. Peace Corps programs emphasize village-based development and capacity building. Other forms of U.S. assistance to Samoa are limited. The U.S. Embassy, staffed by a single officer, is the smallest Embassy in Samoa and one of the few one-officer U.S. Embassies in the world.

Samoa and the Commonwealth of Nations[]

Western Samoa became independent on 1 January 1962, but did not formally join the Commonwealth of Nations until 1970. Between 1962 and 1970, Western Samoa was treated as though it was a Commonwealth member state. Since 2007, Samoa has been classed as a Commonwealth republic.

International organization participation[]

ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, SOPAC, SPREP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO.

Regional integration[]

Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi has pushed through a variety of legislation to increase links between Samoa and the Pacific regional powers of Australia and New Zealand. Under his leadership the country switched to driving on the left, decided to shift westwards across the international date line and adopted daylight saving time, and proposed the introduction of a common Pacific currency.[26]

In late 2011, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi initiated a meeting of Polynesian leaders which led, in November, to the formal launching of the Polynesian Leaders Group, a regional grouping intended to cooperate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment. The Group was in part a response to the Melanesian Spearhead Group.[27][28][29]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Samoa adds two diplomatic missions in Asia". Radio New Zealand International. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Countries with Established Diplomatic Relations with Samoa". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade - Samoa. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Celebration of the Signing of Diplomatic Relations between Poland and Samoa, Auckland 17th November 2013" (PDF). Foreign Affairs & Trade Bulletin. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Samoa. p. 3. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Samoa and Uruguay as of 21 May 2013". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  5. ^ Kosovo and Samoa establish diplomatic relations, KosovaPress, 2017-03-10
  6. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Samoa as of 19 January 2018". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  7. ^ "List of Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between the Republic of Nauru and Other Countries". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  8. ^ "His Majesty's Government reaches out to neighbouring Samoas". 7 October 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  9. ^ High Commission of Australia in Samoa
  10. ^ Consulate-General of Samoa in Sydney
  11. ^ High Commission of Canada in New Zealand
  12. ^ a b Samoan Permanent Mission to the United Nations
  13. ^ PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  14. ^ "Samoa to establish diplomatic offices in China, Japan" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Xinhua, 23 June 2006
  15. ^ "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting", Cuban News Agency, 16 September 2008
  16. ^ "Pacific and Cuba meet to discuss co-operation". Radio New Zealand International. 17 September 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  17. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Japan
  18. ^ Embassy of Japan in New Zealand web site
  19. ^ "Samoa recognises Kosovo independence: Pristina", Agence France-Presse, 16 September 2008
  20. ^ Embassy of Mexico in New Zealand (in English and Spanish)
  21. ^ Overseas Honorary Consuls in Samoa
  22. ^ New Zealand High Commission in Samoa
  23. ^ Samoan High Commission in New Zealand
  24. ^ Samoan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  25. ^ US Embassy in Samoa
  26. ^ McLean, Tamara (29 June 2011). "Samoa's dateline jump passes into law". Herald Sun. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  27. ^ "NZ may be invited to join proposed ‘Polynesian Triangle’ ginger group", Pacific Scoop, 19 September 2011
  28. ^ "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa", Radio New Zealand International, 18 November 2011
  29. ^ "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed"[permanent dead link], Savali, 19 November 2011