Foreign relations of Samoa

Coat of arms of Samoa.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Samoa

The Samoan Government is generally conservative and pro-Western, with a strong interest in regional political and economic issues. Samoa participated in a first round of negotiations with its Pacific Island neighbors for a regional trade agreement in August 2000. In January 2009, Samoa opened embassies in China and Japan.[1]

Bilateral relations[]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania 1 August 2008

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 August 2008.[2]

 Argentina 18 May 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 18, 1993[3][4].

 Australia 31 March 1971
  • Australia has a high commission in Apia.[5]
  • Samoa has a high commission in Canberra and a consulate-general in Sydney.[6]
 Botswana 18 March 2010

Botswana and Samoa established diplomatic relations on 18 March 2010.[7]

 Brazil 2005

Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 1, 2005[8][9].

 Canada 11 June 1971
  • Canada is accred to Samoa from its high commission in Wellington, New Zealand.[10]
  • Samoa is accred to Canada from its mission in New York City.[11]
 China 6 November 1975 See China–Samoa relations

The Independent State of Samoa and the People's Republic of China (PRC) established official diplomatic relations in 1976. The two countries currently maintain cordial relations; China provides economic aid to Samoa.

The current Ambassador of China in Samoa is Ma Chongren.[12] Samoa has not yet appointed resident diplomatic personnel in China, but has announced its intention to do so.[13]

 Croatia 8 March 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 8, 1994[14][15][16].

 Cuba 11 October 2007

Samoa participated in the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana in September 2008, aimed at "strengthening cooperation" between Cuba and Samoa, notably in coping with the impact of climate change.[17][18]

 Cyprus March 2000

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 24, 2000[19][20].

 Estonia 2009

Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 23, 2009[21].

 France September 1974

The Samoan Government was an outspoken critic of the French decision to resume nuclear weapons testing in the South Pacific Ocean in 1995. An indefinite ban was placed on visits to Samoa by French warships and aircraft. Large-scale street demonstrations were held in Apia. The French tests concluded in early 1996.

 Georgia 12 March 2010

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 12, 2010[22][23].

 Greece 3 April 1981

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 3, 1981[24][25].

 Iceland 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 15, 2004[26].

 India 1970

Both countries established diplomatic relations in June 1970[27].

 Israel 1972

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 30, 1972[28][29].

 Italy 1987

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 25, 1987[30].

 Japan 1973

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Samoa were established in 1973. Ministerial level visits are frequent between the two countries. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko made a state visit to Samoa in 2003 when the Emperor was still Crown Prince.[31] Japan opened an embassy in Apia on 1 January 2013.[32]

 Kosovo

In September 2008, Samoa became the 46th country to officially recognise the independence of Kosovo.[33] Kosovo and Samoa established diplomatic relations on 10 March 2017.[34]

 Latvia 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 28, 2012[35][36].

 Lithuania 2009

Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 19, 2009[37][38].

 Malta 22 July 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 22, 2004[39][40].

 Mexico 22 October 2008
  • Mexico is accred to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand and maintains an honorary consulate in Apia.[41][42]
  • Samoa does not have an accration to Mexico.
 New Zealand 1 January 1962 See New Zealand–Samoa relations

At independence in 1962, Samoa signed a Treaty of Friendship with New Zealand. This treaty confirms the special relationship between the two countries and provides a framework for their interaction. Under the terms of the treaty, Samoa can request that New Zealand act as a channel of communication to governments and international organizations outside the immediate area of the Pacific islands. Samoa can also request defense assistance which New Zealand is required to consider, as Samoa does not maintain a formal military. Overall, Samoa has strong links with New Zealand, where many Samoans now live and many others were educated. New Zealand is the closest stopping ground for travel to Samoa.

  • New Zealand has a high commission in Apia.[43]
  • Samoa has a high commission in Wellington and a consulate-general in Auckland.[44]
 Romania 2006

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 2, 2006[45][46].

 South Africa 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 22, 1998[47][48].

 South Korea 1972

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 15, 1972[49][50].

  Switzerland 1981

Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 1, 1981[51][52].

 Tonga See Samoa–Tonga relations

Both nations are Pacific Islands countries and members of the Commonwealth of Nations and Pacific Islands Forum.

 Turkey 1979

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 12, 1979[53][54].

 United States 1971 See Samoa–United States relations

The two countries share cordial relations. Since 1967, the United States has supported a substantial Peace Corps program in Samoa. Over 1,700 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Samoa over that time, with 51 Volunteers currently in-country. Peace Corps programs emphasize village-based development and capacity building. Other forms of U.S. assistance to Samoa are limited. The U.S. Embassy, staffed by a single officer, is the smallest Embassy in Samoa and one of the few one-officer U.S. Embassies in the world.

 Vietnam 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 29, 1994[57][58].

Samoa and the Commonwealth of Nations[]

Western Samoa became independent on 1 January 1962, but did not formally join the Commonwealth of Nations until 1970. Between 1962 and 1970, Western Samoa was treated as though it was a Commonwealth member state. Since 2007, Samoa has been classed as a Commonwealth republic.

International organization participation[]

ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, SOPAC, SPREP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO.

Regional integration[]

Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi has pushed through a variety of legislation to increase links between Samoa and the Pacific regional powers of Australia and New Zealand. Under his leadership the country switched to driving on the left, decided to shift westwards across the international date line and adopted daylight saving time, and proposed the introduction of a common Pacific currency.[59]

In late 2011, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi initiated a meeting of Polynesian leaders which led, in November, to the formal launching of the Polynesian Leaders Group, a regional grouping intended to cooperate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment. The Group was in part a response to the Melanesian Spearhead Group.[60][61][62]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Samoa adds two diplomatic missions in Asia". Radio New Zealand International. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ High Commission of Australia in Samoa
  6. ^ Consulate-General of Samoa in Sydney
  7. ^ "Botswana establishes relations with Samoa, Guinea Bissau"[permanent dead link] 30 March 2010 Link retrieved 1 April 2010
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ [5]
  10. ^ High Commission of Canada in New Zealand
  11. ^ a b Samoan Permanent Mission to the United Nations
  12. ^ PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  13. ^ "Samoa to establish diplomatic offices in China, Japan" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Xinhua, 23 June 2006
  14. ^ [6]
  15. ^ [7]
  16. ^ [8]
  17. ^ "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting", Cuban News Agency, 16 September 2008
  18. ^ "Pacific and Cuba meet to discuss co-operation". Radio New Zealand International. 17 September 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  19. ^ [9]
  20. ^ [10]
  21. ^ [11]
  22. ^ [12]
  23. ^ [13]
  24. ^ [14]
  25. ^ [15]
  26. ^ [16]
  27. ^ [17]
  28. ^ [18]
  29. ^ [19]
  30. ^ [20]
  31. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Japan
  32. ^ Embassy of Japan in New Zealand web site
  33. ^ "Samoa recognises Kosovo independence: Pristina", Agence France-Presse, 16 September 2008
  34. ^ Kosovo and Samoa establish diplomatic relations, KosovaPress, 2017-03-10
  35. ^ [21]
  36. ^ [22]
  37. ^ [23]
  38. ^ [24]
  39. ^ [25]
  40. ^ [26]
  41. ^ Embassy of Mexico in New Zealand (in English and Spanish)
  42. ^ Overseas Honorary Consuls in Samoa
  43. ^ New Zealand High Commission in Samoa
  44. ^ Samoan High Commission in New Zealand
  45. ^ [27]
  46. ^ [28]
  47. ^ [29]
  48. ^ [30]
  49. ^ [31]
  50. ^ [32]
  51. ^ [33]
  52. ^ [34]
  53. ^ [35]
  54. ^ [36]
  55. ^ Samoan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  56. ^ US Embassy in Samoa
  57. ^ [37]
  58. ^ [38]
  59. ^ McLean, Tamara (29 June 2011). "Samoa's dateline jump passes into law". Herald Sun. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  60. ^ "NZ may be invited to join proposed ‘Polynesian Triangle’ ginger group", Pacific Scoop, 19 September 2011
  61. ^ "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa", Radio New Zealand International, 18 November 2011
  62. ^ "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed"[permanent dead link], Savali, 19 November 2011