The Federal Police (Spanish: Policía Federal, PF), formerly known as the Policía Federal Preventiva (Federal Preventive Police), is a Mexican police force under the authority of the Department for Home Affairs. They are sometimes referred to by the slang term "Federales" or “Mexican feds” by some U.S. agents and media. Typically, agents of the Federal Police are heavily armed and wear dark blue, black, or gray combat fatigues.
The Federal Preventive Police was created by the merger of four other federal organizations in 1998 and 1999 in order to better co-ordinate the fight against the growing threat of drug cartels. The agency merged the Federal Highway Police, the Fiscal Police, an Interior Ministry intelligence unit called the Investigation and National Security Center, and military personnel transferred en masse from the Mexican Army's 3rd Military Police Brigade.
On account of its heavily armed agents, its culture, and its origins, the Federal Police as a whole may be considered a gendarmerie. However, two of the seven "divisions" (i.e. branches of service) of the Federal Police have particularly military characteristics: The Federal Forces Division and the Gendarmerie Division. The Gendarmerie Division was created in 2014, and is legally defined as a military/police force within the Federal Police.
On May 29, 2009, the Federal Preventive Police name was changed to Federal Police, and some duties were added to it. The Federal Police was created as the main Federal Preventive Police in 1999 by the initiative of PresidentErnesto Zedillo (1994–2000) to prevent and combat and to enforce the law that drugs will not run around on Mexico's streets. The PF has been assuming its authority in stages over time, as its budget has grown and it has combined and reorganized police departments from major agencies such as those for migration, treasury, and highways. Many large bus stations and airports in Mexico are assigned a PF detachment.
Public Safety Secretary Genaro García Luna hoped to reform the nation's long-troubled police. Among other steps, he consolidated several agencies into a Federal Police force of nearly 25,000.
The Federal Police celebrates its anniversary on July 13 every year (Federal Police Day), with its history dating to 1928 as the successor of the agencies mentioned above.
When Felipe Calderón took office as President in 2006, there were roughly half a dozen drug cartels in Mexico. Each of the organizations were large and dominated huge parts of Mexico's territorial landscape, and operated internationally and overseas as well. When Calderón assumed the presidency, he realized that he could not rely on the federal police nor the intelligence agencies to restore order and crack down the logistics of the mafias. Over several decades, the cartels had bribed police commanders and top politicians; and often riddled with corruption, state authorities would not only fail to cooperate with other authorities in distinct federal levels, but would actively protect the cartels and their leaders. With limited options available, Calderón turned to the Mexican Armed Forces, which, because of its limited involvement in acting against the cartels, remained relatively immune to corruption and organized crime infiltration. He then moved the military to parts of Mexico most plagued by drug-violence to target, capture, and – if necessary – kill the leaders of the drug trafficking organizations. Yet, the president understood that the military could not fight the cartels alone and needed cops in which to rely on for patrolling, collecting intelligence information, and gathering evidences necessary to prosecute drug traffickers.
With the argument that he was tired of the corruption, Calderón abolished the AFI agency created in May 2009 and created an entirely new police force. The new force has formed part of Mexico's first national crime information system, which stores the fingerprints of everyone arrested in the country. They also have assumed the role of the Army in several parts of the country. According to The New York Times, the federal police has avoided "any serious incidents of corruption."
On October 21, 2008, President Felipe Calderón proposed to break the former Federal Preventive Police to replace it with a different organization, because "the PFP has not yielded the expected results and has not been a strong institution capable of serving as a model for all police services in the country." The new corporation became the Federal Police, and it provides support to the police as to the Federal District, states and municipalities. This decision is said was not unexpected, given the insufficient number of convictions, the alarming increase of violence, abductions and cases of corruption and complicity with organized crime elements.
In 2012, it was reported that President Enrique Peña Nieto's government had proposed the creation of a new unit to replace all Federal Police duties. Federal Police would not be disbanded but would be assigned to special tasks & missions. Additional information on Mexico's planned Gendarmerie ("The 'National Gendarmerie' and Mexico's Crime Fighting Plans," MexiData.info, Dec. 24, 2012).
The final product is the 2014 creation of the Federal Police's Gendarmerie Division, with 5,000 police agents. Its focus is on providing ongoing public security in areas with heavy criminal activities and providing border security. It is also expected to reinforce state, city and municipal police forces when the need arises. It is one of the seven constituent divisions of the Federal Police reporting directly to the Commissioner, and the newest to be raised.
The National Gendarmerie is defined as a military grade force within the Federal Police.
Being an institution committed to the society in preventing crime and fighting crime, preserving the integrity and heritage of the people, peace and order and the rule of law, whose principles attached to this of legality, efficiency, professionalism and honesty, with full respect for human rights. Maintain and strengthen the social communications strategy and media relations that allows the dissemination of timely and accurate actions and work of the Federal Police.
The PF was established as a central element of the strategy against organized crime and criminality in Mexico, not only to prevent crimes and federal jurisdiction at the federal level, but to become an institution of excellence, capable of cooperating with local police and prosecutors in investigating the crimes of high social impact. The strategic objectives are:
The establishment of the National System of Public Security.
The evaluation and adjustment of the strategy for drug control in Mexico.
On July 10, 2008, the Mexican government announced the intention of doubling the number of policemen in the PF to escalate the war against drug trafficking. The recruitment campaign has already begun and includes the university community.
Preventing and combating crime commission to ensure peace and public order.
Fight corruption, to purify and dignify the police.
Strengthen the professionalism of the members of the Institution.
Improve public perception of the institutional activities.
Promote citizen participation in crime prevention.
Consolidated as the country's largest institution in the field.
Strengthen its organizational structure and functional.
Manage resources efficiently.
Increase and strengthen the operational deployment at the national level.
Strengthening intelligence activities.
Strengthen inter-agency coordination mechanisms with the three levels of government.
Promote the updating of the legal framework.
Strengthen and upgrade the technological infrastructure.
The 'Integral Strategy for Crime Prevention and Fight against Crime "is based on a process of reengineering to organizational development, as well as systems and processes in organizational performance, with a cross through the professionalization the creation of three academies in the Ministry of Public Security for the purpose of having Mexican committed to legality, efficiency, professionalism and honesty in this current stage of drug influence to the United States.
Basic Police School.
To generate the training and training students with high school level.
It is aimed at all those aspiring and active police agents who choose to make them more professional, from academic performance and service in the police pro
In 2000, the PF had 10,878 agents and staff:
4,899 from the Mexican army's 3rd Brigade of the Military Police (Tercera brigada de policía militar), included two military police battalions and an Assault Battalion.
Regulation of the Law of the Federal Police in the Official Gazette of May 17, 2010, to establish the basic organizational structure of this Decentralized Administrative Body, Article 5 of that system, comprising a total of 136 seats of middle and senior management, broken 130 seats structure, as shown below:
1 General Commissioner;
7 Divisions: Intelligence Research, Regional Security; Scientific, Drug, Federal and Gendarmerie Forces;
1 General Secretariat;
1 Internal Affairs;
6 DGs in aid to the Chief of the Division of Regional Security;
32 State Coordination at the regional level; and
1 Head of Internal Affairs.
Directorate General of Legal Affairs
Directorate General of Information
Directorate General of Social Communication
Directorate General of Planning and Coordination
Coordination of Technical Services
General Directorate of Technical Monitoring Center
Directorate General of the Center for Risk Alert and Response
Directorate General for Development and Operation of Coverage
Covert Operations Coordination
Directorate General Operations and Infiltration
Directorate General of Recruitment and Resource Management
Directorate General for Supervision and Surveillance
Coordination Analysis and International Liaison
Directorate General of Analysis and Statistics
Directorate General for International Police Affairs
Indicators DG Information Integration
Research Coordination Office
Directorate General of Tactical Analysis
General Directorate of Criminal Records and Records
Directorate General for Crisis Management and Negotiation
Coordination of Field Research
DG Research of Crimes against the Security and Integrity of Persons
Directorate General for Research of Crimes High Impact
DG Research of Federal Crimes
Technical Research Coordination and Operation
Directorate General of Technical Operations
Directorate General of Operational Intelligence
Directorate General Tactical Support
Regional Security Division
Directorate General Operations
Department of Logistics and Training
Directorate General of Planning and Supervision
Directorate General of Operational Control
State Coordinators (32)
Regional Coordination Zones (5)
Central Regional Coordination Zone
Northeast Regional Coordination Zone
Northwest Regional Coordination Zone
West Regional Coordination Zone
Southeast Regional Coordination Zone
For the Prevention of Electronic Crimes
Department Cyber Crimes Prevention
CERT-MX - Centre of Expertise in Technological Response (Centro Especializado en Respuesta Tecnológica)
DG Laboratories in Electronics and Forensic Investigation
Coordination of Technological Innovation
Directorate General for Emerging Information Technologies
Department of Infrastructure and Implementation of Technological Processes
Directorate General for Innovation and Development
Coordination of Criminology
Directorate General of criminal behavior
Drug Research Coordination Office
Tactical Analysis Directorate General of Drug
Directorate General of Records and Registration of Drug Trafficking and Related Crimes
Liaison Department and Institutional Cooperation
Field Research Coordination and Technical Drug
Directorate General of Technical Operation Drug
Directorate General of Drug Intelligence Operations
Directorate General Tactical Support against Drug Trafficking and Related Crimes
Research Coordination Illicit Resources
Directorate General of Tactical Analysis of Crimes Financial System
Financial Intelligence Directorate for Prevention
Prevention Directorate General Operations Illicit Resources
Federal Forces Division
Coordination for Law and Order Restoration
Directorate General for Force Protection
Directorate General for Rescue Operations and Civil Support
Directorate General of Prison Transfers and Support
Directorate General of Strategic Operations and Special Units of the Gendarmerie
Directorate General of Social Services and Public Affairs
Coordination of General Services
Directorate General of Human Resources
Directorate General of Financial Resources
Department of Material Resources
Air Operations Coordination
Directorate General Operations
Directorate General Maintenance
Directorate General for Aviation and Safety Supervision
Coordination Technical Support
Department of Information
Directorate General of Telecommunications
Directorate General of Technical Facilities and Maintenance
Police Coordination System Development
Control Directorate General Trust
Directorate General of Civil Service System and Disciplinary
Directorate-General for Education and Professionalization
Directorate General for Internal Oversight Monitoring and
Directorate General for Internal Investigation
Directorate General Accountability
Superior Academy of Public Security of the Federal Police
Directorate-General for Administration;
Vehicles of the Policía Federal in a parade in Tepic
The Policía Federal consists of seven branches of service, known as divisions, administered by a central administration called the General Secretariat (Secretaría General)
Anti-drug Division - División Antidrogas
Scientific Division - División Científica
Federal Forces Division - División de Fuerzas Federales
Intelligence Division - División de Inteligencia
Investigation Division - División de Investigación
Regional Security Division - División de Seguridad Regional
National Gendarmerie Division - División de Gendarmería Nacional
There is also a separate Internal Affairs Unit (Unidad de Asuntos Internos).
2010 included the Policía Federal approx 35,000 civil servants on. A Comisionado General (General Manager), which is used directly by the President of Mexico, heads with wide-ranging powers the institution. Maribel Cervantes Guerrero broke off in February 2012 Facundo Rosas Rosas, who held this office since 2009 .
The ranks from Commissary to Commissioner General wear more complex rank insignia involving the seven-pointed star of the Federal Police badge above one to four five-pointed stars placed between two stripes.
The PF has many vehicles; land, sea and air, it is estimated to own more than 17,000 patrol cars. The exact information regarding transport vehicles and aircraft that comprise the fleet of the Federal Police is classified, to protect the life and efficiency of agents.
Rotary wing and fixed wing pilot training takes place in the school of Naval Aviation located on Las Bajadas, Veracruz.
^In a news conference after the Zacatecas prison break in May, spokesman Ricardo Nájera for the Mexican Attorney General stated that the name and acronym PFP (Policia Federal Preventiva) has not been used for a year and a half "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2016-11-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)