FIFA Women's World Cup

FIFA Women's World Cup
Founded1991; 28 years ago (1991)
RegionFIFA (International)
Number of teams24 (finals)
Current champions United States
(3rd title)
Most successful team(s) United States
(3 titles)
WebsiteFIFA Women's World Cup
2019 FIFA Women's World Cup

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China.

Under the tournament's current format, national teams vie for 23 slots in a three-year qualification phase. The host nation's team is automatically entered as the 24th slot. The tournament proper, alternatively called the World Cup Finals, is contested at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about one month.

The seven FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments have been won by four national teams. United States have won three times including the last one in 2015. The other winners are Germany, with two titles; Japan and Norway with one title each.

Five countries have hosted the Women's World Cup. China and United States have hosted twice, while Canada, Germany and Sweden have each hosted once. France are planned to be the hosts for the 2019 ion.

History[]

The first instance of a Women's World Cup dates back to 1970 with the first international tournament taking place in Italy throughout July 1970.[1] This was followed up by another unofficial tournament the following year this time in Mexico where Denmark would take out the title after defeating Mexico in the final.[2][3][4] In the mid 1980s, the Mundialito was held in Italy across four ions with both Italy and England winning two titles.[5]

Several countries lifted their ban on women's football in the 1970s, leading to new teams being established across Europe and North America. After the first international women's tournaments were held in Asia in 1975[6] and 1984 in Europe, Ellen Wille declared that she wanted better effort from the FIFA Congress in promoting the women's game.[7] This came in the form of an invitational tournament in China as a test to see if a global women's World Cup was feasible. Twelve national teams took part in the competition – four from UEFA, three from AFC, two from CONCACAF and one each from CONMEBOL, CAF and OFC. After the opening match of the tournament between China and Canada saw an attendance of 45,000 people, the tournament was deemed a success with crowds averaging 20,000 with Norway who was the european champion defeating Sweden 1–0 in the final, while Brazil clinched third place by beating the hosts in a penalty shootout.[8] The competition was deemed a success and on 30 June FIFA approved the establishment of an official World Cup, which was to take place in 1991 again in China. Again, twelve teams competed, this time culminating in the United States defeating Norway in the final 2-1 with Michelle Akers scoring two goals.[9]

The 1995 ion in Sweden saw the experiment of a time-out concept throughout the tournament which was later tighten mid-tournament to only occur after a break in play. The time-out would only appear in the one tournament which saw it scrapped. The final of the 1995 ion saw Norway who scored 17 goals in the group stage defeat Germany 2-0 to capture their first (and to date only) title.[10] In the 1999 ion, one of the most famous moments of the tournament was American defender Brandi Chastain's victory celebration after scoring the Cup-winning penalty kick against China. She took off her jersey and waved it over her head (as men frequently do), showing her muscular torso and sports bra as she celebrated. The 1999 final in the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California had an attendance of 90,185, a world record for a women's sporting event.[11]

The 1999 and 2003 Women's World Cups were both held in the United States; in 2003 China was supposed to host it, but the tournament was moved because of SARS.[12] As compensation, China retained its automatic qualification to the 2003 tournament as host nation, and was automatically chosen to host the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup. Germany hosted the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, as decided by vote in October 2007. In March 2011, FIFA awarded Canada the right to host the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup. The 2015 ion saw the field expand from 16 to 24 teams.[13]

During the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, both Formiga of Brazil and Homare Sawa of Japan made a record of appearing in six World Cups,[14] a feat that had never been achieved before by either female or male players. Christie Rampone is the oldest player to ever play in a Women's World Cup match, at the age of 40 years.[15]

In March 2015, FIFA awarded France the right to host the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup over South Korea.[16] The tournament will begin on 7 June 2019 and the final will be played on 7 July 2019;[17] the final match will be played at Parc Olympique Lyonnais, a venue with a capacity of 58,000 in the Lyon suburb of Décines.

Trophy[]

The trophy was designed in 1998 for the 1999 tournament, and takes the form of a spiral band, enclosing a football at the top, that aims to capture the athleticism, dynamism and elegance of international women's football. In the 2010s, it was fitted with a cone-shaped base. Underneath the base, the name of each of the tournament's previous winners is engraved.[18] The trophy is 47 cm (19 in) tall, weighs 4.6 kg (10 lb) and is made of sterling silver clad in 23-karat yellow and white gold, with an estimated value in 2015 of approximately $30,000. By contrast, the men's World Cup trophy is fabricated in 18-karat gold and has a precious metal value of $150,000. However, a new Winner's Trophy is constructed for each women's champion to take home, while there is only one original men's trophy.[19]

Format[]

Qualification[]

Qualifying tournaments are held within the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, Europe), and are organised by their respective confederations: Confederation of African Football (CAF), Asian Football Confederation (AFC), Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF), South American Football Confederation CONMEBOL, Oceania Football Confederation (OFC), and Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). For each tournament, FIFA decides beforehand the number of berths awarded to each of the continental zones, based on the relative strength of the confederations' teams. The hosts of the World Cup receive an automatic berth in the finals. Since the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, the number of finalists increased from 16 to 24.[20]

Final tournament[]

The final tournament has featured between twelve and twenty-four national teams competing over about one month in the host nation(s). There are two stages: the group stage followed by the knockout stage.[21]

In the group stage, teams are drawn into groups of four teams each. Each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. The last round of matches of each group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams. In the 2015 24-team format, the two teams finishing first and second in each group and the four best teams among those ranked third qualify for the round of 16, also called the knockout stage. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Since 1994, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (before, winners received two points).

The ranking of each team in each group is determined as follows:[21]

  1. Greatest number of points in group matches
  2. Greatest goal difference in group matches
  3. Greatest number of goals scored in group matches
  4. If more than one team remain level after applying the above criteria, their ranking will be determined as follows:
    1. Greatest number of points in head-to-head matches among those teams
    2. Greatest goal difference in head-to-head matches among those teams
    3. Greatest number of goals scored in head-to-head matches among those teams
  5. If any of the teams above remain level after applying the above criteria, their ranking will be determined by the drawing of lots

The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary. It begins with the round of 16. This is followed by the quarter-finals, semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final.[21]

Attendance[]

Year Hosts Matches Attendance Notes
  Total Average Highest
1991  China 26 510,000 18,344 65,000 [22]
1995  Sweden 26 112,213 4,316 17,158 [22]
1999  United States 32 1,214,209 37,944 90,185 [22]
2003  United States 32 679,664 21,240 34,144 [22]
2007  China 32 1,190,971 37,218 55,832 [22]
2011  Germany 32 845,751 26,430 73,680 [22]
2015  Canada 52 1,353,506 26,029 54,027 [22][23]

Notes:

Hosts and results[]

# Year Hosts Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place No. of Teams
1 1991
Details
  China
United States
2–1
Norway

Sweden
4–0
Germany
12
2 1995
Details
  Sweden
Norway
2–0
Germany

United States
2–0
China PR
12
3 1999
Details
  United States
United States
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(5–4 p)

China PR

Brazil
0–0[A]
(5–4 p)

Norway
16
4 2003
Details
  United States
Germany
2–1 (a.e.t.)
Sweden

United States
3–1
Canada
16
5 2007
Details
 China
Germany
2–0
Brazil

United States
4–1
Norway
16
6 2011
Details
  Germany
Japan
2–2 (a.e.t.)
(3–1 p)

United States

Sweden
2–1
France
16
7 2015
Details
  Canada
United States
5–2
Japan

England
1–0 (a.e.t.)
Germany
24
8 2019
Details
  France 24

A No extra time was played.[24]

In all 36 nations have played in one Women's World Cup. Of those, four nations have won the World Cup. With three times, the United States are the most successful Women's World Cup team and is one of only seven nations to play in every World Cup. They have also had the most top four finishes (7), medals (7) and final appearances (4). Germany is the only nation who have won consecutive titles when they won the 2007 ion to follow up with their 2003 triumph in China.

Map of countries' best results

Teams reaching the top four[]

Team Titles Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Total
 United States 3 (1991, 1999, 2015) 1 (2011) 3 (1995, 2003, 2007) 7
 Germany 2 (2003, 2007) 1 (1995) 2 (1991, 2015) 5
 Norway 1 (1995) 1 (1991) 2 (1999, 2007) 4
 Japan 1 (2011) 1 (2015) 2
 Sweden 1 (2003) 2 (1991, 2011) 3
 Brazil 1 (2007) 1 (1999) 2
 China PR 1 (1999) 1 (1995) 2
 England 1 (2015) 1
 Canada 1 (2003) 1
 France 1 (2011) 1

Best performances by continental zones[]

To date their has been four of the six FIFA zones have made it to a Women's World Cup final with the only two continents not making a final being CAF (Africa) and the OFC (Oceania). The only continent that have made a World Cup final but haven't won it is CONMEBOL when Brazil made it to the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup final. Only one African team has qualified through to the quarter finals with that being Nigeria in 1999. Oceania has never had a team that have qualified into the knockout stage.

The United States are the only team to have won the tournament in their own confederation when they won the 1999 (at home) and 2015 (in Canada). Germany is the only team to successfully defend their title when they defended it in 2007.

Total times teams qualified by confederation
Confederation AFC CAF CONCACAF CONMEBOL OFC UEFA Total
Teams 29 16 20 15 8 48 136
Top 16 4 1 2 2 0 7 16
Top 8 14 1 9 4 0 28 56
Top 4 4 0 8 2 0 14 28
Top 2 3 0 4 1 0 6 14
1st 1 0 3 0 0 3 7
2nd 2 0 1 1 0 3 7
3rd 0 0 3 1 0 3 7
4th 1 0 1 0 0 5 7

Broadcasting[]

As of 2017, the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final was the most watched soccer match in American history with nearly 23 million viewers,[25] more than the 2015 NBA Finals and Stanley Cup.[26] It was also the most watched Spanish-language broadcast in tournament history.[25] More than 750 million viewers were reported to have watched the tournament worldwide.[27]

Awards[]

At the end of each World Cup, awards are presented to select players and teams for accomplishments other than their final team positions in the tournament. There are currently seven awards:

Another award is presented a week after the final match:

One past award is no longer presented:

Player records[]

Boldface indicates a player still playing.

Most goals[]

Marta of Brazil is the all-time leading scorer of the World Cup.
Birgit Prinz is tied for the second most goals in all tournaments, and won the title twice representing Germany.
Rank Name World Cup Total
China
'91
Sweden
'95
United States
'99
United States
'03
China
'07
Germany
'11
Canada
'15
France
'19
1 Brazil Marta 3 7 4 1 15
2 Germany Birgit Prinz 1 1 7 5 0 14
United States Abby Wambach 3 6 4 1 14
4 United States Michelle Akers 10 0 2 12
5 China Sun Wen 1 2 7 1 11
Germany Bettina Wiegmann 3 3 3 2 11
7 Norway Ann Kristin Aarønes 6 4 10
Germany Heidi Mohr 7 3 10
9 Norway Linda Medalen 6 2 1 9
Norway Hege Riise 1 5 3 0 9
Canada Christine Sinclair 3 3 1 2 9
Formiga and Homare Sawa are the only players to appear in six Women's World Cup ions.

Most tournaments[]

# Player Appearances
1 Brazil Formiga 6 (1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015)
Japan Homare Sawa 6 (1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015)
3 United States Kristine Lilly 5 (1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007)
Norway Bente Nordby 5 (1991*, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007)
Germany Birgit Prinz 5 (1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011)
Canada Karina LeBlanc 5 (1999*, 2003, 2007*, 2011, 2015*)
Germany Nadine Angerer 5 (1999*, 2003*, 2007, 2011, 2015)
United States Christie Rampone 5 (1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015)

*Did not play but was part of the squad.

Most matches[]

# Player Matches
1 United States Kristine Lilly 30
2 United States Abby Wambach 25
3 Brazil Formiga 24
United States Julie Foudy 24
Germany Birgit Prinz 24
Japan Homare Sawa 24
7 United States Joy Fawcett 23
United States Mia Hamm 23
9 Norway Bente Nordby 22
Norway Hege Riise 22
Germany Bettina Wiegmann 22

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Garin, Erik (26 February 2015). "Coppa del Mondo (Women) 1970". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  2. ^ Wilson, Bill (7 December 2018). "Mexico 1971: When women's football hit the big time". BBC. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  3. ^ Garin, Eric (29 February 2004). "Mundial (Women) 1971". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  4. ^ Kessel, Anna (5 June 2015). "Women's World Cup: from unofficial tournaments to record-breaking event". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  5. ^ Garin, Erik (11 April 2019). "Mundialito (Women) 1981-1988". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Foundation of Asian brilliance". AFC. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Ellen Wille, mother of Norwegian women's football". FIFA. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  8. ^ "A green and gold shirt steeped in history". 16 December 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  9. ^ "When Akers and USA got the party started". FIFA.com. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Norway take gold in Sweden". FIFA.com. 22 March 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Women's World Cup History". The Sports Network. Retrieved 25 March 2007.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Koppel, Naomi (3 May 2003). "FIFA moves Women's World Cup from China because of SARS". USA Today. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
  13. ^ Molinaro, John F. (3 March 2011). "Canada gets 2015 Women's World Cup of soccer". CBC Sports. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
  14. ^ "Japan legend Sawa makes cut for sixth World Cup". Reuters. 1 May 2015.
  15. ^ "USWNT'S Christie Rampone Is Now The Oldest Player To Appear In The Women's World Cup". Huffington Post. 17 June 2015.
  16. ^ "France to host the FIFA Women's World Cup in 2019". FIFA.com. 19 March 2015.
  17. ^ "LA FINALE DU MONDIAL FEMININ 2019 AU PARC OL !" (Press release) (in French). Groupama Stadium. 15 June 2016.
  18. ^ "The Official Womens World Cup Trophy". www.fifa.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Women's World Cup Trophy Is Made of Gold-Clad Sterling Silver; Men's Version Is 18-Karat Gold". The Jeweler's Blog. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  20. ^ "World Champions: USA Wins 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup". U.S. Soccer. 5 July 2004. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  21. ^ a b c "Regulations FIFA Women's World Cup Canada 2015" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g "FIFA Women's World Cup Canada 2015" (PDF). FIFA. p. 148. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  23. ^ a b "Key figures from the FIFA Women's World Cup Canada 2015™". FIFA. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Brazil takes third". SI/CNN. 10 July 1999. Archived from the original on 28 February 2002. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  25. ^ a b "Women's World Cup Final Is Most-watched Soccer Match in U.S. History". U.S. Soccer. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  26. ^ Hinog, Mark (6 July 2015). "More Americans watched the Women's World Cup final than the NBA Finals or the Stanley Cup 24". SB Nation. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  27. ^ "Record-breaking FIFA Women's World Cup tops 750 million TV viewers". FIFA. 17 December 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2017.

External links[]