In Ancient Rome some parties could be named an enemy of the state through specific public actions resulting in a formally recognized state of war. The Latin term Proscription (Latin: proscriptio) is a term for official condemnation of enemies of the state.
Leaker of classified U.S. military documents and diplomatic cables Chelsea Manning was charged with "aiding the enemy" (identified as al-Qaeda), but was ultimately acquitted of that charge.
Edward Snowden, the American computer specialist who leaked details of top-secret United States and British government mass surveillance programs to the press, has been discussed by opinion writers as being persecuted as an enemy of the state.
Human rights defenders working on behalf of communities affected by large-scale development projects are increasingly branded as enemies of the state.
In Resident Evil: Damnation, special agent Leon Kennedy is accused of being an enemy of the State by Svetlana Belikova (first female President of the Eastern Slav Republic) and orders her guards to attack him right after she briefly spars in one on one combat with him.
The six main characters in Final Fantasy XIII are branded as enemies of the State following the destruction of Cocoon; the main events of the game revolve around them trying to survive and hopefully clear their names.
In the TV series NCIS: New Orleans, the team hunt down a suspect known as "Matt S. O'Feeney," which was an anagram for eneMy OF State. The suspect was a dangerous man wanted by NCIS and Interpol for illegal arms dealing and other criminal activities.