Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico
Coat of Arms of the Second Mexican Empire.svg
X-Large Portrait of Maximiliano.jpg
Maximilian I
StyleHis Imperial Majesty
First monarchAgustín I
Last monarchMaximilian I
Formation19 May 1822
Abolition15 May 1867
ResidenceChapultepec Castle

The Emperor of Mexico (Spanish: Emperador de México) was the head of state and ruler of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century.

With the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire from Spain in 1821, Mexico became an independent monarchy—the First Mexican Empire (1822–1823). The monarchy was soon replaced by the First Republic of Mexico. Mexico briefly reverted into a monarchy in the 1860s, during the Second Mexican Empire (1864–1867).

In both instances of Empire, the reigning Emperor was forcibly deposed and then executed.

Mexican Empire (1822–1823)[]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Agustín I(1783-09-27)27 September 1783 – 19 July 1824(1824-07-19) (aged 40)19 May 182219 March 1823IturbideAgustín I of Mexico

Mexican Empire (1864–1867)[]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Maximilian I(1832-07-06)6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867(1867-06-19) (aged 34)10 April 186415 May 1867Habsburg-LorraineMaximilian I of Mexico

See also[]