This article needs to be updated.(March 2013)
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The Czech Republic elects a legislature at a national level. The Parliament (Czech: Parlament České republiky) has two chambers. The Chamber of Deputies (Czech: Poslanecká sněmovna) has 200 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation with a 5% election threshold for political parties. The Senate (Czech: Senát) has 81 members in single-seat constituencies, elected by two-round runoff voting for a six-year term, with one third of seats contested every even year in the autumn. The President of the Czech Republic was indirectly elected for five-year terms until 2012; beginning with the 2013 election, the president is elected by direct two-round runoff voting.
There have been municipal elections every four years since 1990 and regional elections every four years starting in 2000. These elections take place in the autumn.
The Czech Republic has a multi-party system.
Voting in Czech elections is normally held over two days, from Friday afternoon until early afternoon on Saturday.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Miloš Zeman||Party of Civic Rights||1,985,547||38.56||2,853,390||51.36|
|Jiří Drahoš||Independent, with KDU–ČSL and STAN support||1,369,601||26.60||2,701,206||48.63|
|Mirek Topolánek||Independent, with ODS support||221,689||4.30|
|Petr Hannig||Party of Common Sense||29,228||0.56|
|Vratislav Kulhánek||Civic Democratic Alliance||24,442||0.47|
|ANO 2011||Centrism, Populism||1,500,113||29.64||78||+31|
|Civic Democratic Party||Conservatism, Euroscepticism||572,962||11.32||25||+9|
|Czech Pirate Party||Pirate politics||546,393||10.79||22||+22|
|Freedom and Direct Democracy||Direct democracy, Euroscepticism||538,574||10.64||22||*|
|Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia||Communism||393,100||7.76||15||-18|
|Czech Social Democratic Party||Social democracy||368,347||7.27||15||−35|
|Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party||Christian democracy||293,643||5.80||10||-4|
|TOP 09||Liberal conservatism||268,811||5.31||7||-19|
|Mayors and Independents||Subsidiarity||262,157||5.18||6||*|
|Party of Free Citizens||Libertarianism, Euroscepticism||79,229||1.56||0||0|
|Green Party||Green politics||74,335||1.46||0||0|
|Total (turnout 60.84%)||5,060,759||100.00||200||–|
|* Did not stand in previous election|
|Source: Czech Statistical Office|
This section needs to be updated.(September 2015)
|Civic Democratic Party||35|
|Czech Social Democratic Party||29|
|Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party includes 1 elected in 2002 as an independent candidate||7|
|Caucus SNK (Senátorský klub SNK) comprises 6 senators elected for|
|SNK European Democrats||1|
|Independents Movement (Hnutí NEZÁVISLÍ)||1*|
|Independent Mayors for Region (Nezávislí starostové pro kraj)||1*|
|Caucus of Open Democracy (Klub otevřené demokracie) comprises 7 senators elected for|
|Freedom Union–Democratic Union||1*|
|Party for the Open Society in 2006||1*|
|United Democrats - Union of Independents (Spojení demokraté - Sdružení nezávislých)||1*|
|Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in 2002, 2004 and 2007||3|
|Source: Czech Statistical Office, Senate
The electoral party (the party on whose label the senator ran) can be volatile, especially with senators elected for tiny parties, so caucuses are more relevant.
The Constitution of the Czech Republic mentions referendum only in context of "referendum concerning the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union" There are no other provisions concerning referendums. Therefore, the only referendum ever held in the Czech Republic was Czech European Union membership referendum in 2003. The Government of the Czech Republic approved a referendum bill in 2005, but it was never passed by the parliament.