Dieter Wisliceny

Dieter Wisliceny
Dieter Wisliceny.jpg
Born13 January 1911 (1911-01-13)
Regulowken near Borkenwalde, German Empire
Died4 May 1948 (1948-05-05) (aged 37)
Criminal chargeCrimes against humanity
PenaltyExecution
Military career
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branchFlag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
RankHauptsturmführer, SS
UnitSS-Totenkopfverbände

Dieter Wisliceny (13 January 1911 – 4 May 1948) was a member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and a key executioner in the final phase of the Holocaust.

Crimes against humanity[]

Joining the Nazi Party in 1933 and enlisting in the SS in 1934, Wisliceny eventually rose to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (captain) in 1940.[1] During implementation of the Final Solution, his task was the ghettoization and liquidation of several important Jewish communities in Nazi-occupied Europe, including those of Greece, Hungary and Slovakia. Wisliceny also re-introduced the yellow star in occupied countries; the yellow star being used to distinguish Jews from non-Jews. He was involved in the deportation of the Hungarian Jews in 1944.[citation needed]

Wisliceny was an important witness at the Nuremberg trials, and his testimony would later prove important in the prosecution of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in Israel in 1961.

Wisliceny was extradited to Czechoslovakia, where he was tried and hanged for war crimes in 1948.

References[]

  1. ^ Prof. Stuart Stein: "Affidavit of Dieter Wisliceny", from Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume VIII. USGPO, Washington, 1946, pages 606–619. Note: Dieter Wisliceny in his testimony given before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, 3 January 1946, erroneously identifies the Auschwitz concentration camp as the concentration area Sosnowitz (which was one of its dozens of subcamps).

External links[]