Czechoslovak Television

Czechoslovak Television
TypePublic television
HeadquartersPrague, Czechoslovakia
OwnerGovernment of Czechoslovakia
Launch date
May 1, 1953
DissolvedDecember 31, 1992

Czechoslovak Television (ČST) was founded on 1 May 1953 in Czechoslovakia. It was known by three names over its lifetime: Czech: Československá televize, Slovak: Československá televízia (until 1990), Česko-slovenská televízia (from 1990 until 1992).


Color television broadcasting studio
Česká televize building in Prague

ČST started life as a single programme, airing for a short amount of time each day. The first public broadcasting was a short performance by František Filipovský on 1 May 1953. In 1955 was held the first live broadcast (a hockey match).

Like all other media in the Communist Czechoslovakia, the station was subject to heavy censorship. However, as part of the process of social liberation in 1968, for a few days ČST aired broadcasts about the Prague Spring. However, in 1969, it became part of the normalisation efforts on the national media.

Launch of second channel[]

On May 10, 1970, Czechoslovak Television began broadcasting a second channel, ČST TV2.[1]

Move to colour[]

Further technical improvements were made on May 9, 1973, when the first regular broadcasts in colour started on TV2, followed two years later by colour transmission on the first channel as well.

At the end of the decade, in 1979, a building and a studio based in Prague's Kavčí hory was opened, which became the home of ČST's news department.

Division of ČST TV2[]

After November 1989, lineup changes were made, with the first program being renamed F1 for the federal district, and the second program being split into the Czech ČTV and the Slovak S1, the first such division of channels by ČST. A third channel for Czech audiences, previously used by Soviet broadcasting was launched on 14 May 1990, called OK3 (Czech: Otevřený kanál tři, English: Open Channel three). A similar channel for Slovak audiences called TA 3 was created on 6 June 1991 (broadcasting from August 1991 until July 1992).

Velvet Revolution[]

During the Velvet Revolution, ČST staff very quickly joined the side of the protesters and allowed them to spread important messages and broadcasts of the demonstrations.

Velvet divorce ends Czechoslovak Television[]

ČST disappeared along with Czechoslovakia on the 31st December 1992. Its successor in the Czech Republic is Czech television, and in Slovakia Slovenská televízia.

Around its dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the end of 1992, ČST was abolished, and the new companies, public service broadcasters, emerged:


Directors of ČST[]


  1. ^ "Ceska Televize Prehistorie". Česka Televize. Retrieved 21 August 2014.