Council of the Haida Nation

X̱aaydaG̱a Waadlux̱an Naay
Council of the Haida Nation
Flag of the CHN
Flag
Crest of the CHN
Coat of arms
X̱aayda Gwaii in British Columbia, Canada
X̱aayda Gwaii in British Columbia, Canada
Largest Village Queen Charlotte
Official languages Haida (X̱aad kíl & X̱aayda kíl)
English
Demonym X̱aayda, X̱aaydas, X̱aad, X̱aat (Haida)
Type Indigenous Government
Leaders
• President
kil tlaats ‘gaa (Peter Lantin)
• Vice President
Ginn wadluu un uula isdaa ayaagang (Trevor Russ)
• Representatives
below
• HlG̱aagilda Band Council
• G̱aaw Band Council
Legislature House of Assembly
Herary Chiefs Council
Village Councils
Establishment 1974
• First CHN Meeting
7 December
Area
• Total
10,180 km2 (3,930 sq mi)
Population
• 2008 estimate
4,761[1]
• Density
0.468/km2 (1.2/sq mi)
Currency Canadian dollar
Time zone Pacific
Calling code +1 250

The Council of the Haida Nation (Haida: X̱aaydaG̱a Waadlux̱an Naay) is the Haida Government of the Haida Nation. The Haida Nation is engaged in a Title dispute of their territories, Haida Gwaii, and holds them to be independent from Canada.[citation needed] The Haida Nation, culturally, also includes portions of Alaska. The Kaigani Haida, who are the Alaskan group, are not part of the same government and are constituted separately within the Central Council Tlingit Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska. There are two villages on Graham Island, Canada of the Haida Nation, G̱aaw, known in English as Old Massett and Hlg̱aagilda, known in English as Skidegate.

All Haida territories were in the past also claimed by Russia and Spain as well as the United States. Once Russian and Spanish claims to Haida Gwaii were given up in treaties with Britain and the United States, the islands continued to be claimed by the United States until the British claim to them was formalized by the creation of the Colony of the Queen Charlotte Islands in 1853. Russian claims to Kaigani Haida territory were sold to the United States in 1867 with the Alaska Purchase.

The Council, formed in 1973, has been involved in many conflicts over the fate of its territories, which have been part of Canada since 1871, and by the Colony of British Columbia and the Colony of the Queen Charlotte Islands prior to that. No treaties between the Crown and the governments of the Haida were ever signed, as in most of the rest of the current Canadian province of British Columbia.

The Constitution of the Haida Nation was accepted formally in 2003.[2]

Environment[]

The Haida Gwaii archipelago is one of the richest marine and terrestrial environments on earth. The Haida people are a product of their environment; thus their culture is an emanation of respect and gratitude for their provider, the land and sea. The archipelago consists of over 200 islands and is located off the coast of British Columbia, Canada. As a result of its location, the western coast of Haida Gwaii is exposed to very strong winds and ocean waves of up to 35 metres (115 ft) high. The average yearly rainfall on the western coast is 4 metres (157 in), compared to 80 centimetres (31 in) on the eastern coast.[3]

The Haida Nation encompasses the Haida Gwaii archipelago and surrounding water. This includes the Dixon Entrance, half of the Hecate Strait, half the distance to Vancouver Island, and westward from the land toward the Pacific Ocean.[4]

Mandate[]

The Mandate is an order for the Council of the Haida Nation. The Council follows the Mandate to the best of their abilities.

The Mandate acknowledges the following:

Languages[]

The constitute acknowledges the Haida language (X̱aayda Kil) and English as the official languages of the Haida Nation.[4]

Governance[]

The House of Assembly is a legal form of Haida National government. This group has the right to pass laws which align with the Constitution of the Haida Nation. The House of Assembly meet yearly with the Council of the Haida Nation. These meetings occur in October during the third week of the month. Each yearly meeting alternates between G̱aaw (Old Masset) and Hlg̱aagilda (Skidegate). In addition to the House of Assembly meetings, the Council of the Haida Nation meet quarterly with Haida citizens.[6]

The Vice President calls the House of Assembly meeting twenty days before the meeting date. They may also call other meeting dates if required, again, at least twenty days before the scheduled date. All motions placed through the House of Assembly can only be approved by a vote of three-quarter approval or more.[6]

Secretariat[]

The Council of the Haida Nation sustains a Secretariat.The duties of the Secretariat are as follows: the Secretariat answers to both the House of Assembly and the Council of the Haida Nation, the Secretariat acts as Treasurer and will manage the staff of the Council of the Haida Nation, and the Secretariat has multiple rights to the cr of the Council of the Haida Nation.[6]

Subsidiary bodies (Village Councils)[]

The Village Councils are concerned with the well-being of the communities and Band members. The Village Councils may initiate laws.[7]

Skidegate Band Council[]

Chief Councillor: Billy Yovanovich[7]

Councillors: Duane Alsop, Lyndale George, David Crosby, Michelle McDonald, Trent Moraes, Michelle Pineault, Robert Russ.[8]

Old Masset Village Council[]

Chief Councillor: Ken Rea

Councillors: John T Jones (Deputy), Lisa Bell, Donald Edgars, Ronald Williams, Adeana Young, Judy Williams, Sonia Rice.[7]

Citizenship[]

The Haida citizenship act was approved on 31 May 2017. When accepted as a Haida Nation citizen, one receives both a Card and a Certificate. The card is used for identification purposes, and the certificate is the official Citizenship document.[9] The Constitution of the Haida Nation states that title of Haida Gwaii Citizen may be given to an individual who does not have Haida ancestry. This title does not include receiving Haida indigenous rights or Haida heritage claims.[4]

References[]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates". bcstats.gov.be.ca. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "History of the CHN – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-24. 
  3. ^ "Haida Gwaii – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-11. 
  4. ^ a b c "Constitution of the Haida Nation" (PDF). Council of the Haida Nation. November 10, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Mandate – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  6. ^ a b c "House of Assembly – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  7. ^ a b c "Village Councils – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  8. ^ "Skidegate Band Council - Elected Council". www.skidegate.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-24. 
  9. ^ "Citizenship – Council of the Haida Nation". www.haidanation.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 

External links[]