Council of Ministers (Italy)

Council of Ministers
Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri
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Overview
EstablishedMarch 23, 1861; 159 years ago (1861-03-23) (Kingdom of Italy)
July 10, 1946; 74 years ago (1946-07-10) (Italian Republic)
StateItalian Republic
LeaderPresident of the Council
Appointed byPresident of the Republic
Responsible toChamber of Deputies and Senate
HeadquartersPalazzo Chigi, Rome
WebsiteOfficial website
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The Council of Ministers (Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri, CdM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy. It comprises the President of the Council (i.e., the prime minister), all the ministers, and the undersecretary to the President of the Council. Deputy ministers (Italian: viceministri) and junior ministers (Italian: sottosegretari) are part of the government, but are not members of the Council of Ministers.

History[]

The Council of Ministers' origins date to the production of the Albertine Statute by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1848. The Statute, which subsequently became the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, did not envision collegial meetings of individual ministers, but simply the existence of ministers as heads of their ministries, responsible for their operations. The Council of Ministers subsequently developed as a constitutional convention and the office of the President of the Council emerged from the need to co-ordinate the activities of the individual ministers.

Formation[]

Appointment[]

The Office of the Council of Ministers is regulated by the Constitution and consists of:

All powers of the Council of Ministers rest in the hands of the President of the Republic until the ministers assume their offices.

Oath[]

After the President of the Republic signs the appointment decrees, but before being able to exercise their functions, the Prime Minister and the Ministers must take an oath of office according to the formula laid out in Article 1.3 of Law n. 400/1988. The oath expresses the necessity of trust which is incumbent on all citizens, but especially on those holding public office (according to Article 54 of the Constitution).

Recall[]

According to Article 94 of the Constitution, Government can have its confidence (or trust) revoked. Indeed, the motion of no-confidence must be signed by at least one-tenth of the members of the House, and cannot be discussed for at least 3 days following its proposal. Once discussed, it must be voted through nominal appeal. Furthermore, while the recall of single ministers is not explicitly regulated, procedural practice allows for an individual motion of no-confidence: the first such case was Filippo Mancuso in 1995.[1]

Functions[]

The functions of the Council of Ministers are disciplined by the Constitution (article 92-96)[2] and by Law n. 400 of 23 August 1988.[3]

Relationship with other parts of the political system[]

The Council of Ministers within a Parliamentary form of Government (e.g., Italy) is the principal holder of executive power - that is, the power to put a decision of the Italian political process into effect (i.e., execute it).

The members of the Council of Ministers, even if they leave their positions, are subject to the jurisdiction of the courts for activities committed in their official capacity only with the authorization of one of the chambers of the Parliament (art. 96 of the Constitution).[4]

Powers[]

As the main organ of the executive power, the primary role of the Council of Ministers is the actualization of a given national policy. The Constitution provides it with the following means for doing this:

Tasks of the President of the Council and of the Ministers[]

List of current Italian Ministers[]

The current Italian government is led by Giuseppe Conte. As of September 2019, the government has 21 Ministers, of whom eight are without portfolio.[5]

Presidency of the Council[]

Office Title Secretary of the Council of Ministers
President of the Council of Ministers Giuseppe Conte Official.jpg Giuseppe Conte (Ind.) Riccardo Fraccaro (M5S)

Secretary to the Council of Ministers

Andrea Martella (PD)

Delegated for publishing affairs

Mario Turco (M5S)

Delegated for economic programmes and investments

Ministers[]

Ministry Minister Deputy Ministers Undersecretaries
Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation Luigi Di Maio daticamera 2018.jpg Luigi Di Maio (M5S) Emanuela Del Re (M5S)
Marina Sereni (PD)
Manlio Di Stefano (M5S)
Ricardo Merlo (MAIE)
Ivan Scalfarotto (IV)
Interior Luciana Lamorgese crop.jpg Luciana Lamorgese (Ind.) Vito Crimi (M5S)
Matteo Mauri (PD)
Carlo Sibilia (M5S)
Achille Variati (PD)
Justice Alfonso Bonafede daticamera 2018.jpg Alfonso Bonafede (M5S) Unassigned Vittorio Ferraresi (M5S)
Andrea Giorgis (PD)
Defence Lorenzo Guerini daticamera 2018.jpg Lorenzo Guerini (PD) Unassigned Giulio Calvisi (PD)
Angelo Tofalo (M5S)
Economy and Finance Gualtieri, Roberto-9790.jpg Roberto Gualtieri (PD) Laura Castelli (M5S)
Antonio Misiani (PD)
Pier Paolo Baretta (PD)
Maria Cecilia Guerra (Art.1LeU)
Alessio Villarosa (M5S)
Economic Development Stefano Patuanelli datisenato 2018 (cropped).jpg Stefano Patuanelli (M5S) Stefano Buffagni (M5S) Mirella Liuzzi (M5S)
Gian Paolo Manzella (PD)
Alessia Morani (PD)
Alessandra Todde (M5S)
Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies Teresa Bellanova datisenato 2018 (cropped).jpg Teresa Bellanova (IV) Unassigned Giuseppe L'Abbate (M5S)
Environment, Protection of Land and Sea Sergio Costa 2018.jpg Sergio Costa (Ind.) Unassigned Roberto Morassut (PD)
Infrastructure and Transport Paola De Micheli 2018.jpg Paola De Micheli (PD) Giancarlo Cancelleri (M5S) Salvatore Margiotta (PD)
Roberto Traversi (M5S)
Labour and Social Policies Nunzia Catalfo datisenato 2018 (cropped).jpg Nunzia Catalfo (M5S) Unassigned Stanislao Di Piazza (M5S)
Francesca Puglisi (PD)
Education, Universities and Research Lorenzo Fioramonti daticamera 2018.jpg Lorenzo Fioramonti (M5S) Anna Ascani (PD) Lucia Azzolina (M5S)
Giuseppe De Cristofaro (SI)
Heritage and Cultural Activities Dario Franceschini daticamera 2018.jpg Dario Franceschini (PD) Unassigned Lorenza Bonaccorsi (PD)
Anna Laura Orrico (M5S)
Health Roberto Speranza daticamera 2018.jpg Roberto Speranza (Art.1) Pierpaolo Sileri (M5S) Sandra Zampa (PD)

Departments of the Presidency of the Council - Ministers without portfolio[]

Delegation Minister Undersecretaries
Parliamentary Relations and Direct Democracy Federico D'Incà daticamera 2018.jpg Federico D'Incà (M5S) Gianluca Castaldi (M5S)
Simona Malpezzi (PD)
Technological Innovation and Digitization Paola Pisano crop.jpg Paola Pisano (M5S) Unassigned
Public Administration Fabiana Dadone daticamera 2018.jpg Fabiana Dadone (M5S) Unassigned
Regional Affairs and Autonomies Francesco Boccia daticamera 2018.jpg Francesco Boccia (PD) Unassigned
Southern Italy and Territorial Cohesion Giuseppe Provenzano.jpg Giuseppe Provenzano (PD) Unassigned
Youth and Sport Vincenzo Spadafora daticamera.jpg Vincenzo Spadafora (M5S) Unassigned
Family and Equal Opportunities Elena Bonetti (cropped).jpg Elena Bonetti (IV)
Unassigned
Minister of European Affairs Vincenzo Amendola daticamera.jpg Vincenzo Amendola (PD) Laura Agea (M5S)

Possible current additional members[]

The Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute have the right to participate in sessions of the Council of Ministers in matters relevant to them are discussed (distinct from general issues common to all the regions). The Presidents of Sardinia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Aosta Valley, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol have only a consultative vote, while the President of Sicily has a full vote and the rank of a minister.[6]

Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute
Member Title
Musumeci - primo piano crop.jpg Nello Musumeci President of Sicily
Christian Solinas datisenato 2018 crop.jpg Christian Solinas President della Sardegna
Valle d'Aosta-Stemma.svg Antonio Fosson President of the Aosta Valley
Massimiliano Fedriga daticamera 2018.jpg Massimiliano Fedriga President of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Arno Kompatscher.jpg Arno Kompatscher President of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

References[]

  1. ^ "Ministri del governo: nomina e revoca, la prassi in Italia". OpenBlog (in Italian). 4 April 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  2. ^ Article 92 and following
  3. ^ "Governo Italiano - La normativa della PCM". presidenza.governo.it. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  4. ^ Article 96, Constitution
  5. ^ "I Ministri, i Vice Ministri e i Sottosegretari del Governo Renzi". The official website of the Government of Italy.
  6. ^ Decree Law no. 35, 21 January 2004.