Constance of France, Countess of Toulouse

Constance
Countess consort of Boulogne and Toulouse
Tenure1140–1153
1154–1165
Bornc. 1124
Diedc. 1176 (aged 51–52)
SpouseEustace IV, Count of Boulogne
Raymond V, Count of Toulouse
IssueRaymond VI, Count of Toulouse
Azalais of Toulouse
Aubri of Toulouse
Baldwin of Toulouse
Laura of Toulouse
HouseCapet
FatherLouis VI of France
MotherAdélaide de Maurienne

Constance of France (1124–1176) was a French princess of the House of Capet, the only daughter of Louis VI of France and his second wife Adélaide de Maurienne. Amongst her siblings was Louis VII, who succeeded their father in 1137.

Life[]

In 1140, Constance married Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne, son of Stephen, King of England.[1] The couple were married for thirteen years until Eustace's death, they had no children.

The following year, Constance was married to Raymond V, Count of Toulouse. The marriage was arranged by her brother, who was in need of allies against Henry II of England, particularly after the latter bolstered his presence in France by marrying Louis's former wife, Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine. [2]

The marriage was an unhappy one.[3] A factor that can explain the tense relationship between Raymond and Louis. After a decade of marriage, Raymond broke from Louis and moved towards a partnership with Frederick Barbarossa. Constance wrote to Louis, complaining that she was isolated in Toulouse; the courtiers ignored her and her servants did not obey her orders.[4] In addition, Constance was displeased by her husband taking mistresses.[5] In 1165, Constance fled from Toulouse and returned to Paris.[6]

In 1166, with the support of Antipope Paschal III and Frederick, Raymond repudiated Constance.[7] Having lost the favour of Louis, Raymond was forced to perform homage to Henry for Toulouse at Limoges in 1173. [8]

Issue[]

Raymond and Constance had five children together, they were:

  1. Raymond VI, who succeeded his father
  2. Aubri, died 1180
  3. Azalais of Toulouse
  4. Baldwin of Toulouse, born 1165, executed on the orders of Raymond VI in 1214
  5. Laura (died in 1230), wife of Odo of Comminger


Ancestors[]

References[]

  1. ^ G. P. R. James, A History of the Life of Richard Cœur-de-Lion, King of England, Volume 1 (Saunders and Otley, 1841), p.140
  2. ^ F. L. Cheyette, Ermengard of Narbonne and the World of the Troubadours (Cornell University Press, 2001), p.259
  3. ^ D. Seward, Eleanor of Aquitaine: The Mother Queen of the Middle Ages (Pegasus Books, 2014), no pagination
  4. ^ W. M. Reddy, The Making of Romantic Love: Longing and Sexuality in Europe, South Asia, and Japan, 900-1200 CE (University of Chicago Press, 2012), p.123
  5. ^ Ibid
  6. ^ Ibid
  7. ^ M.D. Costen, The Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade (Manchester University Press, 1997), p.27
  8. ^ C. Taylor, Heresy in Medieval France: Dualism in Aquitaine and the Agenais, 1000-1249 (Boydell & Brewer, 2005), p.148

Sources[]