Claude Lanzmann

Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann 2014.jpg
Lanzmann in 2014
Born (1925-11-27)27 November 1925
Paris, France
Died 5 July 2018(2018-07-05) (aged 92)
Paris, France
Occupation Filmmaker
Years active 1970–2018
Known for Shoah (1985)
Spouse(s) Judith Magre (m. 1963; div. 1971)
Angelika Schrobsdorff (m. 1971)
Dominique Petithory (m. 1995)
Children 2

Claude Lanzmann (French: [lanzman]; 27 November 1925 – 5 July 2018) was a French filmmaker known for the Holocaust documentary film Shoah (1985).

Early life[]

Lanzmann was born on 27 November 1925 in Paris, France, the son of Paulette (née Grobermann) and Armand Lanzmann.[1] His family was Jewish, and had immigrated to France from Eastern Europe.[2] He was the brother of writer Jacques Lanzmann. Lanzmann attended the Lycée Blaise-Pascal (fr) in Clermont-Ferrand.[3] While his family disguised their identity went into hiding during World War II,[4] he joined the French resistance at the age of 17, along with his father and brother, and fought in Auvergne.[3] Lanzmann opposed the French war in Algeria and signed the 1960 antiwar petition Manifesto of the 121.[5]

Career[]

Lanzmann was the chief or of the journal Les Temps Modernes, founded by Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, and lecturer at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland.[6] In 2009 he published his memoirs under the title Le lièvre de Patagonie ("The Patagonian Hare").

Shoah[]

Lanzmann's most renowned work, Shoah (1985), is a nine-and-a-half-hour oral history of the Holocaust, broadly considered to be the foremost film on the subject. Shoah is made without the use of any historical footage, and uses only first-person testimony from perpetrators and victims, and contemporary footage of Holocaust-related sites. Interviewees include the Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski and Raul Hilberg, the American Holocaust historian. When the film was released, the director also published the complete text, including in English translation, with introductions by Lanzmann and Simone de Beauvoir.

Lanzmann disagreed, sometimes angrily, with attempts to understand the why of Hitler, stating that the evil of Hitler cannot or should not be explained and that to do so is immoral and an obscenity.[7]

On 4 July 2018, his latest work, Les Quatre Soeurs (The Four Sisters) was released, featuring testimonials from four Holocaust survivors not included in his Shoah. Lanzmann died the following day.[8][9]

Personal life[]

From 1952 to 1959,[citation needed] he lived with Simone de Beauvoir. In 1963 he married French actress Judith Magne.[10] They divorced in 1971,[citation needed] and he later married Angelika Schrobsdorff, a German-Jewish writer.[10] He divorced a second time and married Dominique Petithory in 1995.[citation needed] He was the father of Angélique Lanzmann, born in 1950[citation needed] and Félix Lanzmann who died in 2017, aged 23.[11] Claude Lanzmann died on 5 July 2018 at his Paris home, after having been ill for several days. He was 92.[8][9]

Honours[]

Selected works[]

Filmography

As subject

Books

References[]

  1. ^ Pascal, Julia (2018-07-05). "Claude Lanzmann obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  2. ^ Epstein, Helen (March 26, 2012). "Fuse Feature: A Conversation with Claude Lanzmann about his memoir, "The Patagonian Hare"". The Arts Fuse. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  3. ^ a b Delacampagne, Christian (2007). "Claude Lanzmann (1925–)". In Reilly, Brian J. The Columbia History of Twentieth-century French Thought. Columbia University Press. pp. 571–72. ISBN 9780231107907. 
  4. ^ Berry, Meghan (March 26, 2012). "Claude Lanzmann Talks About Shoah, de Beauvoir and His Memoir With Charlie Rose". On Campus. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  5. ^ Dax, Max (2009-06-19). "Israels Feinde machen keine Gefangenen" [Israel's enemies do not take prisoners]. Die Tageszeitung (in German). ISSN 0931-9085. Retrieved 2018-07-08. 
  6. ^ Claude Lanzmann Faculty profile at European Graduate School
  7. ^ Rosenbaum, Ron (1999). "Claude Lanzmann and the War Against the Question Why". Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-679-43151-9. 
  8. ^ a b Nouchi, Ramck (5 July 2018). "Claude Lanzmann, le réalisateur de « Shoah », est mort". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Claude Lanzmann Dies: Director Best Known For Holocaust Documentary 'Shoah' Was 92
  10. ^ a b "Nothing he hasn't done, nowhere he hasn't been". Lrb.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Claude Lanzmann se confie sur la mort de son fils Félix, 23 ans". Femme Actuelle. March 2, 2017. Retrieved 2018-07-08. 
  12. ^ 'La promotion du 14 juillet de la Légion d'honneur', in Le Figaro, 14/07/2011 [1]
  13. ^ "Claude Lanzmann: an extraordinary prize for an extraordinary man". Vivamost.com. Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  14. ^ "Auszeichnung: Claude Lanzmann erhält den "Welt"-Literaturpreis". Berliner Morgenpost (in German). October 2, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 

Further reading[]