Charles Aznavour

Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour May 1963.jpg
Aznavour in 1963
Born
Shahnour Vaghinag Aznavourian

(1924-05-22)22 May 1924
Paris, France
Died1 October 2018(2018-10-01) (aged 94)
Mouriès, France
Burial placeLes Invalides (Paris, France
Occupation
  • Singer-lyricist
  • actor
  • public activist
  • diplomat
Years active1933–2018
Spouse(s)
Micheline Rugel
(m. 1946; div. 1952)

Evelyne Plessis
(m. 1956; div. 1960)

Ulla Thorsell
(m. 1967)
Children5, including Seda Aznavour
AwardsLegion of Honour (1997, 2001 and 2004)
See Awards and recognition
Musical career
Genres
Labels
Websitecharlesaznavour.com

Charles Aznavour (/æznəˈvʊər/; born Shahnour Vaghinag Aznavourian, Armenian: Շահնուր Վաղինակ Ազնավուրյան; 22 May 1924 – 1 October 2018)[1][A] was a French-Armenian[4] singer, lyricist, and diplomat. Aznavour was known for his distinctive tenor[5] voice: clear and ringing in its upper reaches, with gravelly and profound low notes. In a composer/singer/songwriter career spanning over 70 years, he recorded more than 1,200 songs interpreted in nine languages.[6] Moreover, he wrote or co-wrote more than 1,000 songs for himself and others.

Aznavour was one of France's most popular and enduring singers.[7][8] He sold 180 million records[9][10][11][12] during his lifetime and was dubbed France's Frank Sinatra,[13][14] while music critic Stephen Holden described Aznavour as a "French pop deity".[15] He was also arguably the most famous Armenian of his time.[7][16] In 1998, Aznavour was named Entertainer of the Century by CNN and users of Time Online from around the globe. He was recognized as the century's outstanding performer, with nearly 18% of the total vote, edging out Elvis Presley and Bob Dylan.[17] Jean Cocteau said: "Before Aznavour, despair was unpopular".[18]

Aznavour sang for presidents, popes and royalty, as well as at humanitarian events. In response to the 1988 Armenian earthquake, he founded the charitable organization Aznavour for Armenia along with his long-time friend impresario Levon Sayan. In 2009, he was appointed ambassador of Armenia to Switzerland, as well as Armenia's permanent delegate to the United Nations at Geneva.[19]

He started his last world tour in 2014. On 24 August 2017, Aznavour was awarded the 2,618th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Later that year he and his sister were awarded the Raoul Wallenberg Award for sheltering Jews during World War II. His last concert took place in NHK Hall in Osaka on 19 September 2018.[20]

Early life and family[]

Aznavour was born at the clinic Tarnier at 89, rue d'Assas in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, 6th arrondissement of Paris, into a family of artists living on rue Monsieur-le-Prince.[21] He was named Shahnour (or Chahnour)[2] Vaghinag (Vaghenagh)[3] Aznavourian[1] (Armenian: Շահնուր Վաղինակ Ազնավուրեան), by his parents, Armenian immigrants Michael Aznavourian (from Akhaltsikhe, Georgia)[1][22] and Knar Baghdasarian, an Armenian from Smyrna (present-day İzmir, Turkey).[23][24] His father sang in restaurants in France before establishing a Caucasian restaurant called Le Caucase. Charles's parents introduced him to performing at an early age, and he dropped out of school at age nine, and took the stage name "Aznavour".[25]

World War II[]

During the German occupation of France during World War II, Aznavour and his family hid “a number of people who were persecuted by the Nazis, while Charles and his sister Aida were involved in rescue activities.” Their work was recognized in a statement issued in 2017 by Reuven Rivlin, President of Israel. That year, Aznavour and Aida received the Raoul Wallenberg Award for their wartime activities. "The Aznavours were closely linked to the Missak Manouchian Resistance Group and in this context they have offered shelter to Armenians, Jews and others at their own Paris flat, risking their own lives."[26][27]

Career[]

Musical career[]

Aznavour was already familiar with performing on stage by the time he began his career as a musician. At the age of nine, he had roles in a play called Un Petit Diable à Paris and a film entitled La Guerre des Gosses.[28] Aznavour then turned to professional dancing and performed in several nightclubs. In 1944, he and actor Pierre Roche began a partnership and in collaborative efforts performed in numerous nightclubs. It was through this partnership that Aznavour began to write songs and sing. The partnership's first successes were in Canada in 1948-1950. Meanwhile, Aznavour wrote his first song entitled J'ai Bu in 1950.[28]

Aznavour in 1963

During the early stages of his career, Aznavour opened for Edith Piaf at the Moulin Rouge. Piaf then advised him to pursue a career in singing. Piaf helped Aznavour develop a distinctive voice that stimulated the best of his abilities.[28]

Sometimes described as "France's Frank Sinatra",[13] Aznavour sang frequently about love. He wrote or co-wrote musicals, more than one thousand songs, and recorded ninety-one studio albums. Aznavour's voice was shaded towards the tenor range, but possessed the low range and coloration more typical of a baritone, contributing to his unique sound. Aznavour spoke and sang in many languages (French, English, Italian, Spanish, German, Russian, Armenian, Neapolitan and Kabyle), which helped him perform at Carnegie Hall, in the USA, and other major venues around the world. He also recorded at least one song from the 18th-century Armenian poet Sayat-Nova, and a popular song, Im Yare[29] in Armenian. "Que C'est Triste Venise", sung in French, Italian ("Com'è Triste Venezia"), Spanish ("Venecia Sin Ti"), English ("How Sad Venice Can Be") and German ("Venedig in Grau"), was very successful the mid 1960s.[30]

In 1974 Aznavour became a major success in the United Kingdom when his song "She" was number 1 on the UK Singles Chart for four weeks during a fourteen week run. His other well-known song in the UK was the 1973 "The Old Fashioned Way", which was on UK charts for 15 weeks.[31][32][33].[34]

Artists who have recorded his songs and collaborated with Aznavour include Édith Piaf, Fred Astaire, Frank Sinatra (Aznavour was one of the rare European singers invited to duet with him[35]), Andrea Bocelli, Bing Crosby, Ray Charles, Bob Dylan (he named Aznavour among the greatest live performers he had ever seen),[36][37] Dusty Springfield, Liza Minnelli, Mia Martini, Elton John, Dalida, Serge Gainsbourg, Josh Groban, Petula Clark, Tom Jones, Shirley Bassey, José Carreras, Laura Pausini, Nana Mouskouri and Julio Iglesias. Fellow French pop singer Mireille Mathieu sang and recorded with Aznavour on numerous occasions. The English singer Marc Almond was noted by Aznavour as his favourite interpreter of his songs, having covered Aznavour"s "What makes a man a man" in the 1990s. Almond citing Aznavour as a major influence on his style and work. 1974, Jack Jones recorded an entire album of Aznavour compositions entitled Write Me A Love Song, Charlie, re-released on CD in 2006.[38][39] Two years later, Dutch singer Liesbeth List released her album Charles Aznavour Presents Liesbeth List, which featured Aznavour's compositions with English lyrics. Aznavour and Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti sang Gounod's aria "Ave Maria" together. He performed with Russian cellist and friend Mstislav Rostropovich to inaugurate the French presidency of the European Union in 1995. Elvis Costello recorded "She" for the film Notting Hill. One of Aznavour's greatest friends and collaborators from the music industry was Spanish operatic tenor Plácido Domingo, who often performs his hits, most notably a solo studio recording of "Les bâteaux sont partis" in 1985 and duet versions of the song in French and Spanish in 2008, as well as multiple live renditions Aznavour's "Ave Maria". In 1994, Aznavour performed with Domingo and Norwegian soprano Sissel Kyrkjebø at Domingo's third annual Christmas in Vienna concert. The three singers performed a variety of carols, medleys, and duets, and the concert was televised throughout the world, as well as released on a CD internationally.[40]

Aznavour in concert, 1988

At the start of autumn 2006, Aznavour initiated his farewell tour, performing in the US and Canada, and earning very positive reviews. Aznavour started 2007 with concerts all over Japan and Asia. The second half of 2007 saw Aznavour return to Paris for over 20 shows at the Palais des Congrès in Paris, followed by more touring in Belgium, the Netherlands, and the rest of France. Aznavour had repeatedly stated that this farewell tour, health permitting, would likely last beyond 2010; after that, however, Charles Aznavour continued performing worldwide throughout the year. At 94, 60 years on stage made him "a little hard of hearing".[41] In his final years he would still sing in multiple languages and without persistent use of teleprompters, but typically he would stick to just two or three (French and English being the primary two, with Spanish or Italian being the third) during most concerts.[42] On 30 September 2006, Aznavour performed a major concert in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia to start off the cultural season "Arménie mon amie". Armenian president Robert Kocharyan and French president Jacques Chirac, at the time on an official visit to Armenia, were in front-row attendance.[43]

Aznavour at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival.

In 2006, Aznavour recorded his album Colore ma vie in Cuba, with Chucho Valdés.[44] A regular guest vocalist on Star Academy, Aznavour sang alongside contestant Cyril Cinélu that same year.[45] In 2007, he sang part of "Une vie d'amour" in Russian during a Moscow concert.[46] Later, in July 2007, Aznavour was invited to perform at the Vieilles Charrues Festival.[47]

Forever Cool (2007), an album from Capitol/EMI, features Aznavour singing a new duet of "Everybody Loves Somebody Sometime" with the voice of Dean Martin.[48]

Aznavour finished a tour of Portugal in February 2008.[49] Throughout the spring of 2008, Aznavour toured South America, holding a multitude of concerts in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay.[50]

An admirer of Quebec, where he played in Montreal cabarets before becoming famous, he helped the career of Québécoise singer-lyricist Lynda Lemay in France, and had a house in Montreal. On 5 July 2008, he was invested as an honorary officer of the Order of Canada. He performed the following day on the Plains of Abraham as a feature of the celebration of the 400th anniversary of the founding of Quebec City.[51]

In 2008, an album of duets, Duos, was released. It is a collaborative effort featuring Aznavour and his greatest friends and partners from his long career in the music industry, including Céline Dion, Sting, Laura Pausini, Josh Groban, Paul Anka, Plácido Domingo, and many others.[52] It was released on various dates in December 2008 across the world.[53] His next album, Charles Aznavour and The Clayton Hamilton Jazz Orchestra (previously known as Jazznavour 2), is a continuation in the same vein as his hit album Jazznavour released in 1998, involving new arrangements on his classic songs with a jazz orchestra and other guest jazz artists. It was released on 27 November 2009.[54]

Aznavour in 2014

Aznavour and Senegalese singer Youssou N'Dour, with the collaboration of over 40 French singers and musicians, recorded a music video with the music group Band Aid in the aftermath of the catastrophic 2010 Haiti earthquake, titled 1 geste pour Haïti chérie.[55]

In 2009, Aznavour also toured across America. The tour, named Aznavour en liberté,[56] started in late April 2009 with a wave of concerts across the United States and Canada, took him across Latin America in the autumn, as well as the USA once again. In August 2011 Aznavour released a new album, Aznavour Toujours, featuring 11 new songs, and Elle, a French re-working of his greatest international hit, "She". Following the release of Aznavour Toujours, then 87-year-old Aznavour began a tour across France and Europe, named Charles Aznavour en Toute Intimité, which started with 21 concerts in the Olympia theatre in Paris.[57] On 12 December 2011 he gave a concert in Moscow State Kremlin Palace that attracted a capacity crowd.[58] The concert was followed by a standing ovation which continued for about fifteen minutes.[59]

In 2012, Aznavour embarked on a new North American leg of his En toute intimité tour, visiting Quebec and the Gibson Amphitheatre in Los Angeles, the third-largest such venue in California, for multiple shows. The shows in New York were cancelled following a contract dispute.[60] On 16 August 2012 Aznavour performed in his father's birthplace, Akhaltsikhe, in Georgia in a special concert as part of the opening ceremony of the recently restored Rabati castle.[61]

On 25 October 2013 Aznavour performed in London for the first time in 25 years at the Royal Albert Hall; demand was so high that a second concert at the Royal Albert Hall was scheduled for June 2014.[62] In November 2013, Aznavour appeared with Achinoam Nini (Noa) in a concert, dedicated to peace, at the Nokia Arena in Tel Aviv.[63] The audience, including Israeli president Shimon Peres (Peres and Aznavour had a meeting prior to the performance), sang along.[64] In December 2013 Aznavour gave two concerts in the Netherlands at the Heineken Music Hall in Amsterdam, and again in January 2016 (originally scheduled for November 2015 but postponed due to a brief stomach flu).[65]

In 2014, 2015 and 2016, Aznavour continued his international tour, including concerts in Brussels, Berlin, Frankfurt, Barcelona, Madrid, Warsaw, Prague, Moscow, Bucharest, Antwerp, London, Dubai, Montreal, New York, Boston, Miami, Los Angeles, Osaka, Tokyo, Lisbon, Marbella, Monaco, Verona, Amsterdam and Paris.[citation needed]

In 2017 and 2018 his tour continued in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Buenos Aires, Moscow, Vienna, Perth, Sydney, Melbourne and Haiti, Tokyo, Osaka, Madrid, Milan, Rome, St. Petersburg, Paris, London, Amsterdam and Monaco. On 19 September 2018, what was to be his last concert took place in NHK Hall, Osaka.[66]

Film appearances[]

See: Filmography

Aznavour had a long and varied parallel career as an actor, appearing in over 80 films and TV movies. In 1960 Aznavour starred in François Truffaut's Tirez sur le pianiste, playing a character called Édouard Saroyan. He also put in a critically acclaimed performance in the 1974 movie And Then There Were None. Aznavour had an important supporting role in 1979's The Tin Drum, winner of the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1980. He co-starred in Claude Chabrol's Les Fantômes du chapelier (1982). In the 1984 version of Die Fledermaus, he appears and performs as one of Prince Orlovsky's guests. This version stars Kiri Te Kanawa and was directed by Plácido Domingo in the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden.[67] Aznavour starred in the 2002 movie Ararat playing Edward Saroyan, a movie director.

Politics and activism[]

Armenian activism[]

Since the 1988 Armenian earthquake, Aznavour helped the country through his charity, Aznavour for Armenia. Together with his brother in-law and co-author Georges Garvarentz he wrote the song "Pour toi Arménie", which was performed by a group of famous French artists and topped the charts for eighteen weeks. There is a square named after him in central Yerevan on Abovian Street, and a statue erected in Gyumri, which saw the most lives lost in the earthquake. In 1995 Aznavour was appointed an Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of Armenia to UNESCO. Aznavour was a member of the Armenia Fund International Board of Trustees. The organization has rendered more than $150 million in humanitarian aid and infrastructure development assistance to Armenia since 1992. He was appointed as "Officier" (Officer) of the Légion d'honneur in 1997.[68]

In 2002, Aznavour appeared in director Atom Egoyan's acclaimed film “Ararat”, about the genocide of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century. [69]

In 2004 Aznavour received the title of National Hero of Armenia, Armenia's highest award. On 26 December 2008, President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan signed a presidential decree for granting citizenship of Armenia to Aznavour whom he called a "prominent singer and public figure" and "a hero of the Armenian people".[4][70]

In 2011 the Charles Aznavour Museum opened in Yerevan, Armenia.[71]

In April 2016 Aznavour visited Armenia to participate in the Aurora Prize Award ceremony. On 24 April, along with Serzh Sargsyan, the Catholicos of All Armenians, His Holiness Garegin II and actor George Clooney, he laid flowers at the Armenian Genocide Memorial.[72][73]

Along with holding the mostly ceremonial title of French ambassador-at-large to Armenia, Aznavour agreed to hold the position of Ambassador of Armenia to Switzerland on 12 February 2009:

First I hesitated, as it is not an easy task. Then I thought that what is important for Armenia is important for us. I have accepted the proposal with love, happiness and feeling of deep dignity[74]

He wrote a song about the Armenian Genocide, entitled "Ils sont tombés" (known in English as "They fell").[75]

Political involvement[]

Aznavour was increasingly involved in French, Armenian and international politics as his career progressed. During the 2002 French presidential elections, when far-right nationalist Jean-Marie Le Pen of the National Front made it into the runoff election, facing incumbent Jacques Chirac, Aznavour signed the "Vive la France" petition, and called on all French to "sing the Marseillaise" in protest.[76] Chirac, a personal friend of Aznavour's, ended up winning in a landslide, carrying over 82% of the vote.

Aznavour with Armen Martirosyan and Djivan Gasparyan in Yerevan

He frequently campaigned for international copyright law reform. In November 2005 he met with President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso[77] on the issue of the review of term of protection for performers and producers in the EU, advocating an extension of the EU's term of protection from the current 50 years to the United States' law allowing 95 years, saying "[o]n term of protection, artists and record companies are of the same mind. Extension of term of protection would be good for European culture, positive for the European economy and would put an end the current discrimination with the U.S." He also notably butted heads with French politician Christine Boutin over her defense of a "global license" flat-fee authorization for sharing of copyrighted files over the Internet, claiming that the license would eliminate creativity. In May 2009 the French Senate approved one of the strictest internet anti-piracy bills ever with a landslide 189–14 vote. Aznavour was a vocal proponent of the measure and considered it a rousing victory:

If the youth can't make a living through creative work, they will do something else and the artistic world will be dealt a blow... There will be no more songs, no more books, nothing at all. So we had to fight...[78]

Legacy[]

His musicality and fame abroad had a significant impact on many areas of pop culture. Aznavour's name inspired the name of the character Char Aznable by Yoshiyuki Tomino in his 1979 mecha anime series, Mobile Suit Gundam. His song "Parce Que Tu Crois" was sampled by producer Dr. Dre for the song "What's the Difference" (featuring Eminem & Xzibit), from his album 2001.[79] He was mentioned in The Psychedelic Furs song "Sister Europe" ("The radio upon the floor / is stupid, it plays Aznavour"), the Kemal Monteno song "Stavi tiho Aznavoura" ("Play Aznavour quietly"), and the Jonathan Richman song "Give Paris One More Chance."

"I like Charles Aznavour a lot," said Bob Dylan. "I saw him in sixty-something at Carnegie Hall, and he just blew my brains out."[80]

In August 2017 he was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[81]

In 1990, he offered insights into his life to writer-director Michael Feeney Callan in the TV series My Riviera,[82] which was filmed at and around Aznavour's home in Port Grimaud, in the South of France.

Personal life[]

Aznavour in the late 2000s

Aznavour was married four times: to Megan Rugel (1946),[83] Evelyn Plessis (1956) and his widow Ulla Thorsell (1967). Five children were produced by these marriages: Séda, Patrick, Katia, Mischa, and Nicolas.[84][85]A sixth child, Charles Jr., supposedly born in 1952, was invented by Yves Salgues [fr] who was Aznavour's first official biographer but, also an heroin addict.[citation needed]

Aznavour often joked about his physique, the most talked-about aspect of which was his height; he stood 160 cm (5 ft 3 in) tall. He made this a source of self-deprecating humour over the years.[28]

In April 2018, shortly before his 94th birthday, Aznavour was taken to hospital in Saint Petersburg after straining his back during a rehearsal prior to a concert in the city. The concert was postponed until the following season, but eventually cancelled since he died.[86] On 5 May 2018 he was a guest on BBC Radio 2's Graham Norton.[87]

A week later, on 12 May, he broke his arm in two places in a fall at his home in the village of Mouriès, resulting in the cancellation of all shows until the end of June. This was eventually extended to include the 18 shows scheduled for August, because of a longer healing process.[88] In a program on French television broadcast on 28 September, only three days before his death, he mentioned that he was still feeling the pain.[89]

Death and funeral[]

External video
Charles Aznavour's Funeral

On 1 October 2018, Aznavour was found dead in a bathtub at his home at Mouriès at the age of 94.[90][91][92][93][94] At the time of his death his tax residence was in Saint-Sulpice, Vaud, Switzerland.[95] An autopsy report concluded that Aznavour died of cardiorespiratory arrest complicated by an acute pulmonary edema.[90] A requiem was held on October 6 by Catholicos Karekin II at the Armenian Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Paris.[96]

On 5 October, Aznavour was honoured with a state funeral at Les Invalides military complex in Paris, with president Emmanuel Macron lauding him as one of the most important “faces of France”. He praised Aznavour’s lyrics, which he said appealed to "our secret fragility" and said the singer’s words were "for millions of people a balm, a remedy, a comfort ... For so many decades, he has made our life sweeter, our tears less bitter." His coffin was lifted away at the end to the sound of his hit song "Emmenez-Moi" (Take Me Along).[97] Dignitaries attending the funeral also included French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe, former presidents Nicolas Sarkozy and Francois Hollande, as well as Armenian President Armen Sarkissian and Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and their wives.[98]

He is buried in the family crypt in Montfort-l'Amaury cemetery.[99]

Awards and recognition[]

Statue of Aznavour in Gyumri, Armenia

Honours[]

Awards[]

Discography[]

Filmography[]

See also[]

References[]

Notes
  1. ^ Also spelled Chahnour,[2] and Varenagh.[3]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c "Portrait de S.E. Charles Aznavour" (in French). Embassy of Armenia in Switzerland. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b Hovannisian, Richard G. (2007). The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers. p. 215. ISBN 9781412835923.
  3. ^ a b Katz, Ephraim (2013-02-26). The Film Encyclopedia (7th ed.). New York: HarperCollins. p. 1653. ISBN 9780062277114.
  4. ^ a b c Itzkoff, David (26 December 2008). "Aznavour Granted Armenian Citizenship". New York Times. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  5. ^ Riding, Alan (18 October 1998). "Aznavour, The Last Chanteur". New York Times. ...his highly distinct tenor voice...
  6. ^ Charles Aznavour recorded in French, English, Italian, Spanish, German, Armenian (Yes kou rimet'n tchim kidi, La goutte d'eau and Sirerk), Neapolitan (Napule amica mia), Russian (Vetchnai lioubov) and Kabyle (La bohème in a duet with Idir). Charles Aznavour Songs Catalog
  7. ^ a b Cords, Suzanne (21 May 2014). "The master of the chanson". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 June 2014. Long a legend, Charles Aznavour is the best known French chansonnier and arguably Armenia's most famous son.
  8. ^ Shea, Michael (2006). The Freedom Years: Tactical Tips for the Trailblazer Generation. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. p. 122. ISBN 9781841127545. One of France's best known pop stars, Charles Aznavour...
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Charles Aznavour a son étoile : "Quand on m'apporte quelque chose, je suis ravi"". Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Charles Aznavour à Trélazé - À Montréal le 21 octobre > Les ArtsZé". 30 August 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  12. ^ "C à vous Intégrale : Juliette Binoche, Charles Aznavour, Mireille Dumas et Raphaël Esrail". 22 September 2017. Archived from the original on 5 October 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  13. ^ a b Deming, Mark. "Charles Aznavour 40 Chansons D'or". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  14. ^ Hunter-Tilney, Ludovic (28 October 2013). "Charles Aznavour, Royal Albert Hall, London – review". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  15. ^ Holden, Stephen (30 April 2009). "Aznavour Exploring Both Love and l'Amour". New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  16. ^ Akopian, Aram (2001). Armenians and the World: Yesterday and Today. Yerevan: Noyan Tapan. p. 91. ISBN 9789993051299. It will be probably just to say that today he is the most famous Armenian, known and admired all over the world.
  17. ^ "Charles Aznavour: A chat with the legendary performer, winner of the TIME 100 Online poll as the Entertainer of the Century". TIME. 9 July 1998. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  18. ^ Petridis, Alexis (1 October 2018). "From drag queens to dead marriages, Charles Aznavour was far from easy listening". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Aznavour to become Armenian envoy". BBC. 13 February 2009.
  20. ^ "Le Japon pleure la disparition de Charles Aznavour". Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  21. ^ Raoul Bellaïche (24 August 2014). Aznavour "Non je n'ai rien oublié" [Aznavour "No, I have not forgotten anything"] (in French). Éditions de l'Archipel. p. 11. ISBN 9782809807646. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Biographie Charles Aznavour". Musicme.com. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  23. ^ "Biodata". Billetnet.fr. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  24. ^ "CHARLES AZNAVOUR - Encyclopædia Universalis". Universalis.fr. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  25. ^ "Charles Aznavour". RFI Musique. December 2008. Archived from the original on 10 February 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011.
  26. ^ a b "Charles Aznavour and his sister Aida received the Raoul Wallenberg Medal". The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  27. ^ "Legendary singer Aznavour given award for family efforts to save Jews in WWII". Times of Israel. AFP. 28 October 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  28. ^ a b c d Henderson, Lol; Stacey, Lee, eds. (2014). Encyclopedia of Music in the 20th Century. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 35. ISBN 978-1135929466.
  29. ^ "Charles and Seda Aznavour Record New Duo in Armenian". Armenian Weekly. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  30. ^ "5 canciones para recordar a Charles Aznavour". El Periódico. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  31. ^ Talent in Europe / Billboard 22 January 1977, p. 36
  32. ^ Songwriters: a biographical dictionary with discographies - by Nigel Harrison - 1998 - p. 28
  33. ^ "Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com.
  34. ^ "Song artist 642 - Charles Aznavour". Tsort.info. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  35. ^ "Album review - Charles Aznavour's "Duos"". RFI Musique. 28 December 2009. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  36. ^ "Bob Dylan interview: Rolling Stone Nov/Dec 1987". Expectingrain.com. 10 December 1995. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  37. ^ "Song of the Day: Bob Dylan, "The Times We've Known" (Charles Aznavour cover) » Cover Me". Covermesongs.com. 13 August 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  38. ^ [1] Archived 12 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ "Jack Jones - Write Me a Love Song Charlie (Mini Lp Sleeve) - Amazon.com Music". Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  40. ^ "Sissel Kyrkjebø (Soprano)". Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  41. ^ "Aznavour's log goodbye". Expatica.com. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  42. ^ Riding, Alan (18 September 2006). "At 82, Charles Aznavour Is Singing a Farewell That Could Last for Years". The New York Times. There are some people who grow old and others who just add years. I have added years, but I am not yet old...
  43. ^ [2] Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  44. ^ Gomez , François-Xavier (1 October 2018). "Un tropisme latino pour Aznavour". Libération. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  45. ^ Boscher, Marie (1 October 2018). "Hommages de l'Outre-mer à Charles Aznavour, mort à 94 ans". France Info. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  46. ^ Shenkman, Yan (22 May 2014). "Le destin russe d'Aznavour". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  47. ^ Berre, Anaelle (1 October 2018). "Charles Aznavour. Un rappel exceptionnel aux Vieilles Charrues 2007". Ouest-France. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  48. ^ "La Francia dice addio a Charles Aznavour". Giornale di Brescia. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  49. ^ "Morreu cantor e compositor Charles Aznavour". Visão. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  50. ^ "Aznavour llega a Chile con su último disco recién ado en español". El Mercurio. 6 May 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  51. ^ Andy Blatchford. "Aznavour receives Order of Canada honours in Quebec". Toronto: globeandmail.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  52. ^ Jason Birchmeier. "Charles Aznavour – Duos". AllMusic.
  53. ^ "Charles Aznavour pays himself "it all" in his new album". Voir.ca. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  54. ^ "Charles Aznavour". RFI Music.
  55. ^ "French music stars mobilise for Haiti". Google. AFP. 15 January 2010. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  56. ^ "Aznavour en Liberté". Patwhite.com. 23 April 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
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External links[]

Awards
Preceded by
Maxime Le Forestier
Male artist of the year
at the Victoires de la Musique

1997
Succeeded by
Florent Pagny
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Zohrab Mnatsakanian
Permanent Representative of Armenia to the United Nations in Geneva
from 26 June 2009 till 1 October 2018
Incumbent
Ambassador of Armenia to Switzerland
from 30 June 2009 till 1 October 2018