Cairo Governorate

Cairo Governorate
View of Cairo from Cairo tower
View of Cairo from Cairo tower
Flag of Cairo Governorate
Official logo of Cairo Governorate
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatCairo (capital)
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez[1]
 • Total3,085 km2 (1,191 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
 • Total9,655,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
ISO 3166 codeEG-C
HDI (2018)0.743[3]
high · 3rd
Websiteبوابة محافظة القاهرة
Historical population
1937 1,312,096—    
1947 2,090,654+59.3%
1957 2,877,195+37.6%
1966 4,220,000+46.7%
1976 5,084,463+20.5%
1986 6,052,836+19.0%
1996 6,800,991+12.4%
2006 7,902,085+16.2%
2014 9,102,232+15.2%
2018 9,655,000+6.1%

Cairo Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القاهرة) is one of the 27 governorates of Egypt. It is formed of the city of Cairo, both the national capital of Egypt and the governorate's, in addition to five satellite cities: the New Administrative Capital - set to become the seat of national government, New Cairo, Shourok, Badr, Capital Gardens, and 15th of May. These cities form almost half of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area by population.

As one of three city-states in Egypt, where the Cairo governor is also the head of the city.[7] This rightfully creates much confusion and synonymity between the Governorate of Cairo, and the city, though officially they are two semidistinct levels of local government, and as with other governorates, the governor is appointed by the president.


Parts of the governorate - the Helwan district and the satellite cities, were spun off in April 2008 to form the Helwan Governorate, only to be reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate in April 2011.

Municipal divisions[]

The governorate is divided into the city of Cairo, which is subdivided into four Areas (manatiq) headed by a deputy governor each, and 38 Districts (ahya', sing. Hayy) with their own governor appointed heads.[8] Some districts are represented by one police station (qism, plr. aqsam), while others may be subdivided by two or more.

The Northern Area divided into 8 Districts:

Shubra, Al-Zawiya al-Hamra, Hadayek al-Kobba, Rod al-Farg, al-Sharabiya, al-Sahel, al-Zaytoun, and Al-Amiriya

The Eastern Area divided into 9 Districts:

Misr al-Gadidah (Heliopolis), Al-Nozha, Nasr City East (Sharq Madinet Nasr), Nasr City West (Gharb Madinet Nasr), al-Salam Awwal, al-Salam Thani, al-Matariya, and al-Marg.

The Western Area divided into 9 Districts:

Manshiyat Nasser, Al-Wayli, Wasat al-Qahira (Qism: Al-Darb al-Ahmar, al-Gamaliyya, al-Hussein), Boulaq, Gharb El-Qahira (Zamalek, Garden City, Down Town), Abdeen, Al-Azbakiya, al-Muski, and Bab El-Shaaria.

The Southern Area divided into 12 Districts:

Masr El-Qadima (Old Cairo), al-Khalifa, al-Moqattam, al-Basatin, Dar El-Salam, El-Sayeda Zeinab, al-Tebin, Helwan, al-Ma'sara, al-Maadi, Tora, and 15th of May.

In addition to Cairo City, there are five satellite cities that are under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities who chairs the New Urban Communities Authority that directly controls them (planning, land sales, zoning), while the governorate departments (muduriyat) control police and select public services (education, health, subsidised food).[9] The more populated ones are subdivided into qisms, while the ones still under construction are yet to have governorate representation. These cities are:

New Cairo (Qism 1,2,3)

Badr (Qism

15th of May (Qism

New Administrative Capital (Under construction)

Capital Gardens (Under construction)

As of July 2017, the municipal divisions had a total estimated population as of 9,570,441.[10][11]

Mosque in Al-Darb al-Ahmar District of Cairo, Egypt
District Subdivisions (qism)
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
15 May City قسم 15 مايو Māyū 93,879 Kism (fully urban)
Abdeen قسم عابدين 'Ābidīn 40,450 Kism (fully urban)
El Darb El Ahmar قسم الدرب الأحمر Al-Darb Al-Aḥmar[12] 58,677 Kism (fully urban)
Ain Shams قسم عين شمس 'Ain Schams 616,374 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya قسم الاميريه Al-Amīriīah 153,046 Kism (fully urban)
Azbakeya قسم الأزبكية Al-Azbakiyah 19,826 Kism (fully urban)
El Basatin قسم البساتين Al-Basātīn 497,041 Kism (fully urban)
El Gamaliya قسم الجمالية Al-Jamāliyah 36,485 Kism (fully urban)
El Khalifa قسم الخليفة Al-Khalīfah 105,578 Kism (fully urban)
Maadi قسم المعادي Al-Ma'ādī 88,869 Kism (fully urban)
El Marg قسم المرج Al-Marj 801,222 Kism (fully urban)
El Masara قسم المعصره Al-Ma'ṣarah 270,907 Kism (fully urban)
El Matareya قسم المطرية Al-Maṭariyah 604,428 Kism (fully urban)
El Mokattam قسم المقطم Al-Muqaṭṭam 224,860 Kism (fully urban)
El Muski قسم الموسكي Al-Mūskī 16,715 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 1 قسم أول القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 1 136,271 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 2 قسم ثان القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 2 90,960 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 3 قسم ثالث القاهره الجديده Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 3 71,112 Kism (fully urban)
El Weili قسم الوايلي Al-Waylī 79,548 Kism (fully urban)
El Nozha قسم النزهة An-Nuzhah 231,987 Kism (fully urban)
El Sahel قسم الساحل Al-sahel 187,806 Kism (fully urban)
El Sharabiya قسم الشرابية Ash-Sharābiyah 187,806 Kism (fully urban)
El Shorouk قسم الشروق Ash-Shurūq 87,565 Kism (fully urban)
El Segil قسم الساحل As-Sāḥil 317,442 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam قسم أول السلام As-Salām 1 482,271 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam قسم ثان السلام As-Salām 2 154,267 Kism (fully urban)
El Sayeda Zeinab قسم السيدة زينب As-Sayyidah Zaynab 136,722 Kism (fully urban)
El Tebbin قسم التبين At-Tibbīn 72,276 Kism (fully urban)
El Zaher قسم الظاهر Aẓ-Ẓāhir 72,101 Kism (fully urban)
Zamalek قسم الزمالك Az-Zamālik 14,993 Kism (fully urban)
El Zawya El Hamra قسم الزاوية الحمراء Az-Zāwiyah al-Ḥamrā' 319,198 Kism (fully urban)
Zeitoun قسم الزيتون Az-Zaytūn 174,738 Kism (fully urban)
Bab El Sharia قسم باب الشعرية Bāb ash-Sha'riyah 46,823 Kism (fully urban)
Bulaq قسم بولاق Būlāq 48,301 Kism (fully urban)
Dar El Salam قسم دار السلام Dār as-Salām 527,335 Kism (fully urban)
Hada'iq El Qobbah قسم حدائق القبة Hada'iq al-Qubbah 317,092 Kism (fully urban)
Helwan قسم حلوان Ḥulwān 522,927 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 1 قسم مدينة نصر أول Madīnat an-Naṣr 1 636,864 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 2 قسم ثانى مدينه نصر Madīnat an-Naṣr 2 72,414 Kism (fully urban)
Badr City قسم مدينة بدر Madīnat Badr 31,398 Kism (fully urban)
Heliopolis قسم مصر الجديدة Miṣr al-Jādidah 134,549 Kism (fully urban)
Old Cairo قسم مصر القديمة Miṣr al-Qadīmah 251,125 Kism (fully urban)
Manshiyat Naser قسم منشأة ناصر Munsha'āt Nāṣr 259,205 Kism (fully urban)
Qasr El Nil قسم قصر النيل Qaṣr an-Nīl 10,596 Kism (fully urban)
Rod El Farag قسم روض الفرج Rūd al-Faraj 146,102 Kism (fully urban)
Shubra قسم شبرا Shubrā 76,942 Kism (fully urban)
Tura قسم طره Ṭurah 231,154 Kism (fully urban)



On 30 August 2018, Khaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez was appointed governor of Cairo Governorate.[13]


Mr Atef Abdel Hamid

Mr Atef Abdelhamid

5 August 2017 - 12 August 2018

Mr Galal Mustafa Said

13 August 2013 - 23 March 2016

Mr Osama Kamal

29 January 2013 - 12 August 2013

Mr Abdel Kawi Khalifa

14 April 2011 - 12 August 2012

Mr Abdel Azim Wazir

9 July 2004 - 14 April 2011

Mr Abdel Rehim Shehata

8 July 1997 - 14 July 2004

Mr Mohammed Omar Abdel Akhar

2 May 1991 - 7 July 1997

Mr Mahmoud Sherif

18 April 1989 - 19 May 1991

Mr Yousef Sabri Abu Taleb

13 March 1983 - 14 April 1989

Mr Mohammed Saad El-Din Maamoun

15 May 1977 - 12 March 1983

15 May 1977 - 12 March 1983

Industrial zones[]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[15]

Due to its congestion and overcrowded streets, Cairo is not attractive to investors. UN-Habitat is promoting alternative methods of transportation with the aim of relieving these issues.[16]

Projects and programs[]

In a program that began on 28 August 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Cairo Governorate.[17]

See also[]


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population by governorate - CAPMAS". Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database". Global Data Lab. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  4. ^ "EGYPT Administrative Division". 8 January 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  5. ^ United Nations 1960 Demographic Yearbook (PDF). United Nations. p. 289. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  6. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 115.
  7. ^ "Entities". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Areas". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  9. ^ "Managing public services in the New Cities - Tadamun". Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  10. ^ "Cairo Governorates Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  12. ^ Wilton-Steer, Harry Johnstone, photography by Christopher (21 March 2018). "Alive with artisans: Cairo's al-Darb al-Ahmar district – a photo essay". The Guardian.
  13. ^ "Cairo Governor". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  14. ^ "Former Governors". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  15. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Egypt-Urban Issues". UN-Habitat Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.

External links[]

Coordinates: 30°02′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217