Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"
Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy - The Andrews Sisters.jpg
Single by The Andrews Sisters
B-side"Bounce Me, Brother, with a Solid Four"
RecordedJanuary 2, 1941
StudioDecca, Hollywood, California
Genre
Songwriter(s)Don Raye, Hughie Prince
The Andrews Sisters singles chronology
"Scrub Me Mama with a Boogie Beat"
(1941)
"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"
(1941)
"I, Yi, Yi, Yi, Yi (I Like You Very Much)"
(1941)
Music video
"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" (Official Music Video) on YouTube

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" is a World War II jump blues song written by Don Raye and Hughie Prince which was introduced by The Andrews Sisters in the Abbott and Costello comedy film Buck Privates (1941).[1] The Andrews Sisters' Decca recording reached number six on the U.S. pop singles chart in the spring of 1941 when the film was in release. The song is ranked No. 6 on Songs of the Century. Bette Midler's 1972 recording of the song also reached the top ten on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song but lost to "The Last Time I Saw Paris".[2]

The song is closely based on an earlier Raye-Prince hit, "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar," which is about a virtuoso boogie-woogie piano player.[3]

Storyline of the song[]

According to the lyrics, a renowned trumpet player from Chicago, Illinois is drafted into the U.S. Army but is reduced to blowing the wake-up call (reveille). Restrained from playing boogie-woogie, he is depressed until the captain empathizes and drafts other musicians. The bugler now plays reveille in his own style, with a positive effect on the rest of the company.

Creation[]

Abbott and Costello's first starring film for Universal pictures, Buck Privates, was designed to capitalize on the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940. The studio added the Andrews Sisters, who were also under contract, for musical relief, and hired Don Raye and Hughie Prince to compose songs for the film. (The sisters also performed songs written by others in the film.) Raye and Prince had previously composed the hits "Rhumboogie" and "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar" for the trio. The songwriters turned in "You're a Lucky Fellow, Mr. Smith", "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy", and "Bounce Me Brother, With a Solid Four", while also composing a novelty tune, "When Private Brown Becomes a Captain", for Lou Costello.

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" closely follows the template of "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar", which is about a famous syncopated piano player. However, in its earliest stages, "Boogie Woogie Bugler" (as it was then known) was originally conceived for Lou Costello, but reworked for the Andrews Sisters, while a separate song was composed for the comedian.[4]

People who claim to have inspired the song[]

Articles published in Stars & Stripes on 19 March 1943, as well as Billboard Magazine and The Christian Science Monitor during World War II claimed that Clarence Zylman of Muskegon, Michigan, was the original Boogie Woogie Bugler.[5] Lyrics in the song agree with several aspects of Zylman's life. Drafted at age 35, Clarence had been performing for 20 years, beginning with radio station WBBM in Chicago and then with several big bands, starting with Paul Specht and Connie Connaughton, and most recently with the Tommy Tucker Orchestra. He brought his playing style to England where he was a bugler for an engineer company, playing Taps and Reveille. He eventually was transferred to an army band. Articles in Billboard and The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio) support this, and go on to claim that Clarence was sent to teach other buglers his techniques. However, Clarence Zylman did not enlist in the Army until June 9, 1942, well after "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was written and recorded. Nonetheless, a sculpture of Zylman as the Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy has been dedicated in his hometown of Muskegon, Michigan, at the LST-393 Veterans Museum. The sculpture was created by artist Ari Norris.[6]

A more likely claimant to the title—though he seldom mentioned it—was Harry L. Gish, Jr. (1922–2005), who recorded with songwriters Raye and Prince. At age 17, after a meteoric rise in the mid 1930s based out of the Ritz Hotel in Paducah, Kentucky, Gish ventured to New York City where he appeared (studio only) with the Will Bradley "All Star Orchestra" with highly regarded solos on the Raye-Prince songs "Celery Stalks at Midnight," "Scrub Me Mama With a Boogie Beat," and "The Boogilly Woogilly Piggie." He also performed with the Olsen & Johnson (of Hellzapoppin' fame) band, Ray Anthony and was popular in the Plattsburgh, New York (Lake Placid) area before returning to Decca Records in Chicago. He also had a "summer replacement" radio show there for CBS from WBBM radio.

In the 1980s and 1990s, he honored many requests to play at services for veterans' funerals, and in 1995, in the character of The Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy (still able to fit in his World War II uniform: he enlisted in the Army Air Corps) he opened the combined service units (American Legion, VFW and others) celebration of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II in Little Rock, Arkansas, where he opened with "Reveille" and closed the ceremony with "Taps."

Bette Midler version[]

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"
Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy - Bette Midler.jpg
Single by Bette Midler
from the album The Divine Miss M
B-side"Delta Dawn"
ReleasedMay 1973
GenreTraditional pop, vocal jazz
Length2:32
LabelAtlantic
Songwriter(s)Don Raye, Hughie Prince
Producer(s)Barry Manilow
Bette Midler singles chronology
"Do You Want to Dance?"
(1972)
"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"
(1973)
"Friends"
(1973)

Bette Midler included the song on her 1972 The Divine Miss M album, and released it as the B side of the album's second single, "Delta Dawn." However, faced with the near-simultaneous release of Helen Reddy's version of the same song, the single was quickly flipped, with "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" becoming the new A side.[7] Midler's version peaked at number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in mid-1973, introducing it to a new generation of pop music fans. The single was produced by Barry Manilow. The track was also a number-one single on the Billboard easy listening chart.[8]

Chart performance[]

Weekly charts[]

Chart (1973) Peak
position
Australia KMR[9] 7
Canada RPM Top Singles 8
Canada (RPM) Adult Contemporary[10] 3
New Zealand[11] 17
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[12] 8
U.S. Billboard Adult Contemporary 1
U.S. Cash Box Top 100[13] 6

Year-end charts[]

Chart (1973) Rank
Australia[14] 56
Canada[15] 94
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[16] 71
U.S. Cash Box[17] 78
U.S. Billboard Top Easy Listening Singles[18] 7

Other versions of the song[]

Katy Perry performing the song alongside Keri Hilson and Jennifer Nettles
Canadian actress Michelle Creber performing the song

Homage[]

Samples[]

"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" is one of the tracks that was sampled for "Moments in Love" by Art of Noise, which appeared on both the 1983 EP Into Battle with the Art of Noise and their debut studio album Who's Afraid of the Art of Noise? (1984).

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Furmanek, Bob and Ron Palumbo. "Abbott and Costello in Hollywood." Perigee Books, 1990.
  2. ^ "The 14th Academy Awards | 1942". Oscars.org.
  3. ^ Palumbo, Ron. "Buck Privates: The Complete Filmscript." Bear Manor Media.
  4. ^ Palumbo, Ron. "Buck Privates: The Complete Filmscript." Bear Manor Media, 2013.
  5. ^ "Boogie Woogie Reveille". Billboard. Billboard. 55 (14). 1943-04-03. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  6. ^ "Clarence Zylman: person, pictures and information - Fold3.com". Fold3. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
  7. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of Number One Adult Contemporary Hits. New York City: Watson-Guptill Publications. p. 126. ISBN 0-8230-7693-8.
  8. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961–2001. Record Research. p. 170.
  9. ^ "Australian Chart Book". Austchartbook.com.au. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  10. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  11. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". Flavourofnz.co.nz. 1973-07-09. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  12. ^ Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1990 - ISBN 0-89820-089-X
  13. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 7/28/73". Tropicalglen.com. 1973-07-28. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  14. ^ Steffen Hung. "Forum - Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts - 1980s (ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts)". Australian-charts.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  15. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  16. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1973/Top 100 Songs of 1973". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  17. ^ "Cash Box YE Pop Singles - 1973". Tropicalglen.com. 1973-12-29. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  18. ^ "Billboard Year-End Charts 1973" (PDF).
  19. ^ Robin de Peyer (2015-05-09). "VE Day 70th anniversary concert: Katherine Jenkins, Pixie Lott and Status Quo lead celebrations". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  20. ^ "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy of Company 'B' (1941)". IMDb.com. 1 September 1941.
  21. ^ Moss, Corey (2007-02-21). "Xtina X Three: Aguilera Has Multiple-Personality Disorder In Clip – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved 2012-01-04.

External links[]