Bill Cosby

Bill Cosby
The World Affairs Council and Girard College present Bill Cosby (6343670601) (cropped to Cosby).jpg
Cosby in November 2011
Born William Henry Cosby Jr.
(1937-07-12) July 12, 1937 (age 81)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Alma mater
Occupation Actor, comedian, musician, author
Years active 1961–2018[1]
Criminal charge 3 counts of aggravated indecent assault
Criminal status
Convicted on April 26, 2018, under house arrest; to be sentenced September 24–25, 2018
Spouse(s)
Camille Hanks (m. 1964)
Children 5, including Erika Cosby and Ennis Cosby
Comedy career
Medium Stand-up comedy, film, television
Genres Observational comedy, satire, surreal humor, deadpan
Website billcosby.com

William Henry Cosby Jr. (/ˈkɒzbi/; born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, musician, author, and convicted sex offender.[2]

Bill Cosby began his career as a stand-up comic at the hungry i in San Francisco during the 1960s. He then landed a starring role in the television show I Spy, followed by his own sitcom The Bill Cosby Show, which ran for two seasons from 1969 to 1971. In 1972, using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created, produced, and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids which ran until 1985, centering on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area. Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in about a half-dozen films, and occasionally returned to film later in his career. He attended Temple University in the 1960s and received his bachelor's degree in 1971. In 1973, he received a master's degree from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and he earned his Doctor of Education degree in 1976, also from UMass. His dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools.

Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in the television sitcom The Cosby Show, which aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America for 1984 through 1989.[3] The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Cosby produced the spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993. He also starred in The Cosby Mysteries from 1994 to 1995, starred in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000, and hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things from 1998 to 2000.

Cosby's career and image were seriously damaged in the mid-2010s amid numerous highly publicized sexual assault accusations, the earliest of which date back decades. More than 60 women have accused him of rape, drug-facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse,[4] and sexual misconduct, although the statute of limitations has expired in nearly all accusations. Cosby was found guilty of three counts of aggravated indecent assault on April 26, 2018.[5] Over 50 of Cosby’s honorary degrees have been rescinded.

Early life[]

Cosby as a basketball player during his Navy service in 1957
External audio
Bill Cosby 1965.JPG
From Philly Projects to America’s Dad, 17:30, Newsworks, WHYY[6]
Bill Cosby: the man and the trial, 49:44, Radio Times, WHYY[7]

Cosby was born on July 12, 1937,[8] in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[9] He is one of four sons of Anna Pearl (née Hite), a maid, and William Henry Cosby Sr., who served as a mess steward in the U.S. Navy.[9][10] His father was away from home in Navy service during much of Cosby's early childhood and especially during World War II.

Cosby was the class president as well as the captain of both the baseball and track and field teams at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia.[11][12] Teachers noted that he had a propensity for clowning around instead of studying, and he described himself as the class clown.[13] At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby acted in plays and continued to compete in sports.[14][better source needed] Cosby then went to Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet school and academically rigorous college prep school, where he ran track and played baseball, football, and basketball.[14][15] In addition, he worked before and after school; he sold produce, shined shoes, and stocked shelves at a supermarket to help support his family.[14] He transferred to Germantown High School but failed the tenth grade.[16] Instead of repeating, he quit school and got a job as an apprentice at a shoe repair shop. He liked the work but could not see himself doing it for the rest of his life.[14]

In 1956,[17] Cosby enlisted in the Navy and served as a hospital corpsman at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia; at Naval Station Argentia in Newfoundland, Canada; and at the National Naval Medical Center in Maryland.[18] He worked in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel who were injured during the Korean War.[18]

Cosby earned his high school equivalency diploma through correspondence courses[19] and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Temple University in 1961.[20] At Temple, he studied physical education while he ran track and played fullback on the college's football team.[citation needed] He began bartending at a Philadelphia club where he became more aware of his ability to make people laugh.[citation needed] He entertained his customers with humor, which caused his tips to increase, and he then took his talent to the stage.[21]

Stand-up career[]

Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy. He lined up stand-up jobs at clubs in Philadelphia and then in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1961.[14] He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. In the summer of 1963, he received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show. This led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right!, the first of a series of comedy albums.[22] His album To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With was number one on Spin magazine's list of "The 40 Greatest Comedy Albums of All Time", calling it "stand-up comedy's masterpiece".[23]

While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore material that was controversial and sometimes risqué, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood. Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly; as he argued, "A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, 'Yeah, that's the way I see it too.' Okay. He's white. I'm Negro. And we both see things the same way. That must mean that we are alike. Right? So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy."[24]

In 1983, Cosby released the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself; it is widely regarded as "the greatest comedy concert film ever."[25] Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have cred Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of the genre of stand-up comedy, as well as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to even consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story. He created that. He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote 'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see on stage."[26] Comedian Larry Wilmore also saw a connection between Bill Cosby: Himself and the later success of The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show."[26]

Cosby performed his first TV stand-up special in 30 years, Bill Cosby: Far From Finished, on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013.[27] His last show of the "Far From Finished" tour was performed at the Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre in Atlanta, Georgia on May 2, 2015.[28] In 2014, Cosby was set to release his new standup special Bill Cosby 77 on Netflix.[29] The release of the film was canceled due to allegations of sexual assault against Cosby.[30]

Acting career[]

I Spy[]

In 1965, Cosby was cast alongside Robert Culp in the I Spy espionage adventure series on NBC. I Spy became the first weekly dramatic television series to feature an African-American in a starring role.[31] At first, Cosby and NBC executives were concerned that some affiliates might be unwilling to carry the series. At the beginning of the 1965 season, four stations declined the show; they were in Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.[32] Viewers were taken with the show's exotic locales and the authentic chemistry between the stars. It became one of the ratings hits of that television season. I Spy finished among the twenty most-watched shows that year, and Cosby would be honored with three consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series.[33] When accepting his third Emmy for the show, Cosby told the audience: "Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don't count!"[33]

During the series' run, Cosby continued to do stand-up comedy performances and recorded a half-dozen record albums for Warner Bros. Records. He also began to dabble in singing, recording Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings in 1967.[citation needed] In June 1968, Billboard magazine reported that Cosby had turned down a five-year, US$3.5 million contract renewal offer and would leave the label in August that year to record for his own record label.[34]

In July 1968, Cosby narrated Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed, a CBS documentary addressing the representation of blacks in popular culture.[35] Andy Rooney wrote the Emmy-awarded script[36] for Cosby to read.[37] Georgetown University professor Michael Eric Dyson said it was one of "the rare exceptions when Cosby took off the gloves and blinders, to discuss race in public with candor and discernment."[38] Due to its popularity and controversial nature, it was rebroadcast less than a month later.[39]

Tetragrammaton Records, a division of the Campbell, Silver, Cosby (CSC) Corporation – the Los Angeles-based production company founded by Cosby, his manager Roy Silver, and filmmaker Bruce Post Campbell – produced films as well as records, including Cosby's television specials, the Fat Albert cartoon special and series, and several motion pictures. CSC hired Artie Mogull as President of the label. Tetragrammaton was fairly active during 1968–69 (its most successful signing was British heavy rock band Deep Purple) but it quickly went into the red and ceased trading during the 1970s.[40]

Fat Albert, The Bill Cosby Show, and the 1970s[]

Cosby in 1969

Cosby pursued a variety of additional television projects and appeared as a regular guest host on The Tonight Show and as the star of an annual special for NBC. In 1969, he returned with another series, The Bill Cosby Show, a situation comedy that ran for two seasons. Cosby played a physical education teacher at a Los Angeles high school. While only a modest critical success, the show was a ratings hit, finishing eleventh in its first season. Cosby was lauded for using African-American performers such as Lillian Randolph, Moms Mabley, and Rex Ingram as characters. According to commentary on the Season 1 DVDs for the show, Cosby was at odds with NBC over his refusal to include a laugh track in the show, as he felt that viewers had the ability to find humor for themselves when watching a TV show.[citation needed]

After The Bill Cosby Show left the air, Cosby resumed his formal education. He began graduate work at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. For the PBS series The Electric Company, Cosby recorded several segments teaching reading skills to young children.[citation needed]

When Cosby was about 35 years old in 1972, he received an MA from UMass Amherst and was also back in prime time with a variety series, The New Bill Cosby Show. However, this show lasted only a season. More successful was a Saturday-morning cartoon, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, hosted by Cosby and based on his own childhood. That series ran from 1972 to 1979, and as The New Fat Albert Show in 1979, and The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. In 1984, Cosby wrote the dissertation: "An Integration of the Visual Media Via 'Fat Albert And The Cosby Kids' into the Elementary School Curriculum as a Teaching Aid and Vehicle to Achieve Increased Learning". This was as partial fulfillment for his 1976 doctorate in education from UMass.[14][41] Subsequently, Temple University would grant him his bachelor's degree on the basis of "life experience."[42]

During the 1970s, Cosby and other African-American actors, including Sidney Poitier, joined forces to make some successful comedy films to counter the violent "blaxploitation" films of the era, such as Uptown Saturday Night in 1974; Let's Do It Again in 1975; and in 1976, Mother, Jugs & Speed, co-starring Raquel Welch and Harvey Keitel. About this last film, a Rotten Tomatoes reviewer wrote, "Bill Cosby steals the film outright with his hilarious performance as 'Mother', the streetwise seen-it-all EMT."[citation needed]

In 1976, Cosby starred in A Piece of the Action with Poitier; and California Suite, a compilation of four Neil Simon plays. He also hosted Cos in 1976. In addition, he produced an hour-long variety show featuring puppets, sketches, and musical numbers. It was during this season that ABC decided to take advantage of this phase of Cosby's career, by joining with Filmation producers of Fat Albert to create live-action segments starring Cosby, for the 1964/1971 animated film Journey Back to Oz; it subsequently aired in syndication. Cosby was also a regular on children's public television programs starting in the 1970s, hosting the "Picture Pages" segments that lasted into the early 1980s.[citation needed]

The Cosby Show and the 1980s[]

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame awarded in 1977[43]

Cosby's greatest television success came in September 1984 with the debut of The Cosby Show. Cosby, an advocate for family-oriented humor, co-produced the series, held creative control, and involved himself in every aspect of production. Plots were often based on ideas that Cosby suggested while in meetings with the writing staff.[44] The show had parallels to Cosby's actual family life: like the characters Cliff and Clair Huxtable, Cosby and his wife Camille were college educated and financially successful, and they had five children. On the show, Cosby played the role of an obstetrician. Much of the material from the pilot and first season of The Cosby Show was taken from his video Bill Cosby: Himself,[citation needed] released in 1983. The series was an immediate success, debuting near the top of the ratings and staying there for most of its eight-season run.[citation needed]

In 1987, Cosby attempted to return to film with the spy spoof Leonard Part 6. Although Cosby himself was the producer and wrote the story, he realized during production that the film was not going to be what he wanted and publicly denounced it, warning audiences to stay away.[45] Later in the 1980s, Cosby served as an advisor to the Los Angeles Student Film Institute.[46][47]

1990s and 2000s[]

Cosby, a production assistant, and Ginna Marston of Partnership for Drug-Free Kids review the script for a 1990 public service spot at Cosby's studio in Astoria, Queens.

After The Cosby Show went off the air in 1992, Cosby embarked on a number of other projects, which included a revival of the classic Groucho Marx game show You Bet Your Life (1992–93), the TV-movie I Spy Returns (1994), and The Cosby Mysteries (1994). In the mid-1990s, he appeared as a detective in black-and-white film noir-themed commercials for Turner Classic Movies. He made appearances in three more films: Ghost Dad (1990), The Meteor Man (1993), and Jack (1996). In addition, he was interviewed in Spike Lee's 4 Little Girls (1997), a documentary about the 1963 racist bombing of a church in Birmingham, Alabama.[citation needed]

Also in 1996, he started up a new show for CBS, Cosby, again co-starring Phylicia Rashād, his onscreen wife on The Cosby Show. Cosby co-produced the show for Carsey-Werner Productions. It centered on Cosby as Hilton Lucas, an iconoclastic senior citizen who tries to find a new job after being downsized and, in the meantime, gets on his wife's nerves. Madeline Kahn co-starred as Rashād's goofy business partner Pauline. Cosby was hired by CBS to be the official spokesman of its Detroit affiliate WWJ-TV during an advertising campaign from 1995 to 1998. Cosby also hosted a CBS special, Kids Say the Darndest Things on February 6, 1995, which was followed after as a full season show, with Cosby as host, from January 9, 1998, to June 23, 2000.[48] After four seasons, Cosby was canceled. Its last episode aired April 28, 2000. Kids Say the Darndest Things was terminated the same year.

A series for preschoolers, Little Bill, created by Cosby as a semi-biographical representation of his childhood growing up in Philadelphia, made its debut on Nickelodeon in 1999. The network renewed the popular program in November 2000. In 2001, Cosby's agenda included the publication of a new book, as well as delivering the commencement addresses at Morris Brown College,[49] Ohio State University,[50] and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.[51] Also that year, he signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a live-action feature film centering on the popular Fat Albert character from his 1970s cartoon series. Fat Albert was released in theaters in December 2004. In May 2007, Cosby spoke at the commencement of High Point University.[52] In the summer of 2009, Cosby hosted a comedy gala at Montreal's Just for Laughs, the largest comedy festival in the world.[53]

2010s[]

A new NBC show scheduled for 2015, created by Mike O'Malley and Mike Sikowitz and to have been produced by The Cosby Show's Tom Werner, was set to feature Cosby as Jonathan Franklin, the patriarch of a multi-generational family.[54] On November 19, 2014, NBC scrapped Cosby's new show after accusations resurfaced that he sexually assaulted and raped women.[55]

Reruns of The Cosby Show were canceled as a result of Cosby's sexual assault allegations. On November 19, 2014, NBC and TV Land both ended their relationships with Cosby; TV Land announced that it was pulling reruns from its schedule and also removing clips of the show from its website.[56][57] In December 2014, the Magic Johnson-owned Aspire removed the series from its lineup.[58] In July 2015, broadcast network Bounce TV pulled reruns, and BET's Centric (another Viacom unit) stopped airing reruns.[59] In late 2014, Creative Artists Agency, Cosby's agency since 2012, dropped him as a client.[60]

His last known standup performance prior to his conviction was held at the LaRose Jazz Club in Philadelphia on January 23, 2018.[61]

Sexual assault convictions[]

Demonstrators protesting against Bill Cosby in Kitchener

Cosby has been the subject of highly publicized sexual assault allegations. The earliest incidents allegedly took place in the mid-1960s. Numerous women have accused Cosby of rape, drug facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, and sexual misconduct. In October 2014, comedian Hannibal Buress played a comedy routine that alluded to Cosby's covert sexual misbehavior. The routine went viral, which caused assault allegations against Cosby to become more public. Many additional claims were made after that date. The dates of the alleged incidents span from 1965 to 2008 across ten U.S. states and one Canadian province.[62][63][64]

Cosby has repeatedly denied the allegations and maintained his innocence. In November 2014, he responded to a question about the allegations and said: "I don't talk about it".[65] In past interviews that were made public, Cosby declined to discuss the accusations.[66] However, he told Florida Today, "people shouldn't have to go through that and shouldn't answer to innuendos".[66] In May 2015 he said, "I have been in this business 52 years and I've never seen anything like this. Reality is a situation and I can't speak."[67]

In the wake of the allegations, numerous organizations have severed ties with Cosby, and honors and titles that were previously awarded to him have been revoked. Reruns of The Cosby Show and other shows featuring Cosby have also been pulled from syndication by many organizations. Twenty-five colleges and universities have rescinded his honorary degrees.[68] In an attempt to explain the backlash against Cosby, Adweek reporter Jason Lynch noted that the "media landscape has changed considerably—and has now been joined by the far-less-forgiving social media arena".[69]

Due to a delay in reporting the crimes, most of the alleged acts fall outside the statutes of limitations for criminal prosecution, but criminal charges have been filed against Cosby in one case and numerous civil lawsuits have been brought against him. As of November 2015, eight related civil suits were active against Cosby.[70][71] High-profile attorney Gloria Allred is representing 33 of the alleged victims. In July 2015, some of the court records from Andrea Constand's 2005 civil suit against Cosby were unsealed and released to the public. The full transcript of his deposition was also released to the media by a court reporting service. In his testimony, Cosby admitted to casual sex, involving the recreational use of the sedative methaqualone (Quaaludes), with a series of young women, and acknowledged that his dispensing the prescription drug was illegal.[72][73][74]

In December 2015, three Class II felony charges of aggravated indecent assault were filed against Cosby in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania,[75] based on allegations by Constand concerning incidents in January 2004. Cosby's first trial, in June 2017, ended in a mistrial.[76] In a retrial by a jury, he was found guilty on April 26, 2018, of three counts of aggravated indecent assault.[77][78] His sentencing date is set for September 24, 2018.[79]

Political views[]

Cosby received an award at the celebration of the 50th anniversary commemoration of the Brown v. Board of Education ruling—a ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court that outlawed racial segregation in public schools. Later, in May 2004, he made public remarks that were critical of African-Americans who put higher priorities on sports, fashion, and "acting hard" than on education, self-respect, and self-improvement. He pleaded for African-American families to educate their children on the many different aspects of American culture.[80][81] In the Pound Cake speech, Cosby asked that African-American parents teach their children better morals at a younger age. As reported in The Washington Times, Cosby "told reporters during a special session of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation’s 34th annual legislative conference" that, "Parenting needs to come to the forefront. If you need help and you don't know how to parent, we want to be able to reach out and touch you."[82] Richard Leiby of The Washington Post reported, "Bill Cosby was anything but politically correct in his remarks Monday night at a Constitution Hall bash commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision."[83]

Cosby again came under sharp criticism, and was largely unapologetic for, his stance when he made similar remarks during a speech at a July 1 meeting that commemorated the anniversary of Brown v. Board.[citation needed] During that speech, he admonished apathetic blacks for not assisting or concerning themselves with the individuals who are involved with crime or have counterproductive aspirations. He further described those who needed attention as blacks who "had forgotten the sacrifices of those in the Civil Rights Movement."[84]

In 2005, Georgetown University sociology professor Michael Dyson wrote a book, Is Bill Cosby Right? Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind?[85] In the book, Dyson wrote that Cosby was overlooking larger social factors that reinforce poverty and associated crime; factors such as deteriorating schools, stagnating wages, dramatic shifts in the economy, offshoring and downsizing, chronic underemployment, and job and capital flight.[86] Dyson suggested that Cosby's comments "betray classist, elitist viewpoints rooted in generational warfare."[85] However, Cornel West defended Cosby and his remarks, saying, "He's speaking out of great compassion and trying to get folk to get on the right track, 'cause we've got some brothers and sisters who are not doing the right things, just like in times in our own lives, we don't do the right thing... He is trying to speak honestly and freely and lovingly, and I think that's a very positive thing."[87]

In a 2008 interview, Cosby mentioned Philadelphia, Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Oakland, California, and Springfield, Massachusetts among the cities where crime was high and young African-American men were being murdered and jailed in disproportionate numbers. Cosby stood his ground against criticism and affirmed that African-American parents were continuing to fail to inculcate proper standards of moral behavior.[88]

Cosby has also been vocally critical of conservative Republican politicians in regard to their views on socioeconomic and racial issues. In a 2013 CNN interview regarding voting rights, Cosby stated "this Republican Party is not the Republican Party of 1863, of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists and slavery, is not good. I think it's important for us to look at the underlying part of it. What is the value of it? Is it that some people are angry because my people no longer want to work for free?"[89]

Personal life[]

Cosby married Camille Hanks on January 25, 1964. Together, they had five children, Erika (b. 1965), Erinn (b. 1966), Ennis (1969–1997), Ensa (1973–2018), and Evin (b. 1976). Their only son, Ennis, was murdered on January 16, 1997, while changing a flat tire on the side of Interstate 405 in Los Angeles.[90] Cosby's daughter Ensa died of renal disease on February 23, 2018, while awaiting a kidney transplant.[91] The Cosbys have three grandchildren.[9][92] Cosby, a Protestant,[93] maintains homes in Shelburne, Massachusetts, and Cheltenham, Pennsylvania.[94]

Cosby hosted the Los Angeles Playboy Jazz Festival from 1979 to 2012 (George Lopez has hosted the event since then). Known as a jazz drummer, he can also be seen playing bass guitar with Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis Jr. on Hugh Hefner's 1970s talk show. His story, "The Regular Way", was featured in Playboy's December 1968 issue.[95] Cosby has become an active member of The Jazz Foundation of America.[96] Cosby became involved with the foundation in 2004. For several years, he has been a featured host for its annual benefit, A Great Night in Harlem, at the Apollo Theater in New York City.[97][98]

Cosby and his wife have collected over 300 works of African-American art since 1967. The works went on display in "Conversations", an exhibit at the National Museum of African Art in 2014.[99] The show became controversial as the increasing number of sexual assault allegations against Cosby became prominent.[100]

Cosby is a supporter of his alma mater, Temple University, particularly its men's basketball team, whose games Cosby frequently attended prior to his arrest. He is also a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity; he was initiated in the fraternity's Beta Alpha Alpha graduate chapter in White Plains, New York, in 1988.[101]

In 2016, Cosby's attorneys reported that he is now legally blind.[102] In an April 2017 interview with the National Newspaper Publishers Association – an interview he only agreed to do as long as the NNPA portrayed him in a positive light – both Cosby and one of his former publicists confirmed this, noting he lost his sight at some point in 2015.[103][104]

Autumn Jackson extortion trial[]

During Autumn Jackson's extortion trial in July 1997, Cosby testified that he made private payments to Shawn Upshaw, a woman who had briefly been his lover in Las Vegas during the early 1970s. Upshaw later told Cosby that he was the father of her daughter, Autumn Jackson. Cosby denies being the father and said that he gave Upshaw a total of about $100,000 because he did not want her to publicly reveal the affair.[105] The then-22-year-old Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort US$40 million from Cosby. In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt. The courts stated that the mere fact that she was Cosby's child would not have entitled her to the $40 million she demanded, and therefore the demand was extortionate, whether or not she believed herself to be Cosby's daughter.[106] Although both Jackson and Cosby stated at various times that they were willing to undergo DNA testing to determine Jackson's paternity, the two sides never reached an agreement as to when and how to perform the test. After Jackson's conviction, Cosby provided a blood sample for testing, but Jackson refused to participate.[107][108]

Awards and honors[]

Golden Globes[]

Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy – Golden Globe Award
1984 The Cosby Show – Cliff Huxtable
1985 The Cosby Show – Cliff Huxtable

Emmys[]

Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series – Primetime Emmys
1966 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1967 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1968 I Spy – Alexander Scott

Outstanding Variety or Musical Program – Primetime Emmys
1969 The Bill Cosby Special

Grammys[]

Best Comedy PerformanceGrammy Awards
1965 I Started Out as a Child
1966 Why Is There Air?
1967 Wonderfulness
1968 Revenge
1969 To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With
1970 Sports
1987 Those of You with or Without Children, You'll Understand

Best Recording for Children – Grammy Awards
1971 The Electric Company – Cast member
1972 Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs

Honorary degrees[]

Cosby has been awarded a total of around 70[113] Honorary degrees since 1985, most of which have since been revoked:

Rescinded awards[]

Rescinded awards due to convictions and allegations of sexual assault

Rescinded honorary degrees[]

Following numerous allegations of sexual assault made against Cosby several of his honorary degrees were rescinded or revoked. After he was convicted of sex crimes many more followed suit. They include, in order of rescission:[113]

  1. Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from Fordham University; awarded 2001, rescinded on September 24, 2015.[129][130]
  2. Honorary Doctor of Letters from Marquette University; awarded May 19, 2013, rescinded on September 24, 2015.[131][132]
  3. Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from the University of San Francisco awarded on May 18, 2012, rescinded on September 25, 2015.[133][134]
  4. Honorary Doctor of Letters from Brown University; awarded May 1985, rescinded on September 28, 2015.[135]
  5. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Wilkes University; awarded May 2004, rescinded on October 2, 2015.[136]
  6. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Baylor University; awarded September 4, 2003, at the "Spirit Rally" for the Baylor and Central Texas communities,[137] rescinded on October 8, 2015.[138]
  7. Honorary Doctor of Laws from Lehigh University; awarded May 1987, rescinded on October 14, 2015.[139]
  8. Honorary Doctor of Arts from Tufts University; awarded 2000, rescinded on October 15, 2015.[140]
  9. Honorary Doctorate from Goucher College; awarded 2001, rescinded on October 15, 2015.[141]
  10. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Amherst College, awarded in 1999, rescinded on October 17, 2015.[142][143]
  11. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Franklin & Marshall College, awarded in May 2000, rescinded on October 19, 2015.[144]
  12. Honorary Doctorate from Drew University; awarded May 2002,[145] rescinded on October 23, 2015.[146]
  13. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Muhlenberg College in 1995. Rescinded October 23, 2015.[147]
  14. Honorary Doctorate from Springfield College awarded in 2002,[148] rescinded on October 25, 2015.[149]
  15. Honorary Doctorate from Drexel University, awarded in 1992, rescinded on November 12, 2015.[150]
  16. Honorary Doctorate from Bryant University, awarded in May 1994, rescinded on November 12, 2015.[151]
  17. Honorary Doctorate from the University of Pittsburgh awarded in 2002, rescinded on November 13, 2015.[152]
  18. Honorary Doctor of Letters from California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; awarded 1992, rescinded on November 18, 2015.[153]
  19. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Swarthmore College; awarded 1995, rescinded on November 20, 2015.[154][155]
  20. Honorary Doctorate from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, awarded June 1, 1995,[156] rescinded on November 23, 2015.[157][158]
  21. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Oberlin College; awarded May 1, 2010,[159] rescinded on December 4, 2015.[160]
  22. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Boston University; awarded May 18, 2014, rescinded on December 10, 2015.[161]
  23. Honorary degree from Occidental College; awarded 1992, rescinded on December 12, 2015.[162]
  24. Honorary Doctor of Humanities from George Washington University in 1997,[163] rescinded January 11, 2016.[164][165]
  25. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Haverford College; awarded May 2002,[166] rescinded February 6, 2016.[167][168]
  26. Honorary Doctor of Music degree from Berklee College of Music, May 8, 2004.[169] Cosby was also the host of the school's 60th Anniversary Concert in January 2006.[170] Rescinded March 24, 2016.[171][172]
  27. Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from the University of Connecticut; awarded May 18, 1996 (also served as commencement speaker)[173][174] rescinded June 29, 2016.[175]
  28. Honorary Doctorate from Colgate University; awarded May 22, 1999 (also served as commencement speaker)[176] rescinded October 1, 2016.[177]
  29. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from University of Missouri-Columbia; awarded 1990, rescinded June 23, 2017.[178][179][180]
  30. Honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Pennsylvania; awarded 1990[181] (Cosby also served as the commencement speaker in May 1997),[182] rescinded February 1, 2018.[183]
  31. Honorary Doctor of Education from Ohio State University, awarded in 2001, rescinded April 6, 2018.[184]
  32. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Notre Dame, awarded on May 20, 1990,[185] rescinded on April 26, 2018.[186]
  33. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Johns Hopkins University, awarded in 2004,[187] rescinded on April 26, 2018.[188]
  34. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Carnegie Mellon University, May 20, 2007; he was also the keynote speaker for the commencement ceremony.[189] Rescinded on April 26, 2018.[190]
  35. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Temple University, awarded in 1991, rescinded on April 27, 2018.[191]
  36. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Boston College awarded in 1996,[192] rescinded on April 27, 2018.[193]
  37. Honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from North Carolina A&T State University awarded in 2008, rescinded on April 27, 2018.[194]
  38. Honorary Doctorate from the Lafayette University in May 1996; rescinded on April 28, 2018.[195]
  39. Honorary degree from the Cooper Union in 2002. Rescinded April 28, 2018.[196]
  40. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Yale University, May 26, 2003.[197][198] Rescinded on May 1, 2018.[199]
  41. Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Southern California, May 8, 1998.[200] Rescinded on May 1, 2018.[201]
  42. Honorary degree from Colby College, awarded 1992. Rescinded May 2, 2018.[202]
  43. Honorary Doctorate from the Fashion Institute of Technology in 2000.[203] Rescinded May 2, 2018.[204]
  44. Honorary degree from the Gettysburg College in 1997. Rescinded May 4, 2018.[205]
  45. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of Cincinnati in 2001.[206] Rescinded May 8, 2018.[207]
  46. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the Medical University of South Carolina in 2000. Rescinded May 18, 2018.[208]
  47. Honorary Doctorate from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute on May 12, 2001.[209] Rescinded May 18, 2018.[210]
  48. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Wesleyan University in 1987.[211] Rescinded May 25, 2018.[212]
  49. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill awarded on May 19, 2003.[213][214] Rescinded May 30, 2018.[215]
  50. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Northwestern University in 1997.[216] Rescinded June 18, 2018.[217]
  51. Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from New York University in 1997. Rescinded June 21, 2018.[218]
  52. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of South Carolina in 1986.[219] Rescinded June 22, 2018.[220]
  53. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from University of Maryland Eastern Shore awarded May 17, 1998.[221] Rescinded June 22, 2018.[222]
  54. Honorary Doctorate in performing arts from the University of Maryland, College Park; awarded in the spring of 1992 after speaking at the commencement ceremony.[223] Rescinded June 22, 2018.[222]
  55. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of Baltimore awarded May 21, 2013.[224] Rescinded June 22, 2018.[222]
  56. Honorary Doctorate from Claflin University in May 1999.[225] Rescinded June 22, 2018.[226]
  57. Honorary Master of Arts degree from the College of William & Mary in 1993, rescinded August 8, 2018.[227]

Works[]

Discography[]

Comedy albums[]

Music albums[]

Compilations[]

Singles[]

Year Single Chart Positions
US US R&B
1967 "Little Ol' Man (Uptight—Everything's Alright)" 4 18
1970 "Grover Henson Feels Forgotten" 70
1976 "I Luv Myself Better Than I Luv Myself" 59
"Yes, Yes, Yes" 46 11

Filmography[]

Television[]

Year Title Role Notes
1965–1968 I Spy Alexander Scott Main role (82 episodes)
1969 Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert Bill / Fat Albert / Dumb Donald (voice) Movie; also writer
1969–1971 The Bill Cosby Show Chet Kincaid Lead role (52 episodes); also executive producer
1971 Man and Boy Caleb Revers Movie
1971–1973 The Electric Company Hank 260 episodes
1972 The New Bill Cosby Show Himself/host
1972–1985 Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids "Fat" Albert Jackson (voice) / Himself/host Main role (34 episodes); also the creator
1972 To All My Friends on Shore Blue Movie
1974 Journey Back to Oz The Wizard of Oz TV version
1976 Cos Host Series
1977–1990 Pinwheel Himself Host of the Picture Pages segment
1978 Top Secret Aaron Strickland Movie
1984–1992 The Cosby Show Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable Main role (197 episodes); also creator and theme music composer
1987 A Different World Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable 3 episodes; also creator and theme music composer
1992–1993 You Bet Your Life Himself/host Game show; also theme music composer
1994–1995 The Cosby Mysteries Guy Hanks Lead role (18 episodes)
1994 I Spy Returns Alexander Scott Movie
1996–2000 Cosby Hilton Lucas Main role (95 episodes); also exec. producer and theme music composer
1998–2000 Kids Say the Darndest Things Himself/host
1999–2004 Little Bill Captain Brainstorm (voice) Also exec. producer, writer and theme music composer
2010–2012 OBKB Himself 33 episodes; also executive producer

Film[]

Year Title Role Notes
1968 Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed Self Documentary
1969 Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Patron at Nightclub Uncred[citation needed]
1971 Aesop's Fables Aesop
1972 Hickey & Boggs Al Hickey
1974 Uptown Saturday Night Wardell Franklin
1975 Let's Do It Again Billy Foster
1976 Mother, Jugs & Speed Mother
1977 A Piece of the Action Dave Anderson
1978 California Suite Dr. Willis Panama
1981 The Devil and Max Devlin Barney Satin
1987 Leonard Part 6 Leonard Parker Also producer and writer
1987 Bill Cosby: 49 Himself Live comedy concert film released on VHS
1990 Ghost Dad Elliot Hopper
1993 The Meteor Man Marvin
1996 Jack Lawrence Woodruff
2003 Baadasssss! Himself
2004 Fat Albert Himself Also executive producer and writer
2014 Bill Cosby 77 Himself Release cancelled

Books[]

See also[]

References[]

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Further reading[]

External links[]