Battle of Chungju

Battle of Chungju (Choryang Pass)
Part of Imjin War
Date6 June 1592[1]
LocationTangeumdae Hill, near Chungju
Result Japanese victory
Belligerents
Toyotomi mon.png Toyotomi Japan Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon
Commanders and leaders
Konishi Yukinaga
Sō Yoshitoshi
Matsuura Shigenobu
Arima Harunobu
Omura Yoshiaki
Goto Sumiharu
Sin Rip
I Il
Strength
18,700[2] 8,000[1]
Casualties and losses
150 3,000[2]

The Battle of Chungju was a battle during the Japanese Invasion of Korea. The Japanese First Division took Chungju and along with the Second Division headed towards Hanseong.[2]

Background[]

Katō Kiyomasa's Second Division met up with Konishi Yukinaga's First Division at Mungyeong and arrived near Chungju on 5 June. Katō camped south of the town while Konishi's First Division attacked.[1]

Sin Rip arrayed his army outside the town on a stretch of flat ground beside a hill called Tangeumdae and the Han River. This was supposedly to take advantage of their cavalry and to force his men to fight to the death.[1]

Battle[]

Konishi Yukinaga's First Division arrived at Chungju on 6 May and separated into two groups. They fanned out in an arc to face Sin Rip's army.[2]

The Japanese force was arrayed with 10,000 men in the center under Konishi Yukinaga and Matsuura Shigenobu, 5,000 to the left under Sō Yoshitoshi, and 3,700 to the right under Arima Harunobu, Omura Yoshiaki, and Goto Sumiharu. They rushed forward, shooting and advancing. The Korean infantry broke. Sin Rip led a failed cavalry charge which was stopped by gunfire before they were able to break Japanese lines. The fleeing Korean soldiers were run down.[2]

Aftermath[]

Sin Rip fled and soon after committed suicide by drowning himself.[2]

Japanese First and Second Divisions advanced towards Hanseong.[2]

Citations[]

  1. ^ a b c d Hawley 2005, p. 160.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Hawley 2005, p. 164.

Bibliography[]

  • Alagappa, Muthiah (2003), Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-4629-X 
  • Arano, Yasunori (2005), The Formation of a Japanocentric World Order, International Journal of Asian Studies 
  • Brown, Delmer M. (1948), "The Impact of Firearms on Japanese Warfare, 1543–1598", The Far Eastern Quarterly May 1948 (Volume 7, Number 3: pp. 236–53), Association for Asian Studies 
  • Eikenberry, Karl W. (1988), "The Imjin War", Military Review 68:2:  74–82 
  • Ha, Tae-hung; Sohn, Pow-key (1977), 'Nanjung Ilgi: War Diary of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, Yonsei University Press, ISBN 89-7141-018-3 
  • Haboush, JaHyun Kim (2016), The Great East Asian War and the Birth of the Korean Nation 
  • Hawley, Samuel (2005), The Imjin War, The Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch/UC Berkeley Press, ISBN 89-954424-2-5 
  • Jang, Pyun-soon (1998), Noon-eu-ro Bo-nen Han-gook-yauk-sa 5: Gor-yeo Si-dae (눈으로 보는 한국역사 5: 고려시대), Park Doo-ui, Bae Keum-ram, Yi Sang-mi, Kim Ho-hyun, Kim Pyung-sook, et al., Joog-ang Gyo-yook-yaun-goo-won. 1998-10-30. Seoul, Korea. 
  • Kim, Ki-chung (1999), "Resistance, Abduction, and Survival: The Documentary Literature of the Imjin War (1592–8)", Korean Culture 20:3 (Fall 1999):  20–29 
  • Kim, Yung-sik (1998), "Problems and Possibilities in the Study of the History of Korean Science", Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. 13, Beyond Joseph Needham: Science, Technology, and Medicine in East and Southeast Asia:  48–79. JSTOR 
  • 桑田忠親 [Kuwata, Tadachika], ed., 舊參謀本部編纂, [Kyu Sanbo Honbu], 朝鮮の役 [Chousen no Eki] (日本の戰史 [Nihon no Senshi] Vol. 5), 1965.
  • Neves, Jaime Ramalhete (1994), "The Portuguese in the Im-Jim War?", Review of Culture 18 (1994):  20–24 
  • Niderost, Eric (2001), "Turtleboat Destiny: The Imjin War and Yi Sun Shin", Military Heritage 2:6 (June 2001):  50–59, 89 
  • Niderost, Eric (2002), "The Miracle at Myongnyang, 1597", Osprey Military Journal 4:1 (January 2002):  44–50 
  • Park, Yune-hee (1973), Admiral Yi Sun-shin and His Turtleboat Armada: A Comprehensive Account of the Resistance of Korea to the 16th Century Japanese Invasion, Shinsaeng Press 
  • Rockstein, Edward D. (1993), Strategic And Operational Aspects of Japan's Invasions of Korea 1592–1598 1993-6-18, Naval War College 
  • Sadler, A. L., "The Naval Campaign in the Korean War of Hideyoshi (1592–1598)", Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan Second Series, 14 (June 1937):  179–208 
  • Sansom, George (1961), A History of Japan 1334–1615, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-0525-9 
  • Sohn, Pow-key (1959), "Early Korean Painting", Journal of American Oriental Society Vol. 79, No. 2. (April – June 1959):  96–103. JSTOR 
  • Stramigioli, Giuliana (1954), "Hideyoshi's Expansionist Policy on the Asiatic Mainland", Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan Third Series, 3 (December 1954):  74–116 
  • Strauss, Barry (2005), "Korea's Legendary Admiral", MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Summer 2005 (Volume 17, Number 4:  52–61 
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2006), "Beyond Turtleboats: Siege Accounts from Hideyoshi's Second Invasion of Korea, 1597–1598", Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies (Vol. 6, No. 2. 2006 Academy of East Asian Studies.:  177–206 
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2005), "Crouching Tigers, Secret Weapons: Military Technology Employed During the Sino-Japanese-Korean War, 1592–1598", The Journal of Military History:  69,  11–42. Society for Military History 
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2002), "Deceit, Disguise, and Dependence: China, Japan, and the Future of the Tributary System, 1592–1596", The International History Review' XXIV. 4: December 2002:  757–1008 
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2009), A Dragon's Head and a Serpent's Tail: Ming China and the First Great East Asian War, 1592–1598, University of Oklahoma Press 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2002), Samurai Invasion: Japan's Korean War 1592–98, Cassell & Co, ISBN 0-304-35948-3 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2008), The Samurai Invasion of Korea 1592-98, Osprey Publishing Ltd 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998), The Samurai Sourcebook, Cassell & Co, ISBN 1-85409-523-4 
  • Villiers, John (1980), SILK and Silver: Macau, Manila and Trade in the China Seas in the Sixteenth Century (A lecture delivered to the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society at the Hong Kong Club. 10 June 1980). The HKUL Digital Initiatives  External link in |title= (help)
  • Yi, Min-woong (2004), Imjin Wae-ran Haejeonsa: The Naval Battles of the Imjin War [임진왜란 해전사], Chongoram Media [청어람미디어], ISBN 89-89722-49-7