Babylon Branch

Babylon Branch
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
SystemLong Island Rail Road
StatusOperational
LocaleNassau and Suffolk County, New York, USA
TerminiLynbrook
Babylon
Stations14
Services
Operation
Opened1867 (as part of the Southern Railroad of Long Island)
OwnerLong Island Rail Road
Operator(s)Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification750 V (DC) third rail
Route map

Zone 1
Zone 3
10.8 mi
17.4 km
Jamaica
BSicon ICTS.svg JFK Airport BSicon SUBWAY.svg
St. Albans
Rosedale
Queens
Nassau
border
Zone 3
Zone 4
Valley Stream
19.5 mi
31.4 km
Lynbrook
Zone 4
Zone 7
20.9 mi
33.6 km
Rockville Centre
22.9 mi
36.9 km
Baldwin
24.1 mi
38.8 km
Freeport
25.9 mi
41.7 km
Merrick
27.2 mi
43.8 km
Bellmore
28.2 mi
45.4 km
Wantagh
29.4 mi
47.3 km
Seaford
30.3 mi
48.8 km
Massapequa
31.0 mi
49.9 km
Massapequa Park
Zone 7
Zone 9
32.9 mi
52.9 km
Amityville
34.0 mi
54.7 km
Copiague
35.5 mi
57.1 km
Lindenhurst
32.3 mi
52 km
Babylon

Distances shown are from Pennsylvania Station.

The Babylon Branch is a rail service operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The term refers to the trains serving Montauk Branch stations from Valley Stream east to Babylon; in other words, the Babylon Branch is a rail service rather than an actual track. The electrification of the Montauk Branch ends east of the Babylon station, so the Babylon Branch is mostly served by electric trains.

The west end of the "Babylon Branch" is the junction between the West Hempstead Branch and Montauk Branch (Valley Interlocking); St Albans, the only stop on the Montauk Branch west of Valley Stream, is shown in the West Hempstead Branch timetable. Trains that continue past the east end of the Babylon Branch are known as Montauk Branch trains; several of these use the Central Branch between Belmont Junction west of the Babylon station and a junction at Beth Interlocking on the Main Line southeast of the Bethpage Station, running to New York City via the Main Line.[1][2] On weekends, Babylon Branch trains typically stop at Forest Hills and Kew Gardens in the eastbound direction as opposed to other Main Line trains that serve other branches.[2]

The Babylon Branch portion of the Montauk Branch is completely grade separated with bridges over all intersecting roadways. Route 231 in between Babylon and the electrified yard, and the Meadowbrook Parkway in between Merrick and Freeport go over the tracks, with the tracks going under those roadways.

History[]

The South Side Railroad of Long Island in the 1860s built what was to become the Montauk Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. The Babylon Branch as a separate operational entity began as the electrification of the Montauk Branch between Valley Stream and Babylon on May 20, 1925. Eventually, this would also include the former "Springfield Branch" which the Montauk Branch was relocated to northeast of Springfield Junction. The tracks were elevated from ground-level between 1950 and 1980. Elevation of the line sparked grass-roots efforts to preserve the previous versions of Wantagh and Lindendurst Stations, the former of which resulted in the creation of the Wantagh Railroad Museum. The last station to be elevated on the branch was Massapequa Park on December 13, 1980.[3]

LIRR Babylon Station

Since the 1990s, many station houses along the branch have been rebuilt, including the entire platforms at Seaford from July 2008 to July 2009, and Massapequa from late 2013 to mid 2015. Additionally, from July 2007 to April 10, 2011 the signals, switches, and gantries were replaced between the Wantagh Interlocking and Amityville Station, with color light signals replacing the old PRR-style position-light signals installed during the elevation of that section in 1973, and work is underway is well into the closing stages of a pocket track East of the Massapequa station that will run in between the two running tracks, this will be completed by Spring 2016. It was announced that immediately after Massapequa's platform was rebuilt that starting in August or September 2016 that Wantagh's platform would be demolished and rebuilt with new signage, escalators, stairwells, and for the first time an elevator will be installed to meet with ADA standards, all of that will replace the original structure which has been in use since the elevated station opened in 1968, the project will be completed by mid 2017 and has already started. Plans for the future include the modernization of Babylon Interlocking, viaduct track replacement at certain stations, replacement of platforms, escalators, and elevators at Babylon. There is also the possibility of Massapequa Park, Amityville, Copiague, and Lindenhurst receiving elevators to make them ADA accessible.

Stations[]

Station Miles (km)
from NYP[4]
Date opened Date renovated Date closed Connections / notes
3 Jamaica Handicapped/disabled access 10.8 (17.4) 1836 1912 - 1913

2001 - 2006

BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR; Atlantic, Belmont Park, Far Rockaway, Hempstead, Long Beach,
Montauk, Oyster Bay, Port Jefferson, Ronkonkoma, and West Hempstead Branches
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "E" train​ ​"J" train"Z" train (at Sutphin Boulevard – Archer Avenue – JFK Airport)
Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q20A, Q20B, Q24, Q30, Q31, Q43, Q44, Q54, Q56
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q6, Q8, Q9, Q25, Q34, Q40, Q41, Q60, Q65
Bus transport NICE Bus: n4
BSicon TRAM.svg AirTrain JFK: Jamaica Station Route
Atlantic Branch diverges
Union Hall Street c. 1890 1976 Originally New York Avenue
Canal Street 1890[5] 1899
Hillside c. 1909
May 15, 1911
1911
1966
Main Line diverges at Rockaway Junction
St. Albans 13.6 (21.9) 1898[6] 1935 Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q4
Springfield Gardens 1870s 1979 Originally Springfield
Atlantic Branch converges at Springfield Junction
Rosedale 15.8 (25.4) 1870 Served by Atlantic Branch trains
Originally Foster's Meadow
Queens / Nassau county line
4
Valley Stream Handicapped/disabled access 17.9 (28.8) 1869[7] Served by Atlantic Branch trains
Bus transport NICE Bus: n1, n2, n8
Lynbrook Handicapped/disabled access 19.5 (31.4) 1867[7] 1881

1920

1938

2015 - 2019

BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Long Beach Branch
Bus transport NICE Bus: n4, n25, n31, n32
Originally Pearsall's Corners, then Pearsall's
7 Rockville Centre Handicapped/disabled access 21.1 (34.0) 1867 1881

1901

1950

2018 - 2019

Bus transport NICE Bus: n15, n16, Mercy Medical Shuttle
Baldwin Handicapped/disabled access 23.0 (37.0) 1867 1881

1917

1957

2001

Bus transport NICE Bus: n35
Originally Baldwinsville,[8] then Baldwins
Freeport Handicapped/disabled access 24.5 (39.4) 1867 1899

1959

1960

Bus transport NICE Bus: n4, n19, n40, n41, n43, n88 (summer only)
Merrick Handicapped/disabled access 25.9 (41.7) 1867 1885

1902

1969 -

-1975

Bellmore Handicapped/disabled access 27.4 (44.1) 1869 1968 - 1975
Wantagh 27.8 (44.7) 1867 1885

1966 - 1967

2016 - 2018

Originally Ridgewood
Seaford Handicapped/disabled access 29.5 (47.5) 1899 1966 - 1967

2007 - 2009

Bus transport NICE Bus: n54
Massapequa Handicapped/disabled access 30.5 (49.1) 1867 1891

1953

2013 - 2015

Bus transport NICE Bus: n54, n55, n80
Originally South Oyster Bay
Massapequa Park 30.8 (49.6) 1933 1966 - 1968

1977 - 1980

Bus transport NICE Bus: n54, n55, n80
Unqua 1880 1881
Nassau / Suffolk county line
9 Amityville 33.1 (53.3) 1868 1889

1964

1968 -

1973

Bus transport Suffolk County Transit: 1A, S1, S20, S33
Copiague 34.2 (55.0) 1902 1967 - 1973 Bus transport Suffolk County Transit: S20, S31
Belmont Junction 1875 1876
Lindenhurst 35.5 (57.1) 1867 1902

1968 - 1973

Bus transport Suffolk County Transit: S20
Originally Wellwood, then Breslau
Central Branch converges
Babylon Handicapped/disabled access 38.4 (61.8) 1867[7] 1881 - 1964 BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Montauk Branch
Bus transport Suffolk County Transit: S20, S23, S25, S27, S29, S40, S42, S47 (summer only)
Originally Seaside[7]
Montauk Branch trains transfer between diesel and electric
10 Montauk Branch service continues east

References[]

  1. ^ MTA LIRR - LIRR Map
  2. ^ a b LIRR Babylon Branch Timetable
  3. ^ LIRR Grade Crossing Elimination Projects (TraisnAreFun.com)
  4. ^ Station pages linked from LIRR Stations Archived 2014-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Rapid Transit Extension". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. 24 June 1890. p. 1.
  6. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History (TrainsAreFun.com) Archived 2011-01-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ a b c d Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., © 1961
  8. ^ Baldwinsville Station (Arrt's Arrchives)

External links[]

Route map:

KML is not from Wikidata

Media related to Babylon Branch (Long Island Rail Road) at Wikimedia Commons