Archery, Georgia

Archery, Georgia
Unincorporated community
Archery, Georgia is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Archery, Georgia
Archery, Georgia
Location in Georgia (US state)
Archery, Georgia is located in the US
Archery, Georgia
Archery, Georgia
Location in United States
Coordinates: 32°01′33″N 84°26′01″W / 32.02583°N 84.43361°W / 32.02583; -84.43361Coordinates: 32°01′33″N 84°26′01″W / 32.02583°N 84.43361°W / 32.02583; -84.43361
Country United States
State Georgia
County Webster
Elevation 476 ft (145 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 31880
Area code(s) 229
GNIS feature ID 326158[1]

Archery is an unincorporated community in Webster County, in the U.S. state of Georgia.[1] The community lies about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Plains.[2]

James Earl Carter Jr., 39th President of the United States, grew up on what now is known as the "Jimmy Carter Boyhood Farm", a property currently maintained as part of the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site.[3]

History[]

Jimmy Carter in 1937

Archery was laid out in 1913.[4] The community was named by William D. Johnson, an A.M.E. bishop, after the "Sublime Order of Archery", an A.M.E. social service organization benefiting poor blacks.[5] The historic railroad community was originally built up chiefly by African Americans, who then formed a majority of its population.[6] A large share of the residents engaged in sharecropping.[7] Archery was first electrified in 1938.[8] Amenities in the community included a train depot, schoolhouse, and country store.[5]

U.S. President Jimmy Carter grew up at Archery on his family's farm from age four, in 1928, until he left for college in 1941.[3] In Carter's time, the population consisted of approximately 25 black families and 2 white families, namely the Watsons and Carters.[5] President Carter recalled in 1976 that Bishop Johnson was "the best-educated, most famous, the most widely traveled, and the richest member of the community".[9] The Carter family remained at Archery until 1949; ownership of the Carter property was transferred to the National Park Service in 1994.[10]

Arts and culture[]

The Jimmy Carter Boyhood Farm, open to visitors, has been restored to its original rustic appearance.[11] SAM Shortline Railway, a heritage railway open to the public, makes a stop on its route at the Archery Depot in order to allow visitors to lead a self-guided tour.[12]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. September 25, 1979. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Timeline". Jimmy Carter NHS Education Program. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. 
  5. ^ a b c "Archery". Historic Markers Across Georgia. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Trading Cards". National Park Service. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". National Park Planner. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  8. ^ Balmer, Randall (May 13, 2014). Redeemer: The Life of Jimmy Carter. Basic Books. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-465-05695-8. 
  9. ^ Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. September 23, 1976. p. 23. 
  10. ^ "Jimmy Carter Boyhood Home and Farm". Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  11. ^ Lambert, Marjie (November 20, 2012). "Georgia rail excursion is built around the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". Miami Herald. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Archery Depot". SAM Shortline Railroad. Retrieved March 31, 2018.