April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian and the first month to have the length of 30 days.
April is commonly associated with the season of spring in parts of the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to October in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa.
The Romans gave this month the Latin name Aprilis but the derivation of this name is uncertain. The traditional etymology is from the verb aperire, "to open", in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open", which is supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of άνοιξη (ánixi) (opening) for spring. Since some of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, and as April was sacred to the goddess Venus, her Veneralia being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was originally her month Aphrilis, from her equivalent Greek goddess name Aphrodite (Aphros), or from the Etruscan name Apru. Jacob Grimm suggests the name of a hypothetical god or hero, Aper or Aprus.
April was the second month of the earliest Roman calendar, before Ianuarius and Februarius were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. It became the fourth month of the calendar year (the year when twelve months are displayed in order) during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The 30th day was added during the reform of the calendar undertaken by Julius Caesar in the mid-40s BC, which produced the Julian calendar.
The Anglo-Saxons called April ēastre-monaþ. The Venerable Bede says in The Reckoning of Time that this month ēastre is the root of the word Easter. He further states that the month was named after a goddess Eostre whose feast was in that month. It is also attested by Einhard in his work, Vita Karoli Magni.
St George's day is the twenty-third of the month; and St Mark's Eve, with its superstition that the ghosts of those who are doomed to die within the year will be seen to pass into the church, falls on the twenty-fourth.
In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood took place in their third month, which frequently corresponds to April. In Finnish April is huhtikuu, meaning slash-and-burn moon, when gymnosperms for beat and burn clearing of farmland were felled.
In Slovene, the most established traditional name is mali traven, meaning the month when plants start growing. It was first written in 1466 in the Škofja Loka manuscript.'
The month Aprilis had 30 days; Numa Pompilius made it 29 days long; finally Julius Caesar’s calendar reform made it again 30 days long, which was not changed in the calendar revision of Augustus Caesar in 8 BC.
In Ancient Rome, the festival of Cerealia was held for seven days from mid-to-late April, but exact dates are uncertain. Feriae Latinae was also held in April, with the date varying. Other ancient Roman observances include Veneralia (April 1), Megalesia (April 10–16), Fordicidia (April 15), Parilia (April 21), Vinalia Urbana, Robigalia, and Serapia were celebrated on (April 25). Floralia was held April 27 during the Republican era, or April 28 on the Julian calendar, and lasted until May 3. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.
The Lyrids meteor shower appears on April 16 – April 26 each year, with the peak generally occurring on April 22. Eta Aquariids meteor shower also appears in April. It is visible from about April 21 to about May 20 each year with peak activity on or around May 6. The Pi Puppids appear on April 23, but only in years around the parent comet's perihelion date. The Virginids also shower at various dates in April.
The "Days of April" (journées d'avril) is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the procès d'avril.
This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.
United States Food months
Non-Gregorian observances, 2017
- Sizdah Be-dar (Iranian calendars) – April 2
- Qingming Festival (Chinese calendar) – April 4
- Rama Navami (Hinduism) – April 4 or 5, depending on state in India.
- Cold Food Festival (Chinese calendar) – April 5–7
- Mopin (Galo people) – April 5
- Fast of Miriam – April 6 (Hebrew calendar, fast is optional and is generally only observed by Chevra kadisha)
- Yom HaAliyah – April 6 (Hebrew calendar, State of Israel)
- Education and Sharing Day (United States)/11 Nissan Chabad sect only) – April 7
- Cheti Chand (Sindhi people) – April 8
- Gudi Padwa (Hinduism) – April 8
- Hekate's Deipnon (Attic calendar, Hellenism) – April 8
- Feast of Glory – (Bahai calendar) – April 8
- Sajibu Cheiraoba (Meitei people) – April 8
- Shabbat HaGadol – April 8 (Hebrew calendar)
- Ugadi (Hinduism) – April 8
- Bedikas Chametz – sundown of April 9 (Hebrew calendar)
- Fast of the Firstborn – April 10 (Hebrew calendar)
- Gangaur (Hinduism) – April 10
- Pongtu (Tutsa Naga) – April 11
- Counting the Omer – April 11 – May 30 (Hebrew calendar)
- Passover – April 11–18 (April 17 in Israel) (Hebrew calendar)
- Mimouna – April 18 (April 17 in Israel) Observed by Maghrebi Jews. Seharane is celebrated by Kurdish Jews outside of Israel on this date. (Hebrew calendar)
- Cambodian New Year – April 13–15
- Water-Sprinkling Festival (Dai people) – April 13–15
- Mesha Sankranti/Pana Sankranti (Hinduism) – April 13
- Songkran (Lao) – April 13–15
- Vishu (Hinduism, Indian National Calendar) – April 13–14
- Bohag Bihu (Assamese people) – April 14
- Delphinia (Attic calendar, Hellenism) – April 14
- Maithili New Year – April 14 (Nepali calendar) – April 14
- Puthandu (Tamil calendar) – April 14
- Sangken (certain Buddhist communities in India) – April 14
- Sinhalese New Year (Sri Lanka) – April 14
- Hùng Kings' Festival (Vietnamese calendar) – April 16
- Shabdrung Kurchoe (Bhutanese calendar) – April 16
- Kamada Ekadashi (Hinduism) – April 17
- Mahavir Jayanti (Jainism) (April 19Karnataka and Rajasthan only, April 20 in other locations)
- Garia puja (Tripura, India) – April 21
- Birthday of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Islamic calendar – April 20
- Mahavir Jayanti (Jainism) – April 20 (April 19 in Karnataka and Rajasthan)
- Ridván (Bahai) April 20 – May 1
- Bak Full Moon Poya (Sri Lanka) – April 21
- Father's Day (Islamic calendar) – April 21
- Hanuman Jayanti (Hinduism) – April 21
- Shabbat Mevorchim – April 22 (Hebrew calendar)
- Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (United States) – April 23 – April 30 (Hebrew calendar)
- Yom HaShoah – April 24 (Hebrew calendar)
- Rosh Chodesh of Iyar – April 27
- Amavasya – (Hinduism) – April 26
- Feast of Beauty – (Bahai calendar) – April 27
- Akshaya Tritiya – (Hinduism, Jainism, Indian national calendar) – April 29
Movable observances, 2017 dates
First Saturday: April 1
First full week: April 2–8
First Sunday: April 2
First Wednesday: April 5
Second Sunday: April 9
Week of April 14: April 9–15
Second Wednesday: April 12
Second Thursday: April 13
Second Friday of April: April 14
Third Saturday: April 15
Third Monday: April 17
Third Wednesday: April 19
First Thursday after April 18: April 20
Third Thursday: April 20
Week of April 23: April 23–29
Week of the New Moon: April 23–29
Last full week of April: April 23–29
Last Monday: April 24
Wednesday of last full week of April: April 26
Last Wednesday: April 26
April 27 (moves to April 26 if April 27 is on a Sunday): April 27
Fourth Thursday: April 27
Last Friday: April 28
Last Friday in April to first Sunday in May: April 28 – May 7
Last Saturday: April 29
Last Sunday: April 30
- ^ "April" in Chambers's Encyclopædia. London: George Newnes, 1961, Vol. 1, p. 497.
- ^ Jacob Grim Geschichte der deutschen Sprache. Cap. "Monate"
- ^ a b c d One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "April". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 230.
- ^ "Koledar prirev v letu 2007 in druge informacije občine Dobrova–Polhov Gradec" [The Calendar of Events and Other Information of the Municipality of Dobrova–Polhov Gradec] (PDF) (in Slovenian). Municipality of Dobrova-Polhov Gradec. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 2, 2013.
- ^ Kipfer, Barbara Ann (1997) The Order of Things. New York: Random House
- ^ "U101 College Search". Archived from the original on 2012-09-11.
- ^ "Sizdah Be-dar (13 Bedar) 2018". www.beleven.org.
- ^ a b "2015 Hellenion Calendar".
- ^ a b c Home Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ Ltd., Pan India Internet Pvt. "Gangaur Festival 2018, What is Gangaur, Festival of Rajasthan". www.festivalsofindia.in.
- ^ http://arunachalipr.gov.in/GH_Local.htm
- ^ a b LLP, Adarsh Mobile Applications. "Hindu Festivals in April 2016 for Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India". www.drikpanchang.com.
- ^ Ltd., Pan India Internet Pvt. "Bhogali Bihu 2018, Rongali Bihu 2018, Bihu Celebrations 2018". www.festivalsofindia.in.
- ^ a b "Public Holidays in Sri Lanka in 2017 - Office Holidays". www.officeholidays.com.
- ^ AnydayGuide. "Hùng Kings Commemoration Day in Vientam / April 6, 2017".
- ^ AnydayGuide. "Death anniversary of Zhabdrung in Bhutan / May 5, 2017".
- ^ 2017.telugucalendar.org. "2017 Amavasya Days Dates for Andhra Pradesh, India - New Moon Days Dates Timings 2017 List". 2017.telugucalendar.org.
- ^ "National Crime Victims' Rights Week, April 8-14 2018". ovc.ncjrs.gov.
- ^ communications (April 21, 2014). "Oral, Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Week".
- ^ "Equal Pay Day". www.pay-equity.org.
- ^ http://www.youthhomelessnessmatters.net/yhmd/youth-homelessness-matters-day-2017
- ^ "Public Holidays 2017 Dates in Kiribati — Calendar and Information".
- ^ "National Park Week (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov.
- ^ "Day of Silence - Friday, April 21, 2017". GLSEN.
- ^ "Global Youth Service Day YSA (Youth Service America)". ysa.org.
- ^ "Vaccination Week in the Americas » Semana de vacunación en las Américas". new.paho.org.
- ^ "European Immunization Week". www.euro.who.int. September 22, 2017.
- ^ "Denim Day - There is no excuse and never an invitation to rape". denimdayinfo.org.
- ^ "Day of Dialogue: Get the Conversation Started". Day of Dialogue.
- ^ "Pay It Forward Day". payitforwardday.com.
- ^ a b Seol Song Ah (7 December 2015). "Kim Jong Un's birthday still not a holiday". Daily NK. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
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