Alid dynasties of northern Iran

Zaydi Alid dynasties of northern Iran

علویون طبرستان
تبرسّون ِعلویون
White flag of the Alavids
Map of the Alid Emirate
Map of the Alid Emirate
Common languagesArabic, Mazandarani
Zaydi Islam
GovernmentTheocratic monarchy
• 864–884 (first)
Hasan ibn Zayd al-Da'i ila'l-Haqq
• 927–928 (last)
Hasan ibn Qasim al-Da'i ila'l-Haqq
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Abbasid Caliphate
Samanid dynasty
Samanid dynasty
Late-9th or early-10th century bowl with white slip, incised design, colored, and glazed. Excavated at Sabz Pushan, Nishapur, Iran.

Alid dynasties of northern Iran or Alâvids. In the 9th–14th centuries, the northern Iranian regions of Tabaristan, Daylam and Gilan, sandwiched between the Caspian Sea and the Alborz range, came under the rule of a number of Alid dynasties, espousing the Zaydi branch of Shia Islam.

The first and most powerful Zaydi emirate was established in Tabaristan in 864 and lasted until 928. It was interrupted by Samanid occupation in 900, but restored in 914 by another Alid branch.

The second period of the Alid emirate was plagued by internal dissensions and power struggles between the two branches, and ended in the second conquest of the region by the Samanids in 928. Subsequently, some of the soldiers and generals of the Alavids joined the Samanids, among them Mardavij, founder of the Ziyarid dynasty, and the three sons of Buya (Ali, Hassan and Ahmad), founders of the Buyid dynasty.

Local Zaydi rulers survived in Daylam and Gilan until the 16th century.

List of Zaydi emirs and imams of Tabaristan[]

See also[]