David Alexander Colville
Alex Colville in 1945
David Alexander Colville
24 August 1920
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||16 July 2013 (aged 92)|
Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Education||Mount Allison University|
|Spouse(s)||Rhoda Wright (m. 1942–2012; her death)|
Born in 1920 in Toronto, Ontario, Colville moved with his family at age seven to St. Catharines, and then to Amherst, Nova Scotia in 1929. He attended Mount Allison University from 1938 to 1942, graduating with a Bachelor of Fine Arts.
He married Rhoda Wright in 1942 and enlisted in the Canadian Army in the infantry, eventually earning the rank of lieutenant. He painted in Yorkshire and took part in the Royal Canadian Navy's landings in southern France. He was then attached to the 3rd Canadian Division. In the army for two years, and because he was a fine-arts student, he was made a war artist in May 1944. His unit relieved the 82nd Airborne Division at Nijmegen, Netherlands in mid-September 1944 during Operation Market Garden and remained there until the following February. He continued on to tours in the Netherlands and Germany, where he was also tasked with depicting the horrors of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
Colville returned to New Brunswick after the war and became a faculty member with the Fine Arts Department at Mount Allison University where he taught from 1946 to 1963. He left teaching to devote himself to painting and print-making full-time from a studio in his home on York Street; this building is now named Colville House.
In 1967, Colville was made an Officer of the Order of Canada, elevated to Companion in 1982, the order's highest level. He lived in St. Catharines, Ontario, for three years before moving to Nova Scotia. In 1973, he moved his family to his wife's hometown of Wolfville, where they lived and worked in the house that her father built and in which she was born. The Colvilles had three sons, a daughter, and eight grandchildren. In contrast to many of his contemporaries, Colville aligned himself with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and was a card-carrying party member for many years. In 1981 he was appointed university chancellor of Acadia University serving in that role until 1991.
Colville died on 16 July 2013 at his house in Wolfville at the age of 92 of a heart condition. His wife Rhoda Wright died on 29 December 2012. They are survived by three of their four children, Graham, Charles, and Ann. Their second son, John, died on 22 February 2012.
Colville exhibited extensively across Canada and internationally including at the Tate Gallery in London and the Beijing Exhibition Centre in Beijing. In 1983 an international touring retrospective of his work was organized by the Art Gallery of Ontario.
Alex Colville's work is found in many collections including the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, the Cape Breton University Art Gallery in Sydney, Nova Scotia, the New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, the Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou in Paris, the Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne and the Kestnergesellschaft in Hanover, Germany.
This 1954 work was inspired by two lines from the poet Roy Campbell:
"Horse and Train" is a part of the Art Gallery of Hamilton's permanent collection; Dominion Foundries and Steel, Ltd. (Dofasco Inc) donated the painting in 1957. It appears on the cover of the album Night Vision by Bruce Cockburn. Alex Colville and "Horse and Train" are mentioned in the introduction (and in the story itself) of Nova Scotia fiction writer Barry Wood's short story Nowhere to Go published in England's Postscripts #14 in 2008. Reproduction at the wall in the film 'The Shining', position hallway, during doctors visit.
His mural in Tweedie Hall at Mount Allison University, known officially as "The History of Mount Allison" or "The Circuit Rider".
His 1967 painting "Pacific", showing a man leaning against an open door looking out to sea while a Browning Hi-Power pistol rests on a table in the foreground, inspired one of the definitive scenes in the 1995 film Heat with actor Robert De Niro.
Painted in 1953, its sale at auction for $1.287 million set a record for a work by a living Canadian artist. Part of the estate of the late G. Hamilton Southam (1918–2008), it was sold at an auction of Canadian post-war and contemporary art by Heffel Fine Art Auction House on November 25, 2010. Expected to get up to $600,000, the price inflated during a three-way bidding war between two Canadian phone bidders and a person at the auction.
Trained as an infantry officer, he did a painting when World War II ended. Based upon numerous drawings, it was called "Infantry" and is now in the Canadian War Museum. It represents a platoon of Canadian soldiers spread out and marching along both sides of a road. Colville believed it conveyed his perception of war, as both heroism and enduring persistence among nature's elements and constant danger. The face of the first man is actually a portrait of the artist's father.
|Infantry, near Nijmegen, Holland||1946||Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|
|The History of Mount Allison (The Circuit Rider)||1948||Mount Allison University in Tweedie Hall, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada|
|Nude and Dummy||1950||New Brunswick Museum, St John, New Brunswick, Canada|
|Man on Verandah||1953||Private collection, Germany|
|Horse and Train||1954||Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada|
|Family and Rainstorm||1955||Museum of Modern Art, New York City, New York, USA|
|Couple on Beach||1957||National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|
|Ocean Limited||1962||Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada|
|Skater||1964||Museum of Modern Art, New York City, New York, USA|
|To Prince Edward Island||1965||National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|
|Pacific||1967||Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Dog and Priest||1978||Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Target Pistol and Man||1980||Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Cyclist and Crow||1981||Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Black Cat||1996||Mount Allison University in Owens Art Gallery, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada|
|Waterville||2003||Private collection, Canada|
In 1965, Colville was commissioned to design the images on the Canadian 1867-1967 centennial commemorative coin set. The set consists of the following designs: Rock dove on 1 cent coin, rabbit on 5 cent coin, mackerel on 10 cent coin, lynx on 25 cent coin, wolf on 50 cent coin and goose on the 1 dollar coin.
On 22 March 2002 Canada Post issued 'Church and Horse, 1964, Alex Colville' in the Masterpieces of Canadian art series. The stamp was designed by Pierre-Yves Pelletier based on a painting "Church and Horse" (1964) by Alex Colville. The $1.25 stamps are perforated 13 X 13.5 and were printed by Ashton-Potter Limited.
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