|APEC China 2014|
APEC China 2014 Delegates
|Venue(s)||International Conference Center, Beijing|
Prior to a two plane tragedies of Malaysia Airlines flight between MH370 and MH17, this was the first APEC meeting for Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha and Chilean President Michelle Bachelet (in her comeback) since their inaugurations on 20 October 2014, 22 May 2014 and 11 March 2014, respectively.
It was also the last APEC meeting for Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott (who stepped down on September 15, 2015 following the 2015 Australian leadership spill) and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper (who stepped down on November 4, 2015 following the 2015 Canadian federal election).
|Attendees at the|
2014 APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting
|Australia||Prime Minister||Tony Abbott|
|Canada||Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|China||President||Xi Jinping (host)|
|Hong Kong||Chief Executive||Leung Chun-ying|
|Japan||Prime Minister||Shinzō Abe|
|South Korea||President||Park Geun-hye|
|Malaysia||Prime Minister||Najib Razak|
|Mexico||President||Enrique Peña Nieto|
|New Zealand||Prime Minister||John Key|
|Papua New Guinea||Prime Minister||Peter O'Neill|
|Philippines||President||Benigno Aquino III|
|Singapore||Prime Minister||Lee Hsien Loong|
|Chinese Taipei||Special Representative||Siew Wan-chang|
|Thailand||Prime Minister||Prayuth Chan-ocha|
|United States||President||Barack Obama|
|Vietnam||President||Trương Tấn Sang|
China attempted to prevent Beijing's frequent smog from occurring during the meeting through various measures, including limiting driving and closing down factories in Beijing and the surrounding province of Hebei. The air was clear towards the beginning of the APEC week, but was predicted to be somewhat smoggy during the summit itself. The efforts created somewhat of a backlash among internet users, with the phrase "APEC blue" being coined to satirically refer to something fleeting.
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had a highly anticipated face-to-face meeting on November 10. Both leaders were described as looking noticeably dour in the photos of them taken prior to the meeting.
On November 12, Xi and Obama announced that their two nations would work to reduce greenhouse gases. The United States would cut their 2005 carbon emissions by 26% to 28% by 2025, while China would peak their carbon emissions by 2030 and strive to achieve 20% of its energy from sources that do not produce carbon emissions. This agreement marks the first time that China agreed to peak its carbon emissions.
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