9909 Eschenbach

9909 Eschenbach
Orbit of Eschenbach (blue), with the inner planets and Jupiter (outermost)
Discovery [1]
Discovered byC. J. van Houten
I. van Houten-G.
T. Gehrels
Discovery sitePalomar Obs.
Discovery date26 March 1971
(9909) Eschenbach
Named after
Wolfram von Eschenbach
(medieval knight and poet)[2]
4355 T-1 · 1969 VD2
1994 RW4
main-belt[1][3] · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc47.47 yr (17,337 days)
Aphelion2.7334 AU
Perihelion1.9620 AU
2.3477 AU
3.60 yr (1,314 days)
0° 16m 26.4s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions3.404±0.127 km[4]
23.4 km[5]

9909 Eschenbach, provisional designation 4355 T-1, is a Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, roughly 10 kilometers in diameter.

The asteroid was discovered on 26 March 1971, by Dutch astronomer couple Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten, as well as Dutch–American astronomer Tom Gehrels. The asteroid was spotted during the Palomar–Leiden survey by examining photographic plates taken at Palomar Observatory, California, United States.[3] It was named after medieval knight and poet Wolfram von Eschenbach.[2]

Orbit and classification[]

Eschenbach is a member of the Flora family. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 7 months (1,314 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] It was first identified as 1969 VD2 at Crimea-Nauchnij in 1969, extending the body's observation arc by 2 years prior to its official discovery observation at Palomar.[3]

Survey designation[]

The survey designation "T-1" stands for the first Palomar–Leiden Trojan survey, named after the fruitful collaboration of the Palomar and Leiden Observatory in the 1960s and 1970s. Gehrels used Palomar's Samuel Oschin telescope (also known as the 48-inch Schmidt Telescope), and shipped the photographic plates to Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden Observatory where astrometry was carried out. The trio are cred with the discovery of several thousand minor planets.[6]

Physical characteristics[]

Diameter and albedo[]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Eschenbach measures 23.4 and 3.404 kilometers in diameter, respectively.[4][5] NEOWISE also finds an exceptionally high albedo of 0.460 for the body's surface.[4] It has an absolute magnitude of 13.8[1]


As of 2017, the asteroid's rotation period and shape remain unknown.[1][7]


This minor planet was named after German medieval knight and poet Wolfram von Eschenbach (1168–1220) one of the greatest poets of his time along with Gottfried von Strassburg and Hartmann von Aue (also see 9908 Aue). Wolfram von Eschenbach is known for his epic Parzival and for two other narrative works: the fragmentary Titurel and the unfinished Willehalm.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 2 April 1999 (M.P.C. 34356).[8]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 9909 Eschenbach (4355 T-1)" (2017-05-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(9909) Eschenbach". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (9909) Eschenbach. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 713. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_7748. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c "9909 Eschenbach (4355 T-1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b Tedesco E.F.; Noah P.V.; Noah M.; Price S.D. "The supplemental IRAS minor planet survey (SIMPS)".
  6. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers". Minor Planet Center. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  7. ^ "LCDB Data for (9909) Eschenbach". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  8. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 March 2017.

External links[]