|7 mm Weatherby Magnum|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Case type||Belted, Bottleneck|
|Bullet diameter||.284 in (7.2 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.312 in (7.9 mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.490 in (12.4 mm)|
|Base diameter||.511 in (13.0 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.530 in (13.5 mm)|
|Rim thickness||.048 in (1.2 mm)|
|Case length||2.55 in (65 mm)|
|Overall length||3.25 in (83 mm)|
|Primer type||Large Rifle|
|Maximum pressure||65,000 psi|
|Test barrel length: 26|
The 7 mm Weatherby Magnum is a powerful 7 mm rifle cartridge offered by the Weatherby firearms company in their Mark V rifles. The cartridge was one of the first cartridges offered by the Weatherby company.
It was developed among the first line of Weatherby cartridges back in the early 1940s by Roy Weatherby. As other Weatherby Magnum cartridges, the 7mm Wby Mag design is based on the .300 Holland & Holland Magnum case, necked down to .284 caliber, featuring a double radious neck and a straight taper, shortened to be feed from a standard length action, as the .257 Wby Mag and the .270 Wby Mag do.
The 7 mm Weatherby Magnum did not get a lot of exposure until the early part of the 1950s when the Weatherby rifles became more available. The more popular 7mm Remington Magnum was introduced in 1962 similar ballistics when compared to the 7mm Weatherby. However, being introduced 18 years earlier, the .7mm Weatherby Magnum, due to the case design delivers a slight edge over the more popular 7mm Rem Mag in terms of ballistics. Additionally, since it is fed from a similar action length as the former, not being handicapped by rifle cost or additional weight.
The 7mm Weatherby Magnum is a very adequate cartridge for hunting medium to large sized deer such as mule deer, wapiti and moose, up to long ranges due to its plain trajectory with bullets of different weights and due to the high ballistic coefficient the .7mm bullets are praised for. However, with an adequately constructed bullets, the .7mm Wby Mag may be used for hunting larger game including the great Bears and the American Bison.
As with other belted magnum cartridges, recoil is significant, and due to the high pressures that are characteristic of Weatherby Magnum, recoil may be felt slight, though not as heavy as larger caliber magnums such as the .300 Weatherby Magnum. Care must be taken to confirm what twist rate was used, as the earlier West German 7mm Weatherbys used a 1 in 12 twist vs the faster 1 in 10 twist for those of later manufacture. The 1x12 twist rifles will not stabilize bullets over 150 grains, while the 1x10 twist rifles will stabilize bullets weighing up to 175 grains.