6.5mm Creedmoor

6.5mm Creedmoor
6.5 lineup.jpg
Size comparison of some 6.5mm cartridges, left to right: .264 Winchester Magnum, 6.5×55mm Swedish, 6.5×52mm Carcano, .260 Remington, 6.5mm Creedmoor, 6.5mm Grendel
TypeCenterfire rifle
Place of originUnited States
Production history
Designed2007
ManufacturerHornady
Produced2008–present
Specifications
Parent case.30 Thompson Center
Case typeRimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter.2644 in (6.72 mm)
Land diameter.2559 in (6.50 mm)
Neck diameter.2950 in (7.49 mm)
Shoulder diameter.4620 in (11.73 mm)
Base diameter.4703 in (11.95 mm)
Rim diameter.4730 in (12.01 mm)
Rim thickness.054 in (1.4 mm)
Case length1.920 in (48.8 mm)
Overall length2.825 in (71.8 mm)
Case capacity52.5 gr H2O (3.40 cm3)
Rifling twist1-8" (203 mm)
Primer typeLarge rifle, Small rifle (Alpha Munitions, Lapua and Starline brass)
Maximum pressure (C.I.P.)63,091 psi (435.00 MPa)
Maximum pressure (SAAMI)62,000 psi (430 MPa)
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
120 gr (8 g) AMAX 3,020 ft/s (920 m/s) 2,430 ft⋅lbf (3,290 J)
143 gr (9 g) Hornady ELD-X 2,710 ft/s (830 m/s) 2,283 ft⋅lbf (3,095 J)
Test barrel length: 28 inch
Source(s): Hornady,[1] SAAMI,[2][3] C.I.P. [4][5]

The 6.5mm Creedmoor (6.5×48 mm),[6] designated 6.5 Creedmoor by SAAMI, 6.5 Creedmoor by the C.I.P. or 6.5 CM or 6.5 CRDMR for short, is a centerfire rifle cartridge introduced by Hornady in 2007.[7] It was developed by Hornady senior ballistics scientist Dave Emary in partnership with Dennis DeMille, the vice-president of product development at Creedmoor Sports, hence the name. The cartridge is a necked-down modification of the .30 Thompson Center.[8][9]

The 6.5mm Creedmoor was designed specifically for long-range target shooting,[7] although it has success in game hunting.[8] Bullet-for-bullet, the 6.5mm Creedmoor achieves a slower muzzle velocity than longer cartridges such as the 6.5-284 Norma or magnum cartridges such as the 6.5mm Remington Magnum. However, due to its overall length of 2.825 inches (71.8 mm), it is capable of chambering in short-action rifles like the 6.5×47mm Lapua.

Design considerations[]

In general, 6.5 mm (.264") bullets are known for their relatively high sectional density[8] and ballistic coefficients, and see success in rifle competition. The 6.5mm Creedmoor was designed for target shooting at longer ranges, and as such, couples a sensible case volume (3.40 ml) to bore area (34.66 mm2/0.3466 cm2) ratio with ample space for loading relatively-long slender projectiles providing good aerodynamic efficiency and external ballistic performance for the projectile diameter.[4] For some loads, the 6.5mm Creedmoor is capable of duplicating the muzzle velocity[2] or trajectory[10] of the .300 Winchester Magnum while generating significantly-lower recoil, based on lighter projectile weight.

Cartridge dimensions[]

The 6.5mm Creedmoor has 3.40 ml (52.5 grains H2O) cartridge case capacity.

6.5mm Creedmoor dimensions.png

6.5mm Creedmoor maximum C.I.P. cartridge dimensions. All sizes in millimeters (mm).[4]

Americans define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 = 30 degrees. The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 203 mm (1 in 8 in), 6 grooves, Ø lands = 6.50 mm (0.256 in), Ø grooves = 6.71 mm (0.264 in), land width = 2.29 mm (0.090 in), and the primer type is large rifle or small rifle depending on the cartridge case manufacturer.[4]

According to the official C.I.P. (Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives) rulings, 6.5mm Creedmoor can handle up to 435.00 MPa (63,091 psi) Pmax piezo pressure. In C.I.P. regulated countries, every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofed at 125% of this maximum C.I.P. pressure to certify for sale to consumers. In CIP-regulated areas, 6.5mm Creedmoor chambered arms are proof-tested at 543.80 MPa (78,872 psi) PE piezo pressure.[4]

The SAAMI Maximum Average Pressure (MAP) for this cartridge is 62,000 psi (427.47 MPa) piezo pressure[11]

Performance[]

The 6.5mm Creedmoor is a medium-power cartridge comparable to the .260 Remington and 6.5×47mm Lapua.[12] Its energy at 300 yards using 129-grain Hornady SST bullets is listed by an independent reviewer as 1,641 foot-pounds force (2,225 J).[13] For the 140-grain bullet at 2,700 feet per second (823 m/s) initial velocity, another reviewer reports an MPBR[14] for a six-inch-high target of 265 yards (242 m), and reports a manufacturer-claim of "almost 1,600 ft⋅lbf (2,169 J)" of retained energy at 300 yards (274 m) using a 24 inches (610 mm) barrel.[15] SAAMI test data confirms 6.5 mm Creedmoor, 15 feet (4.6 m) from muzzle, velocity of 2,940 ft/s (896 m/s) for the 129-grain bullet and 2,690 ft/s (820 m/s) for the 140-grain bullet (which compares to .300 Winchester Magnum data of 2,930 ft/s (893 m/s) for a 200-grain bullet and 2,665 ft/s (812 m/s) for a 210-grain bullet).[2] 6.5mm Creedmoor can provide sub-half-minute of angle accuracy from factory ammo.[citation needed]

The cartridge stays supersonic and maintains its accuracy to past 1,200 yd (1,097 m),[16] while the .308 Winchester with non-ideal for long range use 168-grain match bullets has a supersonic range of about 975 yd (892 m).[17]

A semiautomatic sniper rifle with a 20-inch barrel, in 6.5mm Creedmoor, is capable of engaging military targets from point blank range to 1,100 meters.[18]

Handloading[]

The longest 140gr bullets reach the neck-shoulder junction. Due to the relatively long neck, it can be reloaded with long target bullets without placing the base of the bullet below the neck. This eliminates the "donut" problem seen by many cases after being reloaded over 20 times. Left to right: a Remington 140gr and a 123gr A-Max. Calipers are set to magazine length.

Handloading costs for the 6.5mm Creedmoor are roughly-equivalent to other 6.5 mm cartridges, such as the 6.5×47mm Lapua, due to the availability of Lapua small primer brass for both cartridges.[19][20] As of January 2020 Lapua is also manufacturing 6.5 Creedmoor brass with large rifle primers.[21] Norma makes brass for the cartridge, and Norma brass is available through several major-retailers at approximately the same cost as Lapua brass. Lapua brass for 6.5×47 lasts for about 12-to-20 reloads.[22] Starline sells brass cases with either large or small primer pockets, with small pocket brass costing slightly more.[23]

After the 6.5mm Creedmoor was introduced, it was advertised as a 60,000 psi capable case.[7] However, after it was placed into production, Hornady listed it as 62,000 psi, then registered it with SAAMI as such. For this reason, many hand loaders have poor experiences reloading for it. Blown primers on the first shot at 62,000 psi are not uncommon. Early shooting articles listed the ammo as loaded to 58,000 psi,[5] but later citings list it as 57,000 psi.[24] Hornady reduced the loads in its factory ammo because of complaints it was often blowing primers.[25]

Lapua delivered 6.5mm Creedmoor brass at Shot show 2017,[26] and production quantities became available via major retailers in second quarter 2017. The Lapua version has a small primer pocket.[19][27] Thus, load data for small-primer brass are not interchangeable with those for large-primer brass. A smaller diameter decapping rod is required to size and decap. As of January 2020 Lapua also manufactures its brass with large rifle primers addressing concerns that some small rifle primers may not efficiently ignite the powder charge in cold weather conditions causing hang fires or misfires. Large rifle primer Lapua brass also allows the use of a standard size decapping rod.[21]

The 6.5mm Creedmoor as parent case[]

From left: 6mm Creedmoor, 6.5mm Creedmoor, .308 Winchester

The 6mm Creedmoor is a necked-down version of the 6.5mm Creedmoor using 6 mm (.243 inch) bullets, lighter than 6.5 mm bullets with similarly-reduced recoil.[28] John Snow at Outdoor Life designed it in 2009. As of May 2018, Savage Arms offers three bolt-action rifles and one semiautomatic rifle chambered in 6mm Creedmoor.[29] As of May 2018, Hornady offers 87-gr Varmint Express, 103-gr Precision Hunter and 108-gr Match ammunition in 6mm Creedmoor.[30]

The 22 Creedmoor is another even further necked-down version of the 6.5mm Creedmoor using .22 (.224 inch) bullets, lighter than 6 mm bullets with even softer recoil.[31]

Military use[]

In October 2017, U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) tested the performance of 7.62×51mm NATO (M118LR long-range 7.62×51mm NATO load), .260 Remington, and 6.5mm Creedmoor cartridges out of SR-25, M110A1, and Mk 20 Sniper Support Rifle (SSR) rifles. SOCOM determined 6.5 Creedmoor performed the best, doubling hit-probability at 1,000 m (1,094 yd), increasing effective range by nearly-half, reducing wind drift by a third, with less recoil than 7.62×51mm NATO rounds. Tests showed the .260 Remington and 6.5mm Creedmoor cartridges were similarly accurate and reliable, and the external ballistic behavior was also very-similar. The prevailing attitude is there was more room with the 6.5mm Creedmoor to develop projectiles and loads.[32][33]

As the two cartridges (7.62×51mm NATO and 6.5 mm Creedmoor) have similar dimensions, the same magazines can be used, and a rifle can be converted with just a barrel change. This led to its adoption and fielding by special operations snipers to replace the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge in their semi-automatic sniper rifles, planned in early 2019. In response to SOCOM's adoption, Department of Homeland Security also decided to adopt the round.[34][35] U.S. Special Operations Command will convert their 7.62×51mm NATO M110 Semi-automatic Sniper rifle (SASS) and Mk 20 Sniper Support Rifle (SSR) rifles to 6.5 Creedmoor in 2019, a process that requires just a new barrel.[36] In 2018, USSOCOM announced they would roll-out 6.5 mm Creedmoor in a long-range precision rifle, and use it in a carbine and assault machine-gun.[6] That means that the US Special Forces will use the same calibre for an assault rifle, light machine gun, and sniper rifle. That will give better penetration and terminal ballistics (because of high sectional density and retained energy), while providing longer range precision fire.[citation needed]

At the National Defense Industry Association’s annual Special Operations Forces Industry Conference (SOFIC), beginning May 20, 2019, FN unveiled a prototype of its Mk 48 Mod 2 machine gun chambered in 6.5mm Creedmoor to fill a USSOCOM requirement. American special operations forces are in the process of acquiring a lightweight belt-fed machine-gun offering better range than existing weapons.[37][38]

In November 2019, the U.S. Navy ordered 6.5mm Creedmoor conversion kits to upgrade the M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System to the M110K1 variant.[39]

In April 2020 the United States Department of Defense decided to replace the Mk13 .300 Winchester Magnum sniper rifle with a 20 inches (510 mm) barrel semi-automatic AR-10 platform chambered in 6.5mm Creedmoor and ammunition for engagements from 0 to 1,200 yards (0 to 1,097 m).[40]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ UPDATED: 135gr to 145gr is no longer available with 2500 ft-lb Hornady's 6.5CM section Archived 2016-01-06 at the Wayback Machine older: Hornady Manufacturing Company Archived 2011-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c "ANSI/SAAMI Velocity & Pressure Data: Centerfire Rifle" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on Jul 15, 2013. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  3. ^ "SAAMI CARTRIDGE AND CHAMBER DRAWING 6.5 CREEDMOOR" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  4. ^ a b c d e "C.I.P. TDCC datasheet 6,5 Creedmoor" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Handloading The 6.5 Creedmoor". Shooting Times. 4 January 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The US Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) 6.5 mm Precision Intermediate Calibre". Oct 31, 2018. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "NEW 6.5 Creedmoor Cartridge from Hornady « Daily Bulletin". bulletin.accurateshooter.com.
  8. ^ a b c Rupp, J. Scott (February 8, 2012). "The Versatile 6.5 Creedmoor". RifleShooter. Guns & Ammo Network. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  9. ^ Hornady Handbook 9, p296
  10. ^ "Hornady ballistics charts" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  11. ^ "ANSI/SAAMI Velocity & Pressure Data: Centerfire Rifle" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2013. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  12. ^ "6.5mm Shootout: .260 Remington vs. 6.5x47 Lapua vs. 6.5 Creedmoor". demigodllc.com.
  13. ^ D'Alessandro, Joe. "The Ruger M77 Hawkeye - 6.5 Creedmoor Part II Handloading the 6.5 Creedmoor for the M77". RealGuns.com. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  14. ^ http://www.chuckhawks.com/mpbr_hunting.htm maximum point-blank range
  15. ^ Wakeman, Randy (2012). "Savage Model 11 Lightweight Hunter 6.5mm Creedmoor Rifle". ChuckHawks.com. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  16. ^ "6.5 Creedmoor: The Long-Range King". demigodllc.com.
  17. ^ "Behind the Bullet: 6.5 Creedmoor". www.americanhunter.org. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  18. ^ "Department of Defense Chooses Hornady 6.5 Creedmoor Ammo". 29 April 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Lapua Now Offers 6.5 Creedmoor Cartridge Brass « Daily Bulletin". bulletin.accurateshooter.com.
  20. ^ Cal (13 October 2015). "Best Rifle Caliber – What The Pros Use". PrecisionRifleBlog.com.
  21. ^ a b "New! 6.5 Creedmoor Large Rifle Primer cartridge case". Lapua. 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  22. ^ "6.5×47 Lapua Cartridge Guide within AccurateShooter.com". www.accurateshooter.com.
  23. ^ "New Rifle Calibers - Rifle, Handgun and Pistol Reloading Brass". www.starlinebrass.com.
  24. ^ "A Pedigreed 6.5". Rifle Shooter. 1 April 2011.
  25. ^ "Hornady Reduces 120gr Load for 6.5 Creedmoor Ammunition « Daily Bulletin". bulletin.accurateshooter.com.
  26. ^ "6.5 creedmoor lapua brass". Shooters' Forum.
  27. ^ "Lapua 6.5 Creedmoor Brass Has Arrived at Graf & Sons « Daily Bulletin". bulletin.accurateshooter.com.
  28. ^ "SAAMI Cartridge and Chamber Drawing 6mm Creedmoor" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  29. ^ "Savage Arms - Savage Firearms". savagearms.com.
  30. ^ "Rifle Ammunition". Hornady Manufacturing, Inc.
  31. ^ "22 Creedmoor". LoadDevelopment.com. 29 September 2020.
  32. ^ USSOCOM Adopts 6.5 Creedmoor. soldiersystems.net, 23 March 2018
  33. ^ Weapons: The Hits Just Keep On Coming. strategypage.com, 7 January 2019
  34. ^ SOCOM snipers will ditch their bullets for this new round next year. Military Times. 8 May 2018.
  35. ^ Homeland Security shooters are dumping .308 for this long-range round. Military Times. 7 May 2018.
  36. ^ "6.5 Creedmoor vs .308 Winchester...No Contest". The Truth About Guns. Aug 4, 2020. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  37. ^ Trevithick, Joseph. "U.S. Special Operators Will Soon Be Using This 6.5mm "Assault" Machine Gun". The Drive. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  38. ^ "FN MK 48 Mod 2 Machine Gun Prototype in 6.5CM Unveiled". The Truth About Guns. Jun 11, 2019. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.
  39. ^ "U.S. Navy to improve M110 semi-automatic sniper system". DefenceBlog. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  40. ^ Staff, Guns & Ammo Digital (Apr 29, 2020). "Department of Defense Chooses Hornady 6.5 Creedmoor Ammo". Guns and Ammo. Retrieved Jan 4, 2021.

External links[]