|Discovered by||N. Chernykh|
|Discovery site||Crimean Astrophysical Obs.|
|Discovery date||22 September 1973|
|MPC designation||(2644) Victor Jara|
|Víctor Jara |
(Chilean singer and composer)
|1973 SO2 · 1979 HD|
|main-belt  · (inner)|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||64.04 yr (23,389 d)|
|3.20 yr (1,168 d)|
|0° 18m 29.88s / day|
2644 Victor Jara, provisional designation 1973 SO2, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 22 September 1973, by Soviet-Russian astronomer Nikolai Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula. It was named after Chilean singer and composer Víctor Jara.
Victor Jara is a non-family asteroid of the main belt's background population. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.8–2.5 AU once every 3 years and 2 months (1,168 days; semi-major axis of 2.17 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.17 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.
Víctor Jara toured the Soviet Union in the 1960s and praised its culture, its scientific achievements and the friendliness of its working people. He was tortured and murdered shortly after the 1973 Chilean coup d'état led by Army Commander-in-Chief Augusto Pinochet, that ended the democratically elected government of the socialist Salvador Allende Gossens.