2021 Kaohsiung tower fire

2021 Kaohsiung building fire
Native name 高雄城中城大樓大火
Date14 October 2021
Time02:54 NST (UTC+8)
Coordinates22°37′43″N 120°17′07″E / 22.62861°N 120.28528°E / 22.62861; 120.28528Coordinates: 22°37′43″N 120°17′07″E / 22.62861°N 120.28528°E / 22.62861; 120.28528
Non-fatal injuries41

In the early morning hours of 14 October 2021, at 02:54 NST (UTC+8), a fire broke out in a 13 floor building on Fubei Road in the Yancheng District of Kaohsiung in southwestern Taiwan. At least 46 people were killed, and 41 others were injured. The fire was extinguished after about four and a half hours. The cause of the fire is under investigation, although piles of debris left around the building may have complicated rescue efforts and helped fuel the fire.

It is the deadliest fire in the city's history, and the deadliest building fire in Taiwan since 1995, when a karaoke bar in Taichung in central Taiwan caught fire, killing 64 people[2][3] and overall the third-deadliest fire in the history of Taiwan.


The Cheng Chung Cheng Building (Chinese: 城中城大樓), built around 1981,[4] is a 13-floor commercial and residential building, one of many apartment buildings in the Yancheng District, an older section of Kaohsiung.[5][1][6][7] The mayor of Kaohsiung Chen Chi-mai stated that the building had previously housed a cinema, as well as restaurants and karaoke lounges, but was partially abandoned at the time of the fire, save for around 120 households.[5][8] Officials also stated that the building was 40 years old, and that a few shops were located in the lower levels.[9] Two underground floors were not being used, and the first to fifth floors were abandoned.[8]

Usage of Chengzhongcheng Building[8][9][10][11]
Floor Originally During the fire
12 Restaurant Closed
7–11 Office Divided flats
5–6 Movie theater Abandoned
1–4 Shopping mall Some shops on
lower levels
B1 Car park Abandoned
B2 Shopping mall & Cabaret

About 120 households lived between the seventh and eleventh floors.[12] Fire chief Lee Ching-hsiu stated that most of the residents were elderly and either suffering from physical ailments or dementia.[12] The apartments were as small as 13 m2 (140 sq ft), and many residents lived alone.[6]

The tower had suffered another fire earlier in its lifetime, in 1999.[13][14] This earlier fire had occurred during daylight hours, and firefighters were able to rescue 28 people that were trapped in the building, resulting in no deaths.[13][14]

Locals called the tower "Kaohsiung's No. 1 ghost building".[1] Fire extinguishers had only been installed the month prior, with only three per floor due to lack of funds.[6] In 2007, Apple Daily reported that the abandoned theatre in the building had become a meeting spot for gay men to engage in sexual activities.[15] Urban explorers visiting in 2014 wrote that several sewer pipes in the building's upper floor had burst and that the lower floors were occupied by squatters.[16]


City firefighters at the building

The city's fire department stated that the fire was first reported at 02:54 NST (UTC+8).[1] It is believed by authorities that the fire first broke out, reportedly at 02:45,[17] at a tea-shop on the ground floor of the building.[6] A survivor said she opened her door and saw black smoke everywhere, and other residents stated they heard a loud bang concurrent with that of an explosion before the fire was discovered.[18]

Some 159 firefighters responded to the fire with 75 fire vehicles.[1] Chief Lee stated that because the lower floors had high ceilings and a front made of glass, the fire rose up rapidly, eventually reaching up to the 6th floor, and filling the floors above with smoke.[12][2] By midday at least 62 people had been evacuated from the building, aged between 8 and 83 years-old.[19] Lee reported that the fire had been extinguished by 07:17 NST.[12] More than 377 rescue workers were deployed to the scene and the rescue is ongoing.[19]

While the cause of the fire was not reported immediately, the large amount of debris and clutter in the building reportedly helped spread the fire and added to its intensity.[20] The debris and clutter also impeded the search and rescue and evacuation efforts as many points of access were blocked.[6] Hours after the fire, smoke could still be seen, and the sound of glass breaking was heard around the building.[7]


A total of 46 people died and a further 41 were injured.[12] The fire bureau noted that the average age of the deceased was 62.[2]

Initially, only seven people were reported dead by authorities, but the number grew throughout the night.[19] Thirty-two people were declared deceased at the scene of the fire and sent directly to the morgue, while an additional 14 were sent to the hospital with no signs of life and declared dead there.[21][22]

According to Chief Lee, the number of casualties was expected to rise, as some victims were still believed to be trapped between the 7th and 11th floors.[19] Lee also noted that most of the casualties were caused by smoke inhalation and added that one reason why the casualty count was so high was because the fire happened during the early morning hours, while people were still asleep.[19][12][2]

Three of the people who had died were Mainland Chinese citizens formerly married to Taiwanese nationals.[23]


Authorities have also ordered an investigation to determine the cause of the fire, and have not ruled out the possibility of arson.[5] The police have summoned four witnesses for the investigation.[12] A man surnamed Kuo and a woman surnamed Huang were detained by the Kaohsiung District Prosecutors' Office. After questioning, Kuo was granted bail.[24][25]


President Tsai Ing-wen asked authorities to help relocate those affected.[9] Kaohsiung city councilors called for fire safety to be improved throughout the city, including investigations of old buildings, amending safety standards, and equipment and infrastructure upgrades.[26] Tsai visited the site of the fire on 16 October 2021, and pledged that her administration would improve fire safety and aid urban renewal.[27]

Kaohsiung mayor Chen Chi-mai stated that the city government would pay medical fees for the injured, and aid the people that the fire forced to move.[28] The Taipei City Government subsequently announced that new fire safety laws were to go into effect in January 2022, while members of the Taichung City Council pushed for a report to be made on the city's older structures, and Tainan mayor Huang Wei-cher ordered inspections of fifty buildings.[29]

On 15 October 2021, a Taoist prayer was held at the site of the fire,[30] and that day's Legislative Yuan session opened with a moment of silence.[31]

Kaohsiung mayor Chen Chi-mai accepted the resignation of Fire Bureau chief Lee Ching-hsiu and Public Works Bureau Director-General Su Chih-hsun on 26 October 2021.[32]

Scheduled demolition[]

In November 2021, a team of civil engineers and architects inspected the burnt-out building, and determined it was no longer structurally sound, and its interior conditions were a threat to public safety. They recommended that the building be demolished. The city government has proposed replacing the demolished building with a public park and memorial. The building has a complex ownership structure, with property rights divided amongst hundreds of shareholders, some of whom have publicly opposed the demolition. It appears the government will buy them out at above-market rates, allowing demolition to proceed on December 17, 2021. Former residents have been given notice that all recoverable belongings must be moved out of the building before then.

See also[]


  1. ^ a b c d e "46 dead, 41 injured after Kaohsiung 'ghost building' fire". Taiwan News. 14 October 2021. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d "Death toll in Kaohsiung fire climbs to 46; injuries reach 41 (Update)…".
  3. ^ Qin, Amy; Chang Chien, Amy (14 October 2021). "'It Was a Sea of Flames': At Least 46 Killed in Taiwan Apartment Fire". New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021.
  4. ^ Ge, You-hao; Huang, Hsu-lei; Chin, Jonathan (15 October 2021). "Kaohsiung blaze rages for hours, killing 46 people". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "Fire in Taiwan's Kaohsiung city kills at least 46, wounds over 40". Al Jazeera. 14 October 2021. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e Wu, Huizhong (14 October 2021). "Overnight building fire in Taiwan raged out of control for hours, leaving 46 dead and 41 injured". USA TODAY. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  7. ^ a b "At least 46 killed in Taiwanese apartment building inferno". The Washington Post. 14 October 2021.
  8. ^ a b c 多维新闻 (14 October 2021). "城中城大火至少8人死40人傷 住戶多是社會弱勢︱多維新聞". 多维新闻 (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "Taiwan: Deadly fire rips through apartment building". DW. 14 October 2021. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021.
  10. ^ 翁申霖 (15 October 2021). "「這場悲劇註定會發生」 他沉痛揭城中城內部頹敗真面目!5大致命關鍵 罹難者逃不出來". Business Today Taiwan (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  11. ^ "【高雄大火】失火舊樓「城中城」 從繁榮商廈變弱勢社群聚居地". Stand News (in Chinese). Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "Death toll in Kaohsiung fire climbs to 46; injuries reach 41". CNA English News. 14 October 2021. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  13. ^ a b "風光到沒落... 城中城大樓昔被稱「高雄第一鬼樓」 1999年也曾失火 - 社會". 自由時報電子報. 14 October 2021.
  14. ^ a b "「城中城」大樓40年歷史 風光一時淪為「高雄第一鬼樓」". 台視新聞網. 14 October 2021. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021.
  15. ^ "歇業戲院 變同志尋歡地 | 蘋果新聞網 | 蘋果日報". 蘋果新聞網 (in Chinese). 23 October 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  16. ^ "部落客曝城中城慘況 廢棄戲院泡在屎尿廢水中". 東森新聞 (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  17. ^ "情侶吵架完...2小時後茶具店爆炸釀城中城大火 檢警查縱火". 聯合新聞網 (in Chinese). 14 October 2021. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Kaohsiung: Fire at Taiwan tower block kills at least 46". BBC News. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d e Cheung, Eric (14 October 2021). "At least 46 people killed after fire tears through 13-story residential building in Taiwan". CNN. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  20. ^ "Fire leaves 46 dead, dozens injured in southern Taiwan - Times of India". The Times of India. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  21. ^ "A fire at a building in southern Taiwan has left 46 dead and dozens hurt". NPR. Associated Press. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  22. ^ ""Fierce" fire guts Taiwan apartment building, killing almost 50 - CBS…".
  23. ^ Miao, Zong-han; Chiu, Kuo-chiang; Hung, Hsueh-kuang; Liu, Kay (15 October 2021). "Government to assist families of deceased Chinese in Kaohsiung fire". Central News Agency. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  24. ^ Hung, Hsueh-kuang; Ko, Lin (15 October 2021). "Prosecutors ask to detain Kaohsiung fire suspect". Central News Agency. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  25. ^ Hung, Hsueh-kuang; Ko, Lin (15 October 2021). "Suspect in deadly Kaohsiung fire detained". Central News Agency. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  26. ^ Hung, Hsueh-kuang; Tsai, Meng-yu; Wang, Ken (14 October 2021). "Kaohsiung mayor apologizes for deadly fire". Central News Agency. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  27. ^ Wu, Su-wei; Chung, Jake (17 October 2021). "Tsai pledges fire safety reforms". Taipei Times. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  28. ^ Hung, Hsueh-kuang; Chang, Chi; Teng, Pei-ju (16 October 2021). "President admits regulations lax after 46 die in building fire". Central News Agency. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  29. ^ Yang, Hsin-hui; Chang, Hsuan-tse (17 October 2021). "Inspections being stepped up nationwide". Taipei Times. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  30. ^ "Investigators question couple over fire". Taipei Times. 16 October 2021. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  31. ^ Pan, Jason (16 October 2021). "KMT attempts to block premier". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  32. ^ Tsai, Meng-yu; Chiang, Yi-ching (27 October 2021). "Kaohsiung fire, public works chiefs resign over deadly fire". Central News Agency. Retrieved 29 October 2021. Republished as: "Bureau heads resign posts over deadly Kaohsiung fire". Taipei Times. 29 October 2021. Retrieved 29 October 2021.