2020 Moldovan presidential election

2020 Moldovan presidential election

← 2016 1 November 2020 (first round)
15 November 2020 (second round)
2024 →
  Maia Sandu (2019) II.jpg Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg
Candidate Maia Sandu Igor Dodon
Party PAS Independent
Alliance None PSRM
Popular vote 943,006 690,615
Percentage 57.72% 42.28%

2020 Moldovan presidential election map (2nd round).svg
Results of the second round by territorial electoral commissions.

President before election

Igor Dodon
PSRM

Elected President

Maia Sandu
PAS

Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova portal

The 2020 Moldovan presidential election, the fourth direct Moldovan presidential election since independence in 1991, was held on 1 November.[1] Voters had the possibility to either elect a new president or re-elect the incumbent Igor Dodon. Because no candidate received a majority of votes in the first round, a run-off between the top two candidates, Maia Sandu and Dodon, was held on 15 November. Maia Sandu won the second round with 57.72% of the vote,[2][3] becoming the first female President of the country and the first winner from the Party of Action and Solidarity.

Electoral system[]

Eligibility requirements[]

The Constitution of Moldova (Article 78, Clause 2) defines four conditions that a presidential candidate must satisfy: Moldovan citizenship, at least 40 years of age, residence in Moldova for at least 10 years, and ability to speak the state language. Article 80 of the Constitution establishes a term limit: one individual cannot serve more than 2 terms in a row.[4]

Procedure[]

Candidates can be nominated by a political party, an electoral alliance, or run as independents. They have to collect at least 15,000 voter signatures in their support from at least half of Moldova's level 2 administrative territorial units with at least 600 signatures in each of them.[5] The election results can be considered valid only if the turnout is above or equal to 33%. The candidate who receives an absolute majority of the votes is elected president. If no candidate receives a majority of the votes, a second round between the top 2 candidates is held two weeks after the first round. The candidate with the largest number of votes in the second round then becomes president.[6]

Candidates[]

Candidate Current office held Nominating party/coalition Status
Igor Dodon[7] Incumbent President of Moldova Independent, supported by the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) Registered[8]
Maia Sandu[9] Chairwoman of the PAS Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS), supported by Pro Moldova Registered[8]
Andrei Năstase[10] Member of the Chișinău Municipal Council; Chairman of the PPDA Dignity and Truth Platform Party (PPDA), supported by Constantin Oboroc Registered[8]
Dorin Chirtoacă[11] Member of the Chișinău Municipal Council; Chairman of the PL "Union" Political Movement, formed by: Registered[8]
Octavian Țîcu[12] Member of Parliament; Chairman of the PUN National Unity Party (PUN) Registered[8]
Renato Usatîi Mayor of Bălți; Chairman of PN Our Party (PN) Registered[8]
Tudor Deliu Ex-Chairman of the PLDM Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM) Registered[8]
Violeta Ivanov Member of Parliament Șor Party (PPȘ) Registered[8]
Andrian Candu Member of Parliament; Chairman of the PMP Pro Moldova Party (PPM) Registration denied by CEC[13]
Ion Costaș 1st Minister of Internal Affairs of Moldova Independent Candicacy withdrawn[14]
Alexandr Kalinin Chairman of the PRM Party of Regions of Moldova (PRM) Candicacy withdrawn[15]
Constantin Oboroc Ex-First Deputy Prime Minister of Moldova Independent Registration failed[16]
Serghei Toma Chairman of the POM Working People's Party (POM) Registration failed[17]

Campaign[]

The electoral campaign for the first round started on 2 October 2020 and ended on 30 October 2020.[18] The electoral campaign for the second round started on 2 November and ended on 13 November 2020.

First round[]

Igor Dodon[]

Logo of Dodon's campaign

Igor Dodon announced that he intended to run for reelection as an independent candidate on 9 September 2020.[19] His stated reason for running as such was the fact that, according to Moldovan law, the president cannot be a member of a political party. Dodon thought that running as a party's candidate could open the way for his opponents to contest the legitimacy of his participation at the constitutional court.[20]

On 21 September 2020, he presented the necessary signatures supporting him for registration to Central Election Commission of Moldova (CEC). The CEC declared that he would be listed fourth on the ballot if registered.[21] Igor Dodon formally launched his campaign on 2 October 2020. Shortly after doing this, he announced that he was not going to make use of billboards and that he would not, at least in the first round, take part in any debates.[22] On 6 October 2020, the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) officially endorsed Dodon's candidacy.[23] Widely regarded as the most pro-Russian candidate on the ballot, Dodon advocated to codify into law the role of the Russian language, make studying Russian compulsory in schools and strengthening strategic partnership with Russia. Other key pillars of his campaign were preserving Moldova's territorial sovereignty, strengthening the social security system and promoting Christian and family values.[24]

After announcing the official end of his campaign for the first round on 30 October, Dodon stated that he had organized more than 240 meetings with voters in hundreds of cities and villages which allowed him to meet more than 45,000 people.[25]

Maia Sandu[]

Logo of Sandu's campaign

Maia Sandu announced her candidacy for the 2020 presidential election on 18 July 2020. She was nominated by the Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) as a result of a decision made by the National Political Council of the party. [26]After running as a joint candidate of DA and PAS in 2016, she stated that in 2020, a joint pro-European candidate would not be needed as there was not a risk of there being no pro-European candidates in the second round of the election.[27] On 23 September, Sandu announced that her team managed to collect 30,000 signatures in her favor, out of which only 25,000 (the maximum number allowed) were presented to the CEC.[28] After registering Sandu's candidacy, CEC announced that she would be listed sixth on the ballot.

On 2 October 2020, Sandu officially launched her campaign. During her campaign launch event, Sandu held 2 speeches, one in Romanian and one in Russian, promising to fight corruption, poverty and to reform the criminal justice system.[29] Other priorities of her campaign were reducing unemployment, raising the minimum pension to 2,000 lei (around 117 USD) and building closer ties with the European Union.[30] Sandu's campaign accused her main opponent, the incumbent president Dodon, of deliberately hindering criminal justice system reform, poor management of the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact, usage of administrative resources in his campaign and attempts to rig the election.[31][32][33][34] Sandu tried multiple times to organize a debate with Dodon, which the latter refused to attend.[35]

On 30 October 2020, Sandu officially announced the end of her campaign for the first round, saying that she managed to visit all of Moldova's districts and organize over 300 meetings with voters.[36]

Renato Usatîi[]

Logo of Usatîi's campaign

On 27 July 2020, Renato Usatîi announced that he wanted the people to decide whether he should run for president in 2020.[37] During a press conference, he asked people to record short videos in which they would express their views on his potential candidacy and send them to him before 27 August 2020. On 26 August 2020, Usatîi posted a YouTube compilation video with people expressing support for his candidacy and claimed that tens of thousands of people asked him to run for president.[38] The next day, Usatîi organized an open air press conference during which he officially announced his candidacy for the 2020 elections.[39]

On 7 September 2020, Usatîi was the second candidate to submit the necessary signatures supporting him to the CEC. Later, it was announced that he would be listed first on the ballot. Usatîi's campaign officially started on 2 October 2020. During his campaign launch event, he promised to serve and represent the people, fight corruption and nepotism and solve all issues faced by voters.[40] During his campaign, Usatîi emerged as a very fierce critic of the incumbent president Dodon. Usatîi accused him of spending a week in a luxury resort financed by taxpayer money,[41] fabricating opinion polls,[42] illegally spying on his campaign[43] and attempting to rig the election by paying Moldovan citizens from Transnistria to vote for him.[44] He also organized events to protest against Dodon[45] and promised to prosecute him if elected.[46] Dodon refused to address Usatîi's accusations and declared that he wanted to focus instead on concrete policies.[47]

Widely considered a populist candidate, Usatîi declared that if elected, he would organize snap parliamentary elections, eradicate corruption by forming a Moldovan equivalent of Mossad, abolish district authorities and intensify economic cooperation with Romania and Ukraine.[48] Usatîi organized multiple meetings with voters and participated in two televised debates.[49][50]

Usatîi officially announced the end of his campaign for the first round on 30 October 2020.[51]

After his elimination in the first round, Usatîi advised his supporters to vote against Dodon in the second round but did not specifically endorse Sandu.[52]

Violeta Ivanov[]

In May 2020, Violeta Ivanov left the Democratic Party of Moldova and joined the Șor Party.[53] Shortly after, she became the vice-president of the Șor Party's parliamentary faction.

In August 2020, several media outlets speculated that Ivanov was going to participate in the presidential election.[54] This was confirmed on 6 September 2020, when Ilan Shor announced that Ivanov was the party's candidate for presidency.[55] Ivanov officially started her campaign on 2 October 2020. Her campaign prioritized regional development, improvements in agriculture, strengthening the social security and healthcare systems and fighting corruption.[56] During the campaign, several members of the Pro Moldova parliamentary group endorsed Ivanov.[57]

After the first round concluded, Sandu accused the Șor Party of indirectly bribing voters through their network of social stores.[58] Shor rejected Sandu's accusations and said that his actions should be seen not as bribing but as "investments on the people".[59]

After Ivanov's elimination in the first round, Ilan Shor advised the Șor Party's voters to vote for the candidate that would support the party's program and did not explicitly endorse any of the candidates in the second round.[60]

Andrei Năstase[]

At the start of 2020, Andrei Năstase promoted the idea of there being a joint pro-European candidate for the 2020 elections, a candidate who was not a member of any political party and would be supported by all the right-wing and unionist parties of Moldova.[61] After the negotiations for a joint candidate failed, Năstase announced on 2 March 2020 that he would participate in the presidential elections.[62]

On 3 October 2020, Năstase officially started his campaign.[63] It focused on eradicating corruption, reforming the judiciary, raising the minimum pension to 2500 lei (around 147 USD), improving Moldova's international credibility, building closer ties with the European Union, promoting family values and preserving national culture.[64] Throughout his campaign, Năstase emphasized that, according to opinion polls, he was the only one able to beat incumbent President Dodon in a potential runoff and that Sandu would lose in the second round in the same way she did in the 2016 elections. On 15 October, Năstase publicly asked Sandu to withdraw her candidacy and endorse him for president.[65] Sandu refused his proposal saying that the candidate with the most votes in the first round should be the one facing Dodon in the runoff.[66]

After being eliminated in the first round, Năstase announced his unconditional support for Maia Sandu in the second round.[67]

Tudor Deliu[]

Deliu, a parliamentarian from the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, launched his candidacy from his home village of Malcoci at the beginning of October. He espoused separation of powers, emphasizing the need to reduce corruption in the judiciary. He also promised to defend human rights of all citizens, including minorities, and to sign a trade agreement with the European Union.[68]

Deliu and his party endorsed Sandu in the second round due to her pro-European stance.[69]

Octavian Țîcu[]

Octavian Țîcu announced that he intended to participate in the presidential elections in October 2019.[70] On 25 July 2020, the Republican Political Council of the National Unity Party officially nominated Țîcu as the party's candidate for the presidency.[71] On 3 October 2020, Țîcu announced that he was denied registration by the CEC and accused incumbent president Dodon of being the man behind the CEC's decision.[72] Two days later, the CEC revised its decision and registered Țîcu as a candidate.[73]

Țîcu officially launched his campaign on 7 October 2020. His program underlined five main priorities: snap parliamentary elections, ending the international isolation of Moldova, reunification of Moldova's infrastructure with that of Romania, adapting Moldova's education system to Romanian standards and forming a unified security system with Romania and NATO.[74]

Țîcu endorsed Maia Sandu in the second round.[75]

Dorin Chirtoacă[]

In June 2020, the "Union" Political Movement (MPU) promoted the idea of a joint unionist candidate for the 2020 elections.[76] Its proposal was mainly aimed at the National Unity Party, another unionist party that planned on participating in the presidential elections.[77] After it became clear that the negotiations would most likely fail, the MPU nominated Dorin Chirtoacă for the presidency but emphasized that they were still open to the idea of there being a joint candidate.[78]

On 29 September 2020, Chirtoacă submitted the necessary signatures in his support to the CEC and sharply criticized the fact that the signature collection requirement was kept in place during the COVID-19 pandemic.[79] After initially invalidating a large portion of the signatures Chirtoacă presented,[80] which could have resulted in him being denied registration, the CEC revised its decision and registered him as a candidate on 5 October 2020.[81]

Chirtoacă officially launched his campaign on 10 October 2020.[82] Being one of the explicitly unionist candidates, Chirtoacă's campaign rested on the advantages of a potential unification of Moldova and Romania including higher wages, pensions and subsidies in agriculture, improvements in healthcare, reductions in unemployment, decentralization, regional development and increased security provided by NATO. During his campaign, Chirtoacă repeatedly accused incumbent president Dodon of cooperating with the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, sharing secret documents with Russian security agencies and being financed by Russia.[83]

Chirtoacă endorsed Maia Sandu in the second round.[84]

Second round[]

Igor Dodon[]

On 3 November, during the second round of the electoral campaign, while Dodon was talking about Sandu, he modified a proverb and said nu schimbați porumbelul din mână pe coțofana de pe gard, meaning "do not change the pigeon on your hand by the magpie on the fence" and referring to himself as the "pigeon". Many memes were spread on Moldovan social media based on this statement of Dodon.[85][86] After this, Moldovan citizens opposing Dodon, including members of the diaspora who were attacked by him earlier, started calling him a porumbel ("pigeon").[87][88][89] Sandu responded to this the next day by declaring that "an injured pigeon came out to the press and began to chant songs of mourning",[89][90] later uploading a video on her TikTok account feeding pigeons and saying that "they are not at fault".[91]

Maia Sandu[]

Sandu's entry to the second round set up a rematch of the 2016 Moldovan presidential election, where Dodon defeated Sandu by less than 5 percent. Mindful of this result, Sandu warned supporters about the potential for foreign interference and fraud to affect the outcome.[92]

Debates[]

According to Central Election Commission regulations, organizers had to ensure equal access to the debates for all candidates and conduct them in a fair and impartial manner.[93] Five TV channels organized debates: Moldova 1, ProTV Chișinău, Jurnal TV, TVR Moldova and TV8. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, at most three candidates were simultaneously present at each debate.

Televised debates
Dates Organizer(s) Moderator(s) Number of debates organized Reference
19.10.2020 - 28.10.2020 Moldova 1 \ Promo-LEX Oxana Mititelu, Pavel Postica 8 [94]
19.10.2020 - 29.10.2020 ProTV Chișinău Lorena Bogza 8 [95]
07.10.2020 - 30.10.2020 TVR Moldova Mihai Rădulescu 17 [96]
26.10.2020 - 29.10.2020 TV8 Mariana Rață 4 [97]
26.10.2020 Jurnal TV Dumitru Mișin 2 [98]

Opinion polls[]

First round[]

Date Source Sample size Igor Dodon

PSRM

Maia Sandu

PAS

Renato Usatîi

PN

Ilan Șor[99]

ȘOR

Andrei Năstase

PPDA

Pavel Filip

PDM

Other None of the above Undecided
16/07-23 August 2020 IRI poll 2,017 18% 20% 7% 1% 3% 3% 12% TBD 23%
5-20 August 2020 ASDM poll 1,191 43% 27% 7% TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
14-26 July 2020 iData 1,214 19.4% 15.2% 4.2% 3.9% 2.5% 2.4% 6.1% 35.4% 10.9%
14-24 July 2020 ASDM 1,175 34.5% 19.1% 5.1% N/A 7.5% 4.3% 4.3% 21.1% 4.1%
2-9 July 2020 Intellect 1,172 29.8% 24.2% 8.3% 9.4% 1.6% 1.5% 2.5% N/A 22.7%
20-27 June 2020 ASDM 1127 35.8% 19.6% 4.1% N/A 5.5% 1.9% N/A N/A 26.8%
12-23 June 2020 BOP 1,200 22.4% 11.0% 2.4% 1.5% 1.3% 0.4% 1.0% 0.5% 59.4%
23-31 May 2020 FOP 1767 35.8% 23.3% 4% N/A 5% 2.2% 5% 9.9% 13.8%
5-11 May 2020 CBS-Research 1003 14.3% 11.8% 3.7% 1.0% 2.5% 1.5% 1.2% 0.9% 57.6%

Second round[]

Sandu vs. Dodon[]

Source Date Sample size Sandu

PAS

Dodon

PSRM

Undecided Will not vote
Timpul 3-7 November 2020 1,086 51.5% 48.5% N/A N/A
ADM poll 5-20 August 2020 1,200 44% 56% N/A N/A
iData 14-26 July 2020 1,200 34.3% 40.5% N/A 25.2%
BOP 12-23 June 2020 1,200 33.3% 29.1% 14.1% 23.5%

Usatîi vs. Dodon[]

Source Date Sample size Usatîi

PN

Dodon

PSRM

Undecided Will not vote
BOP 12-23 June 2020 1,200 26.3% 27.2% 16.4% 30.1%

Năstase vs. Dodon[]

Source Date Sample size Năstase

PPDA

Dodon

PSRM

Undecided Will not vote
BOP 12-23 June 2020 1,200 24.7% 30.6% 13.9% 30.7%

Năstase vs. Usatîi[]

Source Date Sample size Năstase

PPDA

Usatîi

PN

Undecided Will not vote
BOP 12-23 June 2020 1,200 22.3% 26.4% 17.1% 34.2%

Sandu vs. Usatîi[]

Source Date Sample size Sandu

PAS

Usatîi

PN

Undecided Will not vote
BOP 12-23 June 2020 1,200 32.8% 22.9% 15.3% 29%

Results[]

Results of the 2020 Moldovan presidential election. The left map shows the winner in the first round by territorial electoral commissions. The right map shows the winner in the second round by territorial electoral commissions.

The first round of the election was characterized by a historically high turnout of the diaspora. Moldovans living abroad were responsible for 15% of the cast ballots.[100] As expatriates voted overwhelmingly for Maia Sandu, their high turnout is considered one of the main reasons for her first-round win. Because most polls gave an edge to incumbent president Dodon, Maia Sandu’s result was considered unexpected by experts.[101] Multiple analysts voiced the opinion that Renato Usatîi, who came in third and positioned himself as a centrist, was expected to play a decisive role in the second round by announcing his support for one of the two candidates.[102][103] Usatîi later advised people who voted for him to vote against Dodon in the second round.

An exit poll from the day of the second round suggested Sandu had won with 54.8% of the vote.[104] The actual results (released later) showed Sandu winning by a larger margin, with 57.72% of the vote.[2][3]

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Maia SanduParty of Action and Solidarity487,63536.16943,00657.72
Igor DodonIndependent (PSRM)439,86632.61690,61442.28
Renato UsatîiOur Party227,93916.90
Violeta IvanovȘor Party87,5426.49
Andrei NăstaseDignity and Truth Platform Party43,9243.26
Octavian ȚîcuNational Unity Party27,1702.01
Tudor DeliuLiberal Democratic Party of Moldova18,4861.37
Dorin Chirtoacă"Union" Political Movement16,1571.20
Total1,348,719100.001,633,620100.00
Valid votes1,348,71998.551,633,62099.00
Invalid/blank votes19,7971.4516,5111.00
Total votes1,368,516100.001,650,131100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,995,89145.682,995,89155.08
Source: Alegeri.md, CEC

Aftermath[]

International reactions[]

Fraud allegations[]

Moldovan President Igor Dodon alleged multiple voting irregularities including the prevention of Transnistrians from voting, organized transportation of voters in EU countries and interference from foreign leaders.[120] Dodon said that he would consider conceding defeat if the courts found nothing inappropriate in the voting process. He said "if the courts found that everything is okay, then we will put a full stop there". He also said that he was congratulating Sandu as a precaution.[121]

References[]

  1. ^ "Rule-of-Law Problems Undermine Moldova's Economy: IMF". Balkan Insight. 2020-03-19. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  2. ^ a b "Moldova: Maia Sandu wins vote, beating Russia-backed competitor". msn.com. Al Jazeera English. November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Moldova's Dodon says concedes defeat in presidential runoff if courts find no violations". msn.com. Reuters. November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  4. ^ "Republic of Moldova Constitution of 1994 with Amendments through 2006" (PDF). constituteproject.org. 12 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Regulations" (PDF). old.cec.md. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  6. ^ "Statutul și atribuțiile președintelui Republicii Moldova". www.presedinte.md.
  7. ^ autor (2019-12-17). "Socialiștii au decis să-l propună pe Dodon, candidat pentru alegerile prezidențialele din 2020". TV8.md – sursa de informare a oamenilor liberi (in Latin). Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Alegerile prezidențiale din 2020 în Republica Moldova - alegeri.md". alegeri.md.
  9. ^ Maia Sandu este candidata PAS la alegerile prezidențiale din Republica Moldova, G4Media, 18 iulie 2020
  10. ^ Andrei Năstase este candidatul PPDA la alegerile prezidențiale, ProTV, 4 iunie 2020
  11. ^ Dorin Chirtoacă, candidat la prezidențiale din partea Mișcării Politice Unirea, ProTV, 29 iunie 2020
  12. ^ Octavian Țîcu, liderul PUN, va candida pentru funcția de președinte în 2020, Unimedia, 1 feburarie 2020
  13. ^ UNIMEDIA, Redacţia (2020-09-18). "Ultima oră! Andrian Candu nu a fost înscris în cursa electorală la funcția de președinte". UNIMEDIA (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  14. ^ de; Cristi, Dem (2015-03-07). "Generalul Ion Costas anunta ca nu mai participa la alegerile prezidentiale". adevarul.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  15. ^ "Minus un candidat la fotoliul de președinte. Alexandr Kalinin nu va mai depune actele la CEC: „Amenință oamenii, nu le dau posibilitatea să strângă semnături"". AGORA.
  16. ^ Braghiș, Nicoleta (September 30, 2020). "Prezidențiale/ Oboroc nu a reușit să colecteze numărul necesar de semnături".
  17. ^ "Prezidențiale/ Serghei Toma, al patrulea pretendent care renunță la cursa electorală. Am putea avea opt candidați". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). 1 October 2020.
  18. ^ "PROGRAMUL CALENDARISTIC" (PDF). Central Election Commission of Moldova (in Romanian). 15 August 2020.
  19. ^ Cristina (2020-09-09). "Declarațiile lui Dodon, după ce a anunțat că va candida pentru încă un mandat prezidențial". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  20. ^ "Igor Dodon explică de ce a decis să fie candidat independent: Noi am analizat riscurile, mulți vor vrea să anuleze candidatura mea". unimedia.info. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  21. ^ "Grupul de inițiativă a depus semnăturile necesare pentru înregistrarea lui Igor Dodon în alegerile prezidențiale". www.presedinte.md. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  22. ^ "Igor Dodon se lanseaza în campanie: „Noi, moldovenii, suntem un popor fericit, care își are statul său"". JurnalTV.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  23. ^ "PSRM anunță că-l susține la alegerile prezidențiale pe Igor Dodon" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  24. ^ "Platforma Electorala" (PDF). Igor Dodon (in Romanian).
  25. ^ "Igor Dodon și-a prezentat totalurile campaniei electorale și a îndemnat cetățenii să iasă, duminică, la vot". unimedia.info. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  26. ^ Gatcan, Diana (2020-07-18). "Maia Sandu este candidata PAS la alegerile prezidențiale din noiembrie". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  27. ^ "Maia Sandu: „Nu este atât de important să fie un candidat comun al dreptei pentru prezidențiale"" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  28. ^ Braghiș, Nicoleta (2020-09-23). "LIVE/ Maia Sandu depune listele cu semnături. Susținătorii PAS cer de la CEC „decizii corecte"". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  29. ^ "Maia Sandu, la lansarea în campanie: „Nu sunt perfectă, dar îmi pasă". A ținut un discurs și în limba rusă". AGORA (in Romanian). 2 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Program". Maia Sandu Președinte 2020 (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  31. ^ "Olesea Stamate a lansat Calendarul Injustiției: O retrospectivă a nedreptăților de la preluarea puterii de către Dodon". Maia Sandu Președinte 2020 (in Romanian). 2020-10-08. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  32. ^ "Flashmob la Președinție: Tinerii PAS i-au transmis lui Dodon ordinul „Gloria lenii"". Maia Sandu Președinte 2020 (in Romanian). 2020-10-16. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  33. ^ "PAS il acuza pe Igor Dodon ca utilizeaza resursele administrative pentru a-si face campanie electorala - VIDEO". Pro TV (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  34. ^ Borodin, Victoria (2020-09-07). "Sandu îl acuză pe Dodon că încearcă să fure votul cetățenilor: „Va cheltui 2 milioane de euro pentru a cumpăra voturi din regiunea transnistreană"". Cotidianul (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  35. ^ "Maia Sandu îl cheamă din nou la dezbateri pe Igor Dodon" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  36. ^ "Maia Sandu a făcut totalurile campaniei: Am fost în toate raioanele Republicii Moldova, am avut peste 300 de întruniri". Tribuna (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  37. ^ "Renato Usatîi îndeamnă oamenii să-și spună opinia privind candidatura sa la prezidențiale". IPN (in Romanian). 2020-07-27. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  38. ^ "Тысячи граждан Молдовы призывают меня участвовать в президентских выборах - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  39. ^ "Ренато Усатый объявил об участии в выборах президента Молдовы - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  40. ^ "/VIDEO/ Renato Usatîi s-a lansat în campania electorală: „Eu voi fi sluga poporului meu"" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  41. ^ "/VIDEO FOTO/ Cât a costat vacanța președintelui Dodon la un sanatoriu din Moscova. Usatîi s-a dat drept Nichiforciuc și a sunat la clinică" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  42. ^ "/VIDEO/ Usatîi îl acuză pe Dodon că a ascuns unele date ale sondajelor de opinie, „făcute la comadă", care sunt în defavoarea sa" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  43. ^ stiri.md. "Usatîi îl acuză pe Dodon că folosește polițiștii în campania electorală". stiri.md. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  44. ^ "Usatîi îl acuză pe Dodon de cumpărarea voturilor din stânga Nistrului. Reacția politicianului" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  45. ^ "Acțiunea „Claxonează, dacă ești împotriva lui Dodon" organizată de Partidul Nostru". Privesc.Eu (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  46. ^ "USATÎI: După alegeri, Dodon va avea condiții bune în Penitenciarul 13 - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  47. ^ "Cum răspunde Igor Dodon la acuzaţiile lui Renato Usatîi privind detoxifierea la o clinică privată de lângă Moscova". NewsIN (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  48. ^ "Program Electoral". Renato Usatîi (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  49. ^ ""Eu vreau sa fiu presedinte" din 20.10.2020. Invitati: Renato Usatii si Andrei Nastase - VIDEO". Pro TV (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  50. ^ "VIDEO. Prima dezbatere electorală la TVR MOLDOVA. A participat liderul PPPN, Renato Usatîi şi reprezentantul PAS, Vladimir Bolea". TVR MOLDOVA (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  51. ^ "Cu scandari "Jos kuliokul" si cu maturi in spate, Renato Usatii si alegatorii sai au mers in fata presedintiei: "Dodon va raspunde pentru toate sacosele"- VIDEO". Pro TV (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  52. ^ "Mobilizare: Și Renato Usatîi își cheamă alegătorii să voteze împotriva lui Dodon pe 15 noiembrie". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  53. ^ "Patru deputați PDM au părăsit partidul în această dimineață: „Nu mai suntem o echipă"". JurnalTV.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  54. ^ "Deputata Violeta Ivanov ar urma să fie candidata Partidului Șor la alegerile prezidențiale" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  55. ^ "Partidul Șor și-a anunțat candidatul la alegerile prezidențiale. Iată cine va lupta pentru funcția de șef al statului". unimedia.info. 6 September 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  56. ^ "/VIDEO/ Violeta Ivanov se lansează în campania electorală. Ilan Șor, prezent la eveniment" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  57. ^ "Unul dintre cei mai activi deputați Pro Moldova își anunță susținerea pentru Violeta Ivanov" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  58. ^ "Magazine sociale - Partidul Şor". partidulsor.md. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  59. ^ Harea, Anastasia (2020-11-05). "Ilan Șor, către Maia Sandu: „Ceea ce numiți dvs. cumpărare de voturi, eu numesc investiții în oameni". Reacția PAS". Cotidianul (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  60. ^ "/VIDEO/ Pe cine va susține partidul „Șor" în turul II al alegerilor prezidențiale? Anunțul făcut de Ilan Șor" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  61. ^ "Andrei Năstase insistă pentru un candidat apartinic la alegerile prezidențiale din toamna acestui an" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  62. ^ "Andrei Năstase anunță că va candida la prezidențiale". Radio Europa Liberă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  63. ^ "/VIDEO/ Andrei Năstase se lansează în campanie electorală: „Pornim să reclădim Moldova de mâine"" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  64. ^ "Andrei Năstase, candidatul Platformei DA, s-a lansat în campania electorală: „Ceea ce urmează să se întâmple va marca în mod esențial destinul Moldovei"". unimedia.info. 3 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  65. ^ Victoria, Borodin (2020-10-15). "Andrei Năstase îi cere, oficial, Maiei Sandu să se retragă din cursa prezidențială. Îi promite o funcție înaltă în stat, dacă ajunge președinte". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  66. ^ Esanu, Anatolie (2020-10-17). "Reacția Maiei Sandu după ce Andrei Năstase a declarat că el este „singurul candidat capabil să-l învingă pe Igor Dodon"". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  67. ^ stiri.md. "Andrei Năstase anunță că o va susține pe Maia Sandu în turul II". stiri.md. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  68. ^ "Tudor Deliu starts campaigning: It is great honor and also big responsibility". IPN. 2020-10-02. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  69. ^ Iurii, Anna. "PLDM o susține pe Maia Sandu în turul doi de scrutin". Sputnik Moldavian (in Moldovan). Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  70. ^ "Nu a devenit primar, însă își dorește să fie președinte. Octavian Țîcu va candida la alegerile prezidențiale" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  71. ^ "Octavian Țîcu, candidatul PUN la alegerile prezidențiale din 1 noiembrie" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  72. ^ "UPDATE/Ultima oră! Octavian Ţîcu anunţă că a fost eliminat din cursa electorală. Şeful CEC: „Dumnealui putea doar să îşi facă o concluzie"". TVR MOLDOVA (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  73. ^ "Octavian Țîcu a fost înregistrat în cursa prezidențială" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  74. ^ "Octavian Țîcu s-a lansat în campania electorală, la Ungheni". IPN (in Romanian). 2020-10-07. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  75. ^ "VIDEO. Octavian Ţîcu: Acum chiar îmi doresc ca cetăţenii să voteze o femeie preşedinte al Republicii Moldova". TVR MOLDOVA (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  76. ^ M, R. C. (2020-06-16). "Mişcarea Politică UNIREA propune identificarea unui singur candidat unionist la prezidenţiale". Cotidianul (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  77. ^ "Mişcarea Politică Unirea, apel către PUN în vederea desemnării unui candidat comun la prezidenţiale". adevarul.ro. 3 June 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  78. ^ Alina, Frunza (2020-06-29). "DOC/ Mișcarea Politică UNIREA și-a desemnat candidatul pentru alegerile prezidențiale din toamnă". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  79. ^ Severin, Diana (2020-09-29). "LIVE/ Dorin Chirtoacă, candidatul Mișcării Politice UNIREA, a depus semnăturile la CEC pentru a se înscrie în cursa prezidențială". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  80. ^ "Demersul expediat de Dorin Chirtoacă în adresa CEC ce vizează alegerile prezidențiale!". Tribuna (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  81. ^ Severin, Diana (2020-10-05). "CEC l-a înregistrat pe Dorin Chirtoacă în calitate de candidat la prezidențiale". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  82. ^ "Dorin Chirtoacă s-a lansat în campania pentru prezidențiale". IPN (in Romanian). 2020-10-10. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  83. ^ "Dorin Chirtoaca cere repetat ca Igor Dodon sa fi exclus din cursa prezidentiala /DOC". Pro TV (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  84. ^ "Dorin Chirtoaca isi anunta sustinerea pentru Maia Sandu in al doilea tur al alegerilor prezidentiale: "Sa avem o victorie zdrobitoare fata de Dodon" - VIDEO". Pro TV (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  85. ^ "Dodon, atac la Maia Sandu: Nu schimbaţi porumbelul din mână pe coţofana de pe gard / Val de ironii pe internet în Modova, meme-uri cu Putin și porumbei". G4Media.ro (in Romanian). 3 November 2020.
  86. ^ Slobodchikova, Darya (3 November 2020). "«Порумбел» Додон и «сорока на заборе». Как Игорь Додон в кампанию вступил (ВИДЕО)". NewsMaker (in Russian).
  87. ^ "Febra campaniei electorale se incheie astazi, iar duminica cetatenii sunt asteptati la urne ca sa-si aleaga presedintele. In satele de bastina ale celor doi candidati se fac deja pronosticuri - VIDEO". ProTV Chișinău (in Romanian). 14 November 2020.
  88. ^ Dulea, Cristina (5 November 2020). "VIDEO/ Moldoveni din diasporă condamnă declarațiile lui Igor Dodon: "Am plâns amar căci am ajuns să fiu acuzată că sunt în străinătate", „Ne vedem pe 15 noiembrie, iar, aduși organizat de voința de a scăpa de porumbel"". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian).
  89. ^ a b "/VIDEO/ Dodon instigă la ură? Avocatul Poporului: "Mesajele transmise de Igor Dodon sunt ofensatoare și instigatoare la ură"". TV8 (in Romanian). 4 November 2020.
  90. ^ ""Un porumbel ranit canta cantece de jale". Ce spune Maia Sandu, despre acuzatiile aduse de Igor Dodon - VIDEO". ProTV Chișinău (in Romanian). 4 November 2020.
  91. ^ "(NO COMMENT) Maia Sandu hrănește porumbeii: "N-au nicio vină"". Cotidianul.md (in Romanian). 14 November 2020.
  92. ^ "Moldova Heads To Runoff Presidential Election As Pro-EU Candidate Leads". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  93. ^ "REGULAMENT privind reflectarea campaniei electorale la alegerile prezidențialedin 1 noiembrie 2020 în mijloacele de informare în masă din Republica Moldova" (PDF). Central Election Commission of Moldova. 1 September 2020.
  94. ^ "Dezbateri electorale Moldova 1 | Alegeri 2020 - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  95. ^ "Dezbateri electorale Pro TV | Alegeri 2020 - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  96. ^ "Dezbateri electorale TVR Moldova | Alegeri 2020 - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  97. ^ "Dezbateri electorale TV8 | Alegeri 2020 - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  98. ^ "Talkshow | Dezbateri Electorale la Jurnal TV". JurnalTV.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  99. ^ In some polls a candidate from the Șor Party is mentioned
  100. ^ "/VIDEO/ Record, stabilit de diasporă. Pentru prima dată în istoria țării, 15% din alegătorii care și-au exprimat votul au fost din străinătate" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  101. ^ "Moldova: Pro-EU candidate scores surprise first-round win". EUobserver. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  102. ^ "Opinie: O parte din alegătorii lui Usatîi vor vota nu pentru Maia Sandu, ci împotriva lui Dodon". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  103. ^ Today, Redactia. "Concluzii după primul tur și scenarii pentru turul doi | Today". Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  104. ^ Pro-EU candidate Sandu leads in Moldova presidential election run-off - exit poll Reuters, 15 November 2020
  105. ^ "President of Azerbaijan sends letter to President-elect of Moldova". MENAFN. 18 November 2020.
  106. ^ "Lukashenko sends greetings to Moldova president-elect Maia Sandu". eng.belta.by. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  107. ^ "Svetlana Tihanovskaia, mesaj de felicitare pentru Maia Sandu: „Sunt impresionată de dăruirea ei"". tv8.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  108. ^ "Emmanuel Macron, scrisoare către președintele ales Maia Sandu". jurnal.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  109. ^ "Angela Merkel, mesaj de felicitare pentru Maia Sandu: „Mă bucur că cetățenii din Moldova v-au dat un mandat puternic"". jurnal.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  110. ^ "Președintele Italiei a felicitat-o pe Maia Sandu cu ocazia victoriei în alegerile prezidențiale". zdg.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  111. ^ "President Latvia congratulates newly elected President of Moldova". ipn.md. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  112. ^ "HM The Sultan Congratulates New President of Moldova". Oman News Agency. 19 November 2020.
  113. ^ "Președintele Poloniei a felicitat-o pe Maia Sandu: „Polonia este hotărâtă să consolideze relațiile la nivel înalt"". tv8.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  114. ^ "Klaus Iohannis a discutat la telefon cu Maia Sandu. Șeful statului va avea o vizită oficială la Chișinău". Digi24 (in Romanian). 16 November 2020.
  115. ^ "Ludovic Orban: Am crezut de la început în Maia Sandu. Asistăm la un eveniment cu-adevărat istoric pentru Republica Moldova". Hotnews.ro (in Romanian). 16 November 2020.
  116. ^ "Putin congratulates Maia Sandu on winning Moldovan presidential election". TASS. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  117. ^ "Aleksei Navalnii:"Felicitari Maia Sandu! Moldova are totul pentru o dezvoltare de succes"". protv.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  118. ^ "Patriarhul Rusiei Kirill a felicitat-o pe Maia Sandu cu ocazia victoriei în alegerile prezidențiale. Ce urări i-a transmis". unimedia.info (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  119. ^ "Зеленський привітав Санду з перемогою на президентських виборах". Європейська правда (in Ukrainian). 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  120. ^ "Dodon va contesta rezultatele alegerilor: Felicit preliminar oponenta". stiri.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  121. ^ "Moldova election: Pro-EU Maia Sandu wins presidency". Deutsche Welle. 15 November 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-17.