2018 FIA Formula One World Championship

2018 FIA Formula One
World Championship
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Lewis Hamilton (left) is the defending World Drivers' Champion while Sebastian Vettel (right) is the current championship leader
Ferrari (Ferrari SF71H pictured) are the current Constructors' Championship leaders.

The 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship is an ongoing motor racing championship for Formula One cars and the 72nd running of the Formula One World Championship. It is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Drivers and teams are competing in twenty-one Grands Prix for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championship titles.

Lewis Hamilton is defending his World Drivers' Champion title, after winning his fourth championship at the 2017 Mexican Grand Prix. His team, Mercedes, is the defending World Constructors' Champion, having secured their fourth consecutive title at the 2017 United States Grand Prix. After ten rounds, Sebastian Vettel leads Hamilton in the World Drivers' Championship by eight points. Kimi Räikkönen is third, a further forty-seven points behind. In the World Constructors' Championship, Ferrari leads Mercedes by twenty points, with Red Bull Racing third.

A new cockpit protection device—commonly known as the "halo"—became mandatory starting in 2018. The introduction of the halo in Formula One was the first stage of a planned roll-out that would see the device adopted in all FIA-sanctioned open-wheel racing series by 2020.

Entries[]

The following teams and drivers have been entered in the 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship. Teams compete with tyres supplied by Pirelli.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Race drivers Free Practice drivers
No. Driver name Rounds No. Driver name
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF71H Ferrari 062 EVO 5 Germany Sebastian Vettel 1–11 N/A
7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 1–11
India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India-Mercedes VJM11 Mercedes M09 EQ Power+ 11 Mexico Sergio Pérez 1–11 34 Canada Nicholas Latifi
31 France Esteban Ocon 1–11
United States Haas F1 Team Haas-Ferrari VF-18 Ferrari 062 EVO 8 France Romain Grosjean 1–11 N/A
20 Denmark Kevin Magnussen 1–11
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Renault MCL33 Renault R.E.18 2 Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne 1–11 N/A
14 Spain Fernando Alonso 1–11
Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes F1 W09 EQ Power+ Mercedes M09 EQ Power+ 44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 1–11 N/A
77 Finland Valtteri Bottas 1–11
Austria Aston Martin Red Bull Racing Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer RB14 TAG Heuer[note 1] 3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 1–11 N/A
33 Netherlands Max Verstappen 1–11
France Renault Sport Formula One Team Renault R.S.18 Renault R.E.18 27 Germany Nico Hülkenberg 1–11 N/A
55 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. 1–11
Switzerland Alfa Romeo Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari C37 Ferrari 062 EVO 9 Sweden Marcus Ericsson 1–11 36 Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
16 Monaco Charles Leclerc 1–11
Italy Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda STR13 Honda RA618H 10 France Pierre Gasly 1–11 N/A
28 New Zealand Brendon Hartley 1–11
United Kingdom Williams Martini Racing Williams-Mercedes FW41 Mercedes M09 EQ Power+ 18 Canada Lance Stroll 1–11 40 Poland Robert Kubica
35 Russia Sergey Sirotkin 1–11
Sources:[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Team changes[]

McLaren terminated their engine partnership with Honda and instead signed a three-year deal for power units supplied by Renault.[15] The team cited Honda's repeated failure to supply a reliable and competitive power unit as the reason for ending the partnership.[15]

Toro Rosso parted ways with Renault—allowing McLaren to finalise their agreement with Renault—and came to an agreement to use Honda power units.[16] As part of the deal, Red Bull Racing loaned Toro Rosso driver Carlos Sainz Jr. to Renault's works team.[17][18]

Sauber renewed their partnership with Ferrari, upgrading to current-specification power units after using year-old power units in 2017.[19][20]

Driver changes[]

Felipe Massa (left) retired from Formula One after fifteen years in the sport. His place at Williams was taken by Sergey Sirotkin (right).

Toro Rosso signed 2016 GP2 Series champion Pierre Gasly and two-time World Endurance champion Brendon Hartley as their full-time drivers for 2018.[21] Both Gasly and Hartley made their Formula One débuts with the team in the latter stages of the 2017 championship.[21] Daniil Kvyat left the team and the Red Bull driver programme, securing a development role with Ferrari.[22]

Charles Leclerc, the reigning Formula 2 champion, made his competitive début with Sauber.[23] Leclerc, who had previously driven in Friday practice sessions in 2016 and 2017, was hired by the team to replace Pascal Wehrlein.[23] Wehrlein was ultimately unable to secure a race seat and was instead enlisted as one of Mercedes's test and reserve drivers while racing full-time in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters series.[24][25][26]

Williams driver Felipe Massa retired from Formula One at the end of the 2017 championship.[27] Massa was replaced by former Renault test driver and SMP Racing driver Sergey Sirotkin, who made his competitive début with the team.[28]

Calendar[]

Nations that are scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2018 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked with a black dot. Former host nations are shown in dark grey, and former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

The following twenty-one Grands Prix are due to be run as part of the 2018 World Championship:

Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 25 March
2 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 8 April
3 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 15 April
4 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 29 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 13 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 27 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 10 June
8 French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 24 June
9 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 1 July
10 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 8 July
11 German Grand Prix Germany Hockenheimring, Hockenheim 22 July
12 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród 29 July
13 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 26 August
14 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 2 September
15 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 16 September
16 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 30 September
17 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 7 October
18 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas[note 2] 21 October
19 Mexican Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 28 October
20 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 11 November
21 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 25 November
Source:[30]

Calendar changes[]

The championship returned to the Circuit Paul Ricard for the first time since 1990

The French Grand Prix returned to the calendar for the first time since 2008. The race has returned to the Circuit Paul Ricard, which last hosted the French Grand Prix in 1990 before the event moved to the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.[31][note 3] The race was scheduled to be run in June, with the Azerbaijan Grand Prix brought forward to April to accommodate the change and to avoid clashing with celebrations for centenary of the Azerbaijan republic.[32] The German Grand Prix also returned to the championship after a one-year absence, with the Hockenheimring scheduled to host the race.[33]

The Malaysian Grand Prix—which was part of the championship from 1999 to 2017—was discontinued.[34] The Russian Grand Prix was moved from April to September, filling the vacancy left by the Malaysian Grand Prix.[35]

Changes[]

Sporting regulations[]

Following widespread criticism of the grid penalty system in 2017 that regularly saw multiple drivers start races outside their qualifying positions, the FIA introduced a revised set of regulations for 2018. In the event that a driver changes a power unit component, they are still subject to a five- or ten-place grid penalty depending on the component being changed; however, should they then replace a second component, they will be moved to the back of the starting grid.[36] If multiple drivers are moved to the back of the grid, their starting positions are determined by the order that components were changed based on the most recent change made by each driver.[36]

The rules governing starting procedures were changed for 2018, granting race stewards the power to issue penalties for improper race starts even if a driver's start does not trigger the automated detection system.[37] The changes were introduced following two incidents during 2017: at the Chinese Grand Prix, Sebastian Vettel positioned his car too far across his grid slot to be registered by the detection system; while at the Austrian Grand Prix, Valtteri Bottas's start was called into question for his reaction time despite the detection system recognising it as legal.[37]

In the event that a race is suspended due to a red flag, it will be restarted with a standing start. Drivers will return to the starting grid in the positions they held at the time of the suspension and the race director will repeat the race start procedure. If circuit conditions are suitable for racing but the race director deems a standing start inappropriate, the race will resume with a rolling start where the safety car returns to pit lane and drivers proceed around the circuit in single file until they are shown the green flag.[38]

The FIA introduced tighter restrictions on racing licences issued to drivers taking part in free practice sessions. Candidate drivers are required to complete a minimum number of Formula 2 races or earn twenty-five superlicense points over a three-year period. The changes were introduced to address concerns about drivers who would not be able to meet the standards required to compete in Formula One having access to Formula One cars.[39]

The schedule of a Grand Prix weekend was changed, with the start time of most European races pushed back by one hour in an attempt to accommodate a larger television audience. All races are scheduled to start at ten minutes past the hour so as to allow broadcasters the opportunity for pre-race coverage when their broadcast of the race starts on the hour.[40]

Finally, the mid-season test, which was held in Bahrain in 2017, was moved to Barcelona.[41][42]

Technical regulations[]

Power unit suppliers are required to provide all teams using their engines with an identical specification of power units. The change was introduced to ensure parity after Mercedes works team was observed to have access to additional engine performance settings that were not available to their customer teams.[43]

The quantity of power unit components a driver may use during the season was reduced from four complete power units during the entire season in 2017 to a new system where each of the power unit components is considered separately.[44] Therefore, in 2018, each driver is permitted to use up to three each of internal combustion engines (ICE), heat motor generator units (MGU-H), and turbochargers (TC); and two each of the kinetic motor generator units (MGU-K), energy stores (ES), and control electronics (CE).[44]

Restrictions against the practice of oil burning, where engine oils are burned as fuel to boost performance, were also introduced. The practice, which was first used in 2017 saw teams burning as much as 1.2 litres per one hundred kilometres. For the 2018 championship, this figure was revised down to a maximum of 0.6 litres per one hundred kilometres.[45] The rules were further amended to restrict teams to using a single specification of oil, which must be declared before the race. These oils are subject to stricter definitions of what is considered "oil" in order to prevent teams from using exotic blends designed to boost performance. Teams are also required to inform the stewards of the mass of oil in each oil tank before the race.[46][note 4]

Further changes to the technical regulations require the temperature of air in the plenum chamber—adjacent to the turbocharger—to be no more than 10°C above the ambient air temperature. The rule was introduced in a bid to stop teams from artificially heating or cooling air for possible performance gains.[46] Active control valves, which electronically regulate the flow of fluids between power unit components, will also be banned.[46]

The FIA banned the use of "shark fins", a carbon fibre extension to the engine cowling aimed at directing airflow over the rear wing.[47][48] The use of "T-wings", a horizontal secondary wing mounted forward of and above the rear wing, was also banned.[47]

Driver safety[]

Comparison between the McLaren MCL32 (top) and the MCL33 (bottom) showing the addition of the "halo" cockpit protection device and removal of the "shark fin"

Following a series of serious incidents in open-wheel racing—including the fatal accidents of Henry Surtees and Justin Wilson—in which drivers were struck in the head by tyres or debris, the FIA announced plans to introduce additional mandatory cockpit protection with 2018 given as the first year for its introduction. Several solutions were tested, with the final design subject to feedback from teams and drivers.[49] Each design was created to deflect debris away from a driver's head without compromising their visibility or the ability of safety marshals to access the cockpit and extract a driver and their seat in the event of a serious accident or medical emergency,[50] with a series of serious accidents—such as the fatal accidents of Jules Bianchi and Dan Wheldon—recreated to simulate the ability of devices to withstand a serious impact.[50] The FIA ultimately settled on the "halo", a wishbone-shaped frame mounted above and around the driver's head and anchored to the monocoque forward of the cockpit.[51] Seventeen accidents were examined as case studies, with the FIA concluding that the halo would have prevented injuries in fifteen of them. In the other two instances—most notably Jules Bianchi's fatal accident—the FIA concluded that although the halo would not have prevented driver injuries, it would not have contributed to or complicated the outcome of the accidents.[52] Once introduced, the halo concept is scheduled to be applied to other FIA-sanctioned open-wheel racing categories including Formula 2, Formula 3 and Formula E,[53][54][55][56] with 2020 earmarked as the deadline for all FIA-sanctioned open-wheel racing series to adopt the halo.

Following criticisms over the aesthetic value of the device, the FIA revealed plans to allow teams some design freedom in the final version of the halo,[57] with the teams permitted to attach a thin single-plane wing atop the halo to control airflow over the top of the car and into the airbox to assist with engine cooling. Where the test models of the halo had been attached to an existing monocoque structure, teams were required to incorporate the final build of the halo into the chassis design from its inception rather than attached once the design was completed. The minimum weight of the chassis was raised to 734 kg (1,618.2 lb), in order to accommodate the additional weight of the halo.[58] The mandatory crash tests that each chassis must pass were adjusted to include a new static load test. In order to simulate a serious accident, a tyre was mounted to a hydraulic ram and fired at the crash structure; to pass the test, the chassis and the mounting points for the halo had to remain intact.[59] In order to prevent teams from exploiting the halo for aerodynamic gain and potentially compromising its purpose, the FIA banned teams from developing their own devices and instead required them to purchase pre-fabricated models from approved suppliers.[59] The technical regulations were updated mid-season to allow teams to mount rear view mirrors to the halo instead of affixing them to the bodywork. The changes were introduced in response to criticism that the halo obstructed the driver's view of the mirrors; however, halo-mounted designs were also criticised for allowing teams to exploit a loophole and introduce aerodynamic device, in the form of winglets above the mirrors, into an area where aerodynamic development was prohibited under the pretense of improving driver visibility,[60] and the regulations were rewritten once more to ban the practice of mounting anything besides mirrors on the halo.[61]

The FIA made several changes to its trackside procedures to further accommodate the halo. The time limit on the extraction test—the test of a driver extracting himself from the survival cell of a crashed car—was extended to allow drivers more time to escape.[citation needed] The starting gantries at circuits were also lowered to improve the visibility of the starting lights.[62]

Tyres[]

Tyre supplier Pirelli provides teams with two new tyre compounds in 2018.[63] Each of the 2017 compounds was made softer, with a new "hypersoft" tyre becoming the softest of the nine and a new "superhard" tyre to be the hardest.[64] The hypersoft compound is marked by a pink sidewall, while the superhard will be orange. The hard compound, which previously used orange markings, will now be changed to ice blue.[65] The hypersoft compound made its début at the Monaco Grand Prix.[66] The rules dictating which tyres are available were relaxed to allow Pirelli to supply a wider range of compounds. Previously, Pirelli had to provide sequential compounds; for example, ultrasoft, supersoft and soft.[67] In 2018, Pirelli is able to supply compounds with up to two steps of difference between them; for example, the ultrasoft, supersoft and hard tyres. Pirelli is required to manufacture an additional tyre compound that is not intended for competition. This tyre is to be supplied to teams for use in demonstration events to prevent teams from using demonstration events as informal—and illegal—testing.[36]

For the Spanish, French and British Grands Prix, Pirelli reduced the tread depth by 0.4mm across all compounds. This is to combat blistering due to new asphalt at these circuits for the 2018 season, which resulted in higher grip and reduced tyre wear. [68] This was in response to the high level of blistering experienced by Mercedes at the re-surfaced Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in pre-season testing.[69]

Season report[]

Opening rounds[]

The championship started in Melbourne with the Australian Grand Prix. The race ended with a victory for Ferrari and Sebastian Vettel, who used a timely virtual safety car period—triggered by the stricken Haas of Romain Grosjean—to pass Mercedes's Lewis Hamilton and he successfully defended the position until the finish.[70] Kimi Räikkönen finished third in the other Ferrari ahead of Red Bull Racing's Daniel Ricciardo.[70] McLaren ended the first race of their partnership with Renault with a fifth and ninth place for Alonso and Vandoorne respectively.[71] Max Verstappen finished sixth after an early spin ahead of Nico Hülkenberg. Valtteri Bottas was eighth, having started fifteenth when he took a penalty for a gearbox change after a heavy crash in qualifying. Carlos Sainz Jr. completed the points-scoring positions in tenth. Charles Leclerc and Sergey Sirotkin both made their competitive débuts for Sauber and Williams respectively.[72][73] Leclerc finished thirteenth while Sirotkin retired with a brake failure.[74][73]

Vettel then won from pole at the next round in Bahrain, holding off a late charge from Bottas to win by seven tenths of a second. Hamilton finished third despite a 5 place grid penalty for a gearbox change and contact with Verstappen on the second lap.

However, in China, Vettel's winning run was broken, with Daniel Ricciardo's 2 stop strategy helping the Australian to his sixth career victory, ahead of Valtteri Bottas and Kimi Räikkönen. Ricciardo pitted for a new set of softs with 20 laps to go under safety car while the leaders stayed out on their used set of mediums, he then fought his way past both Ferraris and Mercedes to the lead.

Hamilton took his first win of the year in Azerbaijan and with it, the lead in the Drivers' Championship. Räikkönen finished 2nd while Sergio Pérez claimed 3rd. With 10 laps to go, Bottas was leading (but still needing to make a pitstop) followed by Vettel and Hamilton when the Red Bulls crashed bringing out the safety car. Bottas pitted under safety car and came out still leading but a puncture on the penultimate lap caused him to retire. Vettel, who was second behind him at the restart, locked up on cold tyres at turn 1 and went wide, dropping behind the remaining top three.

European races[]

Hamilton took pole and won comfortably in Spain, extending his lead to seventeen points. Bottas finished second while Verstappen finished third, his first podium of the season. Ricciardo took pole in Monaco and won the event despite developing an engine problem mid-race that left him severely down on power. Vettel finished second and Hamilton finished 3rd. Vettel closed his points deficit to Hamilton, while Ricciardo gained two spots in the Drivers' Championship to be third overall.

In Canada, Vettel won from pole taking the world championship lead by one point from Hamilton. Bottas finished 2nd for the fourth time this season as Verstappen finished third, his qualifying position. The race result was counted back to the standings at the end of lap 68 (of 70) after the chequered flag was waved a lap early in error – although this did not impact the top-10 standings.

Hamilton took pole position and victory (his third of the season) in the returning French Grand Prix, taking the world championship lead back with 14 points, with Vettel finishing only 5th after a first corner crash with Bottas. Verstappen finished second, taking advantage of the Vettel–Bottas crash. Räikkönen finished third, passing Ricciardo in the closing laps of the race.

In Austria, Bottas started the race on pole, followed by Hamilton and Räikkönen. However, in the race, both Mercedes suffered from technical problems and neither one was able to finish the race. Ricciardo also retired from the race. Verstappen won, followed by Räikkönen in 2nd and Vettel in 3rd. Haas took full advantage of the Mercedes and Ricciardo retirements and finished 4th (Grosjean) and 5th (Magnussen). Vettel re-took the lead of the championship by 1 point, following Hamilton's retirement.

At his home race in Great Britain, Hamilton took pole on his final flying lap, with the two Ferraris of Vettel and Räikkönen both within a tenth of his time. However, he dropped down to 18th on the first lap after contact with Räikkönen sent him into a spin. Two safety cars late in the race bunched the field up, one for a single car crash involving Ericsson and the other after contact between Grosjean and Sainz. Vettel passed Bottas for the lead with 5 laps to go to take his fourth win of the season and extend his championship lead. Hamilton recovered from his first lap crash to take second ahead of Räikkönen.

Results and standings[]

Grands Prix[]

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Daniel Ricciardo Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
2 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Finland Valtteri Bottas Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
3 China Chinese Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Australia Daniel Ricciardo Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer Report
4 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Daniel Ricciardo United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
6 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Australia Daniel Ricciardo Netherlands Max Verstappen Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer Report
7 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Netherlands Max Verstappen[note 5] Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
8 France French Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
9 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Finland Valtteri Bottas Finland Kimi Räikkönen Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer Report
10 United Kingdom British Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
11 Germany German Grand Prix Report
12 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Report
13 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Report
14 Italy Italian Grand Prix Report
15 Singapore Singapore Grand Prix Report
16 Russia Russian Grand Prix Report
17 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Report
18 United States United States Grand Prix Report
19 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Report
20 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Report
21 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

Scoring system[]

Points are awarded to the top ten classified finishers in every race, using the following system:

Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

In order for full points to be awarded, the race winner must complete at least 75% of the scheduled race distance. Half points are awarded if the race winner completes less than 75% of the race distance provided that at least two laps are completed.[note 6] In the event of a tie at the conclusion of the championship, a count-back system is used as a tie-breaker, with a driver's best result used to decide the standings.[note 7]

World Drivers' Championship standings[]

Pos. Driver AUS
Australia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
AZE
Azerbaijan
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
RUS
Russia
JPN
Japan
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 Germany Sebastian Vettel 1 1 8 4 4 2 1 5 3 1 171
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 2 3 4 1 1 3 5 1 Ret 2 163
3 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 3 Ret 3 2 Ret 4 6 3 2 3 116
4 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 4 Ret 1 Ret 5 1 4 4 Ret 5 106
5 Finland Valtteri Bottas 8 2 2 14dagger 2 5 2 7 Ret 4 104
6 Netherlands Max Verstappen 6 Ret 5 Ret 3 9 3 2 1 15dagger 93
7 Germany Nico Hülkenberg 7 6 6 Ret Ret 8 7 9 Ret 6 42
8 Spain Fernando Alonso 5 7 7 7 8 Ret Ret 16dagger 8 8 40
9 Denmark Kevin Magnussen Ret 5 10 13 6 13 13 6 5 9 39
10 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. 10 11 9 5 7 10 8 8 12 Ret 28
11 France Esteban Ocon 12 10 11 Ret Ret 6 9 Ret 6 7 25
12 Mexico Sergio Pérez 11 16 12 3 9 12 14 Ret 7 10 24
13 France Pierre Gasly Ret 4 18 12 Ret 7 11 Ret 11 13 18
14 Monaco Charles Leclerc 13 12 19 6 10 18dagger 10 10 9 Ret 13
15 France Romain Grosjean Ret 13 17 Ret Ret 15 12 11 4 Ret 12
16 Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne 9 8 13 9 Ret 14 16 12 15dagger 11 8
17 Canada Lance Stroll 14 14 14 8 11 17 Ret 17dagger 14 12 4
18 Sweden Marcus Ericsson Ret 9 16 11 13 11 15 13 10 Ret 3
19 New Zealand Brendon Hartley 15 17 20dagger 10 12 19dagger Ret 14 Ret Ret 1
20 Russia Sergey Sirotkin Ret 15 15 Ret 14 16 17 15 13 14 0
Pos. Driver AUS
Australia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
AZE
Azerbaijan
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
RUS
Russia
JPN
Japan
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)

Bold – Pole position
Italics – Fastest lap

Notes:

World Constructors' Championship standings[]

Pos. Constructor AUS
Australia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
AZE
Azerbaijan
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
RUS
Russia
JPN
Japan
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 Italy Ferrari 1 1 3 2 4 2 1 3 2 1 287
3 Ret 8 4 Ret 4 6 5 3 3
2 Germany Mercedes 2 2 2 1 1 3 2 1 Ret 2 267
8 3 4 14dagger 2 5 5 7 Ret 4
3 Austria Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer 4 Ret 1 Ret 3 1 3 2 1 5 199
6 Ret 5 Ret 5 9 4 4 Ret 15dagger
4 France Renault 7 6 6 5 7 8 7 8 12 6 70
10 11 9 Ret Ret 10 8 9 Ret Ret
5 United States Haas-Ferrari Ret 5 10 13 6 13 12 6 4 9 51
Ret 13 17 Ret Ret 15 13 11 5 Ret
6 India Force India-Mercedes 11 10 11 3 9 6 9 Ret 6 7 49
12 16 12 Ret Ret 12 14 Ret 7 10
7 United Kingdom McLaren-Renault 5 7 7 7 8 14 16 12 8 8 48
9 8 13 9 Ret Ret Ret 16dagger 15dagger 11
8 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda 15 4 18 10 12 7 11 14 11 13 19
Ret 17 20dagger 12 Ret 19dagger Ret Ret Ret Ret
9 Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 13 9 16 6 10 11 10 10 9 Ret 16
Ret 12 19 11 13 18dagger 15 13 10 Ret
10 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 14 14 14 8 11 16 17 15 13 12 4
Ret 15 15 Ret 14 17 Ret 17dagger 14 14
Pos. Constructor AUS
Australia
BHR
Bahrain
CHN
China
AZE
Azerbaijan
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
RUS
Russia
JPN
Japan
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)

Bold – Pole position
Italics – Fastest lap

Notes:

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ Red Bull Racing uses Renault R.E.18 power units. For sponsorship purposes, these engines are rebadged as "TAG Heuer".[1]
  2. ^ The United States Grand Prix remains subject to the approval of the local sanctioning body.[29]
  3. ^ The French Grand Prix used the short 3.812 km (2.369 mi) configuration of the Circuit Paul Ricard between 1986 and 1990; the longer 5.809 km (3.610 mi) circuit was used nine times between 1971 and 1985. The 5.842 km (3.630 mi) layout was used for the first time in 2018.
  4. ^ Formula One measures fuel, oil and engine fluids in mass rather than volume as these fluids expand and contract when subject to heat and as a result the volume may change; however, the mass remains the same regardless of heat.
  5. ^ Daniel Ricciardo set the fastest lap on lap 70, but an error in the chequered flag being waved early saw the race results validated on lap 68. Max Verstappen was officially recognised as setting the fastest lap.[75]
  6. ^ In the event that two laps cannot be completed, no points are awarded and the race is abandoned.[76]
  7. ^ In the event that two or more drivers achieve the same best result an equal number of times, their next-best result will be used. If two or more drivers achieve equal results an equal number of times, the FIA will nominate the winner according to such criteria as it sees fit.[76]

References[]

  1. ^ "Red Bull to run TAG Heuer-badged Renault engines in 2016". formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. 4 December 2015. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
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