2017 California wildfires

2017 California wildfires
California Wildfires 20170708.jpg
Smoke from the Alamo and Whittier fires during the 2017 California fire season, on July 8, 2017.
Statistics[1]
Total fires 9,054
Total area 1,381,405 acres (5,590.35 km2)
Cost >$13.028 billion (2017 USD)[2][3][4]
Fatalities 1 firefighter, 45 civilians
Non-fatal injuries 12 firefighters, 199 civilians
Season
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2018 →

The 2017 California wildfire season is the most destructive one on record,[2] which saw multiple wildfires burning across California. A total of 9,054 fires burned 1,381,405 acres (5,590.35 km2), according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, including five of the 20 most destructive wildland-urban interface fires in the state's history.[1]

Throughout the early months of 2017, there was significant rainfall over most of California, which triggered widespread flooding, thus temporarily mitigating the state's severe drought conditions. However, according to a report published by the National Interagency Fire Center, the potential for large fires was "expected to remain near normal through the spring, but once fine fuels dry out, there will likely be a spike in grass fire activity.”[5]

In October 2017, 250 wildfires ignited across Northern California, burning over 245,000 acres (990 km2), and causing more than $9.4 billion (2017) in insured property losses, becoming the costliest group of wildfires on record.[6][2][7] It will take at least several months, and likely years to fully recover from the devastating wildfires that ripped through Northern California in October, which destroyed at least 8,900 structures and killed 44 people, according to Sonoma County officials.[8] In addition, the Northern California fires hospitalized or injured at least 192 other people.[9][10]

In December 2017, strong Santa Ana winds triggered a new round of wildfires, including the massive Thomas Fire in Ventura County.[11][12] The December 2017 fires forced over 230,000 people to evacuate, with the 6 largest fires burning over 307,900 acres (1,246 km2) and more than 1,300 structures.[13][14]

During the year, 5 of the 20 most destructive wildfires in the state's history burned between October and December: #1 Tubbs, #6 Nuns, #7 Thomas, #11 Atlas, and #17 Redwood Valley Complex.[15] On December 8, AccuWeather predicted that the total economic toll of the 2017 California wildfire season will reach at least $180 billion (2017 USD).[4]

In 2014, a study found a human fingerprint in growing California wildfire risks.[16] The paper is titled “Extreme fire season in California: A glimpse into the future?” It was published as the second chapter of “Explaining Extreme Events of 2014”, by the American Meteorological Society.[17] The authors also projected into the future, and the predicted results showed increases in the drought index, the area under extreme threat of fires, and the days of fire danger, stating that, "The increase in extreme fire risk is expected within the coming decade to exceed that of natural variability and this serves as an indication that anthropogenic climate warming will likely play a significant role in influence California’s fire season."[17]

Wildfire maps[]

Map of the 2017 California wildfires. The symbology of this map shows each satellite heat detection as a dot. The dots may not reflect the actual perimeter of the fires.
The 2017 Northern California wildfires, from January 1 to October 11

This section contains a map of the locations and burn areas of the fires that occurred during the largest outbreaks of the season. The burn areas of some major fires are included in some of the maps.

Location of the California wildfires in October 2017
Location of the California wildfires in December 2017

Wildfires[]

Name County Acres Start Date Containment Date Status Notes Ref
Jayne Fresno 5,738 April 20, 2017 April 21, 2017 Contained [18]
Opera Riverside 1,350 April 30, 2017 May 2, 2017 Contained [19]
Elm Fresno 10,345 May 18, 2017 May 21, 2017 Contained [20]
Gate San Diego 2,056 May 20, 2017 May 23, 2017 Contained [21]
Oakwood Madera 1,431 June 10, 2017 June 13, 2017 Contained [22]
Highway Kern 1,522 June 18, 2017 June 28, 2017 Contained [23]
Holcomb San Bernardino 1,503 June 19, 2017 June 29, 2017 Contained [24]
Schaeffer Tulare 16,031 June 24, 2017 August 10, 2017 Contained [25]
Salmon August Complex Siskiyou 65,888 June 25, 2017 December 8, 2017 Contained [26][27]
Manzanita Riverside 6,309 June 26, 2017 June 30, 2017 Contained [28]
Hill San Luis Obispo 1,598 June 26, 2017 June 30, 2017 Contained 50 homes destroyed [29]
Winters Yolo 2,269 July 6, 2017 July 12, 2017 Contained [30]
Alamo San Luis Obispo 28,687 July 6, 2017 July 19, 2017 Contained 1 home destroyed, 1 damaged [31]
Wall Butte 6,033 July 7, 2017 July 17, 2017 Contained 41 homes, 48 outbuildings destroyed, 10 damaged [32]
Whittier Santa Barbara 18,430 July 8, 2017 October 5, 2017 Contained 16 homes, 30 outbuildings destroyed, 7 damaged [33]
Parkfield Monterey 1,816 July 8, 2017 July 11, 2017 Contained [34]
Garza Fresno 48,889 July 9, 2017 July 21, 2017 Contained 1 structure destroyed [35]
Long Valley Lassen 83,733 July 11, 2017 July 21, 2017 Contained [36]
Detwiler Mariposa 81,826 July 16, 2017 August 24, 2017 Contained 63 homes, 68 structures destroyed (131 total), 21 damaged [37]
Modoc July Complex Modoc 83,120 July 24, 2017 August 16, 2017 Contained [38]
Orleans Complex Siskiyou 27,276 July 25, 2017 September 26, 2017 Contained [39]
Empire Mariposa 6,370 August 1, 2017 November 27, 2017 Contained [40]
Parker 2 Modoc 7,697 August 3, 2017 August 29, 2017 Contained [41]
Young Siskiyou 2,500 August 7, 2017 August 28, 2017 Merged into the Eclipse Complex's Oak fire [42]
South Fork Mariposa 7,000 August 13, 2017 November 27, 2017 Contained [43]
Blaine Riverside 1,044 August 13, 2017 August 16, 2017 Contained [44]
Eclipse Complex Siskiyou 78,698 August 15, 2017 November 29, 2017 Contained [45]
Pier Tulare 36,556 August 29, 2017 November 29, 2017 Contained [46]
Railroad Madera 12,407 August 29, 2017 October 24, 2017 Contained 5 homes, 9 structures destroyed [47]
Ponderosa Butte 4,016 August 29, 2017 September 9, 2017 Contained 32 homes, 22 outbuildings, 15 damaged [48]
Mud Lassen 6,042 August 29, 2017 September 1, 2017 Contained [49]
Slinkard Mono 8,925 August 29, 2017 September 12, 2017 Contained [50]
Helena Trinity 21,846 August 30, 2017 November 15, 2017 Contained 133 structures destroyed [51]
La Tuna Los Angeles 7,194 September 1, 2017 September 9, 2017 Contained 5 homes, 5 structures destroyed [52]
Palmer Riverside 3,874 September 2, 2017 September 6, 2017 Contained [53]
Mission Madera 1,035 September 3, 2017 September 13, 2017 Contained 4 structures destroyed [54]
Buck Trinity 13,417 September 12, 2017 November 20, 2017 Contained [55]
Lion Tulare 18,900 September 24, 2017 December 2, 2017 Contained [56]
Canyon Riverside 2,662 September 25, 2017 October 4, 2017 Contained 6 structures damaged [57]
Cherokee Butte 8,417 October 8, 2017 October 16, 2017 Contained [58]
Atlas Napa/Solano 51,624 October 8, 2017 October 31, 2017 Contained 6 fatalities, 785 structures destroyed, 40 damaged [59]
Tubbs Napa/Sonoma 36,807 October 8, 2017 October 31, 2017 Contained 22 fatalities, 1 injured, 5,643 structures destroyed [60]
Nuns Sonoma 56,556 October 8, 2017 October 30, 2017 Contained Merged with the Norrbom, Adobe, Partrick, Pressley, and Oakmont Fires. 3 fatalities, 1,200 structures destroyed [61]
Redwood Valley Complex Mendocino 36,523 October 8, 2017 October 28, 2017 Contained 9 fatalities, 43 injured, 545 structures destroyed [62][63]
La Porte Butte 6,151 October 9, 2017 October 18, 2017 Contained [64]
Cascade Yuba 9,989 October 9, 2017 October 18, 2017 Contained 4 fatalities, 143 residential, 123 outbuildings destroyed [65]
Sulphur Lake 2,207 October 9, 2017 October 26, 2017 Contained 150 structures destroyed [66]
Canyon 2 Orange 9,217 October 9, 2017 October 18, 2017 Contained 25 structures destroyed, 55 structures damaged [67]
37 Sonoma 1,660 October 9, 2017 October 13, 2017 Contained [6]
Pocket Sonoma 17,357 October 9, 2017 October 31, 2017 Contained [68]
Lobo Nevada 821 October 9, 2017 October 18, 2017 Contained At least 30 structures destroyed [69]
Bear Santa Cruz 391 October 16, 2017 October 27, 2017 Contained 7 injuries, 4 structures destroyed [10]
Buffalo San Diego 1,088 October 17, 2017 November 14, 2017 Contained [70]
Tank Kern 50 October 25, 2017 October 27, 2017 Contained [71]
Wildomar Riverside 866 October 27, 2017 October 29, 2017 Contained [72]
Thomas Ventura 281,893 December 4, 2017 January 21, 2018 Contained 1,063 structures destroyed, 280 structures damaged, 2 firefighters injured, 1 firefighter and 1 civilian killed [11][73][74][75][76]
Creek Los Angeles 15,619 December 5, 2017 December 23, 2017 Contained 123 buildings destroyed, 81 buildings damaged, 3 firefighters injured [77][78][79]
Rye Los Angeles 6,049 December 5, 2017 December 12, 2017 Contained 6 buildings destroyed, 3 structures damaged, 1 firefighter injured [80][11][81]
Little Mountain San Bernardino 260 December 5, 2017 December 7, 2017 Contained 3 injuries [82][83][84][85]
Skirball Los Angeles 422 December 6, 2017 December 15, 2017 Contained 6 structures destroyed, 12 structures damaged, 3 firefighters injured [86][87][88]
Lilac San Diego 4,100 December 7, 2017 December 16, 2017 Contained 157 structures destroyed, 64 structures damaged, 3 firefighters and 4 civilians injured [89][90]
Liberty Riverside 300 December 7, 2017 December 9, 2017 Contained 7 structures destroyed [91][92]
Range 219 San Diego 100 December 15, 2017 December 15, 2017 Contained [93]

October Northern California wildfires[]

During the month of October, a series of wildfires broke out throughout Napa, Lake, Sonoma, Mendocino, and Butte counties during severe fire weather conditions, effectively leading to a major red flag warning from much of the northern California area. In the extreme conditions, shortly after the fires ignited, they rapidly grew to become massive conflagrations spanning from 1,000 to well over 20,000 acres apart within a single day.[94] In addition, the fires have destroyed an estimated 8,900+ structures, and killed at least 44 people.[8] The fires burned over 245,000 acres (99,148 ha) of land,[6] and forced over 20,000 people to evacuate.[95][96]

December Southern California wildfires[]

Multiple wildfires ignited in December across Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Ventura, San Diego, Riverside, Santa Barbara Counties. The fires were exacerbated by unusually powerful and long-lasting Santa Ana winds,[97] as well as large amounts of dry vegetation grown, due to large amounts of precipitation earlier in the year. The fires burned over 307,900 acres (1,246 km2), and caused traffic disruptions, school closures, hazardous air conditions, and massive power outages. California Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in Ventura and Los Angeles Counties,[98] and Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti declared a state of emergency for the city.[99] The largest fire is the Thomas Fire, which grew to 281,893 acres, becoming California's largest modern wildfire.[100][101][102][103][104]

See also[]

References[]

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  31. ^ "Alamo Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved July 6, 2017. 
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  49. ^ "Mud Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved August 29, 2017. 
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  53. ^ "Palmer Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved September 2, 2017. 
  54. ^ "Mission Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved September 3, 2017. 
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  58. ^ "Cherokee Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 8, 2017. 
  59. ^ "Atlas Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 8, 2017. 
  60. ^ "Tubbs Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  61. ^ "Nuns Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  62. ^ "Redwood Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
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  65. ^ "Cascade Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  66. ^ "Sulphur Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Canyon 2 Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  68. ^ "Pocket Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  69. ^ "Lobo Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved October 9, 2017. 
  70. ^ "Buffalo Fire". CAL FIRE. November 14, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017. 
  71. ^ "Tank Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 27, 2017. 
  72. ^ "Wildomar Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 27, 2017. 
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External links[]