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2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1st year of the 3rd millennium, the 1st year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.
2001 was designated as:
- International Year of Volunteers
- June 1
- June 5–9 – Tropical Storm Allison produces 36 inches (900 mm) of rain in Houston, killing 22, damaging the Texas Medical Center, and causing more than US$5 billion of damage overall.
- June 6 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords of Vermont leaves the Republican Party to caucus as an independent with Democrats, handing majority control of the Senate to the Democratic Party and Majority Leader Tom Daschle.
- June 7 – George W. Bush signs the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, the first tax cut of a series now known as the Bush tax cuts.
- June 19 – A missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11. According to U.S. officials, it was an Iraqi missile that malfunctioned.
- June 21 – The world's longest train is set up by BHP Iron Ore and is recorded going between Newman and Port Hedland in Western Australia (a distance of 275 km, or 170 miles) and the train consists of 682 loaded iron ore wagons and 8 GE AC6000CW locomotives, giving a gross weight of almost 100,000 tonnes and moves 82,262 tonnes of ore; the train is 7.353 km (4.569 mi) long.
- June 23 – The 8.4 Mw southern Peru earthquake shakes coastal Peru with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). A destructive tsunami followed, leaving at least 75 people dead, and 2,687 injured.
- September – The piece As Slow as Possible, composed by John Cage, begins. It will last 639 years, finishing in the year 2640.
- September 3
- In Belfast, Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, amid rioting and heightened violence.
- The United States, Canada and Israel withdraw from the U.N. Conference on Racism because they feel that the issue of Zionism is overemphasized.
- September 4 – Tokyo DisneySea opens to the public as part of the Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan.
- September 6 – United States v. Microsoft Corp.: The United States Justice Department announces that it no longer seeks to break up software maker Microsoft, and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – Around 2,996 victims are killed or fatally injured in the September 11 attacks at the World Trade Center in New York City, The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and in rural Shanksville, Pennsylvania after American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 are hijacked and crash into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers, American Airlines Flight 77 is hijacked and crashes into the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93 is hijacked and crashes into grassland in Shanksville, due to the passengers fighting to regain control of the airplane. The World Trade Center towers collapse as a result of the crashes.
- September 12 – Ansett Australia Airlines is placed into administration, the company's fleet is grounded 2 days later on September 14.
- September 13 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks.
- September 14 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital.
- September 17 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
- September 18 – The 2001 anthrax attacks commence as letters containing anthrax spores are mailed from Princeton, New Jersey, to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, the New York Post, and the National Enquirer. Twenty-two people in total are exposed, with five resulting fatalities.
- September 20 – In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "War on Terror".
- September 21
- September 27 – Zug massacre: In Zug, Switzerland, Friedrich Leibacher shoots 18 citizens, killing 14 and then himself.
- October 1 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Srinagar, Kashmir, killing 38.
- October 2 – Swissair seeks for bankruptcy protection and grounds its entire fleet, resulting in over 230 flights cancelled and stranding 18,000 people worldwide.
- October 4 – Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes over the Black Sea en route from Tel Aviv, Israel, to Novosibirsk, Russia; 78 are killed.
- October 7 – War in Afghanistan: In response to the September 11 attacks, the United States invades Afghanistan, with participation from other nations, thus officially beginning the War on Terror.
- October 8
- October 9 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
- October 15 – NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles (180 km) of Jupiter's moon Io.
- October 17 – Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi becomes the first Israeli minister to be assassinated in a terrorist attack.
- October 19 – SIEV X sinks en route to Christmas Island, killing 353 people.
- October 23
- October 25 – Microsoft releases Windows XP.
- October 26 – U.S. President George W. Bush signs the Patriot Act into law.
Soldiers board a Chinook
- November 2 – The Glocal Forum, leading international organization in the field of city-to-city cooperation, is established by Ambassador Uri Savir.
- November 4
- November 7 – Sabena, the national airline of Belgium, goes bankrupt.
- November 10
- November 11 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.
- November 12
- November 13 – In the first such act since World War II, U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States.
- November 14 – War in Afghanistan: Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul.
- November 15 – Bungie and the Original Xbox, releases Halo 1.
- November 23 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
- November 27 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.
- November 30 – Gary Ridgway, a.k.a. The Green River Killer, is arrested outside the truck factory where he had worked in Renton, Washington. His arrest marked the end of one of the longest running homicide investigations in US history.
- October 5 – Dalila Bela, Canadian actress
- October 9 – Louis Hynes, British actor
- October 12 – Raymond Ochoa, American actor
- October 13 – Caleb McLaughlin, American actor
- October 14 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress
- October 17 – Thomas Strudwick, British motorcycle road racer
- October 19 – Art Parkinson, Irish actor
- October 25 – Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, daughter and Heiress Apparent of Philippe, King of the Belgians
- August 1 – Korey Stringer, American football player (b. 1974)
- August 3 – Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford, British peer, politician and reformer (b. 1905)
- August 4 – Lorenzo Music, American voice actor (b. 1937)
- August 6
- August 15 – Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (b. 1972)
- August 19 – Donald Woods, South African journalist and anti-apartheid activist (b. 1933)
- August 20 – Fred Hoyle, British astronomer and writer (b. 1915)
- August 22 – Bernard Heuvelmans, Belgian-French cryptozoologist (b. 1916)
- August 23 – Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
- August 24 – Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)
- August 25
- August 26 – Marita Petersen, 8th Prime Minister of Faroe Islands (b. 1940)
- August 30 – A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury, 9th President of Bangladesh (b. 1915)
- November – Justin Rakotoniaina, 3rd Prime Minister of Madagascar (b. 1933)
- November 1 – Juan Bosch, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1909)
- November 3 – Sir Ernst Gombrich, Austrian-born art historian (b. 1909)
- November 5 – Gholam Reza Azhari, 73rd Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1912)
- November 6
- November 7 – Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)
- November 9 – Giovanni Leone, 37th Prime Minister of Italy and 6th President of Italy (b. 1908)
- November 10 – Ken Kesey, American author (b. 1935)
- November 12 – Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, American-born Hindu guru (b. 1927)
- November 17 – Michael Karoli, German musician (b. 1948)
- November 22 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman (b. 1918)
- November 23 – Mary Whitehouse, British conservative activist (b. 1910)
- November 24 – Rachel Gurney, British actress (b. 1920)
- November 25 – Gohar Shahi, Pakistani spiritual leader (b. 1941)
- November 29 – George Harrison, English musician (The Beatles) (b. 1943)
- December 5 – Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman, murdered (b. 1948)
- December 12 – Josef Bican, Czech-Austrian footballer (b. 1913)
- December 13
- December 16 – Stuart Adamson, Scottish singer and guitarist (b. 1958)
- December 18 – Marcel Mule, French saxophonist (b. 1901)
- December 20 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, first president of Senegal (b. 1906)
- December 22
- December 23 – Jelle Zijlstra, Dutch politician and economist, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1966–1967) (b. 1918)
- December 26 – Sir Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (b. 1929)
- December 31 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
- ^ "Why was Calcutta renamed to Kolkata?". Quora. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- ^ Kock, N., Jung, Y., & Syn, T. (2016). Wikipedia and e-Collaboration Research: Opportunities and Challenges. Archived September 27, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. International Journal of e-Collaboration (IJeC), 12(2), 1–8.
- ^ "23 Iraqis Reported Killed". The New York Times. Iraq; Great Britain. 2001-06-21. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- ^ Longman, Jere (13 July 2001). "Beijing Is Selected as 2008 Host City". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- ^ "'As Slow As Possible': World's Longest Running Concert At St. Burchard Church Turns 10". The Huffington Post. November 21, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- ^ "Speech View". Defense.gov. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- ^ "2001 Federal Election".
- ^ "Review: The Year Everything Changed: 2001 by Phillipa McGuinness by Miriam Cosic, The Australian, 9 June 2018