2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T

IEEE 802.3bz, NBASE-T and MGBASE-T refer to standards for Ethernet over twisted pair at speeds of 2.5 Gbit/s and 5 Gbit/s. This represents intermediate speeds between Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet. The resulting standards are named 2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T.[1][2][3]

Technology[]

The physical (PHY) layer transmission technology of IEEE 802.3bz is based on 10GBASE-T, but operates at a lower signaling rate. By reducing the original signal rate to ​14 or ​12, the transfer rate drops to 2.5 or 5 Gbit/s, respectively.[4] The spectral bandwidth of the signal is reduced accordingly, lowering the requirements on the cabling, so that 2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T can be deployed at a cable length of 100 m on unshielded Cat 5e and Cat 6 cables, respectively.[5]

The IEEE Standard 802.3bz defines:[6]

Power over Ethernet[]

Unlike the preceding 10GBASE-T standard, equipment manufacturers have indicated their intention to implement 802.3at type Power over Ethernet on certain types of NBASE-T switches. This implementation is intended to support high-bandwidth wireless access points (802.11ac / 802.11ax) which exceed the speed capabilities of existing 1000BASE-T Power over Ethernet connections.[7]

Comparison of twisted pair based Ethernet technologies[]

Comparison of twisted pair based ethernet technologies

Name Speed[A] (Mbit/s) Lanes per direction Bits per cycle Spectral bandwidth (MHz) Required cable[B] Cable rating (MHz)
10BASE-T 10 1 1 10 Cat 3 16
100BASE-TX 100 1 3.2 31.25 Cat 5 100
1000BASE‑T 1,000 4 4 62.5 Cat 5 100
2.5GBASE-T 2,500 4 6.25 100 Cat 5e 100
5GBASE-T 5,000 4 6.25 200 Cat 6 250
10GBASE-T 10,000 4 6.25 400 Cat 6A 500
  1. ^ Transfer speed = lanes × bits per hertz × spectral bandwidth
  2. ^ At shorter cable length, it is possible to use cables of a lower grade than what is required for 100 m. For example, it is possible to use 10GBASE-T on a Cat 6 cable of 55 m or less. Likewise, 5GBASE-T is expected to work with Cat 5e in most use cases.

History[]

The intermediate speeds became relevant around 2014 as it became clear that it would not be possible to run 10GBASE-T over the Cat5e cable that had been used for the wiring in many buildings but that, with the development of fast WiFi protocols such as IEEE 802.11ac, there was a significant demand for cheap uplink faster than 1000BASE-T offered. IEEE 802.3bz will also support Power over Ethernet, which has generally not been available at 10GBASE-T.

As early as 2013, the Intel Avoton server processors integrated 2.5 Gbit/s Ethernet ports.

Whilst Broadcom had announced a series of 2.5 Gbit/s transceiver ICs,[8] 2.5 Gbit/s switch hardware was not widely commercially available at that point; 10GBASE-T switches do not generally support the intermediate speeds.

In October 2014, the NBASE-T Alliance was founded,[9] initially comprising Cisco, Aquantia, Freescale, and Xilinx. By May 2015,[10] it had expanded to 34 members covering most producers of networking hardware.

The competing MGBASE-T Alliance, stating the same faster Gigabit Ethernet objectives, was founded in December 2014.[11] In contrast to NBASE-T, the MGBASE-T says that their specifications will be open source.[12]

With the forming of the IEEE 802.3bz draft standard under the patronage of the Ethernet Alliance in June 2015, the two NBASE-T and MGBASE-T Alliances are forced to collaborate.[13]

IEEE 802.3's "2.5G/5GBASE-T Task Force" started working on the 2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T standards in March 2015.[14]

On September 23, 2016, the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved IEEE Std 802.3bz-2016.[15]

NBASE-T Alliance[]

The NBASE-T Alliance was founded in 2014 by Aquantia Corporation, Cisco Systems, Freescale Semiconductor, and Xilinx.[16] It now consists of more than 45 companies, and it aims to have its specification compatible with 802.3bz.[17]

References[]

  1. ^ "IEEE P802.3bz 2.5G/5GBASE-T Task Force". IEEE Standards Association.
  2. ^ "New IEEE P802.3bz™ Project Achieves Significant Milestone Towards Enabling Higher Speeds Over Installed Base of Twisted Pair Cabling". IEEE Standards Association.
  3. ^ "IEEE's 802.3BZ Task Force Mediates MGBASE-T and NBASE-T Alliances". Planetech USA. Archived from the original on 2015-11-22. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  4. ^ "Cisco Live BRKCRS-3900, slide 41, time 57:40". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  5. ^ "Technology". NBASE-T. NBASE-T Alliance. 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-18.
  6. ^ "Next Generation Enterprise Access BASE-T PHY Objectives" (PDF). IEEE P802.3bz 2.5G/5GBASE-T Task Force.
  7. ^ "Cisco Multigigabit Technology". Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  8. ^ "Broadcom Announces New High-Performance Multi-Rate Gigabit PHYs".[dead link]
  9. ^ "Industry Leaders Form NBASE-T Alliance to Promote Multi-Gigabit Ethernet Technology for Enterprise Wired and Wireless Access Networks" (Press release). 2014-10-28. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  10. ^ "NBASE-T Alliance Jumps to 34 Members" (Press release). 2015-05-14. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  11. ^ "Open Industry Alliance and IEEE to Bring 2.5G and 5G Ethernet Speeds to Enterprise Access Points" (Press release). Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  12. ^ "Want 2.5G/5G BASE-T Connections? They're coming". Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  13. ^ "IEEE's 802.3BZ Task Force Mediates MGBASE-T and NBASE-T Alliances". Archived from the original on 2015-11-22. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  14. ^ "IEEE 802.3bz Project PAR" (PDF). IEEE 802.3bz Task Force. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
  15. ^ "[802.3_NGBASET] FW: Approval of IEEE Std 802.3bz 2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T". IEEE P802.3bz Task Force. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
  16. ^ "The NBASE-T Alliance℠". NBASE-T Alliance, Inc. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Oh What a Year!". NBASE-T Alliance, Inc. 2015-12-17. Retrieved 30 December 2015.

External links[]