1991

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1991 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1991
MCMXCI
Ab urbe condita2744
Armenian calendar1440
ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar6741
Bahá'í calendar147–148
Balinese saka calendar1912–1913
Bengali calendar1398
Berber calendar2941
British Regnal year39 Eliz. 2 – 40 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2535
Burmese calendar1353
Byzantine calendar7499–7500
Chinese calendar庚午(Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar1707–1708
Discordian calendar3157
Ethiopian calendar1983–1984
Hebrew calendar5751–5752
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2047–2048
 - Shaka Samvat1912–1913
 - Kali Yuga5091–5092
Holocene calendar11991
Igbo calendar991–992
Iranian calendar1369–1370
Islamic calendar1411–1412
Japanese calendarHeisei 3
(平成3年)
Javanese calendar1923–1924
Juche calendar80
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4324
Minguo calendarROC 80
民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar523
Thai solar calendar2534
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
    — to —
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2118 or 1737 or 965
Unix time662688000 – 694223999

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics in its place. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

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The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.

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Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

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December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 25: The original flag of Russia is readopted as the flag of the Russian Federation.

Date unknown[]

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Nobel Prizes[]

Nobel medal.png

References[]

  1. ^ "India's economy: One more push – The Economist". The Economist. 
  2. ^ "ASIANOW – TIME Asia – Pokémon: The Ultimate Game Freak – Page 1 – 11/22/99". cnn.com. 
  3. ^ Frank Wilkins. "The Death of Rebecca Schaeffer". Reel Reviews. 
  4. ^ "1st Soviet Troops Leave Poland". Chicago Tribune. April 10, 1991. 
  5. ^ Ochoa, Laurie (September 12, 1991). "The Coffee Revolution : Seattle—It's Latte Town, Jake : Trends: Coffee cultism, Washington-style, may be coming to your neighborhood". Los Angeles Times. 
  6. ^ "Eugene Register-Guard – Google News Archive Search". google.com. 
  7. ^ Wald, Matthew (6 June 1991). "Severe Sun Storm Threatens Utilities". New York Times: 16. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Large Solar Flares Since 1976". Space Weather Servuces. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  9. ^ globalsecurity.org
  10. ^ Signals Intelligence in the Post-cold War Era p. 24
  11. ^ "Witness Seized "Last Chance" to Escape Vukovar Massacre". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "Hawke and Keating: a masterclass in political killing".