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1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 989th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the
Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.
It was the year of the first
Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.
F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.
The first commercial
Internet service providers surfaced in this year,  as well as the first written proposal for the  World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, beginning the era of designer babies.
1989 marked the beginning of the
Heisei period in Japan, which lasted until 2019. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.
Events [ ]
January [ ]
February [ ]
Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from
March [ ]
Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters
Poland begins to liberalise its currency exchange in a move towards capitalism. 
March 2 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
March 3 – Jammu Siltavuori abducts and murders two eight-year-old girls in the Myllypuro suburb of Helsinki, Finland.
March 7 – Iran breaks off diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom over Salman Rushdie's . The Satanic Verses
March 9 – Revolutions of 1989: The Soviet Union submits to the jurisdiction of the World Court.
Israel hands over Taba to Egypt, ending a seven-year territorial dispute. Mass demonstrations in Hungary, demanding democracy.
March 16 – The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union approves agricultural reforms allowing farmers the right to lease state-owned farms for life.
March 20 – Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke weeps on national television as he admits marital infidelity.
March 23 – Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce that they have achieved cold fusion at the University of Utah.
March 23– 28 – The Socialist Republic of Serbia passes constitutional changes revoking the autonomy of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, triggering six days of rioting by the Albanian majority, during which at least 29 people are killed.
March 24 – Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska's Prince William Sound, the spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m Exxon Valdez 3) of oil after running aground.
March 26 – 1989 Soviet Union legislative election: The first (and last) contested elections for the Soviet parliament, Congress of People's Deputies, result in losses for the Communist Party; the first session of the new Congress opens in late May. As a result, Boris Yeltsin gains a seat on the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. March 29 – The 61st Academy Awards are held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, with winning Rain Man Best Picture.
April [ ]
April 1 – Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax (the Poll tax) is introduced in Scotland. It would be introduced in England & Wales the following year.
April 4 – A failed coup attempt against Prosper Avril, President of Haiti, leads to a standoff between mutinous troops and the government which ends on April 10, with the government regaining control of the country.
April 5 – The Polish Government and the Solidarity trade union sign an agreement restoring Solidarity to legal status, and agreeing to hold democratic elections on June 4 ( Polish Round Table Agreement), which initiated the 1989 revolution and the overthrow of communism in Central Europe.
April 6 – National Safety Council of Australia chief executive John Friedrich is arrested after defrauding investors to the tune of $235,000,000.
April 7 – The Soviet submarine K-278 Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea, killing 41.
April 14 – The U.S. government seizes the Irvine, California, Lincoln Savings and Loan Association; Charles Keating (for whom the Keating Five are named) eventually goes to jail, as part of the massive 1980s savings and loan crisis which costs U.S. taxpayers nearly $200,000,000 in bailouts, and many people their life savings. 
April 17 – Poland, Solidarity is once again legalised and allowed to participate in semi-free elections on June 4.
Central Park jogger case: Trisha Meili is seriously assaulted and raped whilst jogging in New York City's Central Park; the convictions of five teenagers for the crime are vacated in 2002 (the jogger's identity remains secret for years, hence she is referred to as the "Central Park Jogger"). The USS explodes on the U.S. battleship Iowa turret , killing 47 crew members. Iowa
April 20 – NATO debates modernising short range missiles; although the US and UK are in favour, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl obtains a concession deferring a decision.
April 21 – Students from Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an and Nanjing begin protesting in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
April 23 – Zaid al-Rifai resigns as Prime Minister of Jordan in the wake of riots over government-imposed price hikes that began on April 18.
April 27 – A major demonstration occurs in Beijing as part of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. 
May [ ]
May 1 – Andrés Rodríguez, who seized power and declared himself President of Paraguay during a military coup in February, wins a landslide victory at a general election marked by charges of fraud.
May 3 – Cold War: Perestroika – The first McDonald's restaurant in the USSR begins construction in Moscow. It will open on January 31, 1990. 
May 4 – Oliver North is convicted in the United States on charges related to the Iran–Contra affair. His conviction is thrown out on appeal in 1991 because of his immunised testimony.
May 9 – Andrew Peacock deposes John Howard as Federal Opposition Leader of Australia.
May 10 – The government of President of Panama Manuel Noriega declares void the result of the May 7 presidential election, which Noriega had lost to Guillermo Endara.
May 12– 25 – San Bernardino train disaster: Southern Pacific freight locomotive SP 7551 East derails in a residential area of San Bernardino, California, killing four and destroying seven houses. On May 25, as a direct result of the derailment, the Calnev Pipeline explodes, killing an additional two people and destroying eleven more houses and 21 cars.
Australia's first private tertiary institution,
Bond University, opens on the Gold Coast. The last golden toad is seen in Costa Rica; the species is subsequently classified as extinct.
May 16 – Senior Ethiopian military officers attempt a coup hours after President Mengistu Haile Mariam leaves on a visit to East Germany.
May 17 – 1989 Tiananmen Square protests: More than 1,000,000 Chinese protestors march through Beijing demanding greater democracy, leading to a crackdown.
May 20 – 1989 Tiananmen Square protests: The Chinese government declares martial law in Beijing.
May 22 – The Nordland Days in Leningrad region ( Leningrad Oblast) open.
May 24 – Assassinations of Jeffrey Brent Ball and Todd Ray Wilson: A terrorist organization, Zarate Willka Armed Forces of Liberation, kills two American missionaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as they return to their apartment, in La Paz, Bolivia.
May 25 – The Calgary Flames defeat the Montreal Canadiens four games to two to win the franchise's first Stanley Cup in ice hockey.
May 31 – Six members of the guerrilla group Revolutionary Movement Tupac Amaru (MRTA) of Peru, shoot dead eight gay and transgender people in the city of Tarapoto. 
June [ ]
June 1– 10 – Pope John Paul II visits Norway, Iceland, Finland, Denmark and Sweden.
June 2 – Sōsuke Uno succeeds Noboru Takeshita as Prime Minister of Japan.
June 3 – Fighting breaks out in the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic between ethnic Uzbeks and the Turkish minority; more than 100 people are killed by June 15.
June 5 – 1989 Tiananmen Square protests: An unknown Chinese protestor, " Tank Man", stands in front of a column of military tanks on Chang'an Avenue in Beijing, temporarily halting them, an incident which achieves iconic status internationally through images taken by Western photographers.
June 6 – The Ayatollah Khomeini's first funeral is aborted by officials after a large crowd storms the funeral procession, nearly destroying Khomeini's wooden casket in order to get a last glimpse of his body. At one point, his body almost falls to the ground, as the crowd attempt to grab pieces of the death shroud. 
June 7 – Surinam Airways Flight 764 crashes in Paramaribo, Suriname, killing 176.
June 12 – The Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. removes Robert Mapplethorpe's gay photography exhibition.
June 13 – The wreck of German battleship , which was sunk in Bismarck 1941, is located 960 kilometres (600 mi) west of Brest, France.
June 15 – At the 1989 Irish general election, Fianna Fáil, led by Taoiseach Charles Haughey, fails to win a majority.
June 16 – A crowd of 250,000 gathers at Heroes Square in Budapest for the historic reburial of Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister who had been executed in 1958.
June 18 – In the first Greek legislative election of the year, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, led by Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou, loses control of the Hellenic Parliament.
June 21 – English police arrest 250 people celebrating the summer solstice at Stonehenge.
June 22 – Ireland's first universities established since independence in 1922, Dublin City University and the University of Limerick, open.
June 24 – Jiang Zemin becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. June 30 – 1989 Sudanese coup d'état A military coup led by Omar al-Bashir ousts the civilian government of Prime Minister of Sudan Sadiq al-Mahdi.
July [ ]
July 2 – Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece, resigns; a new government is formed under Tzannis Tzannetakis.
July 6 – The Tel Aviv–Jerusalem bus 405 suicide attack, the first Palestinian suicide attack on Israel, takes place.
July 9– 12 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush travels to Poland and Hungary, pushing for U.S. economic aid and investment.
July 10 – Approximately 300,000 Siberian coal miners go on strike, demanding better living conditions and less bureaucracy; it is the largest Soviet labour strike since the 1920s.
July 14– 16 – At the 15th G7 summit, leaders call for restrictions on gas emissions.
July 18 – Actress Rebecca Schaeffer is murdered by an obsessed fan, leading to stricter stalking laws in California.
July 20 – Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is placed under house arrest. She is released in 2010.
July 21 – A total blockade of Armenia and NKAO by Azerbaijan begins.
July 26 – A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert Tappan Morris for releasing a computer virus, making him the first person to be prosecuted under the United States' 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
July 27 – In the largest prison sentence to date, Thai financial scammer Mae Chamoy Thipyaso and her accomplices are each sentenced to 141,078 years in prison. 
July 28 – At the Iranian presidential election, electors overwhelmingly elect Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani as President of Iran and endorse changes to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, increasing the powers of the president. July 31
August [ ]
Gazprom, an energy production and sales organization in Russia, becomes state-run enterprise, changing from the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry. 
August 2 – Pakistan is readmitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after leaving it in 1972.
August 5 – Jaime Paz Zamora is elected President of Bolivia, taking office the next day.
Mickey Leland (D-TX) and fifteen others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia. The presidents of five Central American countries agree that the U.S.-backed fighting the government of contras Nicaragua should be disbanded and evicted from their bases in Honduras by December 5.
August 10 – United States Army General Colin Powell became the first Black Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after being nominated by President Bush.
August 13 – 1989 Alice Springs hot air balloon crash: An accident near Alice Springs, Australia kills thirteen people.
August 15 – P. W. Botha resigns as State President of South Africa and F. W. de Klerk becomes the seventh and final holder of this office under this style. 
August 18 – Leading Colombian presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá.
August 19– 21 – In response to the murder of a judge, a provincial police chief, and presidential candidate Galán, the authorities of Colombia arrest 11,000 suspected Colombian drug traffickers.
August 21 – The 21st anniversary of the crushing of the Prague Spring is commemorated by a demonstration in the city. 
Colombia's cocaine traffickers declare "total and absolute war" against the government and begin a series of bombings and arson attacks.
Indonesia's first privately owned television network and the nation's second television station,
RCTI ( Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia) is established and begins broadcasting nationwide. Tadeusz Mazowiecki of Solidarity is elected Prime Minister of Poland. 
August 25 – makes its closest approach to Voyager 2 Neptune and its largest moon Triton. August 31 – In the aftermath of the Chadian–Libyan conflict of 1978–87, representatives of Libya and Chad agree to let the International Court of Justice determine ownership of the Aouzou Strip, which has been occupied by Libya since 1973.
September [ ]
October [ ]
November [ ]
November 3 – East German refugees arrive at the West German town of Hof after being allowed through Czechoslovakia. 
November 6 – The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is established.
Cold War and Fall of the Berlin Wall: Günter Schabowski accidentally states in a live broadcast press conference that new rules for traveling from East Germany to West Germany will be put in effect "immediately". East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel freely to West Germany for the first time in decades. In the first week, travel visas will be issued to around 25% of the East German population. (November 17 celebrates Germans tearing the wall down). Yıldırım Akbulut of Motherland Party (Turkey) (ANAP) forms the new government of Turkey (47th government).
November 12 – Brazil holds its first free presidential election since 1960.
November 13 – Hans-Adam II becomes Prince of Liechtenstein on the death of his father, Prince Franz Joseph II.
November 14 – Elections are held in Namibia, leading to a victory for the South West Africa People's Organisation. 
November 17 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution – A peaceful student demonstration in Prague, Czechoslovakia, is severely beaten back by riot police. This sparks a revolution aimed at overthrowing the Communist government (it succeeds on December 29).
November 20 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution – The number of peaceful protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia, swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
November 21 – The Members of the Constituent Assembly of Namibia begin to draft the Constitution of Namibia, which will be the constitution of the newly independent Namibia.
November 22 – In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President René Moawad, killing him.
November 24 – Following a week of demonstrations demanding free elections and other reforms, General Secretary Miloš Jakeš and other leaders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia resign. Jakeš is replaced by Karel Urbánek.
November 26 – 1989 Uruguayan general election: Luis Alberto Lacalle is elected President of Uruguay.
November 27 – Colombian domestic passenger flight Avianca Flight 203 is bombed by the Medellín drug cartel in an (unsuccessful) attempt to kill presidential candidate for the 1990 elections César Gaviria Trujillo.
November 28 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution – The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly on political power (elections held in December bring the first non-Communist government to Czechoslovakia in more than forty years).
November 29 – Rajiv Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India after his party, the Indian National Congress, loses about half of its seats at the 1989 Indian general election. November 30 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a bomb in Bad Homburg (the Red Army Faction claims responsibility for the murder).
December [ ]
December 4 – Prime Minister of Jordan Zaid ibn Shaker resigns and is replaced by Mudar Badran.
December 9 – The Socialist Unity Party of Germany elects the reformist Gregor Gysi as party leader.
December 11 – The International Trans-Antarctica Expion, a group of six explorers from six nations, reaches the South Pole.
December 14 – Chile holds its first free election in sixteen years, electing Patricio Aylwin as president. This marks the first time that all Ibero-American nations, except Cuba, have elected constitutional governments simultaneously.
December 15 – Drug baron José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha is killed by Colombian police.
December 16 – The Romanian Revolution begins in Timișoara, initiated by the Hungarian minority.
The Romanian Revolution continues in Timișoara when rioters break into the building housing the District Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and cause extensive damage. The military is called in but fails fully to control the situation.
Brazil holds the second round of its first free election in 29 years; Fernando Collor de Mello is elected to serve as president from 1990. aired its first episode on the The Simpsons FOX network.
Romanian Revolution: Workers in the cities go on strike in protest against the Communist regime. On December 20 about 100,000 occupy Timișoara. Homosexual acts between consenting adult males are decriminalised in Western Australia by the Law Reform (Decriminalization of Sodomy) Act.
December 20 – The United States invasion of Panama ("Operation Just Cause") is launched in an attempt to overthrow Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega.
December 21 – Nicolae Ceaușescu addresses an assembly of some 110,000 people outside the Romanian Communist Party headquarters in Bucharest. Unprecedentedly, most of the crowd turns against him. 
December 23 – Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu are captured in Târgoviște.
December 30 – Alan Bond's Bond Corporation is placed into receivership with the largest debt in Australian history. December 31 – Poland's president signs the Balcerowicz Plan, ending the Communist system in Poland in favor of a capitalist system leading to abandonment of the Warsaw Pact. 
Date unknown [ ]
Births [ ]
January [ ]
January 2 – Renan Silva, Brazilian footballer
January 3 – Kōhei Uchimura, Japanese gymnast
January 8 – Steven Christopher Parker, American actor
January 11 – Naif Hazazi, Saudi footballer
January 12 – Arci Muñoz, Filipina actress and model
January 16 – Yvonne Zima, American actress
January 24 – Gong Lijiao, Chinese shot putter
January 26 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater
January 27 – Ricky van Wolfswinkel, Dutch footballer
January 28 – Bruno Massot, French-born German pair skater January 30 – Lee Gun-woo, South Korean singer
February [ ]
March [ ]
March 4 – Erin Heatherton, American fashion model
March 6 – Agnieszka Radwańska, Polish tennis player
March 7 – Gerald Anderson, Filipino actor
March 9 – Taeyeon, South Korean singer
March 10 – Đỗ Thị Ngân Thương, Vietnamese artistic gymnast
March 12 – Tyler Clary, American Olympic swimmer
March 14 – Colby O'Donis, American singer
March 19 – Craig Lamar Traylor, American actor and artist
March 20 – Fei Fei Sun, Chinese model
March 25 – Aly Michalka, American actress and singer
March 29 – Arnold Peralta, Honduran footballer (d. 2015) March 31 – Liu Zige, Chinese swimmer
April [ ]
April 2 – Liis Lass, Estonian actress
April 3 – Ankit Narang, Indian actor
April 4 – Chris Herd, Australian footballer
April 5 – Lily James, British actress
April 7 – Teddy Riner, French judoka
April 7 – Alexa Demara, American actress, model, writer and entrepreneur
April 9 – Danielle Kahle, American figure skater
April 12 – Lim Heem Wei, Singaporean artistic gymnast
April 13 – Vladislav Yegin, Russian ice hockey player
April 22 – Louis Smith, British gymnast
April 24 – Ian Matos, Brazilian diver
April 28 – Kim Sung-kyu, South Korean singer and dancer April 29 – Foxes, British singer-songwriter
May [ ]
May 2 – Sam Tsui, American singer/songwriter, video producer and actor
May 3 – Katinka Hosszú, Hungarian swimmer
May 5 – Chris Brown, American singer and actor
May 9 – Shane van Gisbergen, New Zealander race car driver
May 10 – Lindsey Shaw, American actress
May 12 – Eleftheria Eleftheriou, Greek-Cypriot singer and actress
May 15 – Sunny Lee, American-born Korean singer
May 19 – Gaelan Connell, American actor and musician
May 26 – Park Yeeun, Korean Singer
May 27 – Afgan Syahreza, Indonesian pop singer and actor
May 28 – Alexey Negodaylo, Russian Olympic bobsledder
June [ ]
July [ ]
July 1 – Daniel Ricciardo, Australian Formula 1 driver
July 4 – Yoon Doo-joon, Korean singer
July 5 – Dejan Lovren, Croatian footballer
July 9 – Kaysar Dadour, Syrian-Brazilian actor
July 13 – Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer
July 14 – Cyril Rioli, Australian rules footballer
July 15 – Tristan Wilds, American actor and singer
July 24 – Eko Yuli Irawan, Indonesian weightlifter
July 25 – Noel Callahan, Canadian actor
July 27 – Charlotte Arnold, Canadian actress
August [ ]
September [ ]
Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer Zedd, record producer, DJ, musician, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter
September 9 – Sean Malto, American professional skateboarder
September 11 – Michael J. Willett, American actor and musician
September 15 – Steliana Nistor, Romanian artistic gymnast
September 17 – Danielle Brooks, American actress and singer
September 19 – Tyreke Evans, American basketball player, 2010 NBA Rookie of the Year
September 20 – Andrej Martin, Slovak tennis player
September 21 – Jason Derulo, American urban singer and actor
September 24 – Pia Wurtzbach, German-Filipina actress and model
September 25 – Jordan Gavaris, Canadian actor
September 29 – Theo Adams, British performance artist
October [ ]
October 1 – Brie Larson, American actress
October 2 – George Hotz, Security Hacker and automated driving
October 10 – Aimee Teegarden, American actress
October 12 – Paulo Henrique Ganso, Brazilian football player
October 15 – Anthony Joshua, British professional boxer
October 16 – Dan Biggar, Welsh rugby union player
October 17 – Sophie Luck, Australian actress
October 18 – Matthew Centrowitz Jr., American middle-distance runner 
October 19 – Nikolija Jovanović, Serbian singer and dancer
October 20 – Jess Glynne, British singer
October 23 – Jonita Gandhi, Indo-Canadian singer
October 25 – Mia Wasikowska, Australian actress
October 28 – Camille Muffat, French swimmer (d. 2015) October 30 – Nastia Liukin, American artistic gymnast and Olympic gold medalist
November [ ]
December [ ]
Deaths [ ]
January [ ]
January 3 – Robert Banks, American chemist (b. 1921)
January 8 – Kenneth McMillan, American actor (b. 1932)
January 9 – Bill Terry, American baseball player (b. 1898)
January 13 – Joe Spinell, American actor (b. 1936)
January 17 – Óscar Vargas Prieto, Peruvian soldier and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Peru (b. 1917)
January 18 – Bruce Chatwin, British author (b. 1940)
January 19 – Norma Varden, English actress (b. 1898)
January 23 – Salvador Dalí, Spanish artist (b. 1904)
January 24 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (b. 1946)
January 30 – Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz (b. 1936) January 31 – Fernando Gonçalves Namora, Portuguese writer and doctor (b. 1919)
February [ ]
February 1 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1919)
February 4 – Trevor Lucas, Australian folk singer (b. 1943)
February 7 – Prince Wilhelm Victor of Prussia (b. 1919)
February 8 – Lael Rodrigues, Brazilian filmmaker (b. 1951)
February 9 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese artist (b. 1928)
February 18 – John Bailey, British actor (b. 1912)
February 20 – Robert Dorning, British actor (b. 1913)
February 22 – Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timor politician (b. 1938)
February 23 – José Romão Martenetz, Soviet monk (b. 1903)
February 24 – Sparky Adams, American baseball player (b. 1894)
February 26 – Roy Eldridge, American musician (b. 1911) February 27
March [ ]
March 2 – Liviu Cornel Babeș, Romanian electrician and painter (b. 1943)
March 3 – Kenneth Hegan, English amateur footballer, professional soldier (b. 1901)
March 4 – Salvatore Dell'Isola, Italian conductor (b. 1901)
March 6 – Harry Andrews, British actor (b. 1911)
March 9 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American activist, artist and photographer (b. 1946)
March 10 – Maurizio Merli, Italian actor (b. 1940)
March 11 – James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)
March 17 – Merritt Butrick, American actor (b. 1959)
March 20 – Dina Sfat, Brazilian actress (b. 1938)
March 21 – Milton Frome, American actor (b. 1909)
March 25 – Sa`id Al-Mufti, Jordanian political figure, 9th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1898)
March 31 – Piotr Belousov, Soviet painter (b. 1912)
April [ ]
April 1 – George Robledo, Chilean soccer player (b. 1926)
April 3 – Mustafa Çağatay, Turkish-Cypriot politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus (b. 1937)
April 6 – Tufton Beamish, Baron Chelwood, British army officer and politician (b. 1917)
April 19 – Dame Daphne du Maurier, British writer (b. 1907)
April 20 — Edward DeSaulnier, American politician (b. 1921)
April 22 – Emilio Segrè, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
April 24 – Edgar Sanabria, Venezuelan lawyer, diplomat and politician, Interim President of Venezuela (b. 1911)
April 25 – George Coulouris, British actor (b. 1903)
April 26 – Lucille Ball, American actress, comedian and entertainer (b. 1911)
April 27 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894) April 30
May [ ]
May 2 – Giuseppe Siri, Italian cardinal (b. 1906)
May 4 – Chalam, Indian actor (b. 1929)
May 6 – Adolfo Constanzo, Cuban-born American serial killer (b. 1962)
May 9 – Keith Whitley, American country music singer (b. 1955)
May 10 – Woody Shaw, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1944)
May 11 – Xiao Wangdong, Chinese general and Minister of Culture (b. 1910)
May 15 – Johnny Green, American songwriter (b. 1908)
May 16 – Leila Kasra, Iranian-born American poet (b. 1939)
May 17 – Walter Gross, German actor (b. 1904)
May 28 – Iván Palazzese, Italian-Venezuelan professional motorcycle racer (b. 1962)
May 30 – James Harry Lacey, British fighter pilot (b. 1917) May 31
June [ ]
June 3 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian philosopher, politician, revolutionary and Shia Muslim religious leader, 1st Supreme Leader of Iran (b. 1902)
June 8 – Albert Spaggiari, French criminal (b. 1932)
June 10 – Richard Quine, American actor (b. 1920)
June 12 – Princess Niloufer of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1916)
June 13 – Fran Allison, Australian actress (b. 1907)
June 17 – John Matuszak, American football player and actor (b. 1950)
June 20 – Dieter Aderhold, German politician (b. 1939)
June 28 – Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898) June 30 – Hilmar Baunsgaard, Danish politician and 34th Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1920)
July [ ]
July 3 – Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
July 5 – Berthold Wolpe, German-born British calligrapher, typographer and illustrator (b. 1905)
July 6 – János Kádár, Hungarian politician and communist leader, 46th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1912)
July 9 – Andrex, French actor (b. 1907)
July 10 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor and radio personality (b. 1908)
July 14 – José María García Lahiguera, Spanish archbishop (b. 1903)
July 15 – Laurie Cunningham, English footballer (b. 1956)
July 16 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
July 17 – Itubwa Amram, Nauruan pastor and politician (b. 1922)
July 19 – Kazimierz Sabbat, 2-time Prime Minister of Poland and 15th President of Poland (b. 1913)
July 22 – Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
July 24 – Ernie Morrison, American actor (b. 1912)
July 29 – Nancy Andrews, American actress (b. 1920) July 30 – Lane Frost, American bull rider (b. 1963)
August [ ]
August 1 – John Ogdon, British pianist (b. 1937)
August 4 - Maurice Colbourne, British actor (b. 1939)
August 8 – Bobby Oxspring, British flying ace (b. 1919)
August 11 – George Andreasen, American orthodontist and inventor (b. 1934)
August 14 – Robert Bernard Anderson, American political figure (b. 1910)
August 17 – Lin Tie, Chinese politician (b. 1904)
August 18 – Luis Carlos Galan, Colombian politician (b. 1943)
August 21 – Raul Seixas, Brazilian rock singer (b. 1945)
August 23 – R. D. Laing, British psychiatrist (b. 1927)
August 26 – Irving Stone, American writer (b. 1903)
August 27 – Luiz Luz, Brazilian footballer (b. 1909)
September [ ]
September 13 – Charles H. Russell, American politician, 20th Governor of Nevada (b. 1903)
September 14 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
September 15 – Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
September 21 – Corrado Gaipa, Italian actor (b. 1925)
September 22 – Irving Berlin, American composer (b. 1888)
September 23 – Bradley Kincaid, American singer (b. 1894)
September 28 – Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino dictator, politician and statesman, 10th President of the Philippines (b. 1917) September 30
October [ ]
November [ ]
November 1 – Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, American civil rights activist (b. 1898)
November 2 – Andrée Brabant, French actress (b. 1901)
November 3 – Timoci Bavadra, Fijian physician and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Fiji (b. 1934)
November 6 – Little Sister Magdeleine of Jesus, French religious sister and missionary (b. 1898)
November 9 – Sarwo Edhie Wibowo, Indonesian military leader (b. 1925)
November 11 – Kenneth MacLean Glazier Sr., Canadian minister and librarian (b. 1912)
November 12 – Édouard Candeveau, Swiss Olympic rower (b. 1898)
November 23 – Mariko Shiga, Japanese voice actress (b. 1969)
November 24 – Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar and theologian (b. 1941)
November 25 – George Cakobau, Governor-General of Fiji (b. 1912)
November 26 – Ahmed Abdallah, Comorian politician, 1st President of Comoros (b. 1919)
November 27 – Carlos Arias Navarro, Spanish politician, 71st Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1908)
November 28 – Ernesto Civardi, Italian cardinal (b. 1906)
December [ ]
December 1 – Alvin Ailey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1931)
December 2 – Ray Morehart, American baseball player (b. 1899)
December 4 – Frederick Elwyn Jones, British barrister and Labour politician (b. 1909)
December 5 – John Pritchard, British conductor (b. 1921)
December 7 – Haystacks Calhoun, American professional wrestler (b. 1934)
December 8 – Hans Hartung, German-born French painter (b. 1904)
December 17 – Albert C. Wedemeyer, American general (b. 1897)
December 20 – Kurt Böhme, German bass (b. 1908)
December 26 – Lennox Berkeley, English composer (b. 1903)
December – Yem Sambaur, 8th Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1913)
Nobel Prizes [ ]
References [ ]
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Further reading [ ]
Ash, Timothy Garton.
The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt Kenney, Padraic, ed.
1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009) Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt
External links [ ]