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1968 ( MCMLXVIII)
was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 968th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
Events [ ]
January [ ]
February [ ]
March [ ]
March 1 United Kingdom Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 receives Royal accent
March 2 – Baggeridge Colliery closes marking the end of over 300 years of coal mining in the Black Country of England. 
March 6 – Un-recognized Rhodesia executes 3 black citizens, the first executions since UDI, prompting international condemnation.
March 7 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends.
March 10– 11 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the (at this time) secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War.
March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding. 
March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina.
March 14 – Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.
March 15 – British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns.
March 17 – A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested.
March 18 – Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency.
March 19– 23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum.
March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.
March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew.
March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship. March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.
April [ ]
April 7 – British racing driver Jim Clark is killed in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim.
April 8 – The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (under Department of Justice) (BNDD) is created.
April 10 – The ferry TEV strikes a Wahine reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour, New Zealand, with the loss of 53 lives, in Cyclone Giselle, which has created the windiest conditions ever recorded in New Zealand.
April 18 – John Rennie's 1831 New London Bridge is sold to Arizona entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch and is rebuilt in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, reopening on October 5, 1971.
Mobutu releases captured mercenaries in the Congo. Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain.
The United Methodist Church is created by the union of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.
April 23– 30 – Vietnam War: Columbia University protests of 1968 – Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
April 26 – The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie. April 29 – The musical officially opens on Hair Broadway.
May [ ]
May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts.
May 3 – Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, killing all 85 people on board.
May 11 – The Montreal Canadiens defeat the St. Louis Blues in a four-game sweep to win the Stanley Cup.
May 13 – Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris.
May 13 – Manchester City wins the 1967–68 Football League First Division by 2 clear points, over club rivals Manchester United
May 14 – The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference.
May 15 – An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas.
May 16 – Ronan Point, a 23 floor tower block in Canning Town, east London, partially collapses after a gas explosion, killing 5.
May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War.
May 18 – Mattel's toy cars are introduced.
A general election is held in Italy. Nigerian forces capture Port Harcourt and form a ring around the Biafrans. This contributes to a humanitarian disaster as the surrounded population already suffers from hunger and starvation.
May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Scorpion Azores.
May 29 – Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so. May 30 – Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.
June [ ]
July [ ]
July 4 – Yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, England after his 354-day round-the-world trip.
July 15 – The soap opera premieres on One Life to Live ABC television in the United States.
July 17 – Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a . coup d'état
July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded.
July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
July 23– 28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
July 25 – Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled , on Humanae vitae birth control.
July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.
July 29 – Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries.
July 30 – Thames Television starts transmission in London. July 31 – BBC television sitcom is broadcast for the first time in the UK. Dad's Army
August [ ]
August 2 – The 7.6 M w Casiguran earthquake affects the Aurora province in the Philippines with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( Violent), killing at least 207 and injuring 261.
August 5– 8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. President and Spiro Agnew for Vice President.
August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Railways steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special.
August 18 – Two charter buses are forced into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed.
August 20– 21 – Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia: The ' Prague Spring' of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 aircraft invade Czechoslovakia, the largest military operation in Europe since the end of World War II.
August 21 – The Medal of Honor is posthumously awarded to James Anderson Jr.; he is the first black U.S. Marine to be given this award.
August 24 – Canopus (nuclear test): France explodes its first hydrogen bomb in a test at Fangataufa atoll in French Polynesia.
August 22– 30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. President and Edmund Muskie for Vice President. The riots and subsequent trials are an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party.
August 28 – John Gordon Mein, U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City, the first U.S. Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty. August 29 – Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years.
September [ ]
September 6 – Swaziland becomes independent.
September 7 – 150 women (members of New York Radical Women) arrive in Atlantic City, New Jersey to protest against the Miss America Pageant, as exploitative of women. Led by activist and author Robin Morgan, it is one of the first large demonstrations of Second Wave Feminism as Women's Liberation begins to gather much media attention. The crash of
Air France Flight 1611 kills 95 people, including French Army General René Cogny as the Caravelle jetliner plunges into the Merranean Sea while making its approach to Nice following its departure from the island of Corsica. The
International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is founded.
September 14 – Detroit Tiger Denny McLain becomes the first baseball pitcher to win 30 games in a season since 1934. He remains the last player to accomplish the feat.
September 17 – The D'Oliveira affair: The Marylebone Cricket Club tour of South Africa is cancelled when the South Africans refuse to accept the presence of Basil D'Oliveira, a Cape Coloured, in the side.
September 20 – debuts on Hawaii Five-O CBS, and eventually becomes the longest-running crime show in television history, until overtakes it in 2003. Law & Order
September 21 – The Soviet's Zond 5 unmanned lunar flyby mission returns to earth, with its first-of-a-kind biological payload intact.
September 23 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam.
September 24 – debuts on 60 Minutes CBS and is still on the air as of 2018.
September 27 – Marcelo Caetano becomes prime minister of Portugal.
September 29 – A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta. September 30 – Boeing introduces its largest passenger aircraft up to that time, the Boeing 747 at a public event at Paine Field, near Everett, Washington.
October [ ]
October 1 – premieres in the United States. Night of the Living Dead
October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. 300-400 are estimated to have been killed.
October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution.
October 5 – Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of The Troubles.
October 7 – At the height of protests against the Vietnam War, José Feliciano performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Tiger Stadium in Detroit during Game 5 pre-game ceremonies of the 1968 World Series between the Tigers and the St. Louis Cardinals. His personalized, slow, Latin jazz performance proved highly controversial, opening the door for later interpretations of the national anthem.
October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
October 10 – 1968 World Series: The Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the best of 7 series (4 games to 3) after being down 3 games to 1, completing an unlikely comeback against the heavily favored Cardinals led by the overpowering right-handed pitcher Bob Gibson. The final score of Game 7 is 4-1.
October 12– 27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico.
October 12 – Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain.
October 14 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
October 18 – US athlete Bob Beamon breaks the long jump world record by 55 cm / 21¾ ins at the Olympics in Mexico City. His record stands for 23 years, and is still the second longest jump in history.
October 20 – Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the Greek island of Skorpios.
October 22 – The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted.
October 25 – Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England  October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
November [ ]
November 11 – A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
November 14 – Yale University announces it is going to admit women.
November 15 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations.  
November 17 – The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland Raiders– New York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled . Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32–29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43–32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest. Heidi November 17 - British European Airways introduces the
BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.
November 19 – In Mali, President Modibo Keïta's regime is overthrown in a bloodless military coup led by Moussa Traoré. 
November 20 – The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men.
November 24 – 4 men hijack Pan Am Flight 281 from JFK International Airport, New York to Havana, Cuba. November 26 – Vietnam War: United States Air Force First Lieutenant and Bell UH-1F helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire, earning a Medal of Honor for his bravery.
December [ ]
December 3 – The videotaped NBC television special (sponsored by Singer Presents...ELVIS The Singer Company, the American sewing machine manufacturer) marks the comeback of Elvis Presley after the legendary musician had been away from singing.
December 6 – The Rolling Stones release , which contains the classic song " Beggars Banquet Sympathy for the Devil."
December 9 – Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as " The Mother of All Demos".
December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved " 300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo.
December 13 – Prompted by growing unrest and a perceived proliferation of "pro-communist" violent actions, Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva enacts the so-called AI-5, the fifth of a series of non-constitutional emergency decrees allegedly to help "stabilize" the country after the turmoils of the early 1960s.
December 17 – In England, Mary Bell, aged 11, is found guilty of murdering two small boys and sentenced to life in detention, but is later released from prison in 1980 and granted anonymity.
December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California.
December 24 – Apollo program: The manned U.S. spacecraft enters orbit around the Apollo 8 Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William A. Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole, as well as having traveled further away from Earth than any people in history. Anders photographs . The crew also Earthrise reads from Genesis.
December 26 – Led Zeppelin make their American debut in Denver. December 28 – Israeli forces fly into Lebanese airspace, launching an attack on the airport in Beirut and destroying more than a dozen aircraft.
Dates unknown [ ]
Births [ ]
January [ ]
January 2 – Cuba Gooding Jr., African-American actor
January 6 – John Singleton, African-American film director and writer (d. 2019)
January 7 – James Brokenshire, British politician
January 13 – Pat Onstad, Canadian footballer
January 14 – LL Cool J, American rapper and actor
January 15 – Chad Lowe, American actor and director
January 17 – Svetlana Masterkova, Russian athlete
January 19 – Matt Hill, Canadian voice actor
January 21 – Charlotte Ross, American actress
January 22 – Guy Fieri, American chef
January 25 – Carolina Ferraz, Brazilian actress, television presenter and former model
January 27 – Mike Patton, American singer
January 28 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer
January 29 – Edward Burns, American actor January 30 – King Felipe VI of Spain
February [ ]
March [ ]
March 2 – Daniel Craig, British actor
March 3 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
March 5 – Gordon Bajnai, Hungarian Prime Minister
March 7 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
March 11 – Lisa Loeb, American singer
March 16 – Trevor Wilson, American basketball player
March 17 – Nika Rurua, Georgian politician (d. 2018)
March 19 – Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
Carlos Almeida, Cape Verdean long-distance runner Ultra Naté, American singer, songwriter, record producer, DJ, and promoter
March 22 – Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993)
March 25 – Cathy Dennis, British singer-songwriter, record producer and actress
March 27 – Ben Koldyke, American actor
March 30 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer
April [ ]
Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player Ott, English musician and record producer
April 13 – Jørn Stubberud, Norwegian musician
April 14 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer
April 15 – Stacey Williams, American model
April 18 – David Hewlett, English-born Canadian actor, writer and director
April 21 – Vidkid Timo, American actor, film writer, producer, and director of adult and erotic films
April 23 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)
April 28 – Howard Donald, British singer ( Take That) April 29
May [ ]
May 1 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
May 3 – Li Yong (television host), Chinese host(d.2018)
May 4 – Julian Barratt, English comedian, actor, musician and music producer
May 7 – Traci Lords, American porn star, actress
May 9 – Marie-José Pérec, French athlete
May 10 – Al Murray, English comedian
May 16 – Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress
May 17 – Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider
May 18 – Vanessa Leggett, American freelance journalist, author, lecturer and First Amendment advocate
May 19 – Kyle Eastwood, American jazz bass musician
May 23 – John Ortiz, American actor
May 24 – Charles De'Ath, English actor
May 26 – Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
May 28 – Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer May 30 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator
June [ ]
June 1 – Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
June 7 Noel Collins, Super Star
June 8 – Eduardo Moscovis, Brazilian actor
June 9 – Aleksandr Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
June 13 – Regan Burns, American actor and comedian
June 14 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress
June 16 – James Patrick Stuart, American actor and voice actor
June 21 – Sonique, British singer
June 23 – Lee Jae-yong, South Korean business magnate
June 24 – Boris Gelfand, Israeli chess grandmaster
June 25 – Albert Fulivai, Tongan rugby league player
July [ ]
July 1 – Jordi Mollà, Spanish actor, director, filmmaker, writer, and artist
July 2 – Ron Goldman, American model, waiter (d. 1994)
July 3 – Ramush Haradinaj, 3rd Prime Minister of Kosovo
July 6 – Rashid Sidek, Malaysian badminton player and coach
July 9 – Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor
July 10 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
July 11 – Conrad Vernon, American voice actor and director
July 12 – Paul Hopkins, Canadian actor
July 18 – Grant Bowler, New Zealand-born Australian actor
July 21 – Johnnie Barnes, American football player
July 26 – Olivia Williams, English actress
August [ ]
September [ ]
October [ ]
October 3 – Paul Crichton, English footballer
October 4 – Beverley Allitt, British serial killer of children
Luminița Anghel, Romanian dance/pop recording artist, songwriter, television personality and politician Thom Yorke, British singer-songwriter
Troy Davis, American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (d. 2011) Pete Docter, American animator, director
October 12 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor
October 13 – Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer
October 16 – Todd Stashwick, American actor and writer
Alejandra Ávalos, Mexican artist, singer, songwriter, actress, model, dancer, philanthropist, television host, entrepreneur and record producer Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician and oldest son of Bob Marley
October 20 – Damien Timmer, British joint-managing director, television producer, television executive producer
October 22 – Shaggy, Jamaican singer
October 24 – Mark Walton, American story artist, actor
October 27 – Alain Auderset, Swedish writer
October 28 – Juan Orlando Hernández, 55th President of Honduras October 29
Tsunku, Japanese singer, music producer and song composer John Farley, American actor and comedian
November [ ]
December [ ]
December 5 – Margaret Cho, American actress and comedian
December 9 – Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic gold medalist
December 17 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver
December 19 – Ken Marino, American actor and comedian
December 22 – Dina Meyer, American actress
December 23 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer
December 24 – Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model (d. 2008)
December 25 – Helena Christensen, Danish model
December 29 – Tricia Leigh Fisher, American actress and singer
December 30 – Fabrice Guy, French Olympic skier December 31 – Gerry Dee, Canadian actor and stand-up comedian
Date unknown [ ]
Deaths [ ]
January [ ]
January 4 – Joseph Pholien, Belgian politician, 37th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1884)
January 6 – Karl Kobelt, 2-time President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1891)
January 10 – Eben Dönges, acting Prime Minister of South Africa and elected President of South Africa (b. 1898)
January 11 – Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and Talmudic scholar, and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1876)
January 18 – Bert Wheeler, American actor and comedian (b. 1895)
January 19 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879), winner of the first Indianapolis 500 (1911)
January 21 – Will Lang Jr., American journalist (b. 1914)
January 22 – Duke Kahanamoku, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1890)
January 26 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (b. 1883) January 30 – Robert Wood Johnson, American business leader and philanthropist (b. 1893)
February [ ]
February 11 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
February 13 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1894)
February 18 – John Westdahl, American politician (b. 1916)
February 19 – Georg Hackenschmidt, German strongman and professional wrestler (b. 1877)
February 20 – Anthony Asquith, British director and writer (b. 1902)
February 21 – Howard Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898)
February 22 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
February 23 – Fannie Hurst, American novelist (b. 1885)
February 25 – Camille Huysmans, Belgian politician, 34th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1871)
February 27 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (b. 1942) February 29 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)
March [ ]
April [ ]
May [ ]
June [ ]
July [ ]
August [ ]
September [ ]
September 3 – Juan José Castro, Argentine composer and conductor (b. 1895)
September 7 – Lucio Fontana, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1899)
September 12 – Tommy Armour, Scottish golfer (b. 1894)
September 13 – Frank Barson, English footballer (b. 1891)
September 17 – Armand Blanchonnet, French Olympic cyclist (b. 1903)
September 18 – Francis McDonald, American actor (b. 1891)
September 19 – Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910)
September 23 – Pio of Pietrelcina, Italian Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1887)
September 24 – Virginia Valli, American actress (b. 1898)
September 26 – Lipman Heilprin, Israeli physician and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1902) September 28 – Sir Norman Brookes, Australian tennis champion (b. 1877)
October [ ]
November [ ]
December [ ]
Date unknown [ ]
Nobel Prizes [ ]
References [ ]
Navazelskis, Inabhfghh (1990). Alexander Dubcek. Chelsea House Publications. ISBN . 1-55546-831-4
Chartres, John (January 9, 1968). "Wilson Joins 'I Back Britain '". . London. p. 1. The Times
"Italy: The Day the Earth Shook". . January 26, 1968 Time . Retrieved . August 2, 2011
"Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani".
"The Closing Of Baggeridge Colliery". The Black Country Society. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011 . Retrieved . April 28, 2018
^ Paul E. Fontenoy,
Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2007) p60
"CIA tells Russia of Soviet sea disaster". The Times (64466). London. October 17, 1992. col F-G, p. 10.
Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange. The American Presidency Project. Accessed 2008-04-14.
^ "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015.
"Powell's 'rivers of blood' legacy". April 18, 2008 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
^ "Commando Hunt, Operation", in
Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam, by Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p123-124
^ "Ho Chi Minh Trail", by William M. Leary, in
The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p506
Mali country profile (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, January 2005, p. 3
Further reading [ ]
Sherman, Daniel J. et al. eds.
The Long 1968: Revisions and New Perspectives (Indiana University Press; 2013) 382 pages; essays by scholars on the cultural and political impact of 1968 in France, Mexico, Northern Ireland, the United States, etc. Kurlansky, Mark. (2004).
1968: The Year that Rocked the World. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-06251-0 NPR "
Echoes of 1968" report series.
1968 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio.
TIME Magazine, 40th Anniversary Special (2008). "1968: The Year That Changed the World."
NEWSWEEK Magazine. " 1968: The Year That Made Us Who We Are." November 19, 2007.
1968: The Year That Shaped a Generation, time.com, January 11, 1988.
1968 Coin Pictures
Magnum Photos, Historic photos from 1968
BBC Radio 4 – 1968 Myth or Reality? – six months of 'news on this day' programmes and documentaries
Interactive 1968 Timeline Reflections on 1968 Read people's memories of the year 1968. Minnesota Historical Society
External links [ ]