Wikimedia Commons has media related to . 1944
1944 ( MCMXLIV)
was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 944th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.
Events [ ]
Below, events of
World War II have the "WWII" suffix.
January [ ]
February [ ]
March [ ]
March – Austrian-born economist Friedrich Hayek publishes his book in London. The Road to Serfdom
March 1 – WWII:
March 3 – WWII: The Order of Nakhimov and the Order of Ushakov are instituted in the USSR.
March 4 – In Ossining, New York, Louis Buchalter, the leader of 1930s crime syndicate Murder, Inc., is executed at Sing Sing, along with Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone.
March 6 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Narva, Estonia, destroying almost the entire baroque old town.
March 9 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia, killing 757 and leaving 25,000 homeless.
In Britain, the prohibition on married women working as teachers is lifted.
 Resistance leader Joop Westerweel is arrested while returning to the Netherlands, having escorted a group of Jewish children to safety in Spain.
March 12 – WWII: The Political Committee of National Liberation is created in Greece.
The last eruption of
Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26, and causes thousands to flee their homes. WWII: The Nazis execute almost 400 prisoners, Soviet citizens and anti- fascist Romanians at Rîbnița.
March 19 - WWII: Operation Margarethe: German forces occupy Hungary.
March 20 - WWII:
March 23 – WWII: Members of the Italian Resistance attack Nazis marching in Via Rasella, killing 33. March 24 – WWII:
April [ ]
April 2 – WWII: Ascq massacre: Members of the 12th SS Panzer Division shoot 85 civilians suspected of blowing up their train, on its approach to the Hitlerjugend Gare d'Ascq in France.
April 4 – WWII: An Allied photoreconnaissance aircraft of 60 Squadron SAAF photographs part of Auschwitz concentration camp.
April 10 – The Holocaust: Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler escape from Auschwitz concentration camp; on April 25–27 they prepare the Vrba–Wetzler report, one of the earliest and most detailed descriptions of the extermination of Jews in the camp.
April 14 – Bombay Explosion: Freighter SS Fort Stikine, carrying a mixed cargo of ammunition, cotton bales and gold, explodes in harbour at Bombay (India), sinking surrounding ships and killing around 800 people.
April 19 – WWII:
April 28 – WWII: Allied convoy T4, forming part of amphibious Exercise Tiger (a full-scale rehearsal for the Normandy landings) in Start Bay, off the Devon coast of England, is attacked by E-boats, resulting in the deaths of 749 American servicemen from LSTs.    
May [ ]
May – Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist drama ( No Exit Huis Clos) premières in Nazi-occupied Paris.
May 1 – WWII: Two hundred Communist prisoners are shot by the Germans at Kaisariani, Athens, Greece, in reprisal for the killing of General Franz Krech by Partisans at Molaoi.
May 5 – WWII: Mohandas Gandhi is released from jail in India, on health grounds.
May 9 – WWII: In the Ukrainian city of Sevastopol, Soviet troops completely drive out German forces, who had been ordered by Hitler to “fight to the last man.” 
May 12 – WWII: Soviet troops finalize the liberation of the Crimea.
May 14 – The Holocaust: Predominantly Muslim Albanian troops of the 21st round up 281 Jews in Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian) Pristina, and hand them over to the Germans for transportation to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
May 15– July 8 – The Holocaust: Hungarian Jews are deported to Auschwitz, and other Nazi concentration camps.
May 18 – WWII:
May 24 – WWII: West Loch disaster: Six LSTs are accidentally destroyed and 163 men killed, in Pearl Harbor.
May 30 – Princess Charlotte Louise Juliette Louvet Grimaldi of Monaco, heir to the throne, resigns in favor of her son Prince Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi, who later reigns as Prince Rainier III of Monaco. May 31 – WWII: Destroyer escort USS sinks the sixth Japanese submarine in two weeks. This England anti-submarine warfare performance remains unmatched through the 20th-century.
June [ ]
Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during
June 2 – WWII: The Provisional Government of the French Republic is established.
June 3 – Hans Asperger publishes his paper on Asperger syndrome.  
June 4 – WWII:
June 5 – WWII:
June 6 – WWII – D-Day: 155,000 Allied troops shipped from England land on the beaches of Normandy in northern France, beginning Operation Overlord and the Invasion of Normandy. The Allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland, in the largest amphibious military operation in history. This operation helps liberate France from Germany, and also weakens the Nazi hold on Europe.
June 7 – WWII:
Danae ( Greek: Δανάη), carrying 600 Cretans (including 350 Greek Jews) on the first leg of the journey to Auschwitz, is sunk, with no known survivors, off Santorini.
Joel Brand is intercepted by British agents in Aleppo.
Bayeux is liberated by British troops. Operation Perch, a British attempt to capture Caen from the Germans, commences; it is abandoned on June 14.
June 9 – WWII: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin launches the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive against Finland, with the intent of defeating Finland before pushing for Berlin.
June 10 – WWII: Oradour-sur-Glane massacre: 642 men, women and children are killed in France.
June 13 – WWII: Germany launches the first V-1 flying bomb attack on London. 
June 15 – WWII: Battle of Saipan: United States forces land on Saipan.
June 16 – At age 14, George Stinney becomes the youngest person ever executed in the United States.
June 17 – Iceland declares full independence from Denmark.
June 19 – A severe storm badly damages the Mulberry harbours on the Normandy coast.
June 20 – WWII: A V-2 rocket becomes the first man-made object to cross the Kármán line and reach the edge of space. 
June 22 – WWII:
June 23 – The Holocaust: Maurice Rossel of the International Committee of the Red Cross visits Theresienstadt concentration camp, uncritically accepting the propaganda view of it presented by the . Schutzstaffel
June 24 – David Ben-Gurion presents the One Million Plan to the Jewish Agency for Israel, proposing a million-strong Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, as well as from Europe to Mandatory Palestine.
June 25 – WWII:
June 26 – WWII: American troops enter Cherbourg.
June 29 – WWII: USS torpedoes Sturgeon ; 5,400 drown. Toyama Maru  June 30 – WWII: USS torpedoes Tang Nikkin Maru; 3,219 drown. 
July [ ]
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of
, summer 1944.
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944.
August [ ]
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the
Liberation of Paris
, 26 August 1944.
August 1 – WWII: The Warsaw Uprising begins.
August 2 – WWII:
Turkey ends diplomatic and economic relations with Germany. The First Assembly of ASNOM (the Anti-Fascist Assembly for the People's Liberation of Macedonia) is held in the Prohor Pčinjski monastery.
August 3 – The Education Act in the United Kingdom, promoted by Rab Butler, creates a Tripartite system of education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
August 4 – The Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse, where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank, her family, and others in hiding. All will die in the Holocaust, except for Otto Frank, Anne's father. 
August 5 – WWII:
Wola massacre begins. Between now and August 12, 40,000 to 50,000 Polish civilians will be indiscriminately massacred by occupying SS troops. The Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners. Cowra breakout: Over 500 Japanese prisoners of war attempt a mass breakout from the Cowra camp in Australia. In the ensuing manhunt, 231 Japanese escapees and four Australian soldiers are killed.
August 7 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
August 9 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release the first posters featuring Smokey Bear.
August 12 – WWII:
August 15 – WWII: Operation Dragoon lands Allies in southern France. The U.S. 45th Infantry Division participates in its fourth assault landing at Sainte-Maxime, spearheading the drive for the Belfort Gap.
August 18 – WWII: Submarine USS sinks Rasher Teia Maru, Eishin Maru, Teiyu Maru, and aircraft carrier from Japanese convoy HI71, in one of the most effective American " Taiyō wolfpack" attacks of the war. 
August 19 – WWII:
August 20 – WWII:
Dumbarton Oaks Conference (Washington Conversations on International Peace and Security Organization) opens in Washington, D.C.: U.S., British, Chinese, French and Soviet representatives meet to plan the foundation of the United Nations.  WWII: Operation Tractable concludes, when Canadian troops relieve the Polish and link with the Americans, capturing remaining German forces in the Falaise Pocket, and securing the strategically important French town of Falaise, in the final offensive of the Battle of Normandy.
August 22 – WWII: , an unmarked Japanese passenger/cargo ship, is sunk by Tsushima Maru torpedoes launched by the submarine USS off Bowfin Akuseki-jima, killing 1,484 civilians, including 767 schoolchildren.
August 23 – WWII:
August 24 – WWII:
August 25 – WWII:
August 29 – WWII: The Slovak National Uprising against the Axis powers begins. August 31 – The Mad Gasser of Mattoon apparently resumes his mysterious attacks in Mattoon, Illinois for two weeks.
September [ ]
October [ ]
American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, 20 October 1944.
November [ ]
November 1– December 7 – Delegates of 52 nations meet at the International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago, to plan for postwar international cooperation, framing the constitution of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
November 3 – WWII: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest, are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
November 10 – WWII: Ammunition ship USS disintegrates from the accidental detonation of 3,800 tons of cargo, in the Mount Hood Seeadler Harbor fleet anchorage at Manus Island. 22 small boats are destroyed, 36 nearby ships damaged, 432 men are killed and 371 more are injured. 
November 11 – Operational ships of the French Navy re-enter their base at Toulon.
November 12 – WWII: German battleship is sunk by British Royal Air Force Tirpitz Lancaster bombers. Estimated casualties range from 950 to 1,204. 
November 14 – WWII: USS torpedoes Queenfish ; 2,246 drown. Akitsu Maru 
November 16 – WWII: U.S. forces begin the month-long Operation Queen in the Rur Valley.
November 24 – WWII: German forces evacuate from the West Estonian Archipelago.
November 26 – American opera singer Florence Foster Jenkins dies in her sleep from a heart attack, at the age of 76.
RAF Fauld explosion: Between 3,450 and 3,930 tons (3,500 and 4,000 tonnes) of ordnance explodes at an underground storage depot in Staffordshire, England, leaving about 75 dead and a crater 1,200 metres (1,300 yd) across and 120 metres (390 ft) deep. The blast is one of the largest non-nuclear explosions in history, and the largest on UK soil.  Operation Tigerfish: The Royal Air Force bombing of Freiburg im Breisgau kills 2,800. November 29 – WWII: Submarine USS sinks Japanese Archerfish aircraft carrier . Shinano Shinano is the largest carrier built to this date, and will remain through the twentieth century the largest ship sunk by a submarine. 
December [ ]
December 1– Edward Stettinius, Jr. becomes the last United States Secretary of State of the Roosevelt administration, filling the seat left by Cordell Hull.
December 3 – WWII:
December 7 – The Convention on International Civil Aviation is signed in Chicago, creating the International Civil Aviation Organization.
December 10 – Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini leads a concert performance of the first half of Beethoven's (minus its spoken dialogue) on Fidelio NBC Radio, starring Rose Bampton. He chooses this opera for its political message: a statement against tyranny and dictatorship. Conducting it in German, Toscanini intends it as a tribute to the German people who are being oppressed by Hitler. The second half is broadcast a week later. The performance is later released on LP and CD, the first of 7 operas that Toscanini conducts on radio.
December 12– December 13 – WWII: British units attempt to take the hilltop town of Tossignano, but are repulsed.
December 13 – Battle of Mindoro: United States, Australian and Philippine Commonwealth troops land on Mindoro Island in the Philippines.
December 15 – A USAAF utility aircraft carrying bandleader Major Glenn Miller disappears in heavy fog over the English Channel, while flying to Paris.
December 16 – WWII:
December 18 – General Douglas MacArthur becomes the second U.S. Five-Star General.
December 19 – The daily newspaper begins publication in Paris. Le Monde
SS is sunk in the Léopoldville English Channel by German submarine . Approximately 763 soldiers of the U-486 U.S. 66th Infantry Division, bound for the Battle of the Bulge, drown.  WWII: German tanks reach the furthest point of the Bulge at
Celles. WWII: Fifty German
V-1 flying bombs, air-launched from Heinkel He 111 bombers flying over the North Sea, target Manchester in England, killing 42 and injuring more than 100 in the Oldham area.   WWII:
Bande massacre: 34 men between the ages of 17 and 32 are executed by the Sicherheitsdienst near Bande, Belgium, in retaliation for the killing of 3 German soldiers. The first complete U.S. production of Tchaikovsky's ballet is presented in The Nutcracker San Francisco, choreographed by Willam Christensen. It will become an annual tradition there, and for the next ten years, the San Francisco Ballet will be the only company in the United States performing the complete work.
December 31 – WWII:
Battle of Leyte: Tens of thousands of Imperial Japanese Army soldiers are killed in action, in a significant Filipino/Allied military victory.
Date unknown [ ]
Births [ ]
January [ ]
February [ ]
February 2 – Geoffrey Hughes, English actor (d. 2012)
Bunky Henry, American professional golfer (d. 2018)
Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor (d. 2014)
February 9 – Alice Walker, American writer
February 10 – Peter Allen, Australian-born Academy Award-winning composer and lyricist (d. 1992)
February 11 – Michael G. Oxley, American politician (d. 2016)
February 12 – Moe Bandy, American country music singer
February 15 – Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechen leader, first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, an unrecognized breakaway state in the North Caucasus (d. 1996)
February 19 – Donald F. Glut, American writer, film director, and screenwriter
February 23 – Johnny Winter, American rock musician (d. 2014)
February 24 – Ivica Račan, Croatian politician (d. 2007)
February 25 – François Cevert, French racing driver (d. 1973)
February 29 – Dennis Farina, American actor (d. 2013)
March [ ]
March 5 – Peter Brandes, Danish artist
March 8 – Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
Graham Lyle, Grammy-winning Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist, known for writing several international hits for Tina Turner Don Maclean, English comedian and broadcaster
March 14 – Steve Daskewisz, American actor (d. 2018)
March 21 – Hilary Minster, English actor (d. 1999)
March 24 – R. Lee Ermey, U.S. Marine and actor (d. 2018)
March 26 – Diana Ross, American actress and singer
March 27 – Ann Sidney, Miss World
April [ ]
April 3 – Tony Orlando, American musician
April 5 – Peter T. King, American politician
April 10 – Abubakar Habu Hashidu, Nigerian politician (d. 2018)
April 11 – John Milius, American film director, producer and screenwriter
April 13 – Jack Casady, American rock musician ( Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna)
April 18 – Charlie Tuna, American disc jockey and game show announcer (d. 2016)
April 22 – Steve Fossett, American aviator, sailor and millionaire adventurer (d. 2007)
April 24 – Tony Visconti, American record producer, musician and singer
April 25 – Len Goodman, British ballroom dancer and television personality
April 26 – Larry H. Miller, American sports owner ( Utah Jazz; d. 2009)
April 28 – Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
April 29 – Richard Kline, American actor and television director April 30 – Jill Clayburgh, American actress (d. 2010)
May [ ]
May 3 – Rusty Wier, American singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
May 4 – Russi Taylor, American voice actress
May 8 – Gary Glitter, English singer
May 12 – Sara Kestelman, English actress
May 16 – Danny Trejo, American actor
May 19 – Peter Mayhew, English actor
May 21 – Mary Robinson, President of Ireland
May 25 – Frank Oz, English puppeteer and film director
May 27 – Chris Dodd, American politician
May 29 – Helmut Berger, Austrian actor May 30 – Merh MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
June [ ]
June 1 – Robert Powell, English actor
June 2 – Marvin Hamlisch, American composer, conductor (d. 2012)
June 3 – Edith McGuire, American sprinter
June 4 – Michelle Phillips, American singer and actress
June 13 – Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
June 15 – Malaysia Vasudevan, Tamil playback singer and actor (d. 2011)
June 16 – Henri Richelet, French painter
June 17 – Bill Rafferty, American comedian and impressionist (d. 2012)
June 18 – Salvador Sánchez Cerén, 45th President of El Salvador
June 25 – Ricardo Salgado, Portuguese economist and banker
June 28 – Luis Nicolao, Argentine butterfly swimmer
July [ ]
August [ ]
August 3 – Jonas Falk, Swedish actor (d. 2010)
August 9 – Sam Elliott, American actor
August 12 – Larry Troutman, American musician (d. 1999)
August 13 – Kevin Tighe, American actor
August 15 – Sylvie Vartan, French singer
August 20 – Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (d. 1991)
August 22 – Ayşen Gruda, Turkish actress and comedian (d. 2019)
August 23 – Saira Banu, Indian actress
August 25 – Christine Chubbuck, American television reporter (d. 1974)
August 26 – Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
August 30 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004) August 31 – Jos LeDuc, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
September [ ]
September 1 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
September 2 – Gilles Marchal, French musician
Ty Warner, American Businessman, Inventor: Beanie Babies
September 4 – Tony Atkinson, British economist (d. 2017)
September 6 – Christian Boltanski, French artist
September 15 – Graham Taylor, English footballer and football manager (d. 2017)
September 17 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountaineer
September 19 – İsmet Özel, Turkish poet
September 22 – Frazer Hines, British actor
September 25 – Michael Douglas, American film actor and producer
September 26 – Anne Robinson, British television host
September 28 – Miloš Zeman, 3rd President of the Czech Republic September 30 – Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (d. 2006)
October [ ]
November [ ]
December [ ]
December 1 – John Densmore, drummer, member of The Doors.
December 3 – Ralph McTell English singer songwriter
December 4 – Dennis Wilson, American singer, songwriter and drummer (d. 1983)
December 5 – Jeroen Krabbé, Dutch actor and film director
December 17 – Bernard Hill, British actor
December 22 – Steve Carlton, American baseball player
December 24 – Erhard Keller, German speed skater
December 25 – Jairzinho, Brazilian football player
December 30 – Joseph Hilbe, American statistician and author December 31
Date unknown [ ]
Deaths [ ]
January [ ]
January 4 – Kaj Munk, Danish playwright, Lutheran pastor and martyr (b. 1898)
January 6 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist and muckraker (b. 1857)
January 7 – Lou Henry Hoover, First Lady of the United States (b. 1874)
January 12 – Nicholas Bunkerd Kitbamrung, Thai Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1895)
January 13 – King Yuhi V of Rwanda (b. 1883)
January 14 – Mehmet Emin Yurdakul, Turkish writer (b. 1869)
January 20 – James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
January 21 – Yoshimi Nishida, Japanese general (b. 1892)
January 23 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
January 25 – Teresa Grillo Michel, Italian Roman Catholic nun and blessed (b. 1855)
January 29 – William Allen White, American journalist (b. 1868) January 31
February [ ]
February 1 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch painter (b. 1872)
February 4 – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
February 7 – Robert E. Park, American Sociologist (b. 1864)
February 9 – Agnes Mary Frances Duclaux, British poet, essayist and novelist (b. 1857)
February 11 – Carl Meinhof, German linguist (b. 1857)
February 13 – Edgar Selwyn, American screenwriter (b. 1875)
February 21 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)
February 23 – Leo Baekeland, Belgian-born American chemist (b. 1863) February 29 – Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, Finnish politician, 1st Prime Minister of Finland and 3rd President of Finland (b. 1861)
March [ ]
March 3 – Paul-Émile Janson, Belgian politician, 30th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1872)
March 4 – Louis Buchalter, Jewish-born American mobster, head of Murder, Inc. (executed) (b. 1897)
March 9 – Demetrios Capetanakis, Greek poet, essayist and critic (b. 1912)
March 17 – Mario Bravo, Argentinian politician and writer (b. 1862)
March 22 – Pierre Brossolette, journalist and French Resistance fighter (b. 1903)
March 23 – Myron Selznick, American film producer (b. 1898)
March 25 – Omelyan Kovch, Soviet Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox priest, martyr and blessed (b. 1884) March 31
April [ ]
May [ ]
May 5 – Bertha Benz, German automotive pioneer, wife and business partner of automobile inventor Karl Benz (b. 1849)
May 7 – William Ledyard Rodgers, American admiral and military and naval historian (b. 1860)
May 8 – Albert Leo Stevens, pioneering American balloonist (b. 1877)
May 11 – Leon Kozłowski, Polish archaeologist and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1892)
May 15 – Patriarch Sergius I (b. 1867)
May 16 – George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
May 17 – Milena Jesenská, Czechoslovakian journalist, writer, or and translator (b. 1896)
May 21 – Edmund Mortimer, American actor and director (b. 1874)
May 23 – Thomas Curtis, American Olympic athlete (b. 1873)
May 25 – Clark Daniel Stearns, 9th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1870) May 30
June [ ]
July [ ]
July 1 – Carl Mayer, Austrian screenwriter (b. 1894)
July 7 – Georges Mandel, French politician and WWII hero (b. 1885)
July 9 – Ingvar Fredrik Håkansson, Swedish pilot (b. 1920)
July 14 – Asmahan, Syrian-born Egyptian singer (b. 1918)
July 15 – Joseph Sadi-Lecointe, French aviator (b. 1891)
July 16 – Moncena Dunn, American inventor (b. 1867)
July 17 – Tarsykiya Matskiv, Soviet Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox religious sister and blessed (b. 1919)
July 23 – Eduard Wagner, German general and resistance member (suicide) (b. 1894)
July 27 – Perry McGillivray, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1893)
July 28 – Werner Schrader, German resistance member (suicide) (b. 1895)
July 31 – Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French pilot and writer (b. 1900)
August [ ]
September [ ]
September 1 – Krystyna Dąbrowska, Polish sculptor and painter (b. 1906)
September 2 – Maria Vetulani de Nisau, Polish soldier (b. 1898)
September 5 – Gustave Biéler, Swiss WWII hero (b. 1904)
September 6 – Jan Franciszek Czartoryski, Polish Roman Catholic priest, martyr and blessed (b. 1897)
September 7 – Eduardo Sánchez de Fuentes, Cuban composer (b. 1897)
September 9 – Robert Benoist, French race car driver and war hero (b. 1895)
September 11 – Joseph Müller, German Roman Catholic priest and Servant of God (executed) (b. 1894)
September 12 – Robert Fiske, American actor (b. 1889)
September 16 – Gustav Bauer, 11th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
September 22 – Fritz Lindemann, German army officer (b. 1894)
September 23 – Matylda Palfyova, Czechoslovakian artistic gymnast (b. 1912)
September 27 – Aristide Maillol, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
September 27 – David Dougal Williams FRSA Cheshire-born artist and art teacher who lived and worked in Dundee (b. 1888)
September 28 – Josef Bürckel, German Nazi gauleiter (b. 1895) September 29
October [ ]
November [ ]
November 4 – John Dill, Field Marshal of the British Army (b. 1881)
November 5 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
November 8 – Jane Grey, American actress (b. 1883)
November 12 – George F. Houston, American actor (b. 1896)
November 16 – Maria Rodziewiczówna, Polish writer (b. 1863)
November 19 – Ignacio Bolívar, Spanish naturalist and entomologist (b. 1850)
November 25 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, 1st commissioner of Major League Baseball (b. 1866)
November 26 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American socialite and singer (b. 1868) November 30 – Lilo Gloeden, German resistance member (b. 1903)
December [ ]
December 1 – Franciszek Pius Radziwiłł, Polish nobleman and activist (b. 1878)
December 3 – Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (b. 1882)
December 4 – Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1879)
December 9 – Laird Cregar, American actor (b. 1913)
December 11 – Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, American WWII hero (b. 1919)
December 12 – Bernard Chrzanowski, Polish activist (b. 1861)
December 13 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-born Polish artist (b. 1866)
December 14 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (b. 1908)
December 15 – Glenn Miller, American band leader (accident) (b. 1904)
December 19 – King Abbas II of Egypt (b. 1874)
December 22 – Harry Langdon, American comedian (b. 1884)
December 26 – George Bellamy, British actor (b. 1866)
December 27 – Sára Salkaházi, Hungarian Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (b. 1899)
December 30 – Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866) December 31
Nobel Prizes [ ]
References [ ]
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^ a b
"List of sunken ships in Pacific War (太平洋戦争時の喪失船舶明細表)" (PDF). Sunken Ships Record Association (戦没船を記録する会). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-02 . Retrieved . 2012-10-20
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fr:Semaine rouge (Rouen)
"Convoy Take Ichi" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union . Retrieved . 2011-11-17
Small, Ken; Rogerson, Mark (1988). The Forgotten Dead – Why 946 American Servicemen Died off the Coast of Devon in 1944 – and the Man who Discovered their True Story. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-0309-5.
Fenton, Ben (26 April 2004). "The disaster that could have scuppered Overlord". . London. The Daily Telegraph
Savill, Richard (26 April 2004). "Last of torpedo survivors remembers brave buddies". The Daily Telegraph.
Wasley, Gerald (1994). Devon at War, 1939–1945. Tiverton: Devon Books. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-86114-885-1.
^ a b "Year by Year 1944" –
History Channel International
Kaiser, Don (2011). "K-Ships Across the Atlantic" (PDF). Naval Aviation News. 93 (2) . Retrieved . 2011-09-23
"Blimp Squadron 14". Warwingsart.com . Retrieved . 2011-09-23
Asperger, H. (1991) . " 'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta. Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 978-0-521-38448-3.
Asperger, Hans (3 June 1944). "Die "Autistischen Psychopathen" im Kindesalter". Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. 117 (1): 76–136. doi: 10.1007/BF01837709.
Foot, M. R. D. (1999). SOE: An Outline History of the Special Operations Executive 1940–46. London: Pimlico. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-7126-6585-8.
^ a b c d
Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
Neufeld, Michael J. (1995). The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. New York: The Free Press. pp. 158, 160–162, 190.
"Nikkin Maru - Casualties (日錦丸の被害)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union . Retrieved . 2011-11-18
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Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996). Me 262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 978-3-925505-21-8.
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Kenneth Branagh reprises the role over forty years later, in his successful remake.
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