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1943 ( MCMXLIII)
was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.
Events [ ]
Below, events of
World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
January [ ]
January 1 – WWII: The Soviet Union announces that 22 German divisions have been encircled at Stalingrad, with 175,000 killed and 137,650 captured.
January 11 – The United States and United Kingdom revise previously unequal treaty relationships with the Republic of China.
January 11 – Italian-American anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York City.
January 13 – Anti- Nazi protests in Sofia result in 200 arrests, and 36 executions.
January 14 – 24 – WWII: Casablanca Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States; Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; and Generals Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud of the Free French forces meet secretly at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next stage of the war.
January 16 – Iraq declares war on the Axis powers.
January 21: WWII: Pan Am Flight 1104: Pan Am Martin M-130 flying boat crashes about 7 mi (11 km) southwest of Ukiah, California. All 10 passengers and 9 crew aboard are killed, including Admiral Robert H. English (at this time ). COMSUBPAC
January 27 – WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany: Wilhelmshaven is the target.
January 29– 30 – WWII: Battle of Rennell Island – The Imperial Japanese Navy resists the United States Navy's attempt to interrupt the withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal, in the last major naval battle of the Guadalcanal Campaign. January 29– 31 – WWII: Battle of Wau – Australian forces, with United States support, resist a Japanese advance in the New Guinea campaign.
February [ ]
February 2 – WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end, with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
February 3 – WWII: The Four Chaplains of the U.S. Army are among those drowned when their ship, , is struck by a German Dorchester torpedo in the North Atlantic.
February 5 – Lt. General Frank M. Andrews is selected to command the U.S. armies in Europe, while General Dwight D. Eisenhower is assigned command in North Africa. Andrews will serve only 3 months, before dying in an airplane crash.
February 6 – WWII: RCN corvette HMCS is bombed and sunk off Louisburg Oran, Algeria by Italian aircraft.
February 7 – WWII:
convoy SC 118 is attacked by U-boats, who sink 8 ships.  In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will go into effect in two days.
February 9 – WWII:
February 10 – March 3 – Mohandas Gandhi (under arrest by forces of the British Raj in Pune as a member of the Quit India Movement) keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.
February 14 – WWII: Rostov-on-Don in Russia is liberated.
February 14– 17 – WWII: Battle of Sidi Bou Zid: In the Tunisia Campaign, German Panzer divisions commanded by Hans-Jürgen von Arnim are victorious over the United States Army.
February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov.
February 19– 24 – WWII: Battle of Kasserine Pass: German General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps and other Axis forces launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war. On February 22, an Anglo-American force halts the German advance near Thala, forcing the Germans to retreat, US bombers harass the retreating Panzers.
February 21 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy ON 166 is attacked by U-boats, who sink eleven ships. 
February 23– 24 – Cavan Orphanage Fire: 35 girls and a cook from St Joseph's Orphanage, an industrial school at Cavan, Ireland, are killed in a fire in their dormitories. A subsequent inquiry absolves the Poor Clares of blame.
February 27 – Smith Mine disaster: An explosion at Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States kills 74 coal miners. February 28 – Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians, led by Joachim Rønneberg, successfully attack the heavy water plant at Vemork.
March [ ]
March – Exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's self-illustrated children's novella, , is published in The Little Prince New York City, the all-time best-selling book originating in French.
March– December – History of computing hardware: British prototype Mark I Colossus computer is constructed (the world's first totally electronic programmable computing device) to assist in cryptanalysis of German signals at Bletchley Park. 
March 1 – Heinz Guderian becomes Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
March 1 – 2 – WWII: Koriukivka massacre – 6,700 inhabitants of Koriukivka are murdered in the Ukraine, by a German SS unit.
March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships, then strafe survivors in the water. 
March 3 – 173 people are killed in a crush, while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green, London.
March 4 – The 15th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles. wins the Mrs. Miniver Best Picture Award.
March 4– 6 – WWII: Battle of Fardykambos – Greek partisans and armed civilians force the surrender of an Italian army battalion.
March 5 – The Gloster Meteor, the first Allied jet fighter, makes its first flight, in England.
March 9 – 10 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy SC 121 is attacked by U-boats sinking seven ships. 
March 9 – Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister).
March 10 – Banco Bradesco is founded in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
March 12 – WWII: Italian occupation of Greece: The Italian occupying forces abandon the town of Karditsa to the partisans. On the same day, an Italian motorized column razes the village of Tsaritsani, burning 360 of its 600 houses, and shooting 40 civilians.
March 13 – The Holocaust: Nazi German forces liquidate the Jews of the Kraków Ghetto, in Occupied Poland.
March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS is sunk off Thunderbolt Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands.  
March 15 – WWII:
March 16 – 19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk, in the largest North Atlantic U-boat " wolfpack" attack of the war.
March 17 ( Saint Patrick's Day) – Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, makes the speech " The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech, in Dublin Castle.
March 22 – WWII: Khatyn massacre – The entire population of Khatyn, Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.
March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany.
March 26 – WWII: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
March 27 – WWII: British Royal Navy escort carrier HMS is destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Dasher (D37) Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528.
March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600. March 31 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's opens on Oklahoma! Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to that time (1948).
April [ ]
May [ ]
June [ ]
June (late) – The Holocaust: The last trainload of Jewish prisoners is moved from Bełżec extermination camp in Occupied Poland (for gassing at Sobibór), and for the remainder of the year the Nazis make efforts to obliterate the site.  
June 1 – BOAC Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration G-AGBB (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by 8 German Junkers Ju 88s; all 17 persons aboard perish, including actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing is an attempt to kill the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard.
June 3 – The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican-American youths in East Los Angeles. 
June 4 – A military coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship is destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion, in Mutsu Hashirajima anchorage.
June 8– 9 – WWII: Battle of Porta: The Royal Italian Army is defeated by the Greek People's Liberation Army.
June 20 – 23 – The Detroit race riot of 1943 in the United States kills 34 people (25 African Americans, 9 whites), wounds hundreds more, and damages and destroys property worth millions. 
June 21 – WWII: British saboteurs blow up the strategically significant railway viaduct at Asopos, Greece.
June 22 – WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco. June 30 – The United States Civilian Conservation Corps is abolished.
July [ ]
Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish military and political leader of the Polish government in exile during World War 2
July 1 – The United States Women's Army Corps (WAC) is converted to full status.
July 4 – 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash: The aircraft carrying General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile, crashes, killing him and 15 others, leading to a lasting controversy over the circumstances.
July 5 – WWII:
July 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
July 11 – WWII:
July 12 – WWII: Main engagement of the Battle of Prokhorovka – The Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight to a draw, in one of the largest tank battles in military history.
July 19 – WWII: Rome is bombed by the Allies, for the first time in the war. July 24 – WWII: Operation Gomorrha: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night; American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 42,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
August [ ]
August 1 – Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploiești, Romania.
August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's PT boat is run down by Japanese destroyer destroyer PT-109 . Amagiri
August 4 – WWII: The aircraft carrier USS is launched at Intrepid (CV-11) Newport News, Virginia.
August 5 – WWII:
August 6 – WWII: Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
August 14 – WWII: Rome is declared an open city by the Italian government, with Italy offering to demilitarize the capital, in return for an Allied agreement not to bomb the city further. 
August 14 – The Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
August 17 – WWII:
August 21 – Australian federal election, 1943: John Curtin's Labor Government defeats the Country/ UAP Coalition, led by former Prime Minister Arthur Fadden. Labor achieves its greatest ever electoral result, including winning every seat (except one) outside of the eastern states. Notably, this election marked the first time that a woman has been elected to both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Fadden will step down from the Opposition leadership, handing it over to Robert Menzies, who woill go on to dissolve the UAP, and form the Liberal Party shortly after.
August 23 – WWII: The Battle of Kursk ends, with a strategic defeat for the German forces.
August 24 – WWII: – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior in Germany.
August 26 – WWII: Louis, Lord Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under suspicious circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon II, ascends to the throne. August 29 – WWII: Occupation of Denmark – Germany dissolves the Danish government, after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities.
September [ ]
September 3 – WWII: Allied invasion of Italy
September 5 – WWII: The 503rd Parachute Regiment (under American General Douglas MacArthur) lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae, in northeastern Papua New Guinea.
September 7 – Gulf Hotel fire: A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas kills 55.
September 9 – Bertolt Brecht's play ( Life of Galileo German: Leben des Galilei) receives its first theatrical production, at the Schauspielhaus Zürich.
September 12 – WWII: Gran Sasso raid – German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in Unternehmen Eiche ("Operation Oak").
September 16 – WWII: Salerno Mutiny: Soldiers of the British Army's X Corps refuse postings to new units.
September 17 – WWII: Villefranche-de-Rouergue Mutiny – A group of pro- Partisan soldiers, led by Ferid Džanić and others within the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), training in Occupied France, rise against Nazi German troops in the Division; the revolt is rapidly suppressed.
September 21– 26 – WWII: Massacre of the Acqui Division – German soldiers of the 1st Mountain Division (Wehrmacht) kill over 5,100 Italian military internees resisting disarmament on the Greek island of Cephalonia.
September 22– October 2 – WWII: Landing at Scarlet Beach on the Huon Peninsula of New Guinea by Allied forces, the first time Australian troops have made an opposed amphibious landing since the Gallipoli Campaign of 1915.
September 23 – WWII: The Italian Social Republic ("Republic of Salò") is founded in northern Italy, as a puppet state of Nazi Germany. September 27 – WWII: Four days of Naples begins: a popular uprising drives German occupying forces from the city.
October [ ]
October 1 – WWII: United States forces enter liberated Naples.
October 3 – WWII: Nazi Wehrmacht forces commit the Lyngiades massacre in northwest Greece, as an arbitrary reprisal.
October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
October 7 – WWII: The Naples post-office bombing kills 100.
October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies, and declares war on Germany.
October 16 – The Holocaust: Raid of the Ghetto of Rome – Over a thousand Jews are rounded up in Rome by the Gestapo; only 16 will survive their deportation to Auschwitz concentration camp. The public silence of Pope Pius XII on the raid becomes a matter of historical controversy.
October 17 – WWII:
October 18 – Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office, as Chairman of the National Government of China.
October 19 – WWII: Allied aircraft sink the German-controlled cargo ship MS in the Merranean, killing over 2,000 people, mostly Sinfra Italian military internees.
October 20– 28 – WWII: Italian Campaign – Battle of Ortona: Canadian infantry defeat elite German paratroops.
October 21 – Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.
October 22 – WWII: The British Royal Air Force delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel; at least 10,000 are killed and 150,000 are made homeless. See Bombing of Kassel in World War II.
October 24 – WWII: British Royal Navy destroyer HMS is sunk by a mine in the Eclipse (H08) Aegean Sea, with the loss of 119 of the ship's company and 134 troops. 
October 28 – Alleged date of the Philadelphia Experiment, in which the destroyer escort USS was supposed to be rendered invisible to human observers for a brief period. Eldridge (DE-173) October 30
November [ ]
hand drawn and signed by the deputies of the Lebanese parliament, November 11, 1943. The
gains independence in November 1943.
November 1 – WWII: Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville Island in the Solomon Islands.
November 2 – WWII:
November 3 – The Holocaust: Operation Harvest Festival - The largest single day massacre of Jews in the entire war takes place, when over 43,000 Jews are shot-gunned to death by the SS.
November 5 WWII: First Bombing of the Vatican: Four bombs are dropped on the neutral Vatican City; the aircraft responsible is never certainly identified.
November 9 – An agreement for the foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration is signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
November 10 – The Lübeck martyrs, four men of religion, are executed for supposedly treasonable views.
November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert, over CBS Radio. The event receives front-page coverage in the following day. The New York Times
November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in Nazi concentration camps."
November 18 – WWII: Battle of Berlin – The British Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin with 440 planes, causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.
November 19 – The Holocaust: Inmates of Janowska concentration camp, near Lwów (at this time in German-occupied Poland), stage a failed uprising, after which the SS liquidates the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths.
November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands ( Kiribati from 1979), and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
November 22 – 26 – WWII: Cairo Conference ("Sextant") – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Chairman of the National Government of China Chiang Kai-shek meet at Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan in the Pacific War.
November 22 – Lebanon gains independence, upon the ending of the French Mandate.
November 23 – The Deutsches Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße, in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg, is destroyed in an air raid (it is reopened in 1961, as the Deutsche Oper Berlin).
November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George, between Buka and New Ireland.
November 26 – WWII: British troopship HMT is sunk off the north African coast by a Rohna Luftwaffe Henschel Hs 293 radio controlled glide bomb, killing 1,015.  
November 28 – WWII: Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, to discuss war strategy. On November 30, they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation Overlord. November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.
December [ ]
December 2 – WWII: Bari chemical warfare disaster: A surprise Luftwaffe air raid on Bari, Italy sinks 28 Allied ships in the harbor, including the American Liberty ship SS , releasing its secret cargo of John Harvey mustard gas bombs, inflating the number of casualties. 
December 7 – Chiara Lubich starts the humanitarian Focolare Movement in Trento, Italy.
December 13 – WWII: Massacre of Kalavryta: The occupying 117th Jäger Division (Wehrmacht) machine-guns all adult males from Kalavryta, Greece, subsequently burning the town.
December 15 – WWII: American and Australian forces began the Battle of Arawe as a diversion, before a larger landing at Cape Gloucester on New Britain, in Papua New Guinea.
December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia.
December 24 – WWII: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Allied Commander Europe. He establishes the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expionary Force in London. December 30 – Subhas Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India.
Date unknown [ ]
Births [ ]
January [ ]
January 2 – Barış Manço, Turkish singer, television personality (d. 1999)
January 4 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
January 6 – Terry Venables, English football manager
January 7 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
January 8 – Jimmy Elledge, American country musician (d. 2012)
January 10 – Jim Croce, American surburbia musician (d. 1973)
January 11 – Jim Hightower, American radio host, author
January 13 – Richard Moll, American television actor
January 16 - Peter T. Snowe, American politician, businessman (d. 1973)
January 17 – René Préval, 2nd Prime Minister of Haiti, 38th and 40th President of Haiti (d. 2017)
January 18 – Kay Granger, American politician
January 20 – Mel Hague, English singer, author
January 26 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 2005)
January 28 – John Beck, American actor January 29
February [ ]
February 2 – Erkan Geniş, Turkish artist
February 4 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
February 7 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
February 8 – Creed Bratton, American actor, musician
February 11 – Mohammad Rafiquzzaman, Bangladeshi lyricist
February 12 – Wacław Kisielewski, Polish pianist (d. 1986)
February 14 – Maceo Parker, American musician ( James Brown, P-Funk)
February 15 – Elke Heidenreich, German author, TV presenter and journalist
February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
February 21 – David Geffen, American record executive, film producer
February 22 – Horst Köhler, President of the Federal Republic of Germany
February 23 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player, coach
February 24 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
February 27 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer February 28 – Donnie Iris, American rock singer, guitarist ( , The Jaggerz , Wild Cherry ) Donnie Iris and the Cruisers
March [ ]
April [ ]
April 2 – Caterina Bueno, Italian singer (d. 2007)
April 3 – Hikaru Saeki, Japanese admiral, the first female star officer of the Japan Self-Defense Forces
April 8 – Miller Farr, American football player
April 11 – Harley Race, American professional wrestler
April 13 – Doreen Tracey, British-born American actress (d. 2018)
April 15 – Mighty Sam McClain, American singer, songwriter (d. 2015)
April 16 – Petro Tyschtschenko, German businessman
April 17 – Bobby Curtola, Canadian singer (d. 2016)
April 19 – Claus Theo Gärtner, German actor
April 20 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
April 21 – Napsiah Omar, Malaysian educator, politician (d. 2018)
April 24 – Richard Sterban, American singer ( ) The Oak Ridge Boys
April 28 – John O. Creighton, American astronaut
April 29 – Sir Ian Kershaw, English historian April 30
May [ ]
May 1 – Vassal Gadoengin, Nauruan politician (d. 2004)
May 5 – Michael Palin, English comedian, television presenter ( ) Monty Python's Flying Circus
May 6 – Grange Calveley, British writer, artist
May 7 – Orlando Ramírez, Chilean footballer (d. 2018)
May 8 – Danny Whitten, American musician (d. 1972)
May 10 – Richard Darman, American federal government official, businessman (d. 2008)
May 13 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist (d. 2013)
May 22 – Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
May 25 – Jessi Colter, American singer, composer
May 26 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
May 29 – Ion Ciubuc, Moldovan politician (d. 2018)
May 30 – James Chaney, African-American civil rights worker (d. 1964) May 31
June [ ]
June 2 – Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
June 3 – John Burgess, Australian game show host, actor
June 4 – Joyce Meyer, Christian author, speaker
June 6 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
June 8 – Colin Baker, British actor
June 11 – Henry Hill, American gangster
June 13 – Malcolm McDowell, British actor
June 14 – Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician
June 18 – Barry Evans, English actor (d. 1997)
June 21 – Marika Green, French-Swedish actress
June 27 – Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
July [ ]
August [ ]
August 2 – Max Wright, American actor
August 3 – Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (d. 1996)
August 5 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
August 6 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991)
August 8 – Luc Rosenzweig, French journalist (d. 2018)
August 9 – Ken Norton, African-American boxer, actor (d. 2013)
August 10 – Frédéric Kyburz, Swiss judoka (d. 2018)
August 13 – Roberto Micheletti, President of Honduras
August 18 – Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer
August 19 – Edwin Hawkins, African-American gospel musician, pianist (d. 2018)
August 20 – Sylvester McCoy, British actor
August 22 – Nahas Angula, Prime Minister of Namibia
August 27 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
August 29 – Arthur B. McDonald, Canadian astrophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
August 31 – Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
September [ ]
September 5 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician, former DSWD Secretary (d. 2007)
September 7 – Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer
September 9 – Art LaFleur, American actor
September 13 – Mildred D. Taylor, American writer
September 16 – Oskar Lafontaine, German politician
September 19 – Joe Morgan, American Hall of Fame baseball player
September 28 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
September 29 – Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize September 30
October [ ]
October 1 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
October 6 – Michael Durrell, American actor
October 7 – Oliver North, American military officer, military historian, political commentator, author and television host
October 11 – John Nettles, English actor, writer
October 15 – Penny Marshall, American actress, director and producer (d. 2018)
October 16 – Paul Rose, Canadian terrorist
October 20 – Noreen Corcoran, American child actress, director (d. 2016)
October 22 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress
October 24 – Theodor Stolojan, 54th Prime Minister of Romania
October 27 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor (d. 2019)
October 28 – Cornelia Froboess, German actress
October 29 – Don Simpson, American film producer, screenwriter, and actor (d. 1996) October 31 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
November [ ]
November 1 – Jacques Attali, French economist
November 3 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician (d. 2011)
November 8 – Martin Peters, British footballer
November 11 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor
November 17 – Lauren Hutton, American actress, model
November 19 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
November 21 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
November 23 – Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo
November 25 – Dante Caputo, Argentine diplomat, politician (d. 2018)
November 26 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
November 28 – Randy Newman, American musician November 30 – Terrence Malick, American film director
December [ ]
December 11 – John Kerry, American politician, longtime Massachusetts Senator (1985–2013), 2004 Democratic nominee for president, and U.S. Secretary of State
December 13 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player
December 13 – David W. Huff, American rock singer, guitarist of ( ) David and the Giants
December 14 – Britt Allcroft, British television producer, creator of Thomas & Friends
December 15 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor
December 16 – Steven Bochco, American television producer (d. 2018)
December 18 – Keith Richards, English rock guitarist, songwriter ( ) The Rolling Stones
December 20 – Jacqueline Pearce, English screen actress (d. 2018)
December 21 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996)
December 22 – Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist
December 25 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress
December 27 – Sam Hinds, 3-Time Prime Minister of Guyana
Date unknown [ ]
Deaths [ ]
January [ ]
January 3 – Bid McPhee, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1859)
January 5 – George Washington Carver, African-American botanist (b. c. 1864)
January 7 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born American electrical engineer, inventor (b. 1856)
January 8 – Richard Hillary, Australian-born British Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot, author (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1919)
January 10 – Lewis Hall, American soldier (killed on active service) (b. 1895)
January 11 – Agustín Pedro Justo, Argentinian military officer, diplomat and politician, 23rd President of Argentina (b. 1876)
January 12 – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist, writer (in Neuengamme concentration camp) (b. 1902)
January 15 – Eric Knight, American author (b. 1897)
January 17 – Taj al-Din al-Hasani, Syrian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Syria and 6th President of Syria (b. 1885)
January 19 – William Pettigrew, British Christian missionary (b. 1869)
January 22 – Gyula Peidl, 23rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1873)
January 23 – Alexander Woollcott, American critic (b. 1887)
January 26 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian, Soviet botanist, geneticist (b. 1887) January 29
February [ ]
February 1 – Foy Draper, American Olympic athlete (killed in action) (b. 1911)
February 2 – Alfred Cavendish, British general (b. 1859)
February 11 – Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini (b. 1876)
February 14 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
February 15 – Charles Bennett, American actor (b. 1889)
February 16 – Paul Ranous Greever, American politician (b. 1891)
February 19 – Jan Piekałkiewicz, Polish economist, statistician and politician (b. 1892)
February 26 – Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (killed in action) (b. 1892) February 27 – Maria Josefa Karolina Brader, Swiss Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1860)
March [ ]
March 2 – Gisela Januszewska, Austrian physician (in Theresienstadt concentration camp) (b. 1867)
March 3 – Rafael López Nussa, Puerto Rican physician (b. 1885)
March 6 – Jimmy Collins, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870)
March 9 – Otto Freundlich, German painter, sculptor (killed in Majdanek concentration camp) (b. 1878)
March 10 – Tully Marshall, American character actor (b. 1864)
March 13 – Jaap Nunes Vaz, Dutch journalist, writer and or (killed in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1906)
March 14 – Mervyn Herbert, Viscount Clive, British peer, army officer (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1904)
March 19 – Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (suicide) (b. 1886)
March 22 – Hans Woellke, German Olympic athlete (killed by partisans) (b. 1911)
March 27 – George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, British politician, 5th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1882)
March 30 – Maria Restituta Kafka, German Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (executed) (b. 1894) March 31 – Pavel Milyukov, exiled Russian politician, founder and leader of the Constitutional Democratic Party (b. 1859)
April [ ]
April 1 – Vahida Maglajlić, Yugoslav partisan, national hero (killed in combat) (b. 1907)
April 3 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
April 5 – William George Howard Gritten, British barrister, writer and conservative politician (b. 1870)
April 9 – Philip Slier, Dutch Jewish typesetter (in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1923)
April 11 – Kim Myeong-sik, Korean independence activist (b. 1890)
April 13 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer (b. 1888)
April 16 – Carlos Arniches, Spanish playwright (b. 1866)
April 18 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
April 21 – Rihard Jakopič, Yugoslav painter (b. 1869)
April 30 – Beatrice Webb, British sociologist, economist, historian and social reformer (b. 1858)
May [ ]
May 1 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader, founder of Brunstad Christian Church (b. 1871)
May 3 – Frank Maxwell Andrews, American general (plane crash) (b. 1884)
May 7 – Fethi Okyar, Turkish diplomat, politician and 2nd Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1880)
May 8 – Miroslav Šalom Freiberger, Yugoslav rabbi, writer and spiritual leader (killed at Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1903)
May 15 – Horst Hannig, German Luftwaffe fighter ace (b. 1921)
May 19 – Kristjan Raud, Soviet painter, drawer (b. 1865)
May 20 – John Stone Stone, American physicist, inventor (b. 1869)
May 22 – Helen Taft, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861)
May 24 – Johannes Orasmaa, Esstonian army general (in labour camp) (b. 1890)
May 25 – Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, 1st Prime Minister of Syria, 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1864)
May 26 – Edsel Ford, American businessman, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1893)
May 27 - Gordon Coates, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878)
May 29 – Yasuyo Yamasaki, Imperial Japanese Army officer (killed in action) (b. 1891) May 31
June [ ]
July [ ]
Jean Moulin, French resistance fighter (injuries from suicide attempt in custody) (b. 1899) Sir Harry Oakes, American-born British gold mine owner (murdered) (b. 1874)
July 11 – Eugen Lovinescu, Romanian critic, academic and novelist (b. 1881)
July 14 – Mariya Borovichenko, Soviet medical officer (killed in action) (b. 1925)
July 20 – Maria Gay, Spanish opera singer (b. 1879)
July 26 – Luis Barros Borgoño, Chilean politician (b. 1858)
July 28 – Charles Granval, French actor (b. 1882)
July 29 – William Ewart Hart, Australian aviator, dentist (b. 1885) July 31
August [ ]
August 1 – Martyrs of Nowogródek, Polish nuns, martyrs and blessed (executed) (b. 1888–1916)
August 12 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
August 14 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1871)
August 18 – Hans Jeschonnek, German general (suicide) (b. 1899)
August 21 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
August 22 – Virgilio Dávila, Puerto Rican poet, educator, businessman and politician (b. 1869)
August 26 – Ted Ray, British golfer (b. 1877)
August 27 – William de Burgh, British philosopher (b. 1866)
August 28 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
August 29 – Baba Nand Singh ji, Punjabi Sikh religious leader, saint (b. 1870) August 31 – Gustav Bachmann, German naval officer, admiral (b. 1860)
September [ ]
October [ ]
October 4 – Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish general (murdered) (b. 1906)
October 5 – Leon Roppolo, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1902)
October 6 – Ignaz Trebitsch-Lincoln, Hungarian adventurer (b. 1879)
October 7 – Prince Christoph of Hesse (aviation accident) (b. 1901)
October 9 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
October 12 – Max Wertheimer, Austro-Hungarian psychologist (b. 1880)
October 15 – William Penhallow Henderson, American painter, architect and furniture designer (b. 1877)
October 18 – Margaret Bartholomew, American Civil Air Patrol officer (aviation accident on mission) (b. 1903)
October 19 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
October 21 – Dudley Pound, British admiral (b. 1877)
October 22 – William Reginald Hall, British admiral (b. 1870)
October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, Canadian poet, lawyer (b. 1912) October 30 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian director (b. 1873)
November [ ]
November 7 – Dwight Frye, American character actor (b. 1899)
November 9 – Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (b. 1877)
November 10 – Blessed Lubeck martyrs, German Roman Catholic priests (executed):
November 13 – Maurice Denis, French painter (b. 1870)
November 14 – Gurie Grosu, Romanian Orthodox priest and metropolitan (b. 1877)
November 19 – Baruch Lopes Leão de Laguna, Dutch painter (b. 1864)
November 25 – Renato Cialente, Italian film actor (b. 1897)
November 28 – Aleksander Hellat, Soviet politician (b. 1881) November 29 – Zsolt Harsányi, Hungarian author, dramatist, translator and writer (b. 1887)
December [ ]
December 2 – Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, novelist, journalist and activist (killed in action as war correspondent) (b. 1902)
December 6 – G. O. Smith, English sportsman (b. 1872)
December 7 – Hamilton Lamb, Australian politician, soldier (in Japanese POW camp) (b. 1900)
December 8 – Donald Mackintosh, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1876)
December 10 – Charles Belcher, American film actor (b. 1872)
December 13 – Erich Garske, German political activist (executed) (b. 1907)
December 14 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician, nutritionist (b. 1852)
December 15 – Fats Waller, African-American jazz pianist (pneumonia) (b. 1904)
December 18 – Hector Gray, British Royal Air Force officer (executed in Japanese Prisoner of War camp) (b. 1911)
December 20 – Edward L. Beach Sr., American naval officer, author (b. 1867)
December 22 – Beatrix Potter, British children's author, illustrator (b. 1866)
December 25 – William Irving, German-born American film actor (b. 1893)
December 26 – Erich Bey, German admiral (killed in action) (b. 1898)
December 30 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer and producer (b. 1867)
Nobel Prizes [ ]
References [ ]
Waters, John M. Jr., CAPT USCG (December 1966). "Stay Tough". United States Naval Institute Proceedings.
"The Eruption of Parícutin (1943–1952)". How Volcanoes Work . Retrieved . 2012-10-23
"Parícutin, Mexico". Volcano World. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012 . Retrieved . October 23, 2012
"Parícutin: The Birth of a Volcano". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History . Retrieved . 2012-10-23
Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 194. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
Copeland, B. Jack, ed. (2006). Colossus: the Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284055-4.
^ Caidin, Martin.
Ragged, Rugged Warriors (Bantam, 1978>)
Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 196. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
"HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net . Retrieved . 2010-10-21
Warren, C. E. T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap.
How LSD Originated, Albert Hofmann.
Bombing of Aberdeen, news.stv.tv; accessed 6 December 2014.
Arad, Yitzhak (1999). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 371. ISBN 0-253-21305-3.
"Belzec". Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2012-01-07 . Retrieved . 2013-01-15
"Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots". Los Angeles Almanac.
Cosgrove, Ben (2014-06-18). "Hatred on the Home Front: The Detroit Race Riots During WWII". Time Life . Retrieved . 2016-11-29
^ "Badolgio Declares Rome An 'Open City',
Pittsburgh Press, August 15, 1943, p. 1
Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 276. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.
"HMS . Eclipse, destroyer" naval-history.net . Retrieved . 2013-01-15
Tomblin, Barbara (2004). With Utmost Spirit: Allied Naval Operations in the Merranean, 1942–1945. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 308–310.
Jackson, Carlton (1997). Forgotten Tragedy: The Sinking of HMT Rohna. Naval Institute Press.
Infield, Glenn B. (1967). Disaster at Bari.
"December 3rd, 1943". Archived from the original on March 10, 2013 . Retrieved . January 15, 2013
^ "Year by Year 1943" –
History Channel International.
^ [Schriften der Königsberger Gelehrten-Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Königsberg Scholarly Society: Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: (
Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943.)
External links [ ]