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1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.
- January 1 – The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line in the United States starts services between St. Petersburg and Tampa, Florida, becoming the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with Tony Jannus (the first federally-licensed pilot) conveying passengers in a Benoist XIV flying boat. Abram C. Pheil, mayor of St. Petersburg, is the first airline passenger, and over 3,000 people witness the first departure.
- January 5 – Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday, and a daily wage of $5.
- January 8 – A railway strike is declared in the Transvaal and Orange Free State.
- January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma fraternity is founded by African American students at Howard University, in Washington, D.C.
- January 11 – The Sakurajima volcano in Japan begins to erupt, becoming effusive after a very large earthquake on January 13. The lava flow causes the island which it forms to be linked to the Ōsumi Peninsula.
- February 2 – Charlie Chaplin makes his film début, in the comedy short Making a Living.
- February 7 – Charlie Chaplin's second film, the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice, is released, in which his character of The Tramp is introduced to audiences (although first filmed in Mabel's Strange Predicament, released two days later).
- February 8 – The Luxembourg national football team has its first victory, beating France 5–4 in a friendly match, for the first and only time in football history.
- February 10 – The film Hearts Adrift is released; the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
- February 12 – In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
- February 13 – Copyright: In New York City, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established, to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
- February 17 – Karl Staaff steps down as Prime Minister of Sweden, in the aftermath of the Courtyard Crisis. He is replaced by Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, father of Dag Hammarskjöld.
- February 26 – The ocean liner that will become HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast.
- February 28 &ndah; The Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus is proclaimed by ethnic Greeks, in Northern Epirus.
- March 1 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
- March 6 – FK Vojvodina football club is founded in Novi Sad (Serbia).
- March 7 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania, to begin his reign.
- March 8 – Aircraft are first transferred to Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base.
- March 10 – Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting Rokeby Venus in London's National Gallery, with a meat chopper.
- March 16 – Henriette Caillaux, wife of French minister Joseph Caillaux, murders Gaston Calmette, or of Le Figaro, fearing publication of letters showing she and Caillaux were romantically involved during his first marriage (she is acquitted on July 28).
- March 17 (Saint Patrick's Day) – Green beer is invented by Dr. Thomas H. Curtin, and displayed at the Schnorrer Club of Morrisania in the Bronx, New York.
- March 27 – Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
- March 29 &ndah; Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island, to make the first true study of it (they depart in August 1915).
- April 4–September 27 Komagata Maru incident: The Komagata Maru sails from India to Canada. Due to Canadian regulations designed to exclude Asian immigrants, the boat is not permitted to dock in Vancouver, and is forced to return to Calcutta with all its passengers.
- April 9 – Tampico Affair: A misunderstanding involving United States Navy sailors in Mexico, and army troops loyal to Mexican dictator Victoriano Huerta, leads to a breakdown in diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico.
- April 11
- April 14–18 – The first International Criminal Police Congress is held in Monaco; 24 countries are represented, including some from Asia, Europe, and the Americas; the Dean of the Paris Law School is president.
- April 20
- April 21 – United States occupation of Veracruz: 2,300 U.S. Navy sailors and Marines from the South Atlantic fleet land in the port city of Veracruz, Mexico, which they will occupy for over six months. The Ypiranga incident occurs when they attempt to enforce an arms embargo against Mexico, by preventing the German cargo steamer SS Ypiranga from unloading arms for the Mexican government in the port.
- April 22 – Mexico ends diplomatic relations with the United States for the time being.
- April 23 – The Afrikaans language receives official recognition, when Cornelis Jacobus Langenhoven addresses the English caucus of the Cape Provincial Council.
This picture is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip
, although some
believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.
- June 28 – Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria: Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip, 19, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Duchess Sophie, in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, triggering the July Crisis and World War I. Anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo and Zagreb break out.
- June 29
- The Secretary of the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade sends a dispatch to Vienna, suggesting Serbian complicity in the crime of Sarajevo. Anti-Serb riots continue throughout Bosnia.
- Khioniya Guseva attempts and fails to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his hometown in Siberia.
- The International Exhibition opens at the "White City", Ashton Gate, Bristol, England, U.K. It closes on August 15, and the site is used as a military depot.
- June 30 – Among those addressing the Parliament of the United Kingdom, on the murdered Archduke, are Lords Crewe and Lansdowne in the House of Lords, and Messrs Asquith and Law in the Commons.
- July 1 – The Royal Naval Air Service, a forerunner of the Royal Air Force, is established.
- July 2 – The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
- July 4
- July 5 – A council is held at Potsdam, powerful leaders within Austria-Hungary and Germany meet to discuss the possibilities of war with Serbia, Russia, and France.
- July 7 – Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief; the Council lasts from 11:30 am until 6:15 pm.
- July 9 – The Emperor of Austria-Hungary receives the report of the Austro-Hungarian investigation, into the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Sarajevo. The Times publishes an account of the Austro-Hungarian press campaign against the Serbians (who are described as "pestilent rats").
- July 10 – Nicholas Hartwig, Russian Minister to Serbia, dies suddenly while visiting Austrian minister Wladimir Giesl von Gieslingen, at the Austrian Legation in Belgrade.
- July 11
- July 13 – Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
- July 14 – The Government of Ireland Bill completes its passage through the House of Lords in the U.K. It allows Ulster counties to vote on whether or not they wish to participate in Home Rule from Dublin.
- July 15 – Mexican Revolution: Victoriano Huerta resigns from the presidency of Mexico, and leaves for Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz.
- July 18
- July 19 – George V summons a conference to discuss the Irish Home Rule problem. It meets from July 21–[July 24|24]], without reaching consensus.
- July 23 – July Ultimatum: Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an unconditional ultimatum.
- July 25 – Austria-Hungary severs diplomatic ties with Serbia, and begins to mobilise its own forces. Radomir Putnik, Chief of the Serbian General Staff, is arrested in Budapest, but subsequently allowed to return to Serbia.
- July 26 – Bachelor's Walk massacre: The King's Own Scottish Borderers of the British Army fire on Dubliners at Bachelor's Walk, killing 3, and injuring 38 people.
Map of European alliances in 1914
- August 1
- August 2
- German troops occupy Luxembourg, in accordance with the Schlieffen Plan.
- A secret treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Germany secures Ottoman neutrality.
- At 7:00 pm (local time) Germany issues a 12-hour ultimatum to neutral Belgium, to allow German passage into France.
- August 3
- Germany declares war on Russia's ally, France.
- At 7:00 am (local time) Belgium declines to accept Germany's ultimatum of August 2.
- August 4
- August 5
- Germany declares war on Belgium.
- The Kingdom of Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.
- The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz, which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war, and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the war.
- SS Königin Luise, taken over two days earlier by the Imperial German Navy as a minelayer, lays mines 40 miles (64 km) off the east coast of England. She is intercepted and sunk by the British Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Amphion, the first German naval loss of the war. The following day, Amphion strikes mines laid by the Königin Luise and is sunk with some loss of life, in the first British casualties of the war.
- German zeppelins drop bombs on Liège, Belgium, killing 9 civilians.
- The first electric traffic light is installed between Euclid Avenue and East 105 Street, in Cleveland, Ohio.
- August 5–16 – Battle of Liège: The German Army overruns and defeats the Belgians with the first operational use of Big Bertha (howitzer).
- August 6 – World War I:
- August 7 – World War I:
- August 8
- August 9 – World War I: British Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Birmingham rams and sinks German submarine U-15 off Fair Isle, the first U-boat lost in action.
- August 12 – World War I:
- August 13 – The Teoloyucan Treaties are signed in the State of Mexico.
- August 15
- August 15–24 – World War I: Battle of Cer: Serbian troops defeat the Austro-Hungarian army, marking the first Entente victory of the War.
- August 16 – World War I:
- German warships SMS Goeben and Breslau (both commissioned in 1912), which reached Constantinople on August 10, are transferred to the Ottoman Navy, Goeben becoming its flagship, Yavuz Sultan Selim.
- Lake Nyasa is the scene of a brief naval battle, when Captain Edmund Rhoades, commander of the British steamship SS Gwendolen, hears that war has broken out, and he receives orders from the British high command to "sink, burn, or destroy" the German Empire's only ship on the lake, the Hermann von Wissmann, commanded by a Captain Berndt. Rhoades's crew find the Hermann von Wissmann in a bay near "Sphinxhaven", in German East African territorial waters. Gwendolen disables the German vessel with a single cannon shot from a range of about 1,800 metres (2,000 yards). This very brief engagement is hailed by The Times in England, as the British Empire's first naval victory of World War I.
- August 17–September 2 – World War I: The Battle of Tannenberg begins between German and Russian forces.
- August 20 – World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
- August 22 – World War I – Battle of Rossignol: German forces decisively defeat the French.
- August 23 – World War I:
- August 26 – World War I:
- August 26–27 – Battle of Le Cateau: British, French and Belgian forces make a successful tactical retreat from the German advance.
- August 26–30 – Battle of Tannenberg: The Russian Second Army is surrounded and defeated.
- August 28 – Battle of Heligoland Bight: British cruisers under Admiral Beatty sink three German cruisers.
- August 29–30 – The Battle of St. Quentin: French forces hold back the German advance.
- January 2
- January 4
- January 5 – George Reeves, American actor (Superman) (d. 1959)
- January 7 – Edwin La Dell, British artist (d. 1970)
- January 12 – Albrecht von Goertz, German car designer (d. 2006)
- January 13
- January 14
- January 15 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (d. 2003)
- January 17
- January 18 – Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979)
- January 20 – Roy Plomley, English radio broadcaster, producer, playwright and novelist (d. 1985)
- January 22 – Syd Hartley, English professional association football player (d. 1987)
- January 26 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
- January 27 – Smokey Hogg, American Texas blues and country blues musician (d. 1960)
- January 30
- January 31
- February 3
- February 4 – Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
- February 5
- February 6 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005)
- February 9
- February 10 – Larry Adler, American musician (d. 2001)
- February 11 – Matt Dennis, American singer, songwriter (d. 2002)
- February 12 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader (d. 2000)
- February 15 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010)
- February 16 – Jimmy Wakely, American country-western singer, actor (d. 1982)
- February 17 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (d. 1990)
- February 19 – Jacques Dufilho, French comedian, actor (d. 2005)
- February 20
- February 21
- February 22
- February 23 – Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
- February 25 – John Arlott, British journalist, author and cricket commentator (d. 1991)
- February 26 – Robert Alda, American-born actor, father of actor Alan Alda (d. 1986)
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4
- March 6 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
- March 8 – Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
- March 10
- March 12 – Frank Soo, English footballer, manager (d. 1991)
- March 13
- March 14
- March 17
- March 19
- March 20 – Richard Carlyle, American actor (d. 2009)
- March 25 – Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2009)
- March 26 – William Westmoreland, American Vietnam War general (d. 2005)
- March 27
- March 28 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996)
- March 30 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948)
- March 31 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat, writer, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
- April 2
- April 3
- April 4
- April 7 – Heinz Billing, German physicist, computer scientist (d. 2017)
- April 8 – María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
- April 11
- April 12
- April 13 – Orhan Veli, Turkish poet (d. 1950)
- April 17 – Dovey Johnson Roundtree, Australian botanist, ecologist (d. 2018)
- April 18 – Claire Martin, Canadian author (d. 2014)
- April 20 – Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)
- April 21 &ndah; James Henry Quello, American Federal Communications Commissioner (d. 2010)
- April 22
- April 24
- April 25
- April 26
- April 28 – Michel Mohrt, French author, historian (d. 2011)
- April 30 – Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian songwriter (d. 2008)
- June 6 – Zhang Jingfu, Chinese politician (d. 2015)
- June 10 – Trammell Crow, American developer (d. 2009)
- June 12 – Go Seigen, Japanese Go player (d. 2014)
- June 13 – Prince Aschwin of Lippe-Biesterfeld (d. 1988)
- June 14 &ndah; Gisèle Casadesus, French actress (d. 2017)
- June 15
- June 16 – Eleanor Sokoloff, American pianist
- June 18 – E. G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
- June 19 – Alan Cranston, U.S. Senator (d. 2000)
- June 20 – Muazzez İlmiye Çığ, Turkish archaeologist
- June 21
- June 22 – [Mei Zhi]], Chinese children's author, essayist (d. 2004)
- June 23 – Juán Landolfi, Argentine-Italian football player
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9
- Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer (d. 2017)
- Willi Stoph, Prime Minister (1964-1973, 1976-1989) and Chairman of the Council of State (1973-1976) of the GDR (d. 1999)
- July 10
- July 11
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16 – Herbert Nürnberg, German boxer
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22
- July 23 – Virgil Finlay, American artist (d. 1971)
- July 24
- July 25 – Lionel Van Deerlin, American politician (d. 2008)
- July 27 – Gusti Huber, Austrian actress (d. 1993)
- July 29
- July 30 – Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, Irish president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)
- July 31 – Louis de Funès, French actor (d. 1983)
- August 2 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
- August 5
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11 – Hugh Martin, American composer (d. 2011)
- August 16 – Frank Wilkinson, American civil liberties activist (d. 2006)
- August 15 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
- August 16 – John Lysak, American canoeist
- August 17
- August 19 – Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury, French politician, 95th Prime Minister of France (d. 1993)
- August 21 – Syed Jaafar Albar, Malaysian politician (d. 1977)
- August 26 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
- August 27 – Heidi Kabel, German actress (d. 2010)
- August 28 – Paul, Finnish Orthodox archbishop (d. 1988)
- August 30 – Julie Bishop, American actress (d. 2001)
- August 31
- September 1 – Tsuneko Sasamoto, Japanese photographer
- September 2 – Lord George-Brown, British politician (d. 1985)
- September 5
- September 7 – James Van Allen, American physicist (d. 2006)
- September 10
- September 11 – Serbian Patriarch Pavle, (d. 2009)
- September 12
- September 13 – Ralph Rapson, American architect (d. 2008)
- September 14 – Clayton Moore, American actor (The Lone Ranger) (d. 1999)
- September 15
- September 16 – Allen Funt, American television show host (Candid Camera) (d. 1999)
- September 17
- September 18
- September 20
- September 21 – Bob Lido, American singer and musician (d. 2000)
- September 22 – Siegfried Lowitz, German television actor (d. 1999)
- September 23
- September 24
- September 25
- September 26 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert (d. 2011)
- September 27 – Sophie Sooäär, Estonian actress and singer (d. 1996)
- September 28 – Marian Fuks, Polish historian
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Ellsworth Wareham, American cardiothoracic surgeon
- October 4 – Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
- October 6 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
- October 7
- October 8 – Henry C. Pearson, American abstract and modernist painter (d. 2006)
- October 9 – Edward Andrews, American stage, film and television actor (d. 1985)
- October 10
- October 14 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
- October 15 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
- October 16 – Leonard Litwin, American real estate developer (d. 2017)
- October 17 – Jerry Siegel, American comic book author (d. 1996)
- October 19 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014)
- October 20 – James C. Floyd, Canadian aerospace engineer
- October 21 – Martin Gardner, American writer (d. 2010)
- October 23 – Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
- October 25
- October 26 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
- October 27 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953)
- October 28
- October 29 – Ben Gage, American actor, singer, and radio announcer (d. 1978)
- October 30
- October 31 – Edward Allcard, British architect and yachtsman (d. 2017)
- November 1 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
- November 2
- November 5 – Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
- November 6
- November 8
- November 9 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
- November 10 – Tod Andrews, American actor (d. 1972)
- November 11 – Howard Fast, American novelist and television writer (d. 2003)
- November 13
- November 14 – Joseph Barnes, Irish physician (d. 2017)
- November 18 – William Phillips, New Zealand economist (d. 1974)
- November 21 – Abd al-Karim Qasim, Iraqi general, 24th Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1963)
- November 22 – Alex Pitko, American baseball player (d. 2011)
- November 23
- November 25 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 1999)
- November 26 – S. Prestley Blake, American businessman
- November 28 – Gertrude Jeannette, American actress (d. 2018)
- November 29 – Coleridge Goode, Jamaican-born British jazz bassist (d. 2015)
- December 2 – Bill Erwin, American actor (d. 2010)
- December 6 – Ruchoma Shain, American-born teacher and author (d. 2013)
- December 7 – Alberto Castillo, Argentine tango singer and actor (d. 2002)
- December 8 – Mary Tortorich, American voice teacher (d. 2017)
- December 9 – Frances Reid, American actress (d. 2010)
- December 10 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (d. 1996)
- December 11 – Gabriel Chiramel, Indian priest, zoologist, and author (d. 2017)
- December 12 – Patrick O'Brian, British novelist (d. 2000)
- December 13 – Larry Parks, American actor (d. 1975)
- December 14
- December 15 – Anatole Abragam, French physicist (d. 2011)
- December 16 – Renzo Franzo, Italian politician (d. 2018)
- December 19 – Dietrich Hrabak, German World War II flying ace (d. 1995)
- December 20 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., American politician (d. 2013)
- December 21 – Frank Fenner, Australian virologist and microbiologist (d. 2010)
- December 23 – David Alexander, American television director (d. 1983)
- December 24
- December 25 – Abelardo Raidi, Venezuelan sportswriter and radio broadcaster (d. 2002)
- December 26 – Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008)
- December 28 – Bidia Dandaron, Buddhist author and teacher in the USSR (d. 1974)
- December 29 – Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989)
- December 30 – Bert Parks, American singer and actor (Miss America Pageant) (d. 1992)
- January 3 – Nadezhda Rykalova, Russian actress (b. 1824)
- January 8 – Simon Bolivar Buckner, American soldier and politician and Confederate soldier (b. 1823)
- January 10 – Leonie Aviat, French Roman Catholic religious sister and saint (b. 1844)
- January 11 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts (b. 1842)
- January 13 – Valentin Zubiaurre, Spanish composer and professor of the Madrid Royal Conservatory (b. 1837)
- January 15
- January 16 – Itō Sukeyuki, Japanese admiral (b. 1843)
- January 17 – Fernand Foureau, French explorer (b. 1850)
- January 18 – Georges Picquart, French general and politician (b. 1854)
- January 19
- January 21 – Salvador Martínez Cubells, Spanish painter (b. 1845)
- January 26 – Jose Gabriel del Rosario Brochero, Argentine Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1840)
- March 1
- March 6 – George Washington Vanderbilt II, American businessman (b. 1862)
- March 9 – José Luciano de Castro, Portuguese politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1834)
- March 12 – George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur (b. 1846)
- March 13 – María Tubau, Spanish actress (b. 1854)
- March 16 – Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
- March 18 – Andreas Beck, Norwegian explorer (b. 1864)
- March 19
- March 22 – Allen Caperton Braxton, American lawyer (b. 1862)
- March 23 – Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, Lebanese Maronite, Roman Catholic and Eastern Catholic nun and saint (b. 1832)
- March 25 – Frédéric Mistral, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
- March 28 – Robert Fraser, British Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1858)
- March 31 – Christian Morgenstern, German poet and writer (b. 1871)
- April 1 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1876)
- April 2 – Paul Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
- April 4 – Henry Hallam Parr, British army officer (b. 1847)
- April 7 – Mohammad Ayyub Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1855)
- April 11 – Elena Guerra, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1835)
- April 14 – Antonio Frixione, Italian painter and printmaker (b. 1843)
- April 15 – Count Frederick of Hohenau (b. 1857)
- April 16 – Jacinta Parejo, Venezuelan public figure, First Lady of Venezuela (b. 1845)
- April 19
- April 24 – Benedict Menni, Italian Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1841)
- April 25 – Géza Fejérváry, 16th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1833)
- April 26 – Eduard Suess, Austrian geologist (b. 1831)
- April 28 – Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem, French botanist (b. 1839)
- May 2 – John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom (b. 1845)
- May 3 – Élisabeth Leseur, French Roman Catholic mystic and servant of God (b. 1866)
- May 8 – Seth Edulji Dinshaw, Indian Parsi philanthropist
- May 10 – Lillian Nordica, American opera singer (b. 1857)
- May 12 – Eugenio Montero Ríos, 29th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1832)
- May 13 – Isabella Fyvie Mayo, British poet and novelist (b. 1843)
- May 23 – Gustav Hamel, British pioneer aviator, carried first airmail (b. 1889)
- May 24 – Herman Teodor Holmgren, Swedish architect (b. 1842)
- May 26 – Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer (b. 1849)
- May 29 – Joseph Gérard, French Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1831)
- May 31 – Angelo Moriondo, Italian inventor (b. 1851)
- June 10 – Abraam, Egyptian Coptic Orthodox bishop and saint (b. 1829)
- June 11 – Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
- June 12 – Béla Spányi, Hungarian painter (b. 1852)
- June 13 – Odoardo Toscani, Italian painter (b. 1859)
- June 14 – Adlai E. Stevenson I, 23rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1835)
- June 15 – John Robert Sitlington Sterrett, American classical scholar and archeologist (b. 1851)
- June 19 – Brandon Thomas, British actor and playwright (Charley's Aunt) (b. 1848)
- June 21 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
- June 22 – Princess Phannarai (b. 1838)
- June 25 – Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1826)
- June 26 – Antonio Herrera Toro, Venezuelan painter, critic and professor (b. 1857)
- June 28
- September 3 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865)
- September 5 – Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and or (b. 1873)
- September 8
- September 11
- September 13 – Mostafa Fahmy Pasha, Egyptian politician, 7th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1840)
- September 14 – Nicolás Zamora, Filipino Methodist minister and bishop (b. 1875)
- September 15 – Koos de la Rey, Boer general (b. 1847)
- September 16 – C. X. Larrabee, American businessman (b. 1843)
- September 22 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (killed in action) (b. 1886)
- September 26 – August Macke, German painter (killed in action) (b. 1887)
- September 28 – Richard Warren Sears, American founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company (b. 1863)
- November 1
- November 2 – Heinrich Burkhardt, German mathematician (b. 1861)
- November 3 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (suicide) (b. 1887)
- November 5
- November 9
- November 11 – A. E. J. Collins, British cricketer and soldier (killed in action) (b. 1885)
- November 12 – Augusto dos Anjos, Brazilian poet (b. 1884)
- November 14 – Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, British field marshal (b. 1832)
- November 16 – Nikolai Chayev, Russian writer, poet and playwright (b. 1824)
- November 17 – Sattar Khan, Persian pivotal figure (b. 1866)
- November 19 – Robert Jones Burdette, American minister and sentimental humorist (b. 1844)
- November 21 – Thaddeus C. Pound, American businessman and politician (b. 1833)
- November 24 – Aristide Cavallari, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1849)
- ^ Blanke, David (2002). The 1910s. American popular culture through history (Illustrated ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-313-31251-9.
- ^ Robinson, David (1986) [First published 1985]. Chaplin: His Life and Art. London: Paladin. p. 113. ISBN 0-586-08544-0.
- ^ Chaplin, Charles (2003) [First published 1964]. My Autobiography. London: Penguin Classics. p. 145. ISBN 0-141-01147-5.
- ^ Adams, Charles Henry (1914-03-26). "New York Day By Day". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida. p. 7. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- ^ The Atlanta Constitution 1914-06-17 p. 1.
- ^ Finestone, Jeffrey; Massie, Robert K. (1981). The Last Courts of Europe. Dent. p. 247.
- ^ Smith, David James (2010). One Morning In Sarajevo. Hachette UK.
He was photographed on the way to the station and the photograph has been reproduced many times in books and articles, claiming to depict the arrest of Gavrilo Princip. But there is no photograph of Princip's arrest - this photograph shows the arrest of Behr.
- ^ "International exhibition became known as a city". Bristol Post. 2013-07-09. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
- ^ Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation"
- ^ "Plan Big Meeting For Dead Bomb Men: Demonstration in Union Square by Anti-Militarist League Announced for Tomorrow" (pdf). The New York Times. Adolph Ochs. 1914-07-10. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
- ^ "August 1914". WarChron. 2007. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- ^ "The First Shot of World War I". Coastal Defences of Colonial Victoria. 1997. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- ^ a b "The Gold Coast Mobilized, A Proud Record: The case of Sergeant Grunshi". The Times (48572). London. 1940-03-25. p. 7.
- ^ Thompson, J. Lee (2007). Forgotten Patriot: a life of Alfred, Viscount Milner of St. James's and Cape Town, 1854-1925. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 311. ISBN 0-8386-4121-0.
- ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- ^ Bennet, Geoffrey (2001). Naval Battles of the First World War. Penguin Books.
- ^ a b Selcuk Aksin Somel (2010). The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 324. ISBN 978-0-8108-7579-1.
- ^ "Egypt: a constitution". Time. 1923-04-28. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- ^ "Rugby Union Footballers are Doing their Duty. Over 90% Have Enlisted. British Athletes! Will You Follow this Glorious Example?". World Digital Library. 1915. Retrieved 2013-10-27.
Primary sources and year books
- Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900-1933 (1997); global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare; pp 297–349; emphasis on World War I
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