1775

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1775 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita2528
Armenian calendar1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Assyrian calendar6525
Balinese saka calendar1696–1697
Bengali calendar1182
Berber calendar2725
British Regnal year15 Geo. 3 – 16 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2319
Burmese calendar1137
Byzantine calendar7283–7284
Chinese calendar甲午(Wood Horse)
4471 or 4411
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4472 or 4412
Coptic calendar1491–1492
Discordian calendar2941
Ethiopian calendar1767–1768
Hebrew calendar5535–5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1831–1832
 - Shaka Samvat1696–1697
 - Kali Yuga4875–4876
Holocene calendar11775
Igbo calendar775–776
Iranian calendar1153–1154
Islamic calendar1188–1189
Japanese calendarAn'ei 4
(安永4年)
Javanese calendar1700–1701
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4108
Minguo calendar137 before ROC
民前137年
Nanakshahi calendar307
Thai solar calendar2317–2318
Tibetan calendar阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
    — to —
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1902 or 1521 or 749

1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events[]

Summary[]

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to Parliament on October 27. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and technology advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expion continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England.

January–March[]

April–June[]

July–September[]

August 18: Tucson is founded.

October—December[]

Date unknown[]


Births[]

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References[]

  1. ^ a b c d Gordon Carruth, ed., The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates 3rd Edition (Thomas Y. Crowell, 1962) pp82-86
  2. ^ a b de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review. 52 (126): 34–62. JSTOR 4206834.
  3. ^ "US History Timeline: 1700 - 1800". faculty.washington.edu.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A. D. to 1909, ed. by Benson John Lossing and, Woodrow Wilson (Harper & Brothers, 1910) pp165-166
  5. ^ "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, p. 454, 2006, The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  6. ^ Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine (1995) University of Massachusetts Press pp.62-67
  7. ^ Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture. 6: 165–87. JSTOR 3101072.
  8. ^ "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25.

Further reading[]