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. (December 2009)
The 14th century BC is a century which lasted from the year 1400 BC until 1301 BC.
- 1397 BC: Pandion I, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 40 years and is succeeded by his son Erechtheus II of Athens.
- 1390 BC: In Mesopotamia, emergence of the Assyrians as an independent power.
- 1385 BC: Pharaoh Amenhotep III of Egypt marries Tiy, his Chief Queen.
- 1380 BC: Amenhotep III connects the Nile and the Red Sea with a canal.
- 1372 BC: The Hittites conquer all of the Kingdom of Mitanni west of the Euphrates. (J.M. Roberts, The New History of the World (2003), p 84.)
- 1357 BC: Danish Egtvedpigen is buried.
- 1347 BC: King Erechtheus II is reportedly killed by lightning after a reign of 50 years and is succeeded by his younger brother Cecrops II.
- 1346 BC: Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of Egypt begins his Cult of Aten and begins construction of Amarna intended to be his new capital.
- 1345 BC: Amenhotep IV renames himself Akhenaten.
- 1336 BC: Akhenaten names Smenkhkare as a co-ruler.
- c. 1334 BC: Tutankhaten becomes Pharaoh of Egypt and marries Ankhesenpaaten, daughter and wife of his predecessor Akhenaton.
- 1331 BC: Tutankhaten renames himself to Tutankhamun and abandons Amarna, returning the capital to Thebes.
- 1324 BC: Pharaoh Ay is crowned king of Egypt
- 1320 BC: Egypt: End of Eighteenth Dynasty, start of Nineteenth Dynasty.
- c. 1310 BC: The Bhagavad Gita is written, according to some Hindu traditions.
- 1309–1300 BC: Cecrops II, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 40 years and is succeeded by his son Pandion II. Pandion II was later driven into exile from Athens by the sons of Cecrops II's brother (or possibly nephew) Metion, so that Metion could take power. Pandion II fled to Megara, where he married the King's daughter and eventually inherited the throne. After his death, Pandion II's sons returned to Athens and drove out the sons of Metion.
- 1307 BC: Adad-nirari I becomes king of Assyria.
- 1300 BC: The legendary King Pan Geng moved the capital of Shang Dynasty to Yin.
- c. 1300 BC: Rise of the Urnfield culture.
Although many human societies were literate in this period, some individual persons mentioned in this article ought to be considered legendary rather than historical.
See: List of sovereign states in the 14th century BC.