100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics

100 metres
at the World Championships in Athletics
Leichtathletik WM 2013 Moskau 100 m Vorlauf.jpg
The heats of the men's 100 m in 2013
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832019
Women: 19832019
Championship record
Men9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)
Women10.70 Marion Jones (1999)
Reigning champion
Men Christian Coleman (USA)
Women Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)
Carmelita Jeter winning the 2011 women's 100 m world title

The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural ion in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes. Since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.

The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009.[1] Ben Johnson beat Lewis in the 1987 final, but his win and record were subsequently rescinded after his admission to long-term steroid use.[2] Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record. The women's world record has not yet been beaten at the championships.

Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful athlete of the event as the only person, male or female to win four titles. Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Justin Gatlin has the most medals with 5, 2 gold and 3 silver. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only other athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.

The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.

Age[]

Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Yohan Blake 21 years, 245 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest medalist Darrel Brown 18 years, 318 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest participant Darren Tuitt 15 years, 153 days Tehani Kirby 14 years, 5 days
Oldest champion Justin Gatlin 35 years, 176 days Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce 32 years, 276 days
Oldest medalist Justin Gatlin 37 years, 230 days Merlene Ottey 35 years, 89 days
Oldest participant Kim Collins 39 years, 218 days Merlene Ottey 47 years, 108 days

Doping[]

Canada's Ben Johnson and Angella Taylor-Issajenko were both disqualified from the 1987 World Championships in Athletics for doping. Johnson was stripped of his 100 m gold, elevating Carl Lewis to world champion, while Taylor-Issajenko finished fifth in the women's 100 m final.

At the following ion in 1991, Irina Slyusar of the Soviet Union (a women's semi-finalist) was disqualified for doping. Eight years passed without incident in the 100 m before the double Nigerian doping disqualification of Innocent Asonze and Davidson Ezinwa in 1999.[4]

Tim Montgomery became the 100 m second medalist to be disqualified, losing his silver medal from the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. From the same event, Marion Jones later lost her silver medal for doping infractions, becoming the first female medalist to be stripped of a 100 m medal. Venolyn Clarke and Kelli White (a women's finalist) were also disqualified that year. The results of Dwain Chambers and Montgomery, fourth and fifth in 2003, were removed for doping. Two women's medalists were stripped of their honours for doping Kelli White lost the world title while Zhanna Block had her bronze medal removed. Block's times from the 2005 ion were also annulled.[4] These disqualifications were a result of the BALCO scandal, which included many 100 m runners.

No doping offences were recorded at the 2007 World Championships 100 metres, but bans shortly returned, with Ruqaya Al-Ghasra being banned from the 2009 ion and a female trio of Inna Eftimova, Semoy Hackett and Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaludin being disqualified in 2011.[4] The 2013 World Championships saw one elimination in Masoud Azizi.[5]

Among the men's world champions, only Donovan Bailey and Usain Bolt have not been implicated in doping during their careers; three-time champion Maurice Greene never failed a drug test, but admitting purchasing drugs on other athletes behalf.[6]

Medalists[]

Men[]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Calvin Smith (USA)  Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Raymond Stewart (JAM)  Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Leroy Burrell (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart (details)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Andre Cason (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg (details)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis (details)  Kim Collins (SKN)  Darrel Brown (TRI)  Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki (details)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Michael Frater (JAM)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka (details)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Derrick Atkins (BAH)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu (details)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London (details)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)
2019 Doha (details)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Multiple medalists[]

Rank Athlete Nation Championships Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Usain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2009–2017 3 0 1 4
2= Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983–1991 3 0 0 3
2= Maurice Greene  United States (USA) 1997–2001 3 0 0 3
4 Justin Gatlin  United States (USA) 2005–2019 2 3 0 5
5= Christian Coleman  United States (USA) 2017–2019 1 1 0 2
5= Donovan Bailey  Canada (CAN) 1995–1997 1 1 0 2
5= Tyson Gay  United States (USA) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
8 Kim Collins  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 2003–2011 1 0 2 3
9 Linford Christie  Great Britain (GBR) 1987–1993 1 0 1 2
10 Bruny Surin  Canada (CAN) 1995–1999 0 2 0 2
11= Dennis Mitchell  United States (USA) 1991–1993 0 0 2 2
11= Ato Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1995–2001 0 0 2 2
11= Asafa Powell  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2009 0 0 2 2
11= Andre De Grasse  Canada (CAN) 2015–2019 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country[]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 10 10 5 25
2  Jamaica (JAM) 4 2 4 10
3  Canada (CAN) 1 3 2 6
4=  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 3 4
4=  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 1 0 3 3
6  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 1 2 3
7  Bahamas (BAH) 0 1 0 1

Women[]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)  Marita Koch (GDR)  Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)  Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)  Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Inger Miller (USA)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Torri Edwards (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Lauryn Williams (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
details
 Tori Bowie (USA)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Dafne Schippers (NED)
2019 Doha
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dina Asher-Smith (GBR)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)

Multiple medalists[]

Rank Athlete Nation Championships Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica (JAM) 2009–2019 4 0 0 4
2 Marion Jones  United States (USA) 1997–1999 2 0 0 2
3 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica (JAM) 2005–2011 1 2 0 3
4 Gwen Torrence  United States (USA) 1991–1995 1 1 1 3
5= Zhanna Block  Ukraine (UKR) 1997–2001 1 1 0 2
5= Lauryn Williams  United States (USA) 2005–2007 1 1 0 2
7 Carmelita Jeter  United States (USA) 2007–2013 1 0 3 4
8 Tori Bowie  United States (USA) 2015–2017 1 0 1 2
9 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1987–1995 0 2 2 4
10 Ekaterini Thanou  Greece (GRE) 1999–2003 0 1 2 3
11= Chandra Sturrup  Bahamas (BAH) 2001–2003 0 1 1 2
11= Dafne Schippers  Netherlands (NED) 2015–2017 0 1 1 2
11= Marie-Josee Ta Lou  Ivory Coast (CIV) 2017–2019 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country[]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 9 3 6 18
2  Jamaica (JAM) 5 5 2 12
3  East Germany (GDR) 2 2 0 4
4  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 0 0
5  Germany (GER) 1 0 0 0
6  Ivory Coast (CIV) 0 2 1 3
7=  Bahamas (BAH) 0 1 2 3
7=  Greece (GRE) 0 1 2 3
9  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
10  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
11=  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
11=  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
11=  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 1 1

Championship record progression[]

Men[]

Men's 100 metres World Championships record progression[7]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
10.64 Luke Watson  Great Britain (GBR) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.38 Juan Núñez  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.34 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.31 Desai Williams  Canada (CAN) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.30 Calvin Smith  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.24 Leandro Peñalver  Cuba (CUB) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.20 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals 1983-08-07
10.07 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Final 1983-08-08
10.03 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
9.83 WR[dq1] Ben Johnson  Canada (CAN) 1987 Final 1987-08-30
9.93 WR= Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1987 Final 1987-08-30
9.93 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1991 Semi-finals 1991-08-25
9.86 WR Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1991 Final 1991-08-25
9.86 Maurice Greene  United States (USA) 1997 Final 1997-08-03
9.80 Maurice Greene  United States (USA) 1999 Final 1999-08-22
9.58 WR Usain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2009 Final 2009-08-16

Women[]

Women's 100 metres World Championships record progression[8]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
11.26 Olga Antonova  Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.24 Marita Koch  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.23 Diane Williams  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.15 Evelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.11 Evelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals 1983-08-07
11.05 Marlies Göhr  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
10.99 Evelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
10.97 Marlies Göhr  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Final 1983-08-08
10.95 Heike Drechsler  East Germany (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
10.90 Silke Möller  East Germany (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
10.87 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1993 Semi-finals 1993-08-16
10.87 Gwen Torrence  United States (USA) 1993 Semi-finals 1993-08-16
10.82 Gail Devers  United States (USA) 1993 Final 1993-08-16
10.82 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1993 Final 1993-08-16
10.76 Marion Jones  United States (USA) 1999 Quarter-finals 1999-08-21
10.70 Marion Jones  United States (USA) 1999 Final 1999-08-22

Finishing times[]

Top ten fastest World Championship times[]

Best time for place[]

References[]

  1. ^ IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  2. ^ a b Thomsen, Ian (1997-08-09). Kipketer Glides to Victory. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  3. ^ Butler 2013, p. 35–7.
  4. ^ a b c Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  5. ^ More than 1900 blood samples collected – Moscow 2013. IAAF (2013-09-20). Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  6. ^ I.A.A.F. Seeks an Explanation From Greene About Drug Allegations. The New York Times (2008-04-17). Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  7. ^ Main > Men, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  8. ^ Main > Women, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  9. ^ a b "Men's 100m".
  10. ^ a b "Women's 100m".

11.R S D Unnithan's kerala India's nobel prize work 2002–16;2016–20;2021-22-92:8092 ad Personal profiled DATAS at Guinness world records from online nobel org/www.mednobel.ki.se/www.olympics.org

Bibliography[]

External links[]