100 Years 100 Movies

AFI 100 Years... series
1998100 Movies
1999100 Stars
2000100 Laughs
2001100 Thrills
2002100 Passions
2003100 Heroes & Villains
2004100 Songs
2005100 Movie Quotes
200525 Scores
2006100 Cheers
200625 Musicals
2007100 Movies (Updated)
2008AFI's 10 Top 10

The first of the AFI 100 Years... series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years... 100 American Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies. The 100-best list American films was unveiled in 1998. AFI released an updated list in 2007.

Criteria[]

Films were judged according to the following criteria:

  1. Feature length: Narrative format, at least 60 minutes long.
  2. American film: English language, with significant creative and/or financial production elements from the United States. (Certain films, notably The Bridge on the River Kwai, 2001: A Space Odyssey and Lawrence of Arabia, were British-made but funded and distributed by American studios. The Lord of the Rings was New Zealand-made with American funding.)
  3. Critical recognition: Formal commendation in print.
  4. Major award winner: Recognition from competitive events including awards from organizations in the film community and major film festivals.
  5. Popularity over time: Including figures for box office adjusted for inflation, television broadcasts and syndication, and home video sales and rentals.
  6. Historical significance: A film's mark on the history of the moving image through technical innovation, visionary narrative devices or other groundbreaking achievements.
  7. Cultural impact: A film's mark on American society in matters of style and substance.

[1]

List[]

Film Release year Director Production companies 1998 rank 2007 rank Change
Citizen Kane 1941 Orson Welles RKO Radio Pictures 1 1 Steady.svg 0
Casablanca 1942 Michael Curtiz Warner Bros. Pictures 2 3 Decrease.svg 1
The Godfather 1972 Francis Ford Coppola Paramount Pictures, Alfran Productions 3 2 Increase.svg 1
Gone with the Wind 1939 Victor Fleming Selznick International Pictures 4 6 Decrease.svg 2
Lawrence of Arabia 1962 David Lean Horizon Pictures 5 7 Decrease.svg 2
The Wizard of Oz 1939 Victor Fleming Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 6 10 Decrease.svg 4
The Graduate 1967 Mike Nichols Lawrence Turman 7 17 Decrease.svg 10
On the Waterfront 1954 Elia Kazan Horizon-American Pictures 8 19 Decrease.svg 11
Schindler's List 1993 Steven Spielberg Amblin Entertainment 9 8 Increase.svg 1
Singin' in the Rain 1952 Gene Kelly, Stanley Donen Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 10 5 Increase.svg 5
It's a Wonderful Life 1946 Frank Capra Liberty Pictures 11 20 Decrease.svg 9
Sunset Boulevard 1950 Billy Wilder Paramount Pictures 12 16 Decrease.svg 4
The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957 David Lean Horizon-American Pictures 13 36 Decrease.svg 23
Some Like It Hot 1959 Billy Wilder Ashton Productions, The Mirisch Company 14 22 Decrease.svg 8
Star Wars 1977 George Lucas Lucasfilm 15 13 Increase.svg 2
All About Eve 1950 Joseph L. Mankiewicz 20th Century-Fox 16 28 Decrease.svg 12
The African Queen 1951 John Huston Horizon Enterprises, Romulus Films 17 65 Decrease.svg 48
Psycho 1960 Alfred Hitchcock Shamley Productions 18 14 Increase.svg 4
The General 1926 Buster Keaton Buster Keaton Productions 18
Chinatown 1974 Roman Polanski Long Road Productions 19 21 Decrease.svg 2
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1975 Miloš Forman Fantasy Films 20 33 Decrease.svg 13
The Grapes of Wrath 1940 John Ford 20th Century-Fox 21 23 Decrease.svg 2
2001: A Space Odyssey 1968 Stanley Kubrick Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 22 15 Increase.svg 7
The Maltese Falcon 1941 John Huston Warner Bros. Pictures 23 31 Decrease.svg 8
Raging Bull 1980 Martin Scorsese Chartoff-Winkler Productions 24 4 Increase.svg 20
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 1982 Steven Spielberg Universal Pictures, Amblin Entertainment 25 24 Increase.svg 1
Dr. Strangelove 1964 Stanley Kubrick Hawk Films, Polaris Productions 26 39 Decrease.svg 13
Bonnie and Clyde 1967 Arthur Penn Tatira-Hiller Productions 27 42 Decrease.svg 15
Apocalypse Now 1979 Francis Ford Coppola Omni Zoetrope 28 30 Decrease.svg 2
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939 Frank Capra Columbia Pictures 29 26 Increase.svg 3
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948 John Huston Warner Bros. Pictures 30 38 Decrease.svg 8
Annie Hall 1977 Woody Allen United Artists 31 35 Decrease.svg 4
The Godfather Part II 1974 Francis Ford Coppola The Coppola Company 32 32 Steady.svg 0
High Noon 1952 Fred Zinnemann Stanley Kramer Productions 33 27 Increase.svg 6
To Kill a Mockingbird 1962 Robert Mulligan Pakula-Mulligan Productions, Brentwood Productions 34 25 Increase.svg 9
It Happened One Night 1934 Frank Capra Columbia Pictures 35 46 Decrease.svg 11
Midnight Cowboy 1969 John Schlesinger Jerome Hellman Productions 36 43 Decrease.svg 7
The Best Years of Our Lives 1946 William Wyler Samuel Goldwyn Productions 37 37 Steady.svg 0
Double Indemnity 1944 Billy Wilder Paramount Pictures 38 29 Increase.svg 9
Doctor Zhivago 1965 David Lean Carlo Ponti Productions 39
North by Northwest 1959 Alfred Hitchcock Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 40 55 Decrease.svg 15
West Side Story 1961 Robert Wise, Jerome Robbins Beta Productions, The Mirisch Company, Seven Arts Productions, B & P Enterprises 41 51 Decrease.svg 10
Rear Window 1954 Alfred Hitchcock Paramount Pictures, Patron 42 48 Decrease.svg 6
King Kong 1933 Merian C. Cooper RKO Radio Pictures 43 41 Increase.svg 2
The Birth of a Nation 1915 D. W. Griffith David W. Griffith Corp. 44
A Streetcar Named Desire 1951 Elia Kazan Warner Bros. Pictures, Charles K. Feldman Productions 45 47 Decrease.svg 2
A Clockwork Orange 1971 Stanley Kubrick Polaris Productions, Hawk Films 46 70 Decrease.svg 24
Taxi Driver 1976 Martin Scorsese B & P Enterprises, Italo-Judeo 47 52 Decrease.svg 5
Jaws 1975 Steven Spielberg Universal Pictures, Zanuck/Brown Company 48 56 Decrease.svg 8
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 1937 David Hand, et al. Walt Disney Productions 49 34 Increase.svg 15
Intolerance 1916 D. W. Griffith D. W. Griffith, Wark Producing 49
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969 George Roy Hill Campanile Productions 50 73 Decrease.svg 23
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring 2001 Peter Jackson New Line Cinema, WingNut Films 50
The Philadelphia Story 1940 George Cukor Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 51 44 Increase.svg 7
From Here to Eternity 1953 Fred Zinnemann Columbia Pictures 52
Amadeus 1984 Miloš Forman The Saul Zaentz Company 53
All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 Lewis Milestone Universal Pictures 54
The Sound of Music 1965 Robert Wise Argyle Enterprises, 20th Century-Fox 55 40 Increase.svg 15
M*A*S*H 1970 Robert Altman Aspen Productions 56 54 Increase.svg 2
The Third Man 1949 Carol Reed London Film Productions 57
Fantasia 1940 Walt Disney Walt Disney Productions 58
Rebel Without a Cause 1955 Nicholas Ray Warner Bros. Pictures 59
Nashville 1975 Robert Altman ABC Entertainment 59
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1981 Steven Spielberg Lucasfilm 60 66 Decrease.svg 6
Vertigo 1958 Alfred Hitchcock Alfred J. Hitchcock Productions, Paramount Pictures 61 9 Increase.svg 52
Sullivan's Travels 1941 Preston Sturges Paramount Pictures 61
Tootsie 1982 Sydney Pollack Mirage Enterprises, Punch Productions, Columbia Pictures, Delphi Productions 62 69 Decrease.svg 7
Stagecoach 1939 John Ford Walter Wanger Productions 63
Cabaret 1972 Bob Fosse Allied Artists 63
Close Encounters of the Third Kind 1977 Steven Spielberg Columbia Pictures, EMI 64
The Silence of the Lambs 1991 Jonathan Demme Strong Heart Productions 65 74 Decrease.svg 9
Network 1976 Sidney Lumet Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists 66 64 Increase.svg 2
The Manchurian Candidate 1962 John Frankenheimer M. C. Productions 67
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1966 Mike Nichols Chenault Productions, Warner Bros. Pictures 67
An American in Paris 1951 Vincente Minnelli Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 68
Shane 1953 George Stevens Paramount Pictures 69 45 Increase.svg 24
The French Connection 1971 William Friedkin D'Antoni Productions 70 93 Decrease.svg 23
Forrest Gump 1994 Robert Zemeckis The Tisch Company 71 76 Decrease.svg 5
Saving Private Ryan 1998 Steven Spielberg Amblin Entertainment, Mutual Film Company 71
Ben-Hur 1959 William Wyler Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 72 100 Decrease.svg 28
The Shawshank Redemption 1994 Frank Darabont Castle Rock Entertainment 72
Wuthering Heights 1939 William Wyler Samuel Goldwyn Productions 73
The Gold Rush 1925 Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Productions 74 58 Increase.svg 16
Dances with Wolves 1990 Kevin Costner TIG Productions, Majestic Films International 75
In the Heat of the Night 1967 Norman Jewison The Mirisch Corporation 75
City Lights 1931 Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Productions 76 11 Increase.svg 65
American Graffiti 1973 George Lucas Coppola Co., Lucasfilm 77 62 Increase.svg 15
All the President's Men 1976 Alan J. Pakula Wildwood Enterprises 77
Rocky 1976 John G. Avildsen Chartoff-Winkler Productions 78 57 Increase.svg 21
The Deer Hunter 1978 Michael Cimino EMI 79 53 Increase.svg 26
The Wild Bunch 1969 Sam Peckinpah Phil Feldman Productions, Warner Bros.-Seven Arts 80 79 Increase.svg 1
Modern Times 1936 Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Film Corp. 81 78 Increase.svg 3
Spartacus 1960 Stanley Kubrick Bryna Productions, Universal-International Pictures 81
Giant 1956 George Stevens Warner Bros. Pictures 82
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans 1927 F. W. Murnau Fox Film 82
Platoon 1986 Oliver Stone Hemdale Film Corporation 83 86 Decrease.svg 3
Titanic 1997 James Cameron Paramount Pictures, 20th Century-Fox, Lightstorm Entertainment 83
Fargo 1996 Coen brothers Working Title Films 84
Duck Soup 1933 Leo McCarey Paramount Productions 85 60 Increase.svg 25
A Night at the Opera 1935 Sam Wood Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 85
Mutiny on the Bounty 1935 Frank Lloyd Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 86
Frankenstein 1931 James Whale Universal Pictures 87
12 Angry Men 1957 Sidney Lumet Orion-Nova Productions 87
Easy Rider 1969 Dennis Hopper The Pando Company, Raybert Productions 88 84 Increase.svg 4
Patton 1970 Franklin J. Schaffner 20th Century-Fox 89
The Sixth Sense 1999 M. Night Shyamalan Hollywood Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment, The Kennedy/Marshall Company 89
The Jazz Singer 1927 Alan Crosland Warner Bros. Pictures, The Vitaphone Corp. 90
Swing Time 1936 George Stevens RKO Radio Pictures 90
My Fair Lady 1964 George Cukor Warner Bros. Pictures 91
Sophie's Choice 1982 Alan J. Pakula Universal Pictures, Associated Film Distribution 91
A Place in the Sun 1951 George Stevens Paramount Pictures 92
The Apartment 1960 Billy Wilder The Mirisch Company 93 80 Increase.svg 13
Goodfellas 1990 Martin Scorsese Warner Bros. Pictures, Irwin Winkler Productions 94 92 Increase.svg 2
Pulp Fiction 1994 Quentin Tarantino A Band Apart, Jersey Films 95 94 Increase.svg 1
The Last Picture Show 1971 Peter Bogdanovich BBS Productions 95
The Searchers 1956 John Ford C. V. Whitney Pictures 96 12 Increase.svg 84
Do the Right Thing 1989 Spike Lee 40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks 96
Bringing Up Baby 1938 Howard Hawks RKO Radio Pictures 97 88 Increase.svg 9
Blade Runner 1982 Ridley Scott The Ladd Company, Sir Run Run Shaw 97
Unforgiven 1992 Clint Eastwood The Malpaso Company 98 68 Increase.svg 30
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner 1967 Stanley Kramer Columbia Pictures 99
Toy Story 1995 John Lasseter Pixar, Walt Disney Pictures 99
Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942 Michael Curtiz Warner Bros. Pictures 100 98 Increase.svg 2

2007 changes[]

Twenty-three films were replaced in the 2007 10th anniversary list. Doctor Zhivago, previously ranked #39, was the highest-ranked film to be dropped from the updated list, while The General (at #18) was the highest-ranked new entry.

Broadcast history[]

Presentation broadcast on CBS[]

A 145-minute presentation of the 100 films aired on CBS on June 16, 1998.

Presentation broadcast on TNT[]

A 460-minute version aired as a 10-part series on TNT, narrated by James Woods and hosted by American talents as follows:

Presentation broadcast on TNT UK[]

Another version of the same 460-minute program was produced by Monique De Villiers and John Heyman from A World Production company to British television and market featuring different interviews and each segment being hosted by British talents in the following order:

Criticisms[]

As with awards, the list of those who vote and the final vote tally are not released to the public, nor the criteria for how the 400 nominated films have been selected.

On June 26, 1998, the Chicago Reader published an article by film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum which offers a detailed response to the movies in the AFI list, as well as criticism of the AFI's appropriation of British films, such as Lawrence of Arabia (albeit with aforementioned American funding) and The Third Man. Rosenbaum also produced an alternative list of 100 American movies that he felt had been overlooked by the AFI.[2] Rosenbaum chose to present this alternative list alphabetically since to rank them according to merit would be "tantamount to ranking oranges over apples or declaring cherries superior to grapes."

The AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) list includes five titles from Rosenbaum's list (including Do the Right Thing),[3] and the accompanying promotional poster lists the titles in alphabetical order.

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "100 Greatest American Movies by AFI - Film Series". www.filmsite.org.
  2. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (June 26, 1998). "List-o-Mania: Or, How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love American Movies". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2008-06-03.
  3. ^ "What Are the AFI Top 100 Movies of All Time?". No Film School. July 13, 2020.

External links[]