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Year 1002 (MII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- January 23 – Emperor Otto III dies, at the age of 22, of smallpox at Castle of Paterno (near Rome) after a 19-year reign. He leaves no son, nor a surviving brother who can succeed by herary right to the throne. Otto is buried in Aachen Cathedral alongside the body of Charlemagne (Charles the Great).
- February 15 – At an assembly at Pavia of Lombard nobles and secondi milites (the minor nobles), Arduin of Ivrea (grandson of former King Berengar II) is restored to his domains and crowned as King of Italy in the Basilica of San Michele Maggiore. Arduin is supported by Arnulf II, archbishop of Milan.
- June 7 – Henry II, a cousin of Otto III, is elected and crowned as King of Germany by Archbishop Willigis at Mainz. Henry does not recognise the coronation of Arduin. Otto of Worms withdraws his nomination for the title of Holy Roman Emperor and receives the Duchy of Carinthia (modern Austria) - Henry is the first King to be elected away from the Cathedral of Aachen since the tradition was begun by Otto I in 936.
- July – Battle of Calatañazor: Christian armies led by Alfonso V of León, Sancho III of Pamplona and Sancho García of Castile, defeat the invading Saracens under Al-Mansur, the de facto ruler of Al-Andalus.
- August 8 – Al-Mansur dies after a 24-year reign and is succeeded by his son Abd al-Malik al-Muzaffar as ruler (hajib) of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba (modern Spain).
- October 15 – Henry I, duke of Burgundy, dies and is succeeded by his stepson, Otto-William. He inherits the duchy, this is disputed by King Robert II (the Pious) of France.
- Fall – A revolt organized by Bohemian nobles of the rivalling Vršovci clan, forces Duke Boleslaus III (the Red) to flee to Germany. He is succeeded by Vladivoj (until 1003).
- January 8 – Wulfsige III, bishop of Sherborne
- January 23 – Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
- April 23 – Æscwig, bishop of Dorchester
- April 30 – Eckard I, margrave of Meissen
- May 6 – Ealdwulf, archbishop of York
- August 8 – Al-Mansur, Umayyad vizier and de facto ruler
- October 15 – Henry I, duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
- November 13
- Athanasius IV, Syrian patriarch of Antioch
- Domonkos I, archbishop of Esztergom
- Gisela, French princess (approximate date)
- Godfrey I (the Prisoner), Frankish nobleman
- John the Iberian, Georgian monk (approximate date)
- Kisai Marvazi, Persian author and poet (b. 953)
- Rogneda of Polotsk, Grand Princess of Kiev (b. 962)
- Sa'id al-Dawla, Hamdanid emir of Aleppo (Syria)
- Sancho Ramírez, king of Viguera (approximate date)