1-chloropropane

n-Propyl chloride
N-propylChloride.png
1-chloorpropaan.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
1-Chloropropane
Other names
chloromethylethane, propyl chloride, 1-propyl chloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.955 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 208-749-7
UNII
UN number 1278
  • InChI=1S/C3H7Cl/c1-2-3-4/h2-3H2,1H3 checkY
    Key: SNMVRZFUUCLYTO-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • ClCCC
Properties
C3H7Cl
Molar mass 78.54
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.890
Melting point −122.8 °C (−189.0 °F; 150.3 K)
Boiling point 46.7 °C (116.1 °F; 319.8 K)
0.27 g/100 ml at 20 °C
Solubility in ethanol miscible
Solubility in diethyl ether miscible
1.3886
Viscosity 4.416 cP at 0 °C
3.589 cP at 20 °C
Hazards
Main hazards Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Vapor may cause flash fire. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. May be harmful if absorbed through skin. Affects central nervous system. Causes irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
Safety data sheet External MSDS
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Exclamation mark
GHS Signal word Danger
H225, H302, H312, H332
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P301+P312, P302+P352, P303+P361+P353, P304+P312, P304+P340, P312, P322, P330, P363, P370+P378, P403+P235, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
2
3
0
Flash point −18 °C (0 °F; 255 K)
Related compounds
Ethyl chloride
isopropyl chloride
Tert-Butyl chloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

n-Propyl chloride (also 1-propyl chloride or 1-chloropropane) is a colorless, flammable chemical compound. It has the chemical formula C3H7Cl and is prepared by reacting n-propyl alcohol with phosphorus trichloride in the presence of a zinc chloride catalyst.[1]

References[]

  1. ^ Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, 9th ed., monograph 7635