1-18 Infantry

18th Infantry Regiment
18 Infantry Regiment COA.png
Coat of arms
Active1861–present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeMechanized infantry
Garrison/HQ1–18: Fort Riley, Kansas
Nickname(s)"Vanguards" (special designation)[1]
Motto(s)“'Til the Last Round!"
EngagementsAmerican Civil War

Indian Wars
Spanish–American War
Philippine–American War
World War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Gulf War
Iraq War

War in Afghanistan
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Henry B. Carrington
Thomas H. Ruger
Captain William J. Fetterman
Henry W. Wessells
Ulysses G. McAlexander
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia18 Infantry Regiment DUI.png
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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17th Infantry Regiment 19th Infantry Regiment

The 18th Infantry Regiment ("Vanguards")[1] is an Army Infantry regiment. The 18th Infantry Regiment currently exists with one active battalion under the U.S. Army Regimental System and has no regimental headquarters.

History[]

Civil War[]

Perryville, KY; Stones River, TN; Chickamauga, GA; Chattanooga, TN; Campaign for Atlanta.

Indian Wars[]

World War II[]

Easy Red sector of the Omaha Beach landings, 6 June 1944

Operation Desert Shield/Operation Desert Storm[]

December 1990, Elements of 3–18, and 4–18 Brigade deployed from NATO in Europe to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for Operations Desert Shield, engaging into Iraq and Kuwait for Desert Storm and Provide Comfort. Units were inactivated shortly after Jun 1991.

Global War on Terror[]

Lieutenant-Colonel, commander of the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment in Tikrit, paid $US500 to a driver to get his car repaired; paid "benevolent" money to the family of a victim of violence; paid people to clean streets; bought soccer kits for a team and repaired a swimming pool. Other officers have given money to ice-cream vendors, chicken farmers and hardware suppliers to get their businesses going. "I'm trying to give them something to do rather than take shots at someone," said Colonel Sinclair, who said he gets $US50,000 every three or four weeks to distribute. "It's not bribery. It's priming the pump. And it works well." The cash incentive scheme comes as some top officers are questioning whether the practice of keeping their troops highly visible in Iraq is doing more harm than good.

Victory Day[]

On 9 May 2010, a detachment led by Captain Matthew Strand from the 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment represented the United States in Russia's Victory Day parade across Red Square and the request of Russian Minister of Defence Anatoly Serdyukov in a letter to U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates.[8][9] They were joined by British, French, and Polish troops as well as detachments from the CIS member states.[9] Labeled by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev as the "Anti-Hitler Coalition," it marked the first time in history that American and NATO troops joined the Russian Military in the 9 May parade.[citation needed] A member of the contingent from Kemah, Texas, Russian-born 1st Lieutenant Ilya Ivanov, is a descendant of Major Alexander Peteryaev, a platoon leader in the Soviet Red Army.[10] The Head of the Military University of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Colonel General Valery Marchenkov later awarded to soldiers for their participation in the parade.

Lineage[]

[11]

ANNEX[]

[11]

Assigned to the 1st Division XIV Army Corps under Major General George H. Thomas, Participated at the Battle of Chickamauga, GA as part of the Third (Regular) Brigade and was instrumental in preventing the destruction of the Union Army under Major General William Rosecrans at Chickamauga, GA Sep 1863. Participated in the operations at Chattanooga, GA and the following Atlanta Campaign assigned to the Third Brigade. Served under Brig. General John H. King and Brig. Gen. Absalom Baird's First Division and MG John M Palmer until the Attack at Utoy Creek. The 18th US Infantry distinguished itself in its performance, along with the 15th US Infantry, in a combat water crossing at North Utoy Creek, securing the position for the 1st Division under Brigadier General Johnston 3 Aug 1864[12] and participated in the preliminary and main attacks on 6 August 1864. Involved in cutting the rail lines south of Atlanta at Rough and Ready Station (Forest Park GA 30 Aug 1864). After the Capture of Atlanta, the regiment and the rest of the Army of the Cumberland moved back in pursuit of Hood's Confederate Army into Tennessee. Involved in the Battle of Nashville and the destruction of the Confederate Army of Tennessee on 15–16 December 1864. The unit crest shows the symbol of the XIV Corps, the Acorn, adopted by Gen. George H. Thomas, "The Rock of Chickamauga."

On 17 March 2008, 1–18 Infantry was inactivated in Schweinfurt, Germany, to be relocated to Fort Riley, Kansas. On 28 March, the 18th Infantry Regimental colors were un-cased at Fort Riley, and the unit that was the 1st Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment re-flagged to 1–18 Infantry (Combined Arms Battalion). The 28 March re-flagging at Fort Riley was part of the 3rd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division's re-flagging to the 2nd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, bringing all 1st Infantry Division brigades but 3rd BCT, 1 ID to Fort Riley.

On 15 July 2009, 2–18 Infantry stood up in Baumholder, Germany as part of the 170th Infantry Brigade Combat Team. The unit was stood up to replace 1–6 Infantry (Regulars), part 2nd Brigade of the 1st Armored Division.

Campaign participation cr[]

[11]

Company C, 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division moving up into Frauwüllesheim, Germany, after crossing the Roer River on 29 February 1945.
  • Civil War:
  1. Murfreesboro;
  2. Chickamauga;
  3. Chattanooga;
  4. Atlanta Campaign;
  5. Kentucky 1862;
  6. Mississippi 1862;
  7. Tennessee 1863;
  8. Georgia 1864
  • Indian Wars:
  1. Dakota 1867;
  2. Wyoming 1867;
  3. Montana 1881;
  4. Montana 1882
  • Spanish–American War:
  1. Manila
  • Philippine–American War:
  1. Iloilo;
  2. Panay 1899;
  3. Panay 1900
  • World War I:
  1. Montdidier-Noyon;
  2. Aisne-Marne;
  3. St. Mihiel;
  4. Meuse-Argonne;
  5. Lorraine 1917;
  6. Lorraine 1918;
  7. Picardy 1918
  • World War II:
  1. Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead);
  2. Tunisia;
  3. Sicily (with arrowhead);
  4. Normandy (with arrowhead);
  5. Northern France;
  6. Rhineland;
  7. Ardennes-Alsace;
  8. Central Europe
  • Vietnam:
  1. Defense;
  2. Counteroffensive;
  3. Counteroffensive, Phase II;
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase III;
  5. Tet Counteroffensive;
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
  7. Counteroffensive, Phase V;
  8. Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
  9. Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
  10. Summer-Fall 1969;
  11. Winter-Spring 1970
  • Southwest Asia:
  1. Defense of Saudi Arabia;
  2. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
  3. Cease-Fire
  4. OPERATION: Iraqi Freedom II, 11Feb 2004-11Feb2005
  5. OPERATION: Iraqi Freedom VI-VIII,01Sep 2006-21Nov2007
  6. OPERATION: Iraqi Freedom VIII-IX, 08OCT 2008 – present
  7. Afghanistan: Kunar Province/Korengal Valley[clarification needed]
  8. OPERATION NEW DAWN 2010–2011
  9. OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM – HOA 2013–2014

Decorations[]

Soldiers from the 18th Infantry Regiment stand guard over Nazi leaders during the Nuremberg Trials that followed World War II.

[11]

  1. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for BEJA, TUNISIA
  2. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for NORMANDY
  3. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for AACHEN, GERMANY
  4. Valorous Unit Award for BINH LONG PROVINCE
  5. Valorous Unit Award for DI AN DISTRICT
  6. Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ
  7. Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ-KUWAIT
  8. Valorous Unit Award for the 1st Battalion (minus Company B) for Operation Iraqi Freedom VI-VIII, 12 October 2006 – 17 November 2007
  9. Valorous Unit Award for Bravo Company, 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, Operation Iraqi Freedom VI-VIII, Al Ramadi, Al Anbar Province, 10 Feb 2007 – 17 Mar 2007
  10. Navy Unit Commendation for Company B, 1st Battalion for Operation Iraqi Freedom VI-VIII, October 2006 – November 2007
  11. Meritorious Unit Commendation for OPERATION NEW DAWN (IRAQ)
  12. Army Superior Unit Award for 1994
  13. Army Superior Unit Award for 1996–1997
  14. Army Superior Unit Award for 1998–1999
  15. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I for AISNE-MARNE
  16. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I for MEUSE-ARGONNE
  17. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for KASSERINE
  18. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for NORMANDY
  19. French Médaille militaire, Fourragere
  20. Belgian Fourragere 1940
  21. Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Mons
  22. Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Eupen-Malmedy

Commanders[]

Source of commanders: 18th Infantry Regiment Association[13] Names marked by an @ indicate actual commanders in the absence of the colonel; an asterisk (*) = Commanders of the 18th Battle Group; 1–18 = 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry; 2–18 = 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry; and so forth. (1) following a name indicates future commander of 1st Infantry Division

  • Henry B. Carrington 1861–69
  • Thomas H. Ruger 1869–86
  • John E. Yard (died in command) 1886–89
  • Henry M. Lazelle 1889–94
  • Daingerfield Parker 1894–96
  • David D. Van Valzah 1896–99
  • Gilbert S. Carpenter 1899-99
  • James M. J. Sanno 1899–1903
  • Charles B. Hall 1903–07
  • Thomas F. Davis 1907–13
  • James S. Rogers 1913–16
  • Howard F. Glenn 1916–16
  • Samuel E. Smiley 1916–17
  • James W. McAndrew 1917
  • Ulysses G. McAlexander 1917
  • James W. McAndrew 1917
  • Ulysses G. McAlexander 1917
  • Frank Parker (1) (BRO – 18 Oct – 20 Nov 1918)
  • Charles A. Hunt 1918–1919
  • Orrin R. Wolfe 1919–23
  • John J. Bradley (Bradlay) 1923–27
  • Charles F. Humphrey, Jr. 1927–29
  • William B. Graham 1929–31
  • John H. Hughes 1931
  • Claude H. Miller 1931–33
  • Noble J. Wiley 1933–35
  • Royden E. Beebe(1–18 – MAJ "Cappy" Wells) 1935–37
  • Ray W. Brabsen 1937–39
  • Eley P Denson 1939–41
  • 1–18: LTC John N. Hopkins
  • 2–18: LTC Charles W. Yuill
  • 3–18: LTC John C. Blizzard, Jr.
  1. Edward G. Sherburn 1941–42
  2. Frank U. Greer 1 Jul 1942 – 23 May 1943
  • 1–18: MAJ Richard C. Parker
  • 2–18: MAJ John L. Powers
  • 3–18: LTC Courtney P. Brown
  • 1–18: LTC Robert H. York
  • 1–18: LTC Joseph W. Sisson, III
  • 2–18: LTC Ben Sternberg
  • 3–18: LTC Joseph W. Sisson, III
  1. George A. Smith, Jr. 23 May 1943 – 25 Feb 1945
  • 1–18: LTC Henry G. Learnard, Jr.
  • 2–18: LTC John Williamson
  • 3–18: LTC Courtney P. Brown
  • 3–18: LTC Elisha O. Peckham
  1. John Williamson 25 Feb 1945 – Oct 1945
  • 1–18: LTC Henry G. Learnard Feb 1945 – Oct 1945
  • 2–18: LTC Henry Middleworth June 1945 – Aug 1945
  • 3–18: LTC George Pecham June 1945 – July 1945
  • 3–18: MAJ Frank Dupree July 1945 – Aug 1945
  1. Henry G. Learnard, Jr Oct 1945 – Mar 1946
  • 1–18: CPT John Maggason Oct 1945 – Dec 1945
  • 1–18: CPT George K. Maertins Dec 1945 – June 1946 (Jan 1946?)
  • 1–18: CPT William Coshun Jan 1946 – Feb 1946
  • 1–18: MAJ James D. Green Feb 1946 – Apr 1946
  • 2–18: MAJ Thomas Murphy Aug 1945 – Sep 1945
  • 2–18: LTC George B. Pickett Sep 1945 – Nov 1945
  • 2–18: LTC Rich G. Williams 21–28 Nov 1945
  • 2–18: LTC Ernest C. Peters Nov 1945 – Dec 1945
  • 2–18: MAJ Jos W. Nelson Dec 1945 – Feb 1946
  • 3–18: MAJ Keith P. Fabianich Aug 1945 – Nov 1945
  • 3–18: LTC Rich G. Williams Dec 1945 – Jan 1946
  • 3–18: CPT William Coshun Jan 1946 – Mar 1946
  1. James S. Luckett Mar–Aug 1946
  • 1–18: CPT William Coshun Apr 1946 – May 1946
  • 1–18: LTC Herman O. Overman May 1946 – Oct 1946
  • 2–18: LTC George B. Pickett Feb 1946 – Nov 1946
  • 3–18: MAJ Keith P. Fabianich Mar 46 – June 46
  • 3–18: LTC Rich G. Williams June 1946 – Sep 1946
  1. LTC Gerald C. Kelleher Aug 1946
  2. Sterling A. Wood Aug 1946–? 1948
  • 1–18: LTC Gerald C. Kelleher Oct 1946--? (May 1949)
  • 2–18: LTC James F. Skells Nov 1946--?
  • 3–18: LTC William A. McNulty Sep 1946--?
  1. Rinaldo Van Brunt (May) 1948–50
  • 2–18: LTC John G. Bennett (May) 1948–
  • 3–18: MAJ Chester C. Arthur (May) 1948–
  • 2–18: LTC Lloyd R. Fredenhall, Jr.(May) 1949
  • 3–18: LTC John C. Speedie (May) 1949
  • 1–18: LTC Joseph J. Coffey
  • 2–18: LTC Eben F. Swift
  • 3–18: LTC Elias C. Townsend
  1. Ralph W. Zwicker 1950–52
  2. Benjamin F. Evans 1952–53
  3. Eugene A. Salet 1953–(Jun) 1954
  • 1–18: LTC Albert H. Smith, Jr. ? 1954
  • 2–18: LTC Vincent Guerin  ? 1954
  • 3–18: LTC Arndt Mueller  ? 1954
  1. George T. Calvin (Colvin) 1954 – Sep 1955
  2. William A. Cunningham, III Sep 1955 – Feb 1957
  3. William A. Cunningham, III Sep 1955 – Feb 1957
  • Frank J. Sackton Feb 1957–58
  • Theodore H. Andrews 1958–60
  • Glover S. Johns, Jr. 1960 – Jan 1962
  • Max V. Kirkbride Jan 1962–1963
  • Samuel M. Karrick, Jr. -Apr 1963
  • Robert L. Dickerson Apr–Sep 1963
  • William F. Malone Sep 1963 – Jan 1964

[Need list of 3rd Battalion commanders] [Need list of 4th Battalion commanders in Germany]

  • 1–18: LTC Jere O Whittington Jan 1964 – Jul 1965
  • 1–18: LTC Norman J. Salisbury Jul 1965 – Jan 1966
  • 2–18: LTC Edgar N. Glotzbach Jul 1965 – Jan 1966
  • 1–18: LTC Karl R. Morton Jan–May 1966
  • 2–18: LTC Herbert J. McChrystal, Jr. Jan–Jul 1966
  • 1–18: MAJ John C. Bard May–Jul 1966
  • 1–18: LTC Warner S. Goodwin, Jr. Jul 1966 – Jan 1967
  • 2–18: LTC Lewis R. Baurmann Jul 1966 – May 1967
  • 1–18: LTC Earle L. Denton Jan–Mar 1967
  • 1–18: LTC Richard E. Cavazos Mar–Dec 1967
  • 2–18: LTC James F. Price May–Dec 1967
  • 1–18: LTC George M Tronsrue, Jr. Dec 1967 – Jun 1968
  • 2–18: LTC Max R. Pfanzelter Dec 1967 – Feb 1968
  • 1–18: LTC Ronald J. Gillis Jun–Dec 1968
  • 2–18: LTC Max L. Waldrop Feb–Aug 1968
  • 1–18: LTC Robert E. Price Dec 1968 – Jun 1969
  • 2–18: LTC James E. Crow Aug 1968 – Feb 1969
  • 2–18: LTC David Teberg Feb–Jul 1969
  • 1–18: LTC Karl F Lange Jun–Oct 1969
  • 2–18: LTC Ronald Ochis Jul 1969 – Apr 1970
  • 1–18: LTC Thomas R. Finley Oct 1969 – Apr 1970
  • 1–18: LTC Jack O Thomas Apr–May 1970
  • 1–18: LTC James G Humphreys May 1970 – Jun 1971
  • 1–18: MAJ Buddy F. Poole Jun–Aug 1971
  • 1–18: LTC James M. Tucker Aug 1971 – Dec 1972
  • 1–18: LTC Roy W. Muth Dec 1972–74
  • 1–18: LTC Moses Smalls 1974–75
  • 1–18: LTC J Warmath 1975–77
  • 1–18: LTC R Boyd 1977–79
  • 1–18: LTC D Gannon 1979–81
  • 1–18: LTC M A. McDermott 1981–83
  • Inactivated from Regular Army (1983–87)
  • [Need list of commanders of 3rd Battalion]
  • Reactivated in Regular Army and Persian Gulf duty (1987–96)
  • 2–18: LTC David W. Wilson Oct 1987 – Aug 1988
  • 2–18: LTC Richard L. Stouder Aug 1988 – Oct 1990
  • 1–18: LTC Archibald V. Arnold, III Jul 1989–90
  • 3–18: LTC Peter Clegg Nov 1982 – Oct 1985
  • 3–18: MAJ David Wilson Oct 1985 – Oct 1986
  • 3–18: LTC Robert W. O'Brien Oct 1986 – Oct 1990
  • 4–18: LTC Robert J. St. Onge, Jr. Jun 1989-19??
  • 5–18: LTC George W. Aldridge Sep 1989–??
  • 1–18: LTC E. W. Chamberlain, III Jul 1990 – Jul 1992
  • 2–18: LTC Eric T. Olson  ? 1990 – Oct 1992
  • 3–18: LTC Thomas F. Finn, Jr. Oct 1990 – Oct 1993
  • 4–18: LTC Robert J. Fulcher Jr. 8 Mar 1990 – 15 Nov 1991
  • 5–18: LTC Harold M. Neely 1990–1991
  • 1–18: LTC Roy H. Adams, Jr. Jul 1992 – Jul 1994
  • 2–18: LTC Alex McKindra Oct 1992 – Oct 1994
  • 3–18: LTC Mark Grazier Oct 1993 – Apr 1994
  • 1–18: LTC Edward M. Cook Jul 1994 – May 1996
  • 2–18: LTC Brian R. Zahn Oct 1994 – May 1996
  • 1–18: LTC Steven Layfield April 1996 – Jul 1997
  • 1–18: LTC William B. Norman Jul 1997 – Jun 1999
  • 1–18: LTC John M. Murray Jun 1999 – Jun 2001
  • 1–18: LTC Butch Botters Jun 2001 – Jun 2003
  • 1–18: LTC Jeffrey Sinclair Jun 2003 – Jun 2005
  • 1–18: LTC George A. Glaze Jun 2005 – Jan 2008
  • 1–18: LTC Steve Miska Jan 2008 – Mar 2008
  • 1–18: LTC Christopher H. Beckert Mar 2008 – Apr 2008
  • 1–18: LTC John Vermeesch Apr 2008 – May 2010
  • 1–18: LTC John Cross May 2010 – May 2012
  • 1–18: LTC Robert Magee May 2012 – June 2014
  • 1–18: LTC Amado Sanchez IV June 2014 – Apr 2016
  • 1–18: LTC Peter Moon Apr 2016 – July 2018
  • 1–18: LTC Jay Bessey July 2018 – current

Medal of Honor recipients[]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Special Unit Designations". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 12 May 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  2. ^ The Valley of Utoy Creek
  3. ^ "Fort Phil Kearny State Historic Site". Archived from the original on 26 April 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  4. ^ Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr.; Friedrich Von Stauffenberg (2007). The Battle of Sicily: How the Allies Lost Their Chance for Total Victory. Stackpole Books. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-8117-3403-5.
  5. ^ "Chapter 4: Assault of the Bluffs". Omaha Beachhead. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. 1994 [1945]. pp. 82–85. CMH Pub 100-11. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
  6. ^ http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-117-1/CMH_70-117-1.pdf
  7. ^ Doug Struck, U.S. finds new weapon in Iraq – cash, July 2004.
  8. ^ https://www.army.mil/article-amp/38703/us_army_europe_soldiers_marching_into_history_in_moscow
  9. ^ a b "Foreign troops join Russia parade". BBC News. 9 May 2010. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  10. ^ https://www.1tv.ru/news/2010-05-10/143876-65_let_v_stroyu_kak_strana_otmetila_yubiley_velikoy_pobedy
  11. ^ a b c d "18th Infantry Lineage and Honors Certificate". United States Army Center of Military History. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  12. ^ The Valley of Utoy Creek Marker
  13. ^ Jim Stone. "www.18thinf.org History-List of Commanders of the 18th Infantry Regiment". Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
  14. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients of the Civil War A-L". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.
  15. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients of the Civil War M-Z". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 25 October 2013.
  16. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients of the Indian Wars". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  17. ^ a b c d "Medal of Honor Recipients of WWII A-F". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014.
  18. ^ a b c "Medal of Honor Recipients of WWII M-S". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Medal of Honor Recipients of WWII T-Z". history.army.mil. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013.

External links[]