|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||73.0938 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
An oxazolidine is a five-membered ring compound consisting of three carbon atoms, a nitrogen atom and an oxygen atom. The O atom and NH group are the 1 and 3 positions, respectively. In oxazolidine derivatives, there is always a carbon atom between the O and N atoms (or it would be an isoxazolidine). All of the carbon atoms in oxazolidines are reduced (compare to oxazole and oxazoline). Some of their derivatives, the oxazolidinediones, are used as anticonvulsants.
Oxazolidines were first synthesized over 100 years ago.
Oxazolidines where the carbon centers at the 1 and 3 positions are carbonyls are called dioxooxazolidines. Some of these are commercial fungicides including chlozolinate, vinclozolin, and famoxadone.
Bisoxazolidines are chemical compounds that contain two oxazolidine rings. They are used as performance modifiers in polyurethane coatings and paints. The rings hydrolyze in the presence of moisture to give amine and hydroxyl groups, which can then react with diisocyanates, polyisocyanates and polyurethane prepolymers to form a coating. The amine groups will form urea linkages and the hydroxyl group will form urethane links. The use of a bisoxazolidine in a polyurethane system can prevent the unwanted reaction between isocyanate and moisture resulting in coating defects, as a result of carbon dioxide release. This moisture-triggered curing route is preferential to moisture cure. As the ring opening reaction is catalyzed by acids, usually organic acids or anhydrides of carboxylic acids are added in a small amount.
The choice of linker between the two oxazolidine rings has a large impact on the performance when used to cure isocyanates. A rigid linker group increases a polyurethanes toughness. A flexible linker group imparts flexibility and increases elongation of a coating. These differences are the reason why bisoxazolidines are used to enhance the performance of polyurethane systems. Usually the rings are linked by esters, urethanes, carbonate or have the two rings fused together. A key intermediate in manufacturing bisoxazolidines is 2-[2-(propan-2-yl)-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]ethanol. The hydroxy group on the molecule allows for further reaction with hexamethylene diisocyanate for example.
In an isoxazolidine nitrogen and oxygen occupy adjacent positions (1 and 2) in the ring: this is the saturated analogue of Isoxazole.
Isoxazolidines can be produced by the nitrone-olefin (3+2) cycloaddition reaction.