IUPAC name
Other names
1,2-Dithiolane, 1,3-dithiolane
  • (1,3): 4829-04-3 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • (1,2): InChI=1S/C3H6S2/c1-2-4-5-3-1/h1-3H2 checkY
  • (1,2): S1SCCC1
  • (1,3): C1CSCS1
Molar mass 106.20 g·mol−1
Related compounds
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

A dithiolane is a sulfur heterocycle derived from cyclopentane by replacing two methylene bridges (-CH
- units) with thioether groups. The parent compounds are 1,2-dithiolane and 1,3-dithiolane.

1,2-Dithiolanes are cyclic disulfides. Some dithiolanes are natural products[1] that can be found in foods, such as asparagusic acid in asparagus.[2] The 4-dimethylamino derivative nereistoxin was the inspiration for insecticides which act by blocking the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.[3] Lipoic acid is essential for aerobic metabolism in mammals and also has strong affinity with many metals including gold, molybdenum, and tungsten.[4] Other 1,2-dithiolanes have relevance in nanomaterials such as gold nanoparticles or TMDs (MoS2 and WS2).[5][6][7]

1,3-Dithiolanes are important as protecting groups for carbonyl compounds, since they are inert to a wide range of conditions. Reacting a carbonyl group with 1,2-ethanhiol converts it to a 1,3-dithiolane, as detailed below.

Protecting a carbonyl group by converting it to a 1,3-dithiolane, using 1,2-ethanhiol


  1. ^ Teuber, Lene (1990). "Naturally Occurring 1,2-Dithiolanes and 1,2,3-Trithianes. Chemical and Biological Properties". Sulfur Reports. 9 (4): 257–333. doi:10.1080/01961779008048732.
  2. ^ Pelchat, M. L.; Bykowski, C.; Duke, F. F.; Reed, D. R. (2011). "Excretion and perception of a characteristic odor in urine after asparagus ingestion: A psychophysical and genetic study". Chemical Senses. 36 (1): 9–17. doi:10.1093/chemse/bjq081. PMC 3002398. PMID 20876394.
  3. ^ Casida, John E.; Durkin, Kathleen A. (2013). "Neuroactive Insecticides: Targets, Selectivity, Resistance, and Secondary Effects". Annual Review of Entomology. 58: 99–117. doi:10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153645. PMID 23317040.
  4. ^ "Lipoic acid". Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  5. ^ Bilewicz, Renata; Więckowska, Agnieszka; Kruszewski, Marcin; Stępkowski, Tomasz; Męczynska-Wielgosz, Sylwia; Cichowicz, Grzegorz; Piątek, Piotr; Załubiniak, Dominika; Dzwonek, Maciej (2018-04-18). "Towards potent but less toxic nanopharmaceuticals – lipoic acid bioconjugates of ultrasmall gold nanoparticles with an anticancer drug and addressing unit". RSC Advances. 8 (27): 14947–14957. doi:10.1039/C8RA01107A. ISSN 2046-2069.
  6. ^ Vallan, Lorenzo; Canton-Vitoria, Ruben; Gobeze, Habtom B.; Jang, Youngwoo; Arenal, Raul; Benito, Ana M.; Maser, Wolfgang K.; D’Souza, Francis; Tagmatarchis, Nikos (2018-10-17). "Interfacing Transition Metal Dichalcogenides with Carbon Nanodots for Managing Photoinduced Energy and Charge-Transfer Processes". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 140 (41): 13488–13496. doi:10.1021/jacs.8b09204. hdl:10442/16257. ISSN 0002-7863. PMID 30222336.
  7. ^ Tagmatarchis, Nikos; Ewels, Christopher P.; Bittencourt, Carla; Arenal, Raul; Pelaez-Fernandez, Mario; Sayed-Ahmad-Baraza, Yuman; Canton-Vitoria, Ruben (2017-06-05). "Functionalization of MoS 2 with 1,2-dithiolanes: toward donor-acceptor nanohybrids for energy conversion". NPJ 2D Materials and Applications. 1 (1): 13. doi:10.1038/s41699-017-0012-8. ISSN 2397-7132.

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